Marine and Industrial Biofouling

Marine and Industrial Biofouling
Author: Hans-Curt Flemming,P. Sriyutha Murthy,R. Venkatesan,Keith E. Cooksey
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2008-12-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783540697961

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Biofouling is a costly problem, and it is encountered in a wide spectrum of technical systems, ranging from the shipping industry, power industry, water purification, automobile industry, paint and pharmaceuticals, to the microelectronics and food industries. Micro- and macroorganisms attach to surfaces and accumulate there, forming biofilms that cause interferences – a fundamentally natural process. Usually, a medical paradigm is applied: kill biofilms and the problem is solved. This leads to excessive biocide use. However, the success of this strategy is very limited; furthermore it leads to equipment damage and environmental pollution. Simply trying to kill the fouling organisms is clearly not seen as a successful strategy while cleaning is put forward as much more important. In this book, strategies to prevent adhesion, to mitigate the extent and effects of biofouling, and to detect and remove fouling layers are presented. Holistic approaches to the fouling process are elaborated, taking into account options such as nutrient limitation, repellent and easy-to-clean surfaces for fouling layer limitation, and replacing biocides with more environmentally friendly methods – in other words: learning how to live with fouling biofilms without suffering the damage they can do.

Industrial Biofouling

Industrial Biofouling
Author: T. Reg Bott
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2011-02-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080932606

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Industrial Biofouling discusses the the challenges--and to a lesser extent, the benefits--of biofilms on industrial processing surfaces. It addresses the operating problems caused by establishment and growth of microorganisms, thereby enabling effective equipment design and operation that minimizes biofouling. Discusses the chemical and physical control of biofilm growth, with coverage of dosing techniques, equipment cleaning, and cost management Presents methods for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of control techniques Incorporates explicit figures and diagrams to aid in understanding

Biofouling and Biocorrosion in Industrial Water Systems

Biofouling and Biocorrosion in Industrial Water Systems
Author: Hans-Curt Flemming,Gill G. Geesey
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642765438

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Microbial growth and contamination ("Biofouling") in water systems represents a significant threat to the quality of waters produced for the microelectronic, pharmaceutical, petroleum, paper, food and other manufacturing industries. Biofouling can lead to biologically induced corrosion ("Biocorrosion"), which can cause severe damage to the equipment. Both biofouling and biocorrosion are frequently not recognized in time, underestimated, or linked with the wrong causes. The book represents a new approach by introducing biofilm properties and dynamics as basic principles of biofouling and biocorrosion, thus providing a better understanding and the means of fighting the undesired effects of biofilms. The most important features are: Case histories of biofouling in water treatment.- Detection and monitoring of biofouling.- Reverse osmosis membrane biofouling.- Biocide efficacy and biofouling control.- Plant design considerations for preventing biofouling.- Case histories of biocorrosion.- Detection, monitoring, control and prevention of biocorrosion.- Fundamentals of biofouling and biocorrosion mechanisms.

Biofouling

Biofouling
Author: Simone Dürr,Jeremy Thomason
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2009-10-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781444315479

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Biofouling (the colonisation of an interface by a diverse array of organisms) is almost always a problem where it occurs, as it negatively affects surfaces, the materials that they are made from and the structures that they form, and can even destroy them. This comprehensive book covers in detail in its first section the processes involved in marine , freshwater and medical biofouling including coverage of settlement by larvae and spores, biofouling community processes, epibiosis (biofouling on living organisms) and microbial fouling, including biofilms deleterious to human health. The book's second section, encompassing biofouling processes with industrial implications, includes coverage of biofouling on artificial substrata, paints and coatings technology for the control of marine biofouling, biofouling and antifouling in the maritime industries, such as shipping, offshore oil , and aquaculture, and in power stations and other industries. The impacts of both biofouling and biofouling control and details of current legislation of relevance to biofouling issues are fully covered. The book's final section looks at methods for the measurement of biofouling, and future prospects for biofouling, including in-depth coverage of the changes anticipated in biofouling worldwide due to global climate change, and likely future directions in antifouling research, technology and legislation. Biofouling, which includes contributions from many international experts, is an essential reference for all those working in the antifouling industry including those involved in formulation of antifouling products such as paints and other coatings. Aquatic biologists, ecologists, environmental scientists and lawyers, marine engineers, aquaculture personnel, chemists, and medical researchers will all find much of interest within this book. All universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught should have copies of this important work on their shelves.

Biofilms in Medicine Industry and Environmental Biotechnology

Biofilms in Medicine  Industry and Environmental Biotechnology
Author: Piet Lens
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2003-01-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781843390190

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This timely book will introduce its readers to the

Operational and Environmental Consequences of Large Industrial Cooling Water Systems

Operational and Environmental Consequences of Large Industrial Cooling Water Systems
Author: Sanjeevi Rajagopal,Henk A. Jenner,Vayalam P. Venugopalan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2012-01-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781461416975

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The use of water for industrial purposes is of foremost importance. It is used as a coolant and industrial activities dealing with power generation, steel and iron, paper and pulp and oil require very large amounts of water. The industry, therefore, resorts to large scale abstraction of water from natural water bodies. This water is often treated with chemicals to combat operational problems like biofouling and corrosion. Such withdrawal and subsequent discharge of large amounts of water have the potential to impart significant impact on the recipient water body. The organisms drawn along with the cooling water, as well as those residing at the discharge zone, are subjected to a combination of mechanical, thermal and chemical stress on a continuous basis.

Marine Biofouling

Marine Biofouling
Author: Alexander I. Railkin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2003-12-29
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9780203503232

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Recent instances of bioinvasion, such as the emergence of the zebra mussel in the American Great Lakes, generated a demand among marine biologists and ecologists for groundbreaking new references that detail how organisms colonize hard substrates, and how to prevent damaging biomass concentrations. Marine Biofouling: Colonization Processes a

Supramolecular Chemistry in Corrosion and Biofouling Protection

Supramolecular Chemistry in Corrosion and Biofouling Protection
Author: Viswanathan S. Saji
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2021-12-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000516708

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Supramolecular chemistry, "the chemistry beyond the molecule", is a fascinating realm of modern science. The design of novel supramolecular structures, surfaces, and techniques are at the forefront of research in different application areas, including corrosion and biofouling protection. A team of international experts provide a comprehensive view of the applications and potential of supramolecular chemistry in corrosion and biofouling prevention. Chapter topics include types and fundamentals of supramolecules, supramolecular polymers and gels, host-guest inclusion compounds, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, metallo-assemblies, cyclodextrins, crown ethers, mesoporous silica and supramolecular structures of graphene and other advances. Additional Features include: Focuses on different aspects of supramolecular chemistry in corrosion and biofouling prevention. Comprehensively covers supramolecular interactions that can provide better corrosion and biofouling protection. Provides the latest developments in self-healing coatings. Explores recent research advancements in the suggested area. Includes case studies specific to industries. The different supramolecular approaches being investigated to control corrosion and biofouling are gathered in one well-organized reference to serve senior undergraduate and graduate students, research students, engineers, and researchers in the fields of corrosion science & engineering, biofouling, and protective coatings.

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry
Author: Pratima Bajpai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2015-04-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128034262

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Pulp and Paper Industry: Microbiological Issues in Papermaking features in-depth and thorough coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences and the current state of the different alternatives for prevention, treatment and control of biofilm/slime considering the impact of the actual technological changes in papermaking on the control programmes. The microbial issues in paper mill systems, chemistry of deposits on paper machines, the strategies for deposit control and methods used for the analysis of biofouling are all dealt in this book along with various growth prevention methods. The traditional use of biocides is discussed taken into account the new environmental regulations regarding their use. Finally, discusses the trends regarding the future of the microbiological control in papermaking systems. In-depth coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences Discusses eco-efficient processes (green processes) for biofilm/slime control Offers a thorough review of the current literature with links to the primary literature Comprehensive indexing Author is an authority in the pulp and paper industry

Biofouling Methods

Biofouling Methods
Author: Sergey Dobretsov,David N. Williams,Jeremy C. Thomason
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-08-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118336113

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Biofouling Methods provides a “cook book” forboth established workers and those new to the field. The methodsincluded in this important new book range from tried and testedtechniques to those at the cutting edge, encompassing the fulldiversity of this multidisciplinary field. The book covers methods for microbial and macrofouling, coatingsand biocides, and ranges from methods for fundamental studies tomethods relevant for industrial applications. There is an emphasison answering questions and each chapter provides technical methodsand problem-solving hints and tips. Bringing together a wealth of international contributions andedited by three internationally known and respected experts in thesubject Biofouling Methods is the essential methodologyreference in the field for all those working in the antifoulingindustry including those involved in formulation of antifoulingproducts such as paints and other coatings. Aquatic biologists,ecologists, environmental scientists and lawyers, marine engineers,aquaculture personnel, chemists, and medical researchers will allfind much of interest within this book. All universities andresearch establishments where these subjects are studied and taughtshould have copies of this important work on their shelves.

Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies

Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies
Author: Claire Hellio,Diego Yebra
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2009-05-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696313

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Marine biofouling can be defined as the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms, algae and animals on structures submerged in seawater. From the dawn of navigation, marine biofouling has been a major problem for shipping in such areas as reduced speed, higher fuel consumption and increased corrosion. It also affects industries using off-shore structures such as oil and gas production and aquaculture. Growing concerns about the environmental impact of antifouling coatings has led to major new research to develop more environmentally-friendly alternatives. Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies summaries this wealth of research and its practical implications. This book is divided into four sub-sections which discuss: marine fouling organisms and their impact, testing and development of antifouling coatings, developments in chemically-active marine antifouling technologies, and new surface approaches to the control of marine biofouling. It provides an authoritative overview of the recent advances in understanding the biology of fouling organisms, the latest developments on antifouling screening techniques both in the field and in the laboratory, research on safer active compounds and the progress on nontoxic coatings with tailor-made surface properties. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies is a standard reference for manufacturers of marine antifouling solutions, the shipping industry, oil and gas producers, aquaculture and other industries using offshore structures, and academics researching this important area. Assesses marine antifouling organisms and their impact, including a historical review and directions for future research Discusses developments in antifouling coatings examining chemically-active and new surface approaches Reviews the environmentally friendly alternative of safer active compounds and the progress of non-toxic compounds

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry
Author: Alec Groysman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2016-10-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319452562

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This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Corrosion and Fouling Control in Desalination Industry

Corrosion and Fouling Control in Desalination Industry
Author: Viswanathan S. Saji,Abdelkader A. Meroufel,Ahmad A. Sorour
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2020-02-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030342845

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This book addresses two critical problems that plague materials that make up components in both desalination and cooling water systems: corrosion, and fouling. The book addresses various types and components of industrial desalination technologies with solutions for controlling corrosion, scaling and biofouling. Issues unique to desalination systems, vital for the production of clean water, are considered as well. Green technologies are discussed throughout, along with environmental and economic considerations. The book presents solutions to the problems encountered by internal and external parts of these systems and will aid professionals that design, operate, and maintain them. It will be valuable to professionals in the materials, corrosion, electrochemical and wastewater industries, as well as chemical engineers. Addresses the corrosion issues facing the conventional and modern water desalination systems; Discusses the causes and remediation of problems caused by corrosion, scaling, and biofouling in water treatment; Offers green solutions, thereby minimizing environmental impact while increasing control and productivity of water systems; Suitable for professionals working with water desalination plants, materials scientists and corrosion engineers.

Handbook of Hygiene Control in the Food Industry

Handbook of Hygiene Control in the Food Industry
Author: H. L. M. Lelieveld,John Holah,Domagoj Gabric
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2016-06-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081001974

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Handbook of Hygiene Control in the Food Industry, Second Edition, continues to be an authoritative reference for anyone who needs hands-on practical information to improve best practices in food safety and quality. The book is written by leaders in the field who understand the complex issues of control surrounding food industry design, operations, and processes, contamination management methods, route analysis processing, allergenic residues, pest management, and more. Professionals and students will find a comprehensive account of risk analysis and management solutions they can use to minimize risks and hazards plus tactics and best practices for creating a safe food supply, farm to fork. Presents the latest research and development in the field of hygiene, offering a broad range of the microbiological risks associated with food processing Provides practical hygiene related solutions in food facilities to minimize foodborne pathogens and decrease the occurrence of foodborne disease Includes the latest information on biofilm formation and detection for prevention and control of pathogens as well as pathogen resistance

Security of Industrial Water Supply and Management

Security of Industrial Water Supply and Management
Author: Aysel T. Atimtay,Subhas K. Sikdar
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2011-08-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789400718678

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Over time, the increased use of fresh water for agriculture and industry together with contamination from discharges of pollutants, mean that ever more areas of the planet are becoming water-stressed. Because of the competing needs of communities and industry for fresh water, industry will be challenged to meet its growing demands for water, which is essential for producing the goods and services that would boost human welfare. Thus industry will need to learn how to cost-effectively purify and recycle its wastewater for reuse, ultimately approaching a net zero-discharge condition. The chapters in this book, written by international experts, treat the technical issues of such treatment and water management, and also provide guidance on technologies, either existing or in development, that can potentially achieve the goal of recycle-reuse. The book will serve as a useful reference for academics, government and industry professionals alike.