Improving Comfort in Clothing

Improving Comfort in Clothing
Author: Guowen Song
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2011-01-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780857090645

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Wear comfort has been listed as the most important property of clothing demanded by users and consumers according to recent studies. A fundamental understanding of human comfort and a knowledge of how to design textiles and garments to maximise comfort for the wearer is therefore essential in the clothing industry. Improving comfort in clothing reviews the latest developments in the manufacturing of comfortable apparel and discusses methods of improving it in various articles of clothing. The book begins by outlining the fundamentals of human comfort in clothing, from the human perception of comfort in apparel and factors which affect it such as the properties of fibres and fabrics, to laboratory testing, analysing and predicting of the comfort properties of textiles. Part two discusses methods of improving comfort in apparel, from controlling thermal comfort and managing moisture, to enhancing body movement comfort in various garments. Part three reviews methods of improving comfort whilst maintaining function in specific types of clothing such as protective garments, sports wear and cold weather clothing The international team of contributors to Improving comfort in clothing has produced a unique overview of numerous aspects of clothing comfort, provides an excellent resource for researchers and designers in the clothing industry. It will also be beneficial for academics researching wear comfort. Reviews the latest developments in the manufacturing of comfortable apparel and discusses methods of improving fit in various articles of clothing An overview of how to design textiles and garments to maximise comfort begins with factors affecting comfort and properties of fibres and fabrics that contribute to human comfort Improvements in thermal and tactile comfort and moisture management are explored featuring developments in textile surfaces

Standard Methods for Thermal Comfort Assessment of Clothing

Standard Methods for Thermal Comfort Assessment of Clothing
Author: Ivana Špelić,Alka Mihelić-Bogdanić,Anica Hursa Šajatović
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2019-06-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780429750649

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Providing detailed analysis of the thermal comfort assessment of clothing as the basis for developing standards, this book discusses the thermal protective role of clothing as a way of modelling heat transfer from the body, general thermal regulation of humans, and the importance of globally accepted test methods and standards to improve quality. New materials and discoveries in the study of thermal comfort necessitate the need for standard improvements and update. The development of international standards and the unification of testing methods is of crucial significance to ensure cost reduction and health protection. The book promotes instruments, methods, implementation of unified specifications, and the definition of standards so that a clear quality management system can be established, for both production systems and testing methods. It discusses standards in ergonomics of the thermal environment, clothing thermal characteristics, and subjective assessment of thermal comfort, which allows for systematic control of the measuring methods and the services and final products that are distributed on the global market. This book is aimed at industry professionals, researchers, and advanced students working in textile and clothing engineering, comfort testing, and ergonomics.

Protective Clothing

Protective Clothing
Author: F. Wang,Chuansi Gao
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2014-08-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782420408

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Protective clothing protects wearers from hostile environments, including extremes of heat and cold. Whilst some types of protective clothing may be designed primarily for non-thermal hazards (e.g. biological hazards), a key challenge in all protective clothing remains wearer comfort and the management of thermal stress (i.e. excessive heat or cold). This book reviews key types of protective clothing, technologies for heating and cooling and, finally, modeling aspects of thermal stress and strain. Explores different types of protective clothing, their uses and their requirements, with an emphasis on full-scale or prototype clothing, including immersion suits, body armour and space suits Considers novel and commercial technologies for regulating temperature in protective clothing, including phase change materials, shape memory alloys, electrically heated clothing and air and water perfusion-based cooling systems Reviews the human thermoregulatory system and the methods of modelling of thermal stress in protective clothing through various conditions, including cold water survival and firefighting

Textiles Identity and Innovation Design the Future

Textiles  Identity and Innovation  Design the Future
Author: Gianni Montagna,Cristina Carvalho
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2018-10-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781351585422

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D_TEX presents itself as a starting point at a crossroads of ideas and debates around the complex universe of Textile Design in all its forms, manifestations and dimensions. The textile universe, allied to mankind since its beginnings, is increasingly far from being an area of exhausted possibilities, each moment proposing important innovations that need a presentation, discussion and maturation space that is comprehensive and above all inter- and transdisciplinary. Presently, the disciplinary areas where the textile area is present are increasing and important, such as fashion, home textiles, technical clothing and accessories, but also construction and health, among others, and can provide new possibilities and different disciplinary areas and allowing the production of new knowledge. D_TEX proposes to join the thinking of design, with technologies, tradition, techniques, and related areas, in a single space where ideas are combined with the technique and with the projectual and research capacity, thus providing for the creation of concepts, opinions, associations of ideas, links and connections that allow the conception of ideas, products and services. The interdisciplinary nature of design is a reality that fully reaches the textile material in its essence and its practical application, through the synergy and contamination by the different interventions that make up the multidisciplinary teams of research. The generic theme of D_TEX Textile Design Conference 2017, held at Lisbon School of Architecture of the University of Lisbon, Portugal on November 2-4, 2017, is Design the Future, starting from the crossroads of ideas and debates, a new starting point for the exploration of textile materials, their identities and innovations in all their dimensions.

Handbook of Medical Textiles

Handbook of Medical Textiles
Author: V Bartels
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2011-08-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857093691

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With a rising population and the increasing range of textiles for medical products, the need to understand and improve medical textiles is gaining in importance. The Handbook of medical textiles provides an overview of the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised topics and applications. In part one, the types and properties of medical textiles are discussed, with chapters covering topics including reusable textiles, textiles for implants and textiles with cosmetic effects. Part two focuses on the interaction of textiles with the skin, examining key issues such as contact sensations, allergies and mechanical irritation. Chapters in part three provide information on the latest developments in textiles for hygiene and infection control, while part four provides a range of applications and case studies, including improvements in medical occupational clothing, medical filters and superabsorbent fibres. With its expert editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of medical textiles is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals. Explores the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised areas and applications Chapters cover topics such as reusable textiles, textiles for implants and interaction of textiles with the skin Is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals

Anthropometry Apparel Sizing and Design

Anthropometry  Apparel Sizing and Design
Author: Norsaadah Zakaria,Deepti Gupta
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2019-10-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081026052

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Anthropometry, Apparel Sizing and Design, Second Edition, reviews techniques in anthropometry, sizing system developments, and their applications to clothing design. The book addresses the need for the improved characterization of population size, weights and the shapes of consumers. This new edition presents the very latest advances, and is expanded to include in-depth coverage of sizing and fit for specific groups and applications. Sections cover the development of sizing systems, classification and body types, the use of anthropometric data, body measurement devices and techniques, including 3D scanners for the full body and for particular body parts, 4D scanning technology and motion analysis. Additional sections cover testing and the evaluation of fit and anthropometric sizing systems for particular functions, thus reflecting the increasing need for apparel to meet specific needs, such as in swimwear, protective clothing, mobility, intimate apparel, footwear and compression garments. This book will be an essential reference source for apparel designers, manufacturers, retailers and merchandisers. Its detailed information and data will also be of great interest to researchers and postgraduate students across clothing technology, product design, fashion and textiles. Reviews methods and techniques in anthropometry, sizing system development, and applications in clothing design Enables users to understand and utilize detailed anthropometric data Covers sizing and fit for particular uses, including protective clothing, compression garments, intimate apparel and footwear

Latest Material and Technological Developments for Activewear

Latest Material and Technological Developments for Activewear
Author: Joanne Yip
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing Limited
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2020-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128194928

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Latest Material and Technological Developments for Activewear provides comprehensive coverage of academic research and industrial advances in this fast-moving field. As society becomes more health conscious, athleisure and sportswear have arrived as key fashion items in the global apparel market. In this book, designers and material scientists will find information on fibers and textiles, new processes, emerging technologies, and new applications that have helped to deliver this new wave of products. In addition to these technical details, the book covers consumer behavior, along with product design and manufacturing.

High Performance Technical Textiles

High Performance Technical Textiles
Author: Roshan Paul
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2019-02-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119325055

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An authentic resource for the fundamentals, applied techniques, applications and recent advancements of all the main areas of technical textiles Created to be a comprehensive reference, High Performance Technical Textiles includes the review of a wide range of technical textiles from household to space textiles. The contributors—noted experts in the field from all the continents—offer in-depth coverage on the fibre materials, manufacturing processes and techniques, applications, current developments, sustainability and future trends. The contributors include discussions on synthetic versus natural fibres, various textile manufacturing techniques, textile composites and finishing approaches that are involved in the manufacturing of textiles for a specific high performance application. Whilst the book provides the basic knowledge required for an understanding of technical textiles, it can serve as a springboard for inspiring new inventions in hi-tech fibres and textiles. This important book: Contains a unique approach that offers a comprehensive understanding of the manufacturing and applications of technical textiles Includes a general overview to the fundamentals, current techniques, end use applications as well as the most recent advancements Explores the current standards in the industry and the ongoing research in the field Offers a comprehensive and single source reference on the topic Written for academics, researchers and professionals working in textile and related industries, High Performance Technical Textiles offers a systematic, structured, logical and updated source of information for understanding technical textiles.

Design of Clothing Manufacturing Processes

Design of Clothing Manufacturing Processes
Author: Jelka Geršak
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-07-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097835

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The era of mass manufacturing of clothing and other textile products is coming to an end; what is emerging is a post-industrial production system that is able to achieve the goal of mass-customised, low volume production, where the conventional borders between product design, production and user are beginning to merge. To continue developing knowledge on how to design better products and services, we need to design better clothing manufacturing processes grounded in science, technology, and management to help the clothing industry to compete more effectively. Design of clothing manufacturing processes reviews key issues in the design of more rapid, integrated and flexible clothing manufacturing processes. The eight chapters of the book provide a detailed coverage of the design of clothing manufacturing processes using a systematic approach to planning, scheduling and control. The book starts with an overview of standardised clothing classification systems and terminologies for individual clothing types. Chapter 2 explores the development of standardised sizing systems. Chapter 3 reviews the key issues in the development of a garment collection. Chapters 4 to 7 discuss particular aspects of clothing production, ranging from planning and organization to monitoring and control. Finally, chapter 8 provides an overview of common quality requirements for clothing textile materials. Design of clothing manufacturing processes is intended for R&D managers, researchers, technologists and designers throughout the clothing industry, as well as academic researchers in the field of clothing design, engineering and other aspects of clothing production. Considers in detail the design of sizing and classification systems Discusses the planning required in all aspects of clothing production from design and pattern making to manufacture Overviews the management of clothing production and material quality requirements

Advanced Knitting Technology

Advanced Knitting Technology
Author: Subhankar Maity,Sohel Rana,Pintu Pandit,Kunal Singha
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2021-08-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323855358

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Advanced Knitting Technology provides complete coverage of the latest innovations and developments in knitting technology, including emerging methods as well as the latest best practice for classical processes. Many technologies can be used for the production of cloth such as weaving, knitting, nonwoven, and braiding. Knitting methods are being selected for a growing range of applications due to the spectacular properties of knitted fabric, such as softer tactile quality, higher stretchability, bulkiness, and functional properties that compare favorably with other woven fabrics. Beyond the well-known apparel applications, specially designed knitted structures are uniquely suitable for high performance applications like reinforcement for composites, medical implants, and geotextiles. This book presents recent advances in knitting technology, including structures, properties and applications of knitted fabrics in modern apparel, activewear, composites, medical textiles, and geotextiles. With reference to the latest industry practice, testing, quality and process control methods for knitting technologies are discussed. Advanced Knitting Technology covers recent advances in knitting technology, properties and performance of knitted structures, their applications in apparel and technical fields. Provides detailed and practical instructions for the sustainable production of knitted textiles, including sustainable chemical processing natural dyeing processes, and sustainability analysis methods Draws on the latest research to discuss the future of knitted apparels and high-tech applications of knitted structures as technical textiles Explores the latest applications of AI and machine learning to the knitting process

Sustainable Apparel

Sustainable Apparel
Author: Richard Blackburn
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2015-08-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782423577

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Sustainability is an issue that increasingly concerns all those involved in the apparel industry, including textile manufacturers, apparel designers, retailers and consumers. This important book covers recent advances and novel technologies in the key areas of production, processing and recycling of apparel. Part One addresses sustainable finishing and dyeing processes for textiles. The first two chapters concentrate on the environmental impact of fabric finishing, including water consumption, emissions and waste management. Further chapters focus on plasma and enzymatic treatments for sustainable textile processing, and the potential for improving the sustainability of dyeing technologies. Part Two covers issues of design, retail and recycling, and includes discussions of public attitudes towards sustainability in fashion, methods of measuring apparel sustainability and social trends in the re-use of apparel. Reviews sustainable finishing and dyeing processes for textiles Addresses social attitudes towards and methods for measuring sustainability in the apparel industry and retail sectors Covers recycling of apparel

Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV

Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV
Author: Pedro M. Arezes,João Santos Baptista,Monica P. Barroso,Paula Carneiro,Patrício Cordeiro,Nelson Costa,Rui B. Melo,A. Sergio Miguel,Gonçalo Perestrelo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2016-04-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781315628967

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Occupational Safety and Hygiene IV covers a wide variety of topics, including but not limited to:- Occupational Safety- Risk Assessment- Ergonomics- Management Systems- Physical Environment - Construction Safety, and - Human FactorsThis compilation of papers in the domain of occupational safety and hygiene is mainly based on research works carried

Functional Finishes for Textiles

Functional Finishes for Textiles
Author: Roshan Paul
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 678
Release: 2014-10-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857098450

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Functional finishes for textiles reviews the most important fabric finishes in the textile industry. It discusses finishes designed to improve the comfort and other properties of fabrics, as well as finishes which protect the fabric or the wearer. Each chapter reviews the role of a finish, the mechanisms and chemistry behind the finish, types of finish and their methods of application, application to particular textiles, testing and future trends. Describes finishes to improve comfort, performance, and protection of fabric or the wearer Examines the mechanisms and chemistry behind different types of finishes and their methods of application, testing and future trends Considers environmental issues concerning functional finishes

Textile Based Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices for Wearable Electronics

Textile Based Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices for Wearable Electronics
Author: Xing Fan,Nannan Zhang,Yi Wang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2021-10-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527818228

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Textile-Based Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices for Wearable Electronics Discover state-of-the-art developments in textile-based wearable and stretchable electronics from leaders in the field In Textile-Based Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices for Wearable Electronics, renowned researchers Professor Xing Fan and his co-authors deliver an insightful and rigorous exploration of textile-based energy harvesting and storage systems. The book covers the principles of smart fibers and fabrics, as well as their fabrication methods. It introduces, in detail, several fiber- and fabric-based energy harvesting and storage devices, including photovoltaics, piezoelectrics, triboelectrics, supercapacitors, batteries, and sensing and self-powered electric fabrics. The authors also discuss expanded functions of smart fabrics, like stretchability, hydrophobicity, air permeability and color-changeability. The book includes sections on emerging electronic fibers and textiles, including stress-sensing, strain-sensing, and chemical-sensing textiles, as well as emerging self-powered electronic textiles. Textile-Based Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices for Wearable Electronics concludes with an in-depth treatment of upcoming challenges, opportunities, and commercialization requirements for electronic textiles, providing valuable insight into a highly lucrative new commercial sector. The book also offers: A thorough introduction to the evolution from classical functional fibers to intelligent fibers and textiles An exploration of typical film deposition technologies, like dry-process film deposition and wet-process technologies for roll-to-roll device fabrication Practical discussions of the fabrication process of intelligent fibers and textiles, including the synthesis of classical functional fibers and nano/micro assembly on fiber materials In-depth examinations of energy harvesting and energy storage fibers, including photovoltaic, piezoelectric, and supercapacitor fibers Perfect for materials scientists, engineering scientists, and sensor developers, Textile-Based Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices for Wearable Electronics is also an indispensable resource for electrical engineers and professionals in the sensor industry seeking a one-stop reference for fiber- and fabric-based energy harvesting and storage systems for wearable and stretchable power sources.

Science in Clothing Comfort

Science in Clothing Comfort
Author: Apurba Das,R. Alagirusamy
Publsiher: WPI Publishing
Total Pages: 185
Release: 2010-03-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 8190800159

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The book deals with the basic scientific concepts behind the various aspects of clothing comfort, such as concepts of physics, neurosciences, psychological sciences, material sciences, ergonomics, and instrumental and textile engineering. The book will appeal to those involved with innovation, product design, and development and material characterization with scientific approaches.