ICT Driven Economic and Financial Development

ICT Driven Economic and Financial Development
Author: Ewa Lechman,Adam Marszk
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-09-04
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780128137994

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ICT-Driven Economic and Financial Development: Analyses of European Countries demonstrates the effects of ICT diffusion on economic, social and financial development by examining their impact on the structure and dynamics of national economies. It provides the insight into shifts observed in labour markets, international trade activities productivity factors, education and use of innovative financial products. It combines empirical analyses and data sources stretching back to 1990 make it an important contribution to understanding the effects of ICT diffusion on economic and financial development. The book answers questions such as how will national and regional economies react to upcoming ICT developments and growing usage, and what is the magnitude of impact of new information and communication technologies on various aspects of social and economic life. Demonstrates the process fo ICT spread across European countries Analyzes the value of ICTs from both economic and social perspective Examines structural changes in financial markets caused by ICTs implementation

Technology Driven Information Sharing and Conditional Financial Development in Africa

Technology Driven Information Sharing and Conditional Financial Development in Africa
Author: Simplice Asongu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 40
Release: 2019
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:1304307260

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Information technology is increasingly facilitating mechanisms by which information asymmetry between lenders and borrowers in the financial sector can be reduced in order to enhance financial access for human and economic development in developing countries. We examine conditional financial development from ICT-driven information sharing in 53 African countries for the period 2004-2011, using contemporary and non-contemporary quantile regressions. ICT is measured with mobile phone penetration and internet penetration whereas information sharing offices are public credit registries and private credit bureaus. The following findings are established. First, there are positive effects with positive thresholds from ICT-driven information sharing on financial depth (money supply and liquid liabilities) and financial activity (at banking and financial system levels). Second, for financial intermediation efficiency, the positive effects from mobile-driven information sharing are apparent exclusively in certain levels of financial efficiency. Third, with regard to financial size, mobile-driven information sharing is positive with a negative threshold, whereas, internet-driven information sharing is positive exclusively among countries in the bottom half of financial size. Positive thresholds are defined as decreasing negative or increasing positive estimated effects from information sharing offices and vice-versa for negative thresholds. Policy implications are discussed.

The Big Data Driven Digital Economy Artificial and Computational Intelligence

The Big Data Driven Digital Economy  Artificial and Computational Intelligence
Author: Abdalmuttaleb M. A. Musleh Al-Sartawi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2021-05-28
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783030730574

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This book shows digital economy has become one of the most sought out solutions to sustainable development and economic growth of nations. This book discusses the implications of both artificial intelligence and computational intelligence in the digital economy providing a holistic view on AI education, economics, finance, sustainability, ethics, governance, cybersecurity, blockchain, and knowledge management. Unlike other books, this book brings together two important areas, intelligence systems and big data in the digital economy, with special attention given to the opportunities, challenges, for education, business growth, and economic progression of nations. The chapters hereby focus on how societies can take advantage and manage data, as well as the limitations they face due to the complexity of resources in the form of digital data and the intelligence which will support economists, financial managers, engineers, ICT specialists, digital managers, data managers, policymakers, regulators, researchers, academics, students, economic development strategies, and the efforts made by the UN towards achieving their sustainability goals.

Technology and Women s Empowerment

Technology and Women s Empowerment
Author: Ewa Lechman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2021-09-09
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781000437942

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The near-ubiquitous spread of ICT offers unprecedented opportunities for social and economic agents, reshapes social and economic structures and drives the emergence of socioeconomic networks. This book contributes to the growing body of literature and present state of knowledge, offering the reader broad evidence on how new information and communication technologies impact women’s economic and social empowerment and hence have an impact on overall welfare creation. More specifically, it concentrates on demonstrating how ICT may become "empowering technologies" through their implementation. The book is designed to provide deep insight into the theoretical and empirical evidence on ICT as a significant driver of women`s social and economic development. Special focus is given to examining the following broad topics: channels of ICT impact on women's development; the role of ICT in enhancing women's active participation in formal labor markets; examples of how ICT encourages education, skills development, institutions development et alia, and thus contributes to women’s social and economic empowerment, as well as case-based evidence on ICT's role in fostering women’s equality. The primary audience for the book will be scholars and academic professionals from a wide variety of disciplines but mainly those who are concerned with addressing the issues of economic development and growth, social development, the role of technology progress in the context of broadly defined socioeconomic progress. Chapters 1 and 3 of this book are available for free in PDF format as Open Access from the individual product page at www.routledge.com. They have been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Information Technology for Development Volume 13 Number 2

Information Technology for Development  Volume 13  Number 2
Author: ITDJ (Information Technology for Development Journal)
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 103
Release: 2007-05-04
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0470183160

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Digital Economies at Global Margins

Digital Economies at Global Margins
Author: Mark Graham
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2019-02-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780262535892

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Investigations of what increasing digital connectivity and the digitalization of the economy mean for people and places at the world's economic margins. Within the last decade, more than one billion people became new Internet users. Once, digital connectivity was confined to economically prosperous parts of the world; now Internet users make up a majority of the world's population. In this book, contributors from a range of disciplines and locations investigate the impact of increased digital connectivity on people and places at the world's economic margins. Does the advent of a digitalized economy mean that those in economic peripheries can transcend spatial, organizational, social, and political constraints—or do digital tools and techniques tend to reinforce existing inequalities? The contributors present a diverse set of case studies, reporting on digitalization in countries ranging from Chile to Kenya to the Philippines, and develop a broad range of theoretical positions. They consider, among other things, data-driven disintermediation, women's economic empowerment and gendered power relations, digital humanitarianism and philanthropic capitalism, the spread of innovation hubs, and two cases of the reversal of core and periphery in digital innovation. Contributors Niels Beerepoot, Ryan Burns, Jenna Burrell, Julie Yujie Chen, Peter Dannenberg, Uwe Deichmann, Jonathan Donner, Christopher Foster, Mark Graham, Nicolas Friederici, Hernan Galperin, Catrihel Greppi, Anita Gurumurthy, Isis Hjorth, Lilly Irani, Molly Jackman, Calestous Juma, Dorothea Kleine, Madlen Krone, Vili Lehdonvirta, Chris Locke, Silvia Masiero, Hannah McCarrick,Deepak K. Mishra, Bitange Ndemo, Jorien Oprins, Elisa Oreglia, Stefan Ouma, Robert Pepper, Jack Linchuan Qiu, Julian Stenmanns, Tim Unwin, Julia Verne, Timothy Waema

The Future of Economic Growth

The Future of Economic Growth
Author: Robert Boyer
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2004-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781843769712

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The work is thought provoking in its analytical part and is also stimulating in its normative-political end, which advocates an institutional architecture wherein growth in a knowledge-based economy could be driven by collective services such as health and education. . . a challenging interpretation of the contemporary political economy. Giovanni Dosi, Journal of Economic Literature How significant was the internet boom and bust? Robert Boyer brings significant and fresh insight to efforts to situate the meaning of the digital transformation through which we are living. With analytic discipline and historical perspective, Boyer provides an important interpretation that will be valuable to scholar and teacher, those just curious about the internet development and those who lived through it. John Zysman, University of California, Berkeley, US In this book, Robert Boyer follows the origins, course and collapse of the new economy and proposes a new interpretation of US dynamism during the 1990s. He argues that the diffusion of information and communication technologies is only part of a story that also requires understanding of the transformation of the financial system, the reorganization of the management of firms and the emergence of a new policy mix. The book includes a long-term retrospective analysis of technological innovation, and an international comparison of OECD countries delivers an unconventional and critical assessment of the hope and the hype of the new economy . The book proposes that the US way is not necessarily the only efficient one, as demonstrated by the experience of the Nordic countries, which manage to combine economic efficiency with social justice. The author argues that European economies would do well to take note and to explore a promising growth regime for the twenty-first century, one built upon health, education, training and leisure, this comprising the anthropogenetic model . The Future of Economic Growth is a challenging and thought-provoking book, and as such will be of interest to many academics, researchers and students within the field of economics. It will be particularly relevant to those with an interest in macroeconomics, industrial organisation and the theory of the firm, and growth theory.

Globalization of Technology

Globalization of Technology
Author: Proceedings of the Sixth Convocation of The Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1988-02-01
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780309038423

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The technological revolution has reached around the world, with important consequences for business, government, and the labor market. Computer-aided design, telecommunications, and other developments are allowing small players to compete with traditional giants in manufacturing and other fields. In this volume, 16 engineering and industrial experts representing eight countries discuss the growth of technological advances and their impact on specific industries and regions of the world. From various perspectives, these distinguished commentators describe the practical aspects of technology's reach into business and trade.

ICT Diffusion in Developing Countries

ICT Diffusion in Developing Countries
Author: Ewa Lechman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2015-06-22
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783319182544

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This book provides an extensive overview of the diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in developing countries between 2000 and 2012. It covers issues such as country-specific ICT diffusion patterns, technological substitution and technological convergence. By identifying social, economic and institutional prerequisites and analyzing critical country-specific conditions, the author develops a new approach to explaining the emergence of their technological takeoff. Readers will discover how developing countries are now adopting ICTs, rapidly catching up with the developed world in terms of ICT access and use.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
Author: Klaus Schwab
Publsiher: Currency
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2017
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781524758868

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Between the 18th and 19th centuries, Britain experienced massive leaps in technological, scientific, and economical advancement

ICT Financial Inclusion and Growth Evidence from African Countries

ICT  Financial Inclusion  and Growth Evidence from African Countries
Author: Kangni Kpodar,Mihasonirina Andrianaivo
Publsiher: International Monetary Fund
Total Pages: 45
Release: 2011-04-01
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781455225019

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This paper studies the impact of information and communication technologies (ICT), especially mobile phone rollout, on economic growth in a sample of African countries from 1988 to 2007. Further, we investigate whether financial inclusion is one of the channels through which mobile phone development influences economic growth. In estimating the impact of ICT on economic growth, we use a wide range of ICT indicators, including mobile and fixed telephone penetration rates and the cost of local calls. We address any endogeneity issues by using the System Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) estimator. Financial inclusion is captured by variables measuring access to financial services, such as the number of deposits or loans per head, compiled by Beck, Demirguc-Kunt, and Martinez Peria (2007) and the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP, 2009). The results confirm that ICT, including mobile phone development, contribute significantly to economic growth in African countries. Part of the positive effect of mobile phone penetration on growth comes from greater financial inclusion. At the same time, the development of mobile phones consolidates the impact of financial inclusion on economic growth, especially in countries where mobile financial services take hold.

Data Driven Innovation Big Data for Growth and Well Being

Data Driven Innovation Big Data for Growth and Well Being
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2015-10-06
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789264229358

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This report improves the evidence base on the role of Data Driven Innovation for promoting growth and well-being, and provide policy guidance on how to maximise the benefits of DDI and mitigate the associated economic and societal risks.

The Future of Productivity

The Future of Productivity
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2015-12-11
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789264248533

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This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

Digital Economy Report 2019

Digital Economy Report 2019
Author: United Nations Publications
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2019-10-18
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9211129559

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The Digital Economy Report 2019 on "Value creation and capture: Implications for developing countries" takes stock of recent trends in the global digital landscape and discusses the development and policy implications of data and digital platforms. A key feature of the evolving digital economy is the increasing role of digital data as an economic resource, together with digital platforms as new influential actors, with capacity to collect, process, analyze and monetize data. The report considers policy options for countries to help ensure that they capture a fair part of the value created in the digital economy for inclusive development. Key issues include the market impact of emerging technologies and digital platforms, the impact on smaller businesses in developing countries and the implications for infrastructure, entrepreneurship, skills, competition, data flows, data protection, taxation and other relevant policies.

The Economic Impact of ICT

The Economic Impact of ICT
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Staff,OECD,OECD Staff,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publsiher: OECD
Total Pages: 303
Release: 2004-03-26
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: STANFORD:36105111354655

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Information and communications technology (ICT) has become a key driver of economic growth in recent years, particularly with developments in the internet, of mobile telephony and of broadband networks. Using available OECD data, this report considers measures of e-commerce and ICT diffusion, the role and impact of ICT investment and the role of ICT-using and ICT-producing sectors in overall economic performance; and contains nine case studies on the effects of ICT in individual countries, using detailed firm-level data. The report highlights the impact of ICT on the success of individual firms, in particular when it is combined with investment in skills, organisational change and innovation. It also examines why there is a gap in ICT impact between performance of individual firms and aggregate performance and growth levels at the sectoral or economy-wide level.