Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function
Author: Kevin Kilgore
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2015-02-24
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781782421092

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Research and developments in neuroprostheses are providing scientists with the potential to greatly improve the lives of individuals who have lost some function. Neuroprostheses can help restore or substitute motor and sensory functions which may have been damaged as a result of injury or disease. However, these minute implantable sensors also provide scientists with challenges. This important new book provides readers with a comprehensive review of neuroprostheses. Chapters in part one are concerned with the fundamentals of these devices. Part two looks at neuroprostheses for restoring sensory function whilst part three addresses neuroprostheses for restoring motor function. The final set of chapters discusses significant considerations concerning these sensors. Systematic and comprehensive coverage of neuroprostheses Covers the fundamentals of neuroprostheses, their application in restoring sensory and motor function and an analysis of the future trends Keen focus on industry needs in the field of biomaterials

Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation
Author: Elliot Krames,P. Hunter Peckham,Ali R. Rezai
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1828
Release: 2018-01-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128093023

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Neuromodulation: Comprehensive Textbook of Principles, Technologies, and Therapies, Second Edition, serves as a comprehensive and in-depth reference textbook covering all aspects of the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation. Since the publication of the first edition seven years ago, there has been an explosion of knowledge in neuromodulation, optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing. Users will find unique discussions of the fundamental principles of neuromodulation and therapies, and how they are applied to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, autonomic nerves and various organs. The book focuses on comprehensive coverage of spinal cord stimulation, non-interventional and interventional brain stimulation, peripheral nerve stimulation, and the emerging fields of neuromodulation, including optogenetics and bioelectronics medicine. Provides a comprehensive reference that covers all aspects of the growing field of neuromodulation Written by international, leading authorities in their respective fields of neuromodulation, pain management, functional neurosurgery and biomedical engineering Includes new chapters on optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing

Neuroprosthetic Supersystems Architecture

Neuroprosthetic Supersystems Architecture
Author: Matthew E. Gladden
Publsiher: Synthypnion Academic
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2017-05-13
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781944373085

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This volume serves a resource for the design and analysis of neuroprosthetic supersystems, which can be defined as organizations – either small or large, simple or complex – whose human members have been neuroprosthetically augmented. While numerous other texts focus on the biomedical engineering of neuroprostheses as technological devices or on the biocybernetic engineering of the host-device system comprising a neuroprosthesis and its human host, this volume presents a unique investigation of the intentional creation of higher-order supersystems that allow multiple neuroprosthetically augmented human beings to interact with one another and with external information systems in order to accomplish some shared task. In essence, this can be understood as the work of designing and managing neuroprosthetically enhanced organizations. Individual chapters present an ontology of the neuroprosthesis as a computing device; a biocybernetic ontology of the host-device system; an ontology of the neuroprosthesis as an instrument of ‘cyborgization’; motivating and inhibiting factors for the organizational deployment of posthumanizing neuroprostheses by military organizations and other early adopters; an introduction to enterprise architecture in the context of technological posthumanization; an exploration of the implications of neuroprosthetic augmentation for enterprise architecture; and considerations for the development of effective network topologies for neuroprosthetically augmented organizations. The conceptual frameworks formulated within this book offer a wide range of tools that can be of use to policymakers, ethicists, neuroprosthetic device manufacturers, organizational decision-makers, and others who must analyze or manage the complex legal, ethical, and managerial implications that result from the use of emerging neuroprosthetic technologies within an organizational context.

DeLisa s Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Principles and Practice

DeLisa s Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation  Principles and Practice
Author: Walter R. Frontera,Joel A. DeLisa,Bruce M. Gans,Lawrence R. Robinson
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 1760
Release: 2019-05-30
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781496374981

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DeLisa’s Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Principles and Practice presents the most comprehensive review of the state of the art, evidence-based clinical recommendations for physiatric management of disorders affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves, bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons.

Spinal Cord Medicine Second Edition

Spinal Cord Medicine  Second Edition
Author: Christopher M. Bono, MD,Diana D. Cardenas, MD, MHA,Frederick S. Frost, MD,Margaret C. Hammond, MD,Laurie B. Lindblom, MD,Inder Parkash, MD, MS, FRCS, FACS,Stevens A. Stiens, MD, MS,Robert M. Woolsey, MD
Publsiher: Demos Medical Publishing
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2010-03-19
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781935281771

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A Doody's Core Title 2012 The thoroughly revised Second Edition of this authoritative reference continues to define the standard of care for the field of spinal cord medicine. Encompassing all of the diseases and disorders that may a!ect the proper functioning of the spinal cord or spinal nerves, this comprehensive volume provides a state of the art review of the principles of care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to patients with spinal cord injuries. Expert contributors from multiple disciplines cover topics ranging from acute medical and surgical management of specific problems to cutting-edge research, bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction, neurologic and musculoskeletal issues, advanced rehabilitation techniques and technologies, functional outcomes, and psychosocial care. While comprehensive in scope, Spinal Cord Medicine offers practical guidance for physicians and other health care professionals involved in the management of individuals with SCI, multiple sclerosis, and other spinal cord disorders. The Second Edition has been completely updated to fully reflect current science and practice. Each section has been re-ordered to better present information and the Second Edition brings in many new authors and topics, more diagrams, illustrations, and tables to solidify concepts, and contains 18 entirely new chapters. Spinal Cord Medicine: Principles and Practice, Second Edition, reflects the breadth and depth of this multi-faceted specialty. Involving over 150 authors from more than 20 fields of medicine, it is a trusted reference for anyone who works with spinal cord patients and strives to deliver superior clinical care and improve outcomes.

Cyborgization and Virtual Worlds

Cyborgization and Virtual Worlds
Author: Matthew E. Gladden
Publsiher: Mnemoclave
Total Pages: 36
Release: 2017-09-05
Genre: Games & Activities
ISBN: 9781944373191

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Whether it’s adding a night-vision cybereye or acquiring a full cyborg body, the process of cyborgization reshapes the way in which an individual relates to the physical environment around her. But how does it transform her ability to dive – or to be pulled – into virtual worlds? Cyborgization and Virtual Worlds: Portals to Altered Reality is a resource for designing campaigns grounded in near-future hard-SF settings in which synthetic bodies and VR cyberware offer characters entirely new ways of perceiving, interpreting, and manipulating the analog and digital worlds… It’s easy to know when you enter a virtual environment if the tools you’re using are a VR headset and haptic feedback gloves. If the virtual experience is too much for you, you can always just rip off the headset: the digital illusions instantly vanish, and you know that you’re back in the ‘real’ world. But what if the VR gear that you’re employing consists of cranial neural implants that directly stimulate your brain to create artificial sensory experiences? Or what if you’re wielding dual-purpose artificial eyes and roboprosthetic limbs that can either supply you with authentic sense data from the external environment or switch into iso mode, cut off all sensations from the real world, and pipe fabricated sense data into your brain? What signs could you look for to help you determine whether you’re in the real world or just a convincing virtual facsimile? This second volume in Mnemoclave’s Posthuman Cyberware Sourcebook series explores the two ways in which neuroprosthetic technologies immerse a cyborg in her environment and allow her to sense and manipulate the world: through embodiment and embedding. The process of cyborgization not only grants its human subject an augmented body with enhanced, reduced, or simply different capacities; it also embeds him in a particular part of the real physical world and provides the means by which he senses and manipulates that environment. And it may be the instrument through which he dives into virtual worlds, as well. Among the topics explored are: The paths of cyborgization • Different approaches to cyborgization, including the creation of full-body, partial, extended, sessile, and ‘hollow’ cyborgs • Differing types of neurocognitive interfaces that can exist between a piece of cyberware and its human host • The extent to which cyberware can be concealed from visual or remote electronic detection • The operational lifespan of cyberware and its potential health impacts on users Obstacles to characters’ acquisition of cyberware, including cost, legality, and required maintenance and customization • Problems like neurocoupling resection syndrome (NRS) that affect full-body cyborgs and other augmented individuals Cyberware and virtual worlds • Distinctions between virtual, augmented, and refracted reality • The mechanics by which cyborg characters can recognize and adjust to transitions between the real and virtual worlds • The use of digital avatars as cyberdoubles or cybermorphs within virtual worlds • Plot impacts of cyborg characters’ maximal, partial, temporary, or long-term immersion in VR environments The book is written especially for GMs who are designing adventures or campaigns set in near-future worlds with a cyberpunk, postcyberpunk, or biopunk atmosphere in which posthumanizing cyberware exists and societies are tilting ever further toward the dystopian. The text draws extensively on the best contemporary research regarding neurocybernetics and the bioengineering, economic, sociopolitical, and cultural aspects of human enhancement, to aid GMs who are looking to give their campaigns a hard sci-fi edge. The volume includes dozens of special textboxes with plot hooks, character traits, equipment descriptions, and ideas for successfully GM-ing the ontological puzzles and narrative twists that cyborgization and virtual reality make possible – to help you incorporate the material directly into your game, regardless of which rule system you’re using.

Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics

Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics
Author: Burak Guclu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 716
Release: 2021-07-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128230008

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Although somatosensory system works in tandem with the motor system in biology, the majority of the prosthetics research and commercial efforts had focused on accommodating movement deficits. With the development of neuroprostheses in the last 15 years, it has become evident that somatosensory input (mainly as touch and proprioception) is essential for motor control, manipulating objects, and embodiment, in addition to its primary role for sensory perception. Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics covers all relevant aspects to facilitate learning and doing research and development in the field. To understand the properties of the body to create viable solutions, this book starts with chapters reviewing the basic anatomy, physiology, and psychophysics of the somatosensory system, sensorimotor control, and instrumentation. Some sections are dedicated to invasive (peripheral and central, mainly cortical) and noninvasive (vibrotactile, electrotactile, etc.) approaches. Final chapters cover future technologies such as novel sensors and electrodes, safety, and clinical testing, and help to make up future prospects for this field with an emphasis on development and end use. With contributions from renowned experts, the contents include their recent findings and technical details necessary to understand those findings. Provides a concise review of the somatosensory system and latest advances in the use of somatosensory feedback for neuroprosthetics Analyzes many approaches to somatosensory feedback Provides the most detailed work on somatosensory neuroprostheses, their development, and applications in real life work.

Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices E Book

Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices E Book
Author: Joseph Webster,Douglas Murphy
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2017-11-24
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323554268

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Advances in the material sciences, 3D printing technology, functional electrical stimulation, smart devices and apps, FES technology, sensors and microprocessor technologies, and more have lately transformed the field of orthotics, making the prescription of these devices more complex than ever before. Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices, 5th Edition, brings you completely up to date with these changes, helping physiatrists, orthopaedic surgeons, prosthetists, orthotists, and other rehabilitative specialists work together to select the appropriate orthotic device for optimal results in every patient.

Neuroprosthetics and Brain Computer Interfaces in Spinal Cord Injury

Neuroprosthetics and Brain Computer Interfaces in Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Gernot Müller-Putz,Rüdiger Rupp
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2021-04-26
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030685454

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art of practical applications of neuroprosthesis based on functional electrical stimulation for restoration of motor functions lost by spinal cord injury and discusses the use of brain-computer interfaces for their control. The book covers numerous topics starting with basics about spinal cord injury, electrical stimulation, electrical brain signals and brain-computer interfaces. It continues with an overview of neuroprosthetic solutions for different purposes and non-invasive and invasive brain-computer interface implementations and presents clinical use cases and practical applications of BCIs. Finally, the authors give an outlook on cutting edge research with a high potential for clinical translation in the near future. All authors committed themselves to use easy-to-understand language and to avoid very specific information, focusing instead on the essential aspects. This makes this book an ideal choice not only for researchers and clinicians at all stages of their education interested in the topic of brain-computer interface-controlled neuroprostheses, but also for end users and their caregivers who want to inform themselves about the current technological possibilities to improve paralyzed motor functions.

Principles and Technologies for Electromagnetic Energy Based Therapies

Principles and Technologies for Electromagnetic Energy Based Therapies
Author: Punit Prakash,Govindarajan Srimathveeravalli
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2021-12-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128206119

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Principles and Technologies for Electromagnetic Energy Based Therapies covers the theoretical foundations of electromagnetic-energy based therapies, principles for design of practical devices and systems, techniques for in vitro and in vivo testing of devices, and clinical application examples of contemporary therapies employing non-ionizing electromagnetic energy. The book provides in-depth coverage of: pulsed electric fields, radiofrequency heating systems, tumor treating fields, and microwave heating technology. Devices and systems for electrical stimulation of neural and cardiac issue are covered as well. Lastly, the book describes and discusses issues that are relevant to engineers who develop and translate these technologies to clinical applications. Readers can access information on incorporation of preclinical testing, clinical studies and IP protection in this book, along with in-depth technical background for engineers on electromagnetic phenomena within the human body and selected therapies. It covers both engineering and biological/medical materials and gives a full perspective on electromagnetics therapies. Unique features include content on tumor treating fields and the development and translation of biomedical devices. Provides in-depth technical background on electromagnetic energy-based therapies, along with real world examples on how to design devices and systems for delivering electromagnetic energy-based therapies Includes guidance on issues that are relevant for translating the technology to the market, such as intellectual property, regulatory issues, and preclinical testing Companion site includes COMSOL models, MATLAB code, and lab protocols

AAOS Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices

AAOS Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices
Author: John D. Hsu,John W. Michael,John R. Fisk,American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 652
Release: 2008
Genre: Health & Fitness
ISBN: 9780323039314

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With new coverage of postpolio syndrome, cranial orthoses, and now incorporating the perspectives of renowned physiatrists, this is a one-stop rehabilitation resource. Tips and Pearls in every chapter and a new 2-color format make accessing information a snap. Incorporates chapters on the Orthotic Prescription, Strength and Materials, and the Normal and Pathologic Gait help you understand your role in the rehabilitative process. Carries the authority and approval of AAOS, the preeminent orthopaedic professional society. Contains new chapters on: Orthoses for Persons with Postpolio Paralysis; Orthoses for Persons with Postpolio Syndromes; and Cranial Orthoses. Incorporates evidence-based recommendations into the chapters on spinal, upper- and lower-limb orthoses to help you select the most proven approach for your patients.

Recent Advances in Intelligent Assistive Technologies Paradigms and Applications

Recent Advances in Intelligent Assistive Technologies  Paradigms and Applications
Author: Hariton Costin,Björn Schuller,Adina Magda Florea
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2019-11-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030308179

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This book illustrates the rapid pace of development in intelligent assistive technology in recent years, and highlights some salient examples of using modern IT&C technologies to provide devices, systems and application software for persons with certain motor or cognitive disabilities. The book proposes both theoretical and practical approaches to intelligent assistive and emergent technologies used in healthcare for the elderly and patients with chronic diseases. Intelligent assistive technology (IAT) is currently being introduced and developed worldwide as an important tool for maintaining independence and high quality of life among community-living people with certain disabilities, and as a key enabler for the aging population. The book offers a valuable resource for students at technical, medical and general universities, but also for specialists working in various fields in which emergent technologies are being used to help people enjoy optimal quality of life.

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth
Author: John Nicholson,Beata Czarnecka
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2016-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081004944

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Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth focuses on the important role teeth play in our lives and how biomaterials scientists are ensuring that new dental materials are functional and esthetic. As research in the field is shifting away from traditional materials like metal, and towards more advanced materials, such as resins and ceramics, this book on the subject of modern materials for the direct repair of teeth provides readers with a comprehensive reference. The most pertinent modern dental materials and their properties and applications for the direct restoration of teeth are presented, along with case examples and guidance notes making this book an essential companion for materials scientists and clinicians. Provides comprehensive coverage of conventional and modern materials for direct restoration of teeth Includes guidance notes and case examples to support dental clinicians in decision-making Authored by a scientist and a clinician, the book provides a balanced and complete treatise of the subject

Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation an Issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America

Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation  an Issue of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Author: Diana Cardenas
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 705
Release: 2014-08-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323320238

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This issue includes a range of topics in SCI from acute neuroprotection to chronic complications, focusing on some of the technological advances that have informed specific areas.

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function
Author: John K. Chapin,Karen A. Moxon
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2000-09-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781420039054

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The prospect of interfacing the nervous system with electronic devices to stimulate or record from neural tissue suggests numerous possibilities in the field of neuroprosthetics. While the creation of a "six million dollar man" may still be far into the future, neural prostheses are rapidly becoming viable theories for a broad range of patients wit