Implantable Electronic Medical Devices

Implantable Electronic Medical Devices
Author: Dennis Fitzpatrick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2014-11-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780124165779

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Implantable Electronic Medical Devices provides a thorough review of the application of implantable devices, illustrating the techniques currently being used together with overviews of the latest commercially available medical devices. This book provides an overview of the design of medical devices and is a reference on existing medical devices. The book groups devices with similar functionality into distinct chapters, looking at the latest design ideas and techniques in each area, including retinal implants, glucose biosensors, cochlear implants, pacemakers, electrical stimulation therapy devices, and much more. Implantable Electronic Medical Devices equips the reader with essential background knowledge on the application of existing medical devices as well as providing an introduction to the latest techniques being used. A catalogue of existing implantable electronic medical devices Up-to-date information on the design of implantable electronic medical devices Background information and reviews on the application and design of up-to-date implantable electronic medical devices

Implantable Medical Electronics

Implantable Medical Electronics
Author: Vinod Kumar Khanna
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 453
Release: 2015-12-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319254487

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This book is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary resource for the latest information on implantable medical devices, and is intended for graduate students studying electrical engineering, electronic instrumentation, and biomedical engineering. It is also appropriate for academic researchers, professional engineers, practicing doctors, and paramedical staff. Divided into two sections on Basic Concepts and Principles, and Applications, the first section provides an all-embracing perspective of the electronics background necessary for this work. The second section deals with pacing techniques used for the heart, brain, spinal cord, and the network of nerves that interlink the brain and spinal cord with the major organs, including ear and eye prostheses. The four main offshoots of implantable electronics, which this book discusses, are: The insertion of an implantable neural amplifier for accurate recording of neural signals for neuroengineering studies The use of implantable pulse generators for pacing the activities of diseased organs The use of implantable sensors for observing the influence of therapy and monitoring a patient’s biological parameters The use of drug delivery systems to supervise the supply of accurate doses of medicine to affected parts Readers will also find chapters on the essentials of clocking and timing circuits, pulse generator circuits, neural amplifiers, batteries, biomaterials and biocompatibility, and more. Unique to this book is also a chapter on cyber security and confidentiality concerns with implants. End-of-chapter questions and exercises help readers apply the content to practical use, making this an ideal book for anyone wishing to learn more about implantable devices.

Radiographic Atlas of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices E Book

Radiographic Atlas of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices   E Book
Author: Majid Haghjoo,Farzad Kamali,Amirfarjam Fazelifar
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 96
Release: 2021-09-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323847544

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Each year, more than one million cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are implanted worldwide for cardiac rhythm management, and chest x-ray is a common initial diagnostic method for evaluation of cardiac and pulmonary diseases. Radiographic Atlas of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices provides comprehensive, step-by-step coverage that is invaluable for cardiac electrophysiologists and other clinicians who encounter patients with these devices. An outstanding editorial team of Drs. Majid Haghjoo, Farzad Kamali, and Amirfarjam Fazelifar, all of the Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical & Research Center in Tehran, Iran, provide expert guidance in recognizing the typical features of these devices and detecting related complications in post-implant patients. Offers a stepwise and user-friendly approach to diagnostic evaluation of chest x-rays in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). Includes chest x-rays of common and new CIEDs, including permanent pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), cardiac resynchronization therapy devices (CRT pacemakers and defibrillators, novel CIEDs (SICDs and wireless pacemakers), and implantable cardiac monitors (ICMs). Differentiates among different types of CIEDs, their proper position on x-rays, and common complications. Features 85 high-quality radiographic images.

Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices

Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices
Author: Nilanjan Dey,Amira S. Ashour,Simon James Fong,Chintan Bhatt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-09-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128156377

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Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices: Applications and Challenges, Fourth Edition highlights the new aspects of wearable and implanted sensors technology in the healthcare sector and monitoring systems. The book's contributions include several interdisciplinary domains, such as wearable sensors, implanted sensors devices, Internet-of-Things (IoT), security, real-time medical healthcare monitoring, WIBSN design and data management, encryption, and decision-support systems. Contributions emphasize several topics, including real-world applications and the design and implementation of wearable devices. This book demonstrates that this new field has a brilliant future in applied healthcare research and in healthcare monitoring systems. Includes comprehensive information on wearable and implanted device technology, wearable and implanted sensors design, WIBSN requirements, WIBSN in monitoring systems and security concepts Highlights machine learning and computing in healthcare monitoring systems based on WIBSN Includes a multidisciplinary approach to different healthcare applications and their associated challenges based on wearable and implanted technologies

The Danger Within Us

The Danger Within Us
Author: Jeanne Lenzer
Publsiher: Little, Brown
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-12-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780316343787

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Did you know... Medical interventions have become the third leading cause of death in America. An estimated 10 percent of Americans are implanted with medical devices -- like pacemakers, artificial hips, cardiac stents, etc. The overwhelming majority of high-risk implanted devices have never undergone a single clinical trial. In The Danger Within Us, award-winning journalist Jeanne Lenzer brings these horrifying statistics to life through the story of one working class man who, after his "cure" nearly kills him, ends up in a battle for justice against the medical establishment. His crusade leads Lenzer on a journey through the dark underbelly of the medical device industry, a fascinating and disturbing world that hasn't been written about before. What Lenzer exposes will shock readers: rampant corruption, elaborate cover-ups, shameless profiteering, and astonishing lack of oversight, all of which leads to dangerous devices (from artificial hips to pacemakers) going to market and into our bodies. In the vein of America's Bitter Pill and A Civil Action, The Danger Within Us is a stirring call for reform and a must-read for anyone who cares about the future of American healthcare. "Before you get anything implanted in your body, read this book."-Shannon Brownlee, author of Overtreated

Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices

Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices
Author: Ying Deng,Wei Lv
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2016-10-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081003985

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Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices: Infection and Control explores the increasing use of permanent and semi-permanent implants and indwelling medical devices. As an understanding of the growth and impact of biofilm formation on these medical devices and biomaterials is vital for protecting the health of the human host, this book provides readers with a comprehensive treatise on biofilms and their relationship with medical devices, also reporting on infections and associated strategies for prevention. Provides useful information on the fundamentals of biofilm problems in medical devices Discusses biofilm problems in a range of medical devices Focuses on strategies for prevention of biofilm formation

Powering Biomedical Devices

Powering Biomedical Devices
Author: Edwar Romero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2013-03-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780124078345

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From exoskeletons to neural implants, biomedical devices are no less than life-changing. Compact and constant power sources are necessary to keep these devices running efficiently. Edwar Romero's Powering Biomedical Devices reviews the background, current technologies, and possible future developments of these power sources, examining not only the types of biomedical power sources available (macro, mini, MEMS, and nano), but also what they power (such as prostheses, insulin pumps, and muscular and neural stimulators), and how they work (covering batteries, biofluids, kinetic and thermal energy, and telemetry). The book also looks at challenges such as energy generation efficiency, energy density, rectification, and energy storage and management. A final section on future trends rounds out the book. By briefly examining these key aspects, this book gives its readers a valuable overview of biomedical devices' power sources. A compact introduction to the vital topic of biomedical devices' power sources Reviews the background, current technologies, and possible future developments of biomedical power sources Short-format text allows for material that is clear, concise, and to-the-point Extensive references provided for further reading

Design of Medical Electronic Devices

Design of Medical Electronic Devices
Author: Reinaldo Perez
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2002-03-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780080491097

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The design of medical electronics is unique because of the background needed by the engineers and scientists involved. Often the designer is a medical or life science professional without any training in electronics or design. Likewise, few engineers are specifically trained in biomedical engineering and have little or no exposure to the specific medical requirements of these devices. Design of Medical Electronic Devices presents all essential topics necessary for basic and advanced design. All aspects of the electronics of medical devices are also covered. This is an essential book for graduate students as well as professionals involved in the design of medical equipment. Covers every stage of the process, from design to manufacturing to implementation Topics covered include analogue/digital conversions, data acquisition, signal processing, optics, and reliability and failure

The Design and Manufacture of Medical Devices

The Design and Manufacture of Medical Devices
Author: J Paulo Davim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2012-10-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781908818188

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Medical devices play an important role in the field of medical and health technology, and encompass a wide range of health care products. Directive 2007/47/EC defines a medical device as any instrument, apparatus, appliance, software, material or other article, whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application, intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings. The design and manufacture of medical devices brings together a range of articles and case studies dealing with medical device R&D. Chapters in the book cover materials used in medical implants, such as Titanium Oxide, polyurethane, and advanced polymers; devices for specific applications such as spinal and craniofacial implants, and other issues related to medical devices, such as precision machining and integrated telemedicine systems. Contains articles on a diverse range of subjects within the field, with internationally renowned specialists discussing each medical device Offers a practical approach to recent developments in the design and manufacture of medical devices Presents a topic that is the focus of research in many important universities and centres of research worldwide

Analog Circuit Design

Analog Circuit Design
Author: Rudy J. van de Plassche,Willy M.C. Sansen,Johan Huijsing
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-06-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781475723533

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The realization of signal sampling and quantization at high sample rates with low power dissipation is an important goal in many applications, includ ing portable video devices such as camcorders, personal communication devices such as wireless LAN transceivers, in the read channels of magnetic storage devices using digital data detection, and many others. This paper describes architecture and circuit approaches for the design of high-speed, low-power pipeline analog-to-digital converters in CMOS. Here the term high speed is taken to imply sampling rates above 1 Mhz. In the first section the dif ferent conversion techniques applicable in this range of sample rates is dis cussed. Following that the particular problems associated with power minimization in video-rate pipeline ADCs is discussed. These include optimi zation of capacitor sizes, design of low-voltage transmission gates, and opti mization of switched capacitor gain blocks and operational amplifiers for minimum power dissipation. As an example of the application of these tech niques, the design of a power-optimized lO-bit pipeline AID converter (ADC) that achieves =1. 67 mW per MS/s of sampling rate from 1 MS/s to 20 MS/s is described. 2. Techniques for CMOS Video-Rate AID Conversion Analog-to-digital conversion techniques can be categorized in many ways. One convenient means of comparing techniques is to examine the number of "analog clock cycles" required to produce one effective output sample of the signal being quantized.

Security and Privacy for Implantable Medical Devices

Security and Privacy for Implantable Medical Devices
Author: Wayne Burleson,Sandro Carrara
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 205
Release: 2013-12-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781461416746

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This book presents a systematic approach to analyzing the challenging engineering problems posed by the need for security and privacy in implantable medical devices (IMD). It describes in detail new issues termed as lightweight security, due to the associated constraints on metrics such as available power, energy, computing ability, area, execution time, and memory requirements. Coverage includes vulnerabilities and defense across multiple levels, with basic abstractions of cryptographic services and primitives such as public key cryptography, block ciphers and digital signatures. Experts from Computer Security and Cryptography present new research which shows vulnerabilities in existing IMDs and proposes solutions. Experts from Privacy Technology and Policy will discuss the societal, legal and ethical challenges surrounding IMD security as well as technological solutions that build on the latest in Computer Science privacy research, as well as lightweight solutions appropriate for implementation in IMDs.

Implantable Medical Devices for Recording and Stimulating System

Implantable Medical Devices for Recording and Stimulating System
Author: Jihye Bong
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 95
Release: 2019
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:1132213825

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In the past six decades, implantable electronic devices and systems have undergone a significant advance. Numerous engineering and activities have appeared for substantial innovation in the implantable medical devices since the first pacemaker implant in 1958. As a technical development, patients who have an implanted device expect that recording or stimulating process be accomplished unconsciously. However, they have expressed their feeling of discomfort temporarily or permanently, and thus we have still faced challenges. For instance, we are able to resolve these issues of improving patient's physical comfort and avoiding artifact derived from materials of devices in medical images. Also, miniaturization of the implantable device is key to easily deliver the device and avoid complications such as infection, bleeding, and etc. At the same time, there still remains a lack of knowledge about the mechanism of action by which nerve stimulation modulates the central and peripheral nervous system to therapeutic effect. In this dissertation report, three approaches are presented to resolve the problem. In order to improve patient comfort, flexible material was used as a substrate and superstrate. A radiolucent flexible electrocardiogram device uses graphene sheets and Parylene substrate which allows bypassing of electromagnetic radiation through the implanted device. Also, a novel injectable delivery method which is designed with conventional needle and miniaturized size of the device was shown. Finally, the development and validation of a novel neural interface for the infraorbital branch of the trigeminal nerve utilizing the thin film nerve cuff.

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation
Author: David Prutchi,Michael Norris
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 461
Release: 2005-01-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780471681830

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Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation fills a gap in the existing medical electronic devices literature by providing background and examples of how medical instrumentation is actually designed and tested. The book includes practical examples and projects, including working schematics, ranging in difficulty from simple biopotential amplifiers to computer-controlled defibrillators. Covering every stage of the development process, the book provides complete coverage of the practical aspects of amplifying, processing, simulating and evoking biopotentials. In addition, two chapters address the issue of safety in the development of electronic medical devices, and providing valuable insider advice.

Flexible and Stretchable Medical Devices

Flexible and Stretchable Medical Devices
Author: Kuniharu Takei
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2018-04-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527341832

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The book introduces flexible and stretchable wearable electronic systems and covers in detail the technologies and materials required for healthcare and medical applications. A team of excellent authors gives an overview of currently available flexible devices and thoroughly describes their physical mechanisms that enable sensing human conditions. In dedicated chapters, crucial components needed to realize flexible and wearable devices are discussed which include transistors and sensors and deal with memory, data handling and display. Additionally, suitable power sources based on photovoltaics, thermoelectric energy and supercapacitors are reviewed. A special chapter treats implantable flexible sensors for neural recording. The book editor concludes with a perspective on this rapidly developing field which is expected to have a great impact on healthcare in the 21st century.

Brain and Human Body Modeling 2020

Brain and Human Body Modeling 2020
Author: Sergey N. Makarov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 407
Release: 2020
Genre: Biomedical engineering
ISBN: 9783030456238

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The 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, took place between July 23 and 27, 2019, in Berlin, Germany. The focus was on "Biomedical engineering ranging from wellness to intensive care." This conference provided an opportunity for researchers from academia and industry to discuss a variety of topics relevant to EMBS and hosted the 4th Annual Invited Session on Computational Human Models. At this session, a bevy of research related to the development of human phantoms was presented, together with a substantial variety of practical applications explored through simulation.