History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2014-09-18
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128016343

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This volume, Toxicology in Antiquity II, continues to tell the story of the roots of toxicology in ancient times. Readers learn that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. Toxicologists are particularly proud of the rich and storied history of their field and there are few resources available that cover the discipline from a historical perspective. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid these hazardous substances and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. Volume II explores the use of poison as weapons in war and assassinations, early instances of air pollution, the use of hallucinogens and entheogens, and the role of the snake in ancient toxicology. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways ancient civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Details scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology
Author: Alan Woolf
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 646
Release: 2021-10-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128222195

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History of Modern Clinical Toxicology describes the extraordinary advances in the practice of clinical toxicology within the past 70 years and brings together stories of the people – the champions of clinical toxicology - who contributed to these advances, discovered new therapies and antidotes, and made change happen. This book lays out the poison control system they built and the fascinating story of how they created a new and evolving medical specialty. With the participation of renowned international experts as authors, the book showcases the development of poison control centers around the world and the growth of the professional societies that represent and support them today. This book also tells the stories of the modern-day toxic disasters and recent toxic exposures that gained worldwide attention and notoriety. It outlines the public health responses to such calamities which have led to improvements in our understanding of the science and changes in public health policies and regulations to forestall future such events. Finally, the book covers key policies and agencies affecting poison control centers, addresses the challenges facing clinical toxicologists of today, and predicts advances and future innovations in the field. History of Modern Clinical Toxicology is a unique resource that provides the historical and international perspective that will help students, practitioners, scientists, and health policy makers put current issues and methods in perspective. It will help them understand how infrastructure and processes in clinical toxicology have evolved and why poison control systems are configured as they are. Offers descriptions of the key regulatory advances affecting clinical toxicology Provides synopses of modern-day poisoning disasters Outlines the development of modern antidotes and future directions in clinical toxicology Describes the origins and development of the U.S. poison control system Includes the origins and features of professional clinical toxicology societies from around the world Includes descriptions of the history of clinical toxicology and poison control in more than 35 countries

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2014-05-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128004630

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Toxicology in Antiquity is the first in a series of short format works covering key accomplishments, scientists, and events in the broad field of toxicology, including environmental health and chemical safety. This first volume sets the tone for the series and starts at the very beginning, historically speaking, with a look at toxicology in ancient times. The book explains that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe substances from hazardous ones, how to avoid these hazardous substances, and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. It also describes scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways ancient civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Details scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2017-03-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128095591

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Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance provides an authoritative and fascinating exploration into the use of toxins and poisons in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Part of the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, this volume is a follow-up, chronologically, to the first two volumes which explored toxicology in antiquity. The book approximately covers the 1100s through the 1600s, delving into different aspects of toxicology, such as the contributions of scientific scholars of the time, sensational poisoners and poisoning cases, as well as myths. Historical figures, such as the Borgias and Catherine de Medici are discussed. Toxicologists, students, medical researchers, and those interested in the history of science will find insightful and relevant material in this volume. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways previous civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid them, and how to use them against enemies Explores the way famous historical figures used toxins

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:903002770

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Toxicology in Antiquity

Toxicology in Antiquity
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2018-10-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128153406

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Toxicology in Antiquity provides an authoritative and fascinating exploration into the use of toxins and poisons in antiquity. It brings together the two previously published shorter volumes on the topic, as well as adding considerable new information. Part of the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, it covers key accomplishments, scientists, and events in the broad field of toxicology, including environmental health and chemical safety. This first volume sets the tone for the series and starts at the very beginning, historically speaking, with a look at toxicology in ancient times. The book explains that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe substances from hazardous ones, how to avoid these hazardous substances, and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. It also describes scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents. New chapters in this edition focus chiefly on evidence for the use of toxic agents derived from religious texts. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways previous civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Explores the way famous historical figures used toxins New chapters focus on evidence of the use of toxins derived from religious texts

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology
Author: Sol Bobst
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 50
Release: 2017-09-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128095430

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History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology guides the reader through the historical narrative of the evolution of risk assessment thinking in human and environmental practices. Risk assessment concepts are used in many different professional practice areas. In the health and environmental practices of risk assessment, the critical issue is often what chemical concentration in air, water, food, or a solid substance is acceptable, or considered not to result in any adverse effect. The book reviews examples from early scientific and health studies to showcase the foundations of risk assessment. The book also explores the development of risk assessment as practiced by major regulatory bodies such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reveal how risk assessment has evolved in the 20th and 21st centuries. Modern technology has created opportunities in silicon in vitro, computational modeling, omics, and big data techniques to assess the toxicity of chemicals, while traditional approaches to risk assessment are being challenged with new and innovative approaches. Finally, current issues being debated and tested in risk assessment are outlined with possible future avenues suggested. Presents the first dedicated history on the evolution of risk assessment in toxicology Reviews the development of major US and EU regulatory bodies Provides a context to current debates surrounding the future of risk assessment Reviews examples from early scientific and health studies to showcase the foundations of risk assessment

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Rebecca Fry
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2015-06-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128015681

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Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health uses a systems biological perspective to detail the most recent findings that link environmental exposures to human disease, providing an overview of molecular pathways that are essential for cellular survival after exposure to environmental toxicants, recent findings on gene-environment interactions influencing environmental agent-induced diseases, and the development of computational methods to predict susceptibility to environmental agents. Introductory chapters on molecular and cellular biology, toxicology and computational biology are included as well as an assessment of systems-based tools used to evaluate environmental health risks. Further topics include research on environmental toxicants relevant to human health and disease, various high-throughput technologies and computational methods, along with descriptions of the biological pathways associated with disease and the developmental origins of disease as they relate to environmental contaminants. Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health is an essential reference for undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers looking for an introduction in the use of systems biology approaches to assess environmental exposures and their impacts on human health. Provides the first reference of its kind, demonstrating the application of systems biology in environmental health and toxicology Includes introductions to the diverse fields of molecular and cellular biology, toxicology, and computational biology Presents a foundation that helps users understand the connections between the environment and health effects, and the biological mechanisms that link them

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 137
Release: 2014
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0128000457

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Toxicology in Antiquity is the first in a series of short format works covering key accomplishments, scientists, and events in the broad field of toxicology, including environmental health and chemical safety. This first volume sets the tone for the series and starts at the very beginning, historically speaking, with a look at toxicology in ancient times. The book explains that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe substances from hazardous ones, how to avoid these hazardous substances, and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. It also describes scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways ancient civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Details scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Author: Philip Wexler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:1010510453

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Banned

Banned
Author: Frederick Rowe Davis
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2014-11-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780300210378

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Rachel Carson’s eloquent book Silent Spring stands as one of the most important books of the twentieth century and inspired important and long-lasting changes in environmental science and government policy. Frederick Rowe Davis thoughtfully sets Carson’s study in the context of the twentieth century, reconsiders her achievement, and analyzes its legacy in light of toxic chemical use and regulation today. Davis examines the history of pesticide development alongside the evolution of the science of toxicology and tracks legislation governing exposure to chemicals across the twentieth century. He affirms the brilliance of Carson’s careful scientific interpretations drawing on data from university and government toxicologists. Although Silent Spring instigated legislation that successfully terminated DDT use, other warnings were ignored. Ironically, we replaced one poison with even more toxic ones. Davis concludes that we urgently need new thinking about how we evaluate and regulate pesticides in accounting for their ecological and human toll.

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology
Author: P.J. Bert Hakkinen
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 921
Release: 2000
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780127447704

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History: -- K.D. Watson, P. Wexler, and J. Everitt. -- Highlights in the History of Toxicology. -- Selected References in the History of Toxicology. -- A Historical Perspective of Toxicology Information Systems. -- Books and Special Documents: -- G.L. Kennedy, Jr., P. Wexler, N.S. Selzer, and L.A. Malley. -- General Texts. -- Analytical Toxicology. -- Animals in Research. -- Biomonitoring/Biomarkers. -- Biotechnology. -- Biotoxins. -- Cancer. -- Chemical Compendia. -- Chemical--Cosmetics and Other Consumer. -- Products. -- Chemical--Drugs. -- Chemical--Dust and Fibers. -- Chemical--Metals. -- Chemicals--Pesticides -- Chemicals--Solvents. -- Chemical--Selected Chemicals. -- Clinical Toxicology. -- Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology. -- Environmental Toxicology--General. -- Environmental Toxicology-- Aquatic. -- Environmental Toxicology--Atmospheric. -- Environmental Toxicology--Hazardous Waste. -- Environmental Toxicology--Terrestrial. -- Environmental Toxicology--Wildlife. -- Ep ...

Toxicology Disasters

Toxicology Disasters
Author: Sue Ford
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2023-02-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 012820687X

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Toxicology Disasters: Cause and Consequences, a volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, provides an historical overview of significant toxicological disasters which involved chemical exposure of humans, animals or the environment. The book documents the timeline of events and the legacy of the resulting exposure which occurred within a specific period of time, but with long lasting consequences. Case studies of toxicological incidents and a wide range of categories, including environmental, industrial, pharmaceutical, domestic and international are not only discussed from a historical perspective but also regarding their impacted toxicology, regulation and our current use of these chemicals. The book will help toxicologists, academics and students from environmental health and toxicology departments, environmental/occupational health regulators, and industrial hygiene/safety personnel gain a better understanding of the arc of a toxicological disaster from its origins, root causes of the problem, and initial and long-term assessments and management. Organizes historical overviews of each disaster into specific categories (ex. environmental, industrial, pharmaceutical, domestic, and international) for easy reference Takes a "soup to nuts” approach when discussing toxicological incidents, from origins and causes to ultimate health and/or regulatory consequences Provides detailed explanations on how these disasters impacted the toxicology field and fueled regulatory decisions

A Small Dose of Toxicology

A Small Dose of Toxicology
Author: Steven G. Gilbert
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2004-02-18
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780203461730

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Everyday, we come into contact with many relatively harmless substances that could, at certain concentrations, be toxic. This applies not only to obvious candidates such as asbestos, lead, and gasoline, but also to compounds such as caffeine and headache tablets. While the field of toxicology has numerous texts devoted to aspects of biology, chemis

Principles of Environmental Toxicology

Principles of Environmental Toxicology
Author: I. Shaw,J. Chadwick
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2018-10-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781482284768

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Environmental toxicology is the study of the action of chemicals upon ecosystems. Understanding the effects of exogenous chemicals upon the inhabitants of an ecosystem may enable us to predict and possibly prevent their deleterious effects. This textbook provides a good general introduction to all the major areas of environmental toxicology, including the fate of chemicals in the environment, environmental toxicity testing, risk assessment, radioactivity in the environment, legislation, environmental monitoring and the future impact of industrial development on the environment. It is written in an informal, accessible style with many examples of environmental issues taken from the author's personal experience and will provide students and other interested individuals with a broad overview of the science of environmental toxicology.