Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Intermolecular and Surface Forces
Author: Jacob N. Israelachvili
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 710
Release: 2015-05-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080923631

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This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)

Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Intermolecular and Surface Forces
Author: Jacob N. Israelachvili
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 296
Release: 1985-01-01
Genre: Intermolecular forces
ISBN: 0123751802

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This book describes intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of systems such as gases, liquids and solids and of colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The text includes developments on surface-force measurements, solvation and structural forces, hydration and hydrophobic forces, and ion-correlation forces.

The Theory of Intermolecular Forces

The Theory of Intermolecular Forces
Author: Anthony Stone
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2013-02-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780191652950

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The theory of intermolecular forces has advanced very greatly in recent years. It has become possible to carry out accurate calculations of intermolecular forces for molecules of useful size, and to apply the results to important practical applications such as understanding protein structure and function, and predicting the structures of molecular crystals. The Theory of Intermolecular Forces sets out the mathematical techniques that are needed to describe and calculate intermolecular interactions and to handle the more elaborate mathematical models. It describes the methods that are used to calculate them, including recent developments in the use of density functional theory and symmetry-adapted perturbation theory. The use of higher-rank multipole moments to describe electrostatic interactions is explained in both Cartesian and spherical tensor formalism, and methods that avoid the multipole expansion are also discussed. Modern ab initio perturbation theory methods for the calculation of intermolecular interactions are discussed in detail, and methods for calculating properties of molecular clusters and condensed matter for comparison with experiment are surveyed.

Statistical Mechanics of Liquids and Solutions

Statistical Mechanics of Liquids and Solutions
Author: Roland Kjellander
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2019-07-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781482244045

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The statistical mechanical theory of liquids and solutions is a fundamental area of physical sciences with important implications for many industrial applications. This book shows how you can start from basic laws for the interactions and motions of microscopic particles and calculate how macroscopic systems of these particles behave, thereby explaining properties of matter at the scale that we perceive. Using this microscopic, molecular approach, the text emphasizes clarity of physical explanations for phenomena and mechanisms relevant to fluids, addressing the structure and behavior of liquids and solutions under various conditions. A notable feature is the author’s treatment of forces between particles that include nanoparticles, macroparticles, and surfaces. The book also provides an expanded, in-depth treatment of polar liquids and electrolytes.

Order from Force

Order from Force
Author: Jeffrey H Williams
Publsiher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Total Pages: 155
Release: 2015-12-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781681740492

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The present theme concerns the forces of nature, and what investigations of these forces can tell us about the world we see about us. The story of these forces is long and complex, and contains many episodes that are not atypical of the bulk of scientific research, which could have achieved greater acclaim 'if only...'. The intention of this book is to introduce ideas of how the visible world, and those parts of it that we cannot observe, either because they are too small or too large for our scale of perception, can be understood by consideration of only a few fundamental forces. The subject in these pages will be the authority of the commonly termed, laws of physics, which arise from the forces of nature, and the corresponding constants of nature (for example, the speed of light, c, the charge of the electron, e, or the mass of the electron, me).

Introduction to Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Introduction to Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Author: Georgios M. Kontogeorgis,Soren Kiil
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2016-03-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118881217

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Colloid and Surface Chemistry is a subject of immense importance and implications both to our everyday life and numerous industrial sectors, ranging from coatings and materials to medicine and biotechnology. How do detergents really clean? (Why can't we just use water?) Why is milk "milky"? Why do we use eggs so often for making sauces? Can we deliver drugs in better and controlled ways? Coating industries wish to manufacture improved coatings e.g. for providing corrosion resistance, which are also environmentally friendly i.e. less based on organic solvents and if possible exclusively on water. Food companies want to develop healthy, tasty but also long-lasting food products which appeal to the environmental authorities and the consumer. Detergent and enzyme companies are working to develop improved formulations which clean more persistent stains, at lower temperatures and amounts, to the benefit of both the environment and our pocket. Cosmetics is also big business! Creams, lotions and other personal care products are really just complex emulsions. All of the above can be explained by the principles and methods of colloid and surface chemistry. A course on this topic is truly valuable to chemists, chemical engineers, biologists, material and food scientists and many more.

Physics Pharmacology and Physiology for Anaesthetists

Physics  Pharmacology and Physiology for Anaesthetists
Author: Matthew E. Cross,Emma V. E. Plunkett
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2014-03-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781107615885

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A quick reference to basic science for anaesthetists, containing all the key information needed for FRCA exams.

Surface Forces

Surface Forces
Author: Nikolai V. Churaev,B.V. Derjaguin,V.M. Muller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2013-06-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781475766394

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This monograph is devoted to long-range surface forces sig nificant far beyond a single monolayer and felt over tens or even hundreds of molecular layers adjacent to an interface. The transi tion from the concept of short-range effects that reigned earlier to the concept of long-range forces simultaneously signified the transition from a two-dimensional world to a three-dimensional one, incomparably richer in physicochemical phenomena. This transition took many years and evolved through many steps. It began with the Gouy-Chapman theory of diffuse ionic atmospheres, which together with London's theory of molecular forces was used as a basis for the development (beginning in 1937) of the DLVO theory of stability of lyophobic colloids. Further elaboration of the theory involved the introduction of new types of force, and a generalization (in 1954) to the case of interaction between unlike particles (hetero coagulation). This theory is fundamental in such large-scale prac tical problems as flotation, water treatment, dyeing, soil science, microbiology, and interaction between biological cells. This book is the first comprehensive monograph devoted to sur face forces. This fact makes it easier to attract the reader's interest; yet, the reader's demands become all the more difficult to satisfy completely. Indeed, the research that we review and analyze here covers about 50 years of work. Much data has been amassed, so that the main problem was a careful selection and an alysis.

Molecular Forces and Self Assembly

Molecular Forces and Self Assembly
Author: Barry W. Ninham,Pierandrea Lo Nostro
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2010-04-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780521896009

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Describes new developments in the field, the predictive theory now evolving, and the practical ramifications for a range of applications.

Cohesion

Cohesion
Author: J. S. Rowlinson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005-06-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781139435888

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Why does matter stick together? Why do gases condense to liquids, and liquids to solids? This book provides a detailed historical account of how some of the leading scientists of the past three centuries have tried to answer these questions. The topic of cohesion and the study of intermolecular forces has been an important component of physical science research for hundreds of years. This book is organised into four broad periods of advances in our understanding. The first three are associated with Newton, Laplace and van der Waals. The final section gives an account of the successful use in the twentieth century of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics to resolve most of the remaining problems. The book will be of primary interest to physical chemists and physicists, as well as historians of science interested in the historical origins of our modern day understanding of cohesion.

Van der Waals Forces

Van der Waals Forces
Author: V. Adrian Parsegian
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005-11-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781139444163

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This book should prove to be the definitive work explaining van der Waals forces, how to calculate them and take account of their impact under any circumstances and conditions. These weak intermolecular forces are of truly pervasive impact, and biologists, chemists, physicists and engineers will profit greatly from the thorough grounding in these fundamental forces that this book offers. Parsegian has organized his book at three successive levels of mathematical sophistication, to satisfy the needs and interests of readers at all levels of preparation. The Prelude and Level 1 are intended to give everyone an overview in words and pictures of the modern theory of van der Waals forces. Level 2 gives the formulae and a wide range of algorithms to let readers compute the van der Waals forces under virtually any physical or physiological conditions. Level 3 offers a rigorous basic formulation of the theory.

Random Phenomena

Random Phenomena
Author: Babatunde A. Ogunnaike
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1056
Release: 2011-05-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781420044980

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Many of the problems that engineers face involve randomly varying phenomena of one sort or another. However, if characterized properly, even such randomness and the resulting uncertainty are subject to rigorous mathematical analysis. Taking into account the uniquely multidisciplinary demands of 21st-century science and engineering, Random Phenomena: Fundamentals of Probability and Statistics for Engineers provides students with a working knowledge of how to solve engineering problems that involve randomly varying phenomena. Basing his approach on the principle of theoretical foundations before application, Dr. Ogunnaike presents a classroom-tested course of study that explains how to master and use probability and statistics appropriately to deal with uncertainty in standard problems and those that are new and unfamiliar. Giving students the tools and confidence to formulate practical solutions to problems, this book offers many useful features, including: Unique case studies to illustrate the fundamentals and applications of probability and foster understanding of the random variable and its distribution Examples of development, selection, and analysis of probability models for specific random variables Presentation of core concepts and ideas behind statistics and design of experiments Selected "special topics," including reliability and life testing, quality assurance and control, and multivariate analysis As classic scientific boundaries continue to be restructured, the use of engineering is spilling over into more non-traditional areas, ranging from molecular biology to finance. This book emphasizes fundamentals and a "first principles" approach to deal with this evolution. It illustrates theory with practical examples and case studies, equipping readers to deal with a wide range of problems beyond those in the book. About the Author: Professor Ogunnaike is Interim Dean of Engineering at the University of Delaware. He is the recipient of the 2008 American Automatic Control Council's Control Engineering Practice Award, the ISA's Donald P. Eckman Education Award, the Slocomb Excellence in Teaching Award, and was elected into the US National Academy of Engineering in 2012.

Mechanical Properties and Deformation Behavior of Materials Having Ultra Fine Microstructures

Mechanical Properties and Deformation Behavior of Materials Having Ultra Fine Microstructures
Author: M. Nastasi,Don M. Parkin,Herbert Gleiter
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789401117654

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In an attempt to meet the demand for new ultra-high strength materials, the processing of novel material configurations with unique microstructure is being explored in systems which are further and further from equilibrium. One such class of emerging materials is the so-called nanophased or nanostructured materials. This class of materials includes metals and alloys, ceramics, and polymers characterized by controlled ultra-fine microstructural features in the form oflayered, fibrous, or phase and grain distribution. While it is clear that these materials are in an early stage of development, there is now a sufficient body of literature to fuel discussion of how the mechanical properties and deformation behavior can be controlled through control of the microstructure. This NATO-Advanced Study Institute was convened in order to assess our current state of knowledge in the field of mechanical properties and deformation behavior in materials with ultra fine microstructure, to identify opportunities and needs for further research, and to identify the potential for technological applications. The Institute was the first international scientific meeting devoted to a discussion on the mechanical properties and deformation behavior of materials having grain sizes down to a few nanometers. Included in these discussions were the topics of superplasticity, tribology, and the supermodulus effect. Lectures were also presented which covered a variety of other themes including synthesis, characterization, thermodynamic stability, and general physical properties.

London Dispersion Forces in Molecules Solids and Nano structures

London Dispersion Forces in Molecules  Solids and Nano structures
Author: János Ángyán,John Dobson,Georg Jansen,Tim Gould
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2020-04-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781839160189

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London dispersion interactions are responsible for numerous phenomena in physics, chemistry and biology. Recent years have seen the development of new, physically well-founded models, and dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT) is now a hot topic of research. This book is an overview of current understanding of the physical origin and modelling of London dispersion forces manifested at an atomic level. It covers a wide range of system, from small intermolecular complexes, to organic molecules and crystalline solids, through to biological macromolecules and nanostructures. In presenting a broad overview of the of the physical foundations of dispersion forces, the book provides theoretical, physical and synthetic chemists, as well as solid-state physicists, with a systematic understanding of the origins and consequences of these ubiquitous interactions. The presentation is designed to be accessible to anyone with intermediate undergraduate mathematics, physics and chemistry.

Chemistry 2e

Chemistry 2e
Author: Paul Flowers,Klaus Theopold,Richard Langley,Edward J. Neth,William R. Robinson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-02-14
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 194717262X

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