Interface Science and Composites

Interface Science and Composites
Author: Soo-Jin Park,Min-Kang Seo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 834
Release: 2011
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780123750495

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The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites
Author: Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 1998-10-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080530974

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The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites
Author: Kheng Lim Goh,Sabu Thomas,Rangika Thilan De Silva,Aswathi M.K.
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2019-11-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081027318

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Interfaces in Particle and Fibre-Reinforced Composites: From Macro- to Nanoscale addresses recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. The book's main focus is on the reinforcement of materials by particles that can result in a composite material of high stiffness and strength, but it also focuses on how the particle interacts with the (matrix) material, which may be a polymer, biological-based material, ceramic or conventional metal. The different types of particle reinforced composites are discussed, as is load transfer at the particle-matrix interface. Readers will learn how to select materials and about particle structure. Significant progress has been made in applying these approaches, thus making this book a timely piece on recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. Features wide coverage, from polymer, to ceramics and metal-based particulate composites Structured in a logical order to cover fundamental studies, computer simulations, experimental techniques and characterization

Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites

Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: Edwin P. Plueddemann
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2016-06-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781483216720

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Composite Materials, Volume 6: Interfaces in Polymer Matrix Composites covers the interface region as deduced from extensive practical studies of composite properties and from scientific studies of surfaces and surface modifiers. The book starts by providing a historical background on the studies and theories of the interface. The text then discusses the mechanics of load transfer at the interface; the surface chemistry of moisture-induced composite failure; and radioisotope studies of coupling agents at the interface. The use of silane coupling agents in particulate mineral filled composites; the mechanism of adhesion through silane coupling agents; as well as the high-modulus fibers and the fiber-resin interface in resin composites are also considered. Materials scientists, materials engineers, and design engineers will find the book invaluable.

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites

Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites
Author: Arthur G. Metcalfe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2016-06-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781483216676

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Interfaces in Metal Matrix Composites, Volume 1 presents the position of the science of interfaces, as well as the necessary background for the effort in progress to apply these materials. The book discusses the mechanical and physical aspects of the interface; the effect of the interface on longitudinal tensile properties; and the effect of the filament-matrix interface on off-axis tensile strength. The text also describes the role of the interface on elastic-plastic composite behavior; the effect of interface on fracture; and the interfaces in oxide reinforced metals and in directionally solidified eutectics. The effect of impurity on reinforcement-matrix compatibility is also considered. Metallurgical engineers and people involved in the study of materials science will find the book invaluable.

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites

The Interfacial Interactions in Polymeric Composites
Author: Güneri Akovali
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789401116428

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Polymer composites represent materials of great and of continuously growing importance. Their potential for application appears to be limitless. They have been the subject of numerous studies both at academic and industrial levels. Much progress has been made in the incisive formulation of composites; sophisticated methods of property evaluation have been developed in the past decade and many, largely empirical solutions have been proposed to resolve the problem of their long-term performance under typical conditions of use (i. e. the use of silane or titane coupling agents to enhance adhesion within composite materials). Assuredly one of the most essential factors in the performance of these systems is the condition of the interface and interphase among the constituents of a given system. It has become clear that it is the interface/interphase, and the interactions which take place in this part of a system, which determine to a significant degree the initial properties of the material. In order to achieve leadership in the formulation and application of polymer composites, it is evident that in depth understanding of interfacial and interphase phenomena becomes a prerequisite.

Micromechanics of Composites

Micromechanics of Composites
Author: Volodymyr Kushch
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2013-05-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780124076600

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Micromechanics of Composites: Multipole Expansion Approach is the first book to introduce micromechanics researchers to a more efficient and accurate alternative to computational micromechanics, which requires heavy computational effort and the need to extract meaningful data from a multitude of numbers produced by finite element software code. In this book Dr. Kushch demonstrates the development of the multipole expansion method, including recent new results in the theory of special functions and rigorous convergence proof of the obtained series solutions. The complete analytical solutions and accurate numerical data contained in the book have been obtained in a unified manner for a number of the multiple inclusion models of finite, semi- and infinite heterogeneous solids. Contemporary topics of micromechanics covered in the book include composites with imperfect and partially debonded interface, nanocomposites, cracked solids, statistics of the local fields, and brittle strength of disordered composites. Contains detailed analytical and numerical analyses of a variety of micromechanical multiple inclusion models, providing clear insight into the physical nature of the problems under study Provides researchers with a reliable theoretical framework for developing the micromechanical theories of a composite’s strength, brittle/fatigue damage development and other properties Includes a large amount of highly accurate numerical data and plots for a variety of model problems, serving as a benchmark for testing the applicability of existing approximate models and accuracy of numerical solutions

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology

Polymer Matrix Composites and Technology
Author: Ru-Min Wang,Shui-Rong Zheng,Yujun George Zheng
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2011-07-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857092229

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Given such properties as low density and high strength, polymer matrix composites have become a widely used material in the aerospace and other industries. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance. After an introductory chapter, part one reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them. Part two discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites. The final part of the book covers key aspects of performance, including tensile, compression, shear and bending properties as well as impact, fatigue and creep behaviour. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides both students and those in industry with a valuable introduction to and overview of this important class of materials. Provides a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance incorporating naming and classification of composite materials Reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface between them including damage mechanisms Discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites outlining various techniques and technologies

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XXIV
Author: Victor Starov,Karel Procházka
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2011-05-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642190384

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This volume includes 35 contributions to the 24th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society which took place in September 2010 in Prague. The contributions from leading scientists cover a broad spectrum of the following topics: • Self-assembling, Stimuli-responsive and Hierarchically Organized Systems • Colloid, Polymer and Polyelectrolyte Solutions; Concentrated Systems and Gels • Thin Films, Interfaces and Surfaces; Wetting Phenomena • Novel Nano-to-Mesostructured Functional Materials • Biologically Important and Bioinspired Systems; Pharmaceutical and Medical Applications

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Author: F. L. Matthews,Rees D. Rawlings
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 470
Release: 1999
Genre: Composite materials
ISBN: 0849306213

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This volume focuses on quasilinear elliptic differential equations of degenerate type, evolution variational inequalities, and multidimensional hysteresis. It serves both as a survey of results in the field, and as an introductory text for non-specialists interested in related problems.

Properties and Performance of Natural Fibre Composites

Properties and Performance of Natural Fibre Composites
Author: Kim Pickering
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2008-06-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845694593

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Concern about global warming has led to renewed interest in the more sustainable use of natural fibres in composite materials. This important book reviews the wealth of recent research into improving the mechanical properties of natural-fibre thermoplastic composites so that they can be more widely used. The first part of the book provides an overview of the main types of natural fibres used in composites, how they are processed and, in particular, the way the fibre-matrix interface can be engineered to improve performance. Part two discusses the increasing use of natural-fibre composites in such areas as automotive and structural engineering, packaging and the energy sector. The final part of the book discusses ways of assessing the mechanical performance of natural-fibre composites. With its distinguished editor and team of contributors, Properties and performance of natural-fibre composites is a valuable reference for all those using these important materials in such areas as automotive and structural engineering. Provides an overview of the types of natural fibres used in composites Discusses fibre-matrix interface and how it can be engineered to improve performance Examines the increasing use of natural-fibre composites in automotive and structural engineering and the packaging and energy sector

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance

Interface Engineering of Natural Fibre Composites for Maximum Performance
Author: Nikolaos E Zafeiropoulos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2011-02-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857092281

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One of the major reasons for composite failure is a breakdown of the bond between the reinforcement fibres and the matrix. When this happens, the composite loses strength and fails. By engineering the interface between the natural fibres and the matrix, the properties of the composite can be manipulated to give maximum performance. Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance looks at natural (sustainable) fibre composites and the growing trend towards their use as reinforcements in composites. Part one focuses on processing and surface treatments to engineer the interface in natural fibre composites and looks in detail at modifying cellulose fibre surfaces in the manufacture of natural fibre composites, interface tuning through matrix modification and preparation of cellulose nanocomposites. It also looks at the characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties of natural fibre composites. Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites is the topic of part two which discusses the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres, assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites before finishing with a look at Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre composites With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance is an invaluable resource to composite manufacturers and developers, materials scientists and engineers and anyone involved in designing and formulating composites or in industries that use natural fibre composites. Examines characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment Reviews testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites including the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres Assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites

Polymer Composites Macro and Microcomposites

Polymer Composites  Macro  and Microcomposites
Author: Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 814
Release: 2012-04-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527326242

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The first systematic reference on the topic with an emphasis on the characteristics and dimension of the reinforcement. This first of three volumes, authored by leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions around the globe, focuses on macro and micro composites. Clearly divided into three sections, the first offers an introduction to polymer composites, discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems, as well as preparation and manufacturing techniques. The second part looks at macro systems, with an emphasis on fiber reinforced polymer composites, textile composites, and polymer hybrid composites. Likewise, the final section deals with micro systems, including micro particle reinforced polymer composites, the synthesis, surface modification and characterization of micro particulate fillers and flakes as well as filled polymer micro composites, plus applications and the recovery, recycling and life cycle analysis of synthetic polymeric composites.

Delamination Behaviour of Composites

Delamination Behaviour of Composites
Author: Srinivasan Sridharan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 788
Release: 2008-10-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845694821

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Given such advantages as low weight compared to strength and toughness, laminated composites are now used in a wide range of applications. Their increasing use has underlined the need to understand their principal mode of failure, delamination. This important book reviews key research in understanding and preventing delamination. The first part of the book reviews general issues such as the role of fracture mechanics in understanding delamination, design issues and ways of testing delamination resistance. Part two describes techniques for detecting and characterising delamination such as piezoelectric sensors, the use of lamb waves and acoustic emission techniques. The next two sections of the book discuss ways of studying and modelling delamination behaviour. The final part of the book reviews research on delamination behaviour in particular conditions such as shell and sandwich structures, z-pin bridging and resin bonding. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Delamination behaviour of composites is a standard reference for all those researching laminated composites and using them in such diverse applications as microelectronics, aerospace, marine, automotive and civil engineering. Reviews the role of fracture mechanics in understanding delamination, design issues and ways of testing delamination resistance Discuss ways of studying and modelling delamination behaviour A standard reference for all those researching laminated composites

Science and Technology of Polymers and Advanced Materials

Science and Technology of Polymers and Advanced Materials
Author: Omari V. Mukbaniani,Tamara N. Tatrishvili,Marc J. M. Abadie
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2019-09-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429757600

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Increasing interest in lightweight and high-performance materials is leading to significant research activity in the area of polymers and composites. One recent focus is to develop multifunctional materials that have more than one property tailored as to the specified design requirements, in addition to achieving low density. The possibility of simultaneously tailoring several desired properties is attractive but very challenging, and it requires significant advancement in the science and technology of high-performance functional polymers and composites. This volume presents a selection of new approaches in the field of composites and nanomaterials, polymer synthesis and applications, and materials and their properties. Some composites/nanocomposites and interfaces are explored as well, some with medical applications. The authors also look at simulations and modeling, synthesis involving photochemistry, self-assembled hydrogels, and sol-gel processing.