Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention
Author: V. Ratna Reddy,Geoffrey J. Syme
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2014-10-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128008461

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Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Interventions is the outcome of a multi-disciplinary research team of social scientists, hydrologists (groundwater and surface water), modellers; and bio-physical scientists who have worked together over five years to develop an integrated model of the sustainability of biophysical, economic and social impacts of watersheds. Impacts of watershed interventions are assessed at upstream, mid-stream and downstream locations of two hydrological units that are characterised with differential bio-physical attributes. The editors propose that watershed interventions, when integrated with hydro-geology and bio-physical aspects, have greater influence on the resilience of the socio-ecological system. This book takes these aspects in to consideration and in the process provides insights in to watershed design and implementation. Integrates hydrogeology, bio-physical, and socioeconomic aspects of watersheds in a hydrological context Provides a comprehensive understanding of the impacts of watershed interventions Assesses the role of watershed interventions in enhancing household resilience Provides hydrological and socio-economic methodologies for design of sustainble watershed interventions including scale and institutional arrangements for implementing and sustaining watershed interventions

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention

Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Intervention
Author: V. Ratna Reddy,Geoffrey J. Syme
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2014-10-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0128000678

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Integrated Assessment of Scale Impacts of Watershed Interventions is the outcome of a multi-disciplinary research team of social scientists, hydrologists (groundwater and surface water), modellers; and bio-physical scientists who have worked together over five years to develop an integrated model of the sustainability of biophysical, economic and social impacts of watersheds. Impacts of watershed interventions are assessed at upstream, mid-stream and downstream locations of two hydrological units that are characterised with differential bio-physical attributes. The editors propose that watershed interventions, when integrated with hydro-geology and bio-physical aspects, have greater influence on the resilience of the socio-ecological system. This book takes these aspects in to consideration and in the process provides insights in to watershed design and implementation. Integrates hydrogeology, bio-physical, and socioeconomic aspects of watersheds in a hydrological context Provides a comprehensive understanding of the impacts of watershed interventions Assesses the role of watershed interventions in enhancing household resilience Provides hydrological and socio-economic methodologies for design of sustainble watershed interventions including scale and institutional arrangements for implementing and sustaining watershed interventions

Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Watershed Management in Xeric Environments

Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Watershed Management in Xeric Environments
Author: V Ratna Reddy,Geoff Syme,Chiranjeevi Tallapragada
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 223
Release: 2019-06-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128152768

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Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Watershed Management in Xeric Environments: A Training Manual provides the reader with the tools they need to understand an integrated approach to watershed management. The book presents a conceptual framework of water management based on the authors’ vast experience. Topics covered include a scientific background of watershed management and the integration of geohydraulic and socioeconomic factors. Key points are further enhanced with case studies, problem sets, Bayesian Networks and quizzes to educate watershed managers, industry professionals and agencies. Authored by a team of leaders in the field who are responsible for groundbreaking research in the area, this book draws on their experience synthesizing scientific, practical, on the ground expertise. This is an essential tool for researchers and professionals in environmental, water or natural resource management. Presents an integrated approach—combining different sciences— that allows for the improved design of watersheds through the integration of biophysical, land use and socioeconomic analyses Contains activities for self-evaluation Includes case studies drawing from field experiences, giving the reader deeper insights into challenges faced, practical problems and solutions

Water Policy Science and Politics

Water Policy Science and Politics
Author: M. Dinesh Kumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2018-03-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128149041

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Water Policy Science and Politics: An Indian Perspective presents the importance of politics and science working together in policymaking in the water sector. Many countries around the developed and developing world, including India, are experiencing major water scarcity problems that will undoubtedly increase with the impacts of climate change. This book discusses specific topics in India’s water, agriculture and energy sectors, focusing on scientific aspects, academic and political discourse, and policy issues. The author presents cases from the interrelated sectors of water resources, supplies, sanitation, and energy and climate, including controversial topics that illustrate how science and politics can work together. Challenges the linear and conventional approaches to water management and water policymaking in India that are also applicable in developing countries across South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa Presents best practice ideas and methods that help science and politics work together Highlights a key gap of communication between science and policy in water research, with solutions on how this can be addressed

Methods to investigate the hydrology of the Himalayan springs

Methods to investigate the hydrology of the Himalayan springs
Author: Chinnasamy, Pennan,Prathapar, Sanmugam A.
Publsiher: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2016-06-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789290908364

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Springs are the major source of freshwater in many small mountainous watersheds within the Himalayan region. In recent years, their flow rates have diminished, but the reasons for this are not self-evident, and hence this paper reviews the methods to investigate Himalayan springs. The review reveals that chemical and isotope analyses – mostly water dating and stable isotope (e.g., d18O) analyses – could be an appropriate entry point to commence field investigations, because of their potential to map complex spring pathways, including linkages between aquifers. This should be combined with the building of hydrogeological maps with the available data. Output from desktop analyses, field investigations and hydrogeological maps could then contribute to the establishment of a conceptual model, which could form the basis for a numerical model.

From Catchment Management to Managing River Basins

From Catchment Management to Managing River Basins
Author: M. Dinesh Kumar,V. Ratna Reddy,A. J. James
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2019-06-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128148525

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From Catchment Management to Managing River Basins: Science, Technology Choices, Institutions and Policy synthesizes key scientific facts crucial for catchment assessment, planning and river basin water accounting. The book presents extensive reviews of international literature on catchment hydrology, forest hydrology and other hydrological processes, such as groundwater-surface water interactions. It discusses not only the science of catchment assessment and planning, but also the catchment planning process. It documents several of the positive international experiences with integrated catchment management and integrated basin management, distilling key learnings. Case studies from India and other parts of South Asia are also included, along with new pilot studies. Finally, the book discusses the theoretical and operational aspects of integrated catchment management and integrated water management in river basins using international best practices and case studies. Discusses the theoretical nuances of scale effects in hydrology and land-use hydrology interactions Focuses on managing water in a situation in which water has become scarce Provides a theoretical discussion on water accounting procedures that is followed by an application of the methodology and tools in real-life case studies in two river basins of India Presents applications of the concept of integrated water resources management for developing a WRM plan for an Indian river basin

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Leonardo Esteves de Freitas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 537
Release: 2017-10-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319569468

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This book showcases experiences from research, field projects and best practice in climate change adaptation in countries in the Latin American region, focusing on managing vulnerability and fostering resilience. It includes a selection of papers presented at a specialist symposium on climate change adaptation held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in November 2016.Consistent with the need for more cross-sectoral interaction among the various stakeholders working in the field of climate change adaptation in Latin America, the book documents and disseminates the wealth of experiences in the region. It is divided into two main parts: Part 1 addresses the current and future impacts of climate change on fauna, flora and landscapes, while Part 2 is concerned with the socio-economic aspects of climate change adaptation, analyzing some of the main problems prevailing in this vulnerable region and examining ways to address them.

The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience

The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience
Author: Updesh Kumar
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2016-08-05
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781317355946

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Psychological resilience has emerged as a highly significant area of research and practice in recent years, finding applications with a broad range of different groups in many settings. Contemporary discourse is not limited to ways of effective coping with adversity but also introduces mechanisms that can lead to enhanced capacity after dealing with difficult circumstances and recognises the importance of enriching the field with varied perspectives. The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience is a comprehensive compendium of writings of international contributors that takes stock of the state-of-the-art in resilience theory, research and practice. The Routledge International Handbook of Psychosocial Resilience covers the many different trajectories that resilience research has taken in four parts. Part One delineates the ‘Conceptual Arena’ by providing an overview of the current state of theory and research, exploring biological, psychological, and socio-ecological perspectives and discussing various theoretical models of personal and social resilience. The ‘Psychosocial Correlates’ of resilience are discussed further in Part Two, from personal and personality correlates, socio-environmental factors and the contextual and cultural conditions conducive to resilient behaviour. In Part Three, ‘Applied Evidences’ are introduced in order to build upon the theoretical foundations in the form of several case studies drawn from varied contexts. Examples of resilient behaviour range from post-disaster scenarios to special operation groups, orphaned children, and violent extremism. Finally, Part Four, ‘Proposed Implications and Resilience Building’, sums up the issues involved in discussing post-traumatic growth, wellbeing and positive adaptation in the varied contexts of personal, familial, organizational and societal resilience. The volume provides a comprehensive overview of resilience theory, practice and research across disciplines and cultures, from varied perspectives and different populations. It will be a key reference for psychiatrists, psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatric social workers in practice and in training as well as researchers and students of psychology, sociology, human development, family studies and disaster management.

Toward a Healthy Planet

Toward a Healthy Planet
Author: Gerard Magill,James Benedict
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2021-10-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781527575691

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This volume addresses emerging concerns and pivotal problems about our planet’s environment and ecology. The contributions gathered here highlight the inter-relation of topics and expertise regarding a vision for a healthy planet, agriculture and food, health and the environment, global issues, and generational perspectives. The book concludes with an ethical analysis of the multiple and over-lapping challenges that require urgent attention and long-term resolution. It will appeal to scholars and students in a variety of disciplines and fields that deal with the earth’s survival and flourishing.

Environment and Climate smart Food Production

Environment and Climate smart Food Production
Author: Charis M. Galanakis
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2021
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN: 9783030715717

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Agriculture and food systems, forestry, the marine and the bio-based sectors are at the very heart of the climate change crisis. Evidence on climate change reveals that it will affect farming first, through changes to rainfall regimes, rising temperatures, the variability and seasonality of the climate and the occurrence of more frequent extreme events (heatwaves, droughts, storms and floods). In addition to findings ways to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, farmers will need to develop farming systems resilient to fluctuating environmental and socioeconomic conditions. It is thus a great challenge to support ambitious climate targets while satisfying the needs for food, feed, bio-based products and energy for a global population projected to reach 10 billion by 2030. Few books on the market integrate environment studies and climate-smart food production. This book fills the knowledge gap by covering all the relevant aspects in one reference: starting with microclimate management, climate change and food systems, and resilience of mixed farming and agroforestry systems, chapters address agricultural soil management, integrated water management in small agricultural catchments, citizen-driven food system approaches in cities, and ICT-enabled agri-food systems. By focusing on the most recent advances in the field while analyzing the potential of already applied practices, this book can serve as a handbook for regulators and researchers looking to understand all aspects of food production and distribution in this changing environment.

Cascading Challenges in the Global Water Crisis

Cascading Challenges in the Global Water Crisis
Author: Gerard Magill,James Benedict
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 235
Release: 2019-02-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781527528123

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This edited book is a collection of essays presented at the 3rd annual endowed conference held at Duquesne University, USA. The conference series addresses emerging concerns and threshold problems about the sustainability of our planet. The contributions gathered here highlight the inter-relation of topics and expertise from the perspectives of science and policy, religion and ethics, and pivotal global issues. The book concludes with an ethical analysis of the multiple and over-lapping challenges to paramount concerns that require urgent attention and long-term resolution. The book is written for scholars and students in a variety of disciplines and fields that deal with the earth’s current survival and future flourishing.

Water Security Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Water Security  Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Author: Asit K. Biswas,Cecilia Tortajada
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2015-11-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789812879769

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This book pursues a comprehensive approach so as to arrive at a better understanding of the implications of climate change on sustainable development, focusing on the perspective of water. Climate change is one of today’s most pressing global issues and will become increasingly important in the decades to come, as societies will feel its pervasive impacts in many aspects of their lives. Given that the majority of these climate change impacts will be felt through the medium of water, the book explores the interrelationships and inter-linkages between water, climate change and sustainable development.

Climate Change and Community Resilience

Climate Change and Community Resilience
Author: A.K. Enamul Haque,Pranab Mukhopadhyay,Mani Nepal,Md Rumi Shammin
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2021-10-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811606809

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This open access book documents myriads of ways community-based climate change adaptation and resilience programs are being implemented in South Asian countries. The narrative style of writing in this volume makes it accessible to a diverse audience from academics and researchers to practitioners in various governmental, non-governmental and international agencies. At a time when climate change presents humanity with a gloomy future, the stories of innovation, creativity, grassroots engagement and locally applicable solutions highlighted in this book provides insights into hopeful ways of approaching climate solutions. South Asian countries have been dealing with the impact of climate change for decades and thus offer valuable learning opportunities for developing countries within and beyond the region as well as many western countries that are confronting the wrath of climate induced natural disasters more recently. SANDEE has been a pioneer in the development of research and training in environmental economics and related issues in South Asia and Prof Maler has been throughout SANDEE's history, its mentor, and its strongest supporter. Many young economists in South Asia have significantly benefited from Prof Maler's guidance and inputs. The present volume on “Climate Change and Community Resilience: Insights from South Asia” is a fitting tribute and an excellent reflection of Prof Maler's contributions to the SANDEE programme throughout his association. - Mahesh Banskota, Ph.D. Professor, Development Studies School of Arts, Kathmandu University This comprehensive volume aptly identifies grassroots initiatives as the core of the problem of adaptation to climate change. The analysis of the different experiments is lucid, inclusive, and full of interesting detail. The methodologies used and the subjects covered span a range of frameworks and narratives. Put together, the studies are a fitting tribute to Karl-Goran Maler, who spent years putting his impeccable expertise to use for the cause of enhancing research in South Asia. - Kanchan Chopra, Ph.D. Former Director and Professor, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, and Fellow, SANDEE The slow international policy response to climate change elevates the importance of understanding how communities can respond to climate change’s many threats. This unusually accessible volume provides that understanding for South Asia while being relevant to the rest of the world. Its emphasis on research by scholars from the region makes it a wonderful tribute to Prof. Karl-Göran Mäler, who contributed so much to the growth of environmental economics research capacity in South Asia. - Jeffrey R. Vincent, Ph.D. Clarence F. Korstian Professor of Forest Economics & Management Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, USA

Advances in Materials Processing

Advances in Materials Processing
Author: Sunpreet Singh,Chander Prakash,Seeram Ramakrishna,Grzegorz Krolczyk
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-06-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811547485

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This book presents the select proceedings of the International Conference on Functional Material, Manufacturing and Performances (ICFMMP) 2019. The book primarily covers recent research, theories, and practices relevant to surface engineering and processing of materials. It focuses on the lesser-known technologies and advanced manufacturing methods which may not be standardized yet but are highly beneficial to material and manufacturing industrial engineers. The book includes current advances in the field of coating, deposition, cladding, nanotechnology, surface finishing, precision machining, processing, and emerging advanced manufacturing technologies which enhance the performance of materials in terms of corrosion, wear and fatigue. The book can be a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in materials processing and allied fields.

An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia

An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia
Author: Gebregziabher, Gebrehaweria,Abera, D. A.,Gebresamuel, G.,Giordano, Meredith,Langan, Simon
Publsiher: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2016-12-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789290908449

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Sustainable participatory watershed management is an approach promoted by the Ethiopian government to restore natural resources and agricultural productivity across the country. This comparative study between six watershed programs shows that this approach increases farmers’ food security and incomes (around 50% on average), as well as their resilience to drought and other climate shocks. However, the study also confirms that the nature and scale of impact can vary significantly between watershed programs. The success of watershed management depends on multiple factors from the hydrological profile of the watershed to the local social and economic environment. Tailoring watershed interventions to the local context, associating conservation and livelihoods activities, and providing further financial and technical support to watershed committees are among the recommendations of this paper.