Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries

Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries
Author: Janette Edmonds,Keil Centre
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2016-09-27
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0128038063

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Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries: Making it Work in Practice is a comprehensive overview of human factors within this sector, focusing on the practical application. It has been written by acknowledged industry experts from the Keil Centre, which is a leading practice of chartered ergonomics and human factors specialists, chartered safety specialists, registered occupational psychologists, and registered clinical psychologists. The book was inspired by the international human factors training course run by the Keil Centre with the IChemE, which has reached four continents across the world. The book is written for those who want a comprehensive overview of the subject, focusing on the practical application of human factors. It has been written for safety professionals, engineers and operational disciplines within industry, and those aspiring to these disciplines, who either deal with human factors issues or any aspect of the 'human element' in their core role. The book explains what 'human factors' is about and how human factors issues are best managed from a practical perspective. It will help readers develop a greater understanding of the area and how to establish more effective solutions for human factors related issues. Provides comprehensive coverage of the most relevant human factors within this sector, with succinct overviews of each topic Uses case studies and practical examples to illustrate topics and explains the material in a fully accessible, easy to understand style Written by a single team of eleven industry practitioners, drawing on the combined expertise of different human factors specialisms which are rarely comprehensively combined in a single resource

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2007-02-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0470118830

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Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury and death, damage to the environment, fines, and business losses due to ruined batches, off-spec products, unplanned shutdowns, and other adverse effects. Prevention of these incidents increases productivity and profits. Complete with examples, case histories, techniques, and implementation methodologies, Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries helps managers and engineering staff design and execute an efficient program. Organized for topical reference, the book includes: An overview on implementing a human factors program at the corporate level or the plant level, covering the business value, developing a program to meet specific needs, improving existing systems, roles and responsibilities, measures of performance, and more Summaries of forty different human factors relating to process safety, with a description of the tools, a practical example with graphics and visual aids, and additional resources Information on addressing the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) requirement for conducting human factors reviews in process hazard analyses (PHAs) A CD-ROM with a color version of the book Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes
Author: Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2022-03-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128196519

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Human reliability is an issue that is increasingly discussed in the process and manufacturing industries to check factors that influence operator performance and trigger errors. Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective provides a multidisciplinary analysis of work concepts and environments to reduce human error and prevent material, energy, image, and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability, and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection, and results; performing task and loss observation; socio-technical variable analyses; and data processing. Investigating human reliability, concepts, and models in situations of human error in practice, the book identifies where low reliability occurs and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. This guide is an excellent resource for professionals in chemical, petrochemical, oil, and nuclear industries for managing and analyzing safety and loss risks and for students in chemical and process engineering. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies

Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
Author: Ronald W. McLeod
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2015-03-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780081005262

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Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries

Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries
Author: Janette Edmonds,The Keil Centre
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2016-09-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128038789

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Human Factors in the Chemical and Process Industries: Making it Work in Practice is a comprehensive overview of human factors within this sector, focusing on the practical application. It has been written by acknowledged industry experts from the Keil Centre, which is a leading practice of chartered ergonomics and human factors specialists, chartered safety specialists, registered occupational psychologists, and registered clinical psychologists. The book was inspired by the international human factors training course run by the Keil Centre with the IChemE, which has reached four continents across the world. The book is written for those who want a comprehensive overview of the subject, focusing on the practical application of human factors. It has been written for safety professionals, engineers and operational disciplines within industry, and those aspiring to these disciplines, who either deal with human factors issues or any aspect of the ‘human element’ in their core role. The book explains what ‘human factors’ is about and how human factors issues are best managed from a practical perspective. It will help readers develop a greater understanding of the area and how to establish more effective solutions for human factors related issues. Provides comprehensive coverage of the most relevant human factors within this sector, with succinct overviews of each topic Uses case studies and practical examples to illustrate topics and explains the material in a fully accessible, easy to understand style Written by a single team of eleven industry practitioners, drawing on the combined expertise of different human factors specialisms which are rarely comprehensively combined in a single resource

Process Safety Management and Human Factors

Process Safety Management and Human Factors
Author: Waddah S. Ghanem Al Hashmi
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2020-11-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128181102

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Process Safety Management and Human Factors: A Practitioner's Experiential Approach addresses human factors in process safety management (PSM) from a reflective learning approach. The book is written by engineers and technical specialists who spent the last 15-20 years of their professional career looking at behavioral-based safety, human factor research, and safety culture development in organizations. It is a fundamental resource for operational, technical and safety managers in high-risk industries who need to focus on personal and occupational safety management to prevent safety accidents. Real-life examples illustrate how a good, effective understanding of human factors supports PSM and positive impacts on accident occurrence. Covers the evolution and background of process safety management Shows how to integrate and augment process safety management with operational excellence and health, safety and environment management systems Focuses on human factors in process safety management Includes many real-life case studies from the collective experience of the book's authors

Human Fatigue Risk Management

Human Fatigue Risk Management
Author: Susan L. Murray,Matthew S. Thimgan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2016-06-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128026649

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Human Fatigue Risk Management: Improving Safety in the Chemical Processing Industry teaches users everything they need to know to mitigate the risk of fatigued workers in a plant or refinery. As human fatigue has been directly linked to several major disasters, the book explores the API RP 755 guidelines that were released to reduce these types of incidents. This book will help users follow API RP 755 and/or implement a fatigue risk management system in their organization. Susan Murray, a recognized expert in the field of sleep deprivation and its relation to high hazard industries, has written this book to be useful for HSE managers, plant and project managers, occupational safety professionals, and engineers and managers in the chemical processing industry. As scheduling of shifts is an important factor in reducing fatigue and accident rates, users will learn the benefits of more frequent staff rotation and how to implement an ideal scheduling plan. The book goes beyond API RP 755, offering more detailed understanding of why certain measures for managing fatigue are beneficial to a company, including examples of how theory can be put into practice. It is a simple, digestible book for managers who are interested in addressing human factor issues at their workplace in order to raise safety standards. Covers sleep, sleep disorders, and the consequences of fatigue as related to high-hazard industries Helps improve safety standards at the plant level Provides information on how to comply with API RP 755 and related OSHA 29CFR1910 articles Relates fatigue and human performance to accidents, helping readers make a case for implementing a human fatigue risk management policy, which, in turn, prevents loss of property and life

Methods in Chemical Process Safety

Methods in Chemical Process Safety
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-04-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128115480

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Methods in Chemical Process Safety, Volume 1, publishes fully commissioned reviews across the field of process safety, risk assessment and management and loss prevention. It aims to serve as an informative tool and user manual for process safety for both engineering researchers and practitioners. Publishing one themed volume a year, the publication provides a resource detailing the latest methods in the field of chemical process safety. Helps acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions on the topic from a practical point-of-view Presents users with the views/opinions of experts in each topic Includes a selection of the author(s) of each chapter from among the leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic

Human Factors in Process Plant Operation

Human Factors in Process Plant Operation
Author: David A. Strobhar
Publsiher: Momentum Press
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2014-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781606504659

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Call it the Human element in how a refining and chemical process operation is run....the other side of the machine and control system operation equation. Its value is in lives protected and money saved. This plain English guide to the principles of human factors will enable operations and control personnel—both the experienced and uninitiated— to understand how to successfully incorporate the concepts within their own plants. Through real-world examples, the author explains how human factors engineering concepts do, and must, dovetail with process plant design and operation. Offering practical insights, the book lays out the principles of human-system interactions and how they must be incorporated into any plant and control system from the get go—in order to ensure safe and efficient operations. Control engineers and operations managers will gain incomparable, inside-the-industry experience from: • Clear discussion of performance-shaping factors; • In-depth discussion of key variables in terms of workload and staffing; • A detailed analysis of the all-important human-machine interface, including content and format; • How-to planning for system demands and levels of automation; • Invaluable guidance on worker selection and training, along with sample procedures and job aids; and • Tools for investigation of incidents and near-misses from the human perspective.

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2010-08-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780470925089

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Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels. In eight chapters--packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems--the book challenges the assumption that human error is "unavoidable." Instead, it suggests a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and demands and inappropriate organizational culture. This makes error a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable.

Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures

Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures
Author: Rehak, David,Bernatik, Ales,Dvorak, Zdenek,Hromada, Martin
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 499
Release: 2020-04-17
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781799830603

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In the modern age of urbanization, the mass population is becoming progressively reliant on technical infrastructures. These industrial buildings provide integral services to the general public including the delivery of energy, information and communication technologies, and maintenance of transport networks. The safety and security of these structures is crucial as new threats are continually emerging. Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the modernization of occupational security and safety practices within information technology-driven buildings. While highlighting topics such as explosion process safety, nanotechnology, and infrastructural risk analysis, this publication explores current risks and uncertainties and the raising of comprehensive awareness for experts in this field. This book is ideally designed for security managers, safety personnel, civil engineers, architects, researchers, construction professionals, strategists, educators, material scientists, property owners, and students.

Hazards and Safety in Process Industries

Hazards and Safety in Process Industries
Author: Mihir Kumar Purkait,Piyal Mondal,Murchana Changmai,Vikranth Volli,Chi-Min Shu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2021-03-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000362442

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Safety in process industries is of utmost necessity to ensure protection from hazards. The aim of this book is to elucidate the hazards and preventive measures for a few of such specific industrial processes. Starting with overview of the prevalent industrial accidents, types of hazards and safety provisions, the book contains nineteen chapters with each one of them consisting of a unique case study comprising of basic causes, results and discussion, and protective measures to be adopted to overcome such situation. Topics covered include caprolactam storage tank accident, fire explosion accident caused by static electricity, and human factors risk and management in process safety and so forth. Aimed at researchers, professionals, graduate students in Chemical Engineering, Safety Management, Risk Assessment, Chemical Process Safety, this book: Provides exhaustive coverage of industrial case studies on their hazards and safety issues in the process industry set-up. Includes quantitative discussion on new and existing technologies and methodologies. Explores high quality descriptive and quantified data for better visualization of each chapter. Gives detailed description on various industrial accidents, their related consequences and available safety/preventive measures. Discusses preventive measures taken by world class industries in their production plants.

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 784
Release: 1999-10-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780816907205

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Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

Trevor Kletz Compendium

Trevor Kletz Compendium
Author: Andy Brazier,Fiona Macleod,David Edwards,Ivan Vince,John Riddick,Craig Skinner
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2021-01-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128194485

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Trevor Kletz has had a huge impact on the way people viewed accidents and safety, particularly in the process industries. His ideas were developed from nearly 40 years working in the chemical industry. When he retired from the field, he shared his experience and ideas widely in more than 15 books. Trevor Kletz Compendium: His Process Safety Wisdom Updated for a New Generation introduces Kletz’s stories and ideas and brings them up to date in this valuable resource that equips readers to manage process safety in every workplace. Topics covered in this book include inherent safety, safety studies, human factors and design. Learn the lessons from past accidents to make sure they don’t happen again. Focuses on understanding systems and learning from past accidents Describes approaches to safety that are practical and effective Provides an engineer’s perspective on safety

Research Anthology on Changing Dynamics of Diversity and Safety in the Workforce

Research Anthology on Changing Dynamics of Diversity and Safety in the Workforce
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 2129
Release: 2021-07-16
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781668424063

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The recent COVID-19 pandemic has emphasized the importance of safety and ergonomics in the workplace. From work-life balance and mental health to risk prevention, maintaining a healthy and happy workforce has become essential for the progress of every company. Moreover, ensuring inclusive spaces has become a pillar of business with some worrying that the diversity agenda will be overshadowed by the recent pandemic. It is imperative that current research is compiled that sheds light on the advancements being made in promoting diversity and wellbeing in the modern workforce. The Research Anthology on Changing Dynamics of Diversity and Safety in the Workforce is a comprehensive reference source that provides the latest emerging research on diversity management and initiatives as well as occupational health and safety practices in the workplace. These concepts are necessary for global workplaces to remain safe, efficient, and inclusive. Covering topics such as employee equity, human resources practices, and worker wellbeing, this anthology provides an excellent resource for researchers, human resources personnel, managers, safety officers, policymakers, CEOs, students, professors, and academicians.