Introduction to Addiction

Introduction to Addiction
Author: George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Mandy L. McCracken,Michel Le Moal
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2019-06-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128167953

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Introduction to Addiction, Volume One in the series, introduces the reader to the study of neurobiology of addiction by clearly defining addiction and its neuroadaptational views. This volume includes thorough descriptions of the various animal models applicable to the study of addiction, including Animal Models of the Binge-Intoxication Stage of the Addiction Cycle and Animal Models of Vulnerability to Addiction. The book's authors also include a section on numerous neurobiological theories that aid in the understanding of addiction, including dopamine, prefrontal cortex and relapse. Provides neurobiological theories on how addiction works Explains addiction cycle stages of binge, withdrawal and anticipation Reviews the role of dopamine and the frontal cortex in addiction Discusses the neurocircuitry of reward and stress Includes animal models and neuroadaptational views on addiction

Drugs Brains and Behavior

Drugs  Brains  and Behavior
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 29
Release: 2007
Genre: Brain
ISBN: MINN:31951D025861296

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"Drugs, Brains, and Behavior" is an online textbook written by C. Robin Timmons and Leonard W. Hamilton. The book was previously published by Prentice Hall, Inc. in 1990 as "Principles of Behavioral Pharmacology." The authors attempt to develop an understanding of the interpenetration of brain, behavior and environment. They discuss the chemistry of behavior in both the literal sense of neurochemistry and the figurative sense of an analysis of the reactions with the environment.

New Treatments for Addiction

New Treatments for Addiction
Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Immunotherapies and Sustained-Release Formulations for Treating Drug Addiction
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2004-06-03
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0309166659

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New and improved therapies to treat and protect against drug dependence and abuse are urgently needed. In the United States alone about 50 million people regularly smoke tobacco and another 5 million are addicted to other drugs. In a given year, millions of these individuals attemptâ€"with or without medical assistanceâ€"to quit using drugs, though relapse remains the norm. Furthermore, each year several million teenagers start smoking and nearly as many take illicit drugs for the first time. Research is advancing on promising new means of treating drug addiction using immunotherapies and sustained-release (depot) medications. The aim of this research is to develop medications that can block or significantly attenuate the psychoactive effects of such drugs as cocaine, nicotine, heroin, phencyclidine, and methamphetamine for weeks or months at a time. This represents a fundamentally new therapeutic approach that shows promise for treating drug addiction problems that were difficult to treat in the past. Despite their potential benefits, however, several characteristics of these new methods pose distinct behavioral, ethical, legal, and social challenges that require careful scrutiny. Such issues can be considered unique aspects of safety and efficacy that are fundamentally related to the distinct nature and properties of these new types of medications.

Drugs Addiction and the Brain

Drugs  Addiction  and the Brain
Author: George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Michel Le Moal
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2014-07-12
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780123869593

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Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Addiction Medicine

Addiction Medicine
Author: Robert D Lovinger
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 106
Release: 2019-06-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323697217

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More people are being treated for substance abuse each year, creating a vital need for a practical, easy-to-use manual for addiction treatment providers. Addiction Medicine: An Introduction for Health Care Professionals, by Dr. Robert D. Lovinger, provides clear, authoritative guidance on current concepts of brain functions associated with substance abuse, early management and long-term treatment protocols, and effective psychiatric co-morbidity drug therapies with the goal to provide improved personalized treatments for patients suffering from addiction. Discusses the physiological effects of substance abuse on the brain and body. Summarizes current and successful addiction management protocols. Examines applications and recommended drug treatments for patients susceptible to long-term relapse. Covers smoking cessation and common substance abuse-linked sexually transmitted diseases. Consolidates today’s available information and guidance into a single, convenient resource.

Introduction to Addictive Behaviors Fifth Edition

Introduction to Addictive Behaviors  Fifth Edition
Author: Dennis L. Thombs,Cynthia J. Osborn
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2019-05-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781462539222

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"The book has two primary goals. The first is to challenge and strengthen the reader's understanding of addiction by exploring how others in the field have come to know it. We hope that this will enable the reader to create a clear and logically consistent perspective on addiction. The second goal is to show the reader how theory and research are important to both the prevention and the treatment of substance abuse. This information should provide the reader with an array of strategies for addressing substance abuse problems and help make him or her an effective practitioner"--

Introduction to Addictive Behaviors Fourth Edition

Introduction to Addictive Behaviors  Fourth Edition
Author: Dennis L. Thombs,Cynthia J. Osborn
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2013-07-08
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781462510757

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This book has been replaced by Introduction to Addictive Behaviors, Fifth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4625-3922-2.

Principles of Addiction

Principles of Addiction
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 958
Release: 2013-05-17
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780123983619

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Principles of Addiction provides a solid understanding of the definitional and diagnostic differences between use, abuse, and disorder. It describes in great detail the characteristics of these syndromes and various etiological models. The book's three main sections examine the nature of addiction, including epidemiology, symptoms, and course; alcohol and drug use among adolescents and college students; and detailed descriptions of a wide variety of addictive behaviors and disorders, encompassing not only drugs and alcohol, but caffeine, food, gambling, exercise, sex, work, social networking, and many other areas. This volume is especially important in providing a basic introduction to the field as well as an in-depth review of our current understanding of the nature and process of addictive behaviors. Principles of Addiction is one of three volumes comprising the 2,500-page series, Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders. This series provides the most complete collection of current knowledge on addictive behaviors and disorders to date. In short, it is the definitive reference work on addictions. Each article provides glossary, full references, suggested readings, and a list of web resources Edited and authored by the leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available Encompasses types of addiction, as well as personality and environmental influences on addiction

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction

Neural Mechanisms of Addiction
Author: Mary Torregrossa
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2018-08-24
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128123317

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Neural Mechanisms of Addiction is the only book available that synthesizes the latest research in the field into a single, accessible resource covering all aspects of how addiction develops and persists in the brain. The book summarizes our most recent understanding on the neural mechanisms underlying addiction. It also examines numerous biobehavioral aspects of addiction disorders, such as reinforcement learning, reward, cognitive dysfunction, stress, and sleep and circadian rhythms that are not covered in any other publication. Readers with find the most up-to-date information on which to build a foundation for their future research in this expanding field. Combining chapters from leading researchers and thought leaders, this book is an indispensable guide for students and investigators engaged in addiction research. Transcends multiple neural, neurochemical and behavioral domains Summarizes advances in the field of addiction research since the advent of optogenetics Discusses the most current, leading theories of addiction, including molecular mechanisms and dopamine mechanisms

Neurobiology of Addiction

Neurobiology of Addiction
Author: George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2005-11-11
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780080497372

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Neurobiology of Addiction is conceived as a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction over the past 50 years. The book includes a scholarly introduction, thorough descriptions of animal models of addiction, and separate chapters on the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction for psychostimulants, opioids, alcohol, nicotine and cannabinoids. Key information is provided about the history, sources, and pharmacokinetics and psychopathology of addiction of each drug class, as well as the behavioral and neurobiological mechanism of action for each drug class at the molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry level of analysis. A chapter on neuroimaging and drug addiction provides a synthesis of exciting new data from neuroimaging in human addicts — a unique perspective unavailable from animal studies. The final chapters explore theories of addiction at the neurobiological and neuroadaptational level both from a historical and integrative perspective. The book incorporates diverse finding with an emphasis on integration and synthesis rather than discrepancies or differences in the literature. · Presents a unique perspective on addiction that emphasizes molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry changes in the transition to addiction · Synthesizes diverse findings on the neurobiology of addiction to provide a heuristic framework for future work · Features extensive documentation through numerous original figures and tables that that will be useful for understanding and teaching

The Psychology of Addiction

The Psychology of Addiction
Author: Jenny Svanberg
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2018-05-08
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781315462639

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When does a harmless habit become an addition? Why do only some of us get addicted? What can make recovery possible? The Psychology of Addiction is a fascinating introduction to the psychological issues surrounding addiction and the impact they have on social policy, recovery and an addict’s everyday life. The book focuses on drug and alcohol addiction and tackles topics such as whether drug use always leads to addiction and the importance of social networks to recovery. It also looks at how people can become addicted to activities like gambling, gaming and sex. In a society that still stigmatises addiction The Psychology of Addiction emphasises the importance of compassion, and provides a sensitive insight to anyone with experience of addiction.

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction
Author: Nick Heather,Matt Field,Antony C. Moss,Sally Satel
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 574
Release: 2022-03-07
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781000540062

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This ground-breaking book advances the fundamental debate about the nature of addiction. As well as presenting the case for seeing addiction as a brain disease, it brings together all the most cogent and penetrating critiques of the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA) and the main grounds for being skeptical of BDMA claims. The idea that addiction is a brain disease dominates thinking and practice worldwide. However, the editors of this book argue that our understanding of addiction is undergoing a revolutionary change, from being considered a brain disease to a disorder of voluntary behavior. The resolution of this controversy will determine the future of scientific progress in understanding addiction, together with necessary advances in treatment, prevention, and societal responses to addictive disorders. This volume brings together the various strands of the contemporary debate about whether or not addiction is best regarded as a brain disease. Contributors offer arguments for and against, and reasons for uncertainty; they also propose novel alternatives to both brain disease and moral models of addiction. In addition to reprints of classic articles from the addiction research literature, each section contains original chapters written by authorities on their chosen topic. The editors have assembled a stellar cast of chapter authors from a wide range of disciplines – neuroscience, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and law – including some of the most brilliant and influential voices in the field of addiction studies today. The result is a landmark volume in the study of addiction which will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in addiction as well as professionals such as medical practitioners, psychiatrists, psychologists of all varieties, and social workers.

In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts

In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts
Author: Gabor Maté, MD
Publsiher: Knopf Canada
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2009-04-03
Genre: Self-Help
ISBN: 9780307371737

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In this timely and profoundly original new book, bestselling writer and physician Gabor Maté looks at the epidemic of addictions in our society, tells us why we are so prone to them and what is needed to liberate ourselves from their hold on our emotions and behaviours. For over seven years Gabor Maté has been the staff physician at the Portland Hotel, a residence and harm reduction facility in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. His patients are challenged by life-threatening drug addictions, mental illness, Hepatitis C or HIV and, in many cases, all four. But if Dr. Maté’s patients are at the far end of the spectrum, there are many others among us who are also struggling with addictions. Drugs, alcohol, tobacco, work, food, sex, gambling and excessive inappropriate spending: what is amiss with our lives that we seek such self-destructive ways to comfort ourselves? And why is it so difficult to stop these habits, even as they threaten our health, jeopardize our relationships and corrode our lives? Beginning with a dramatically close view of his drug addicted patients, Dr. Maté looks at his own history of compulsive behaviour. He weaves the stories of real people who have struggled with addiction with the latest research on addiction and the brain. Providing a bold synthesis of clinical experience, insight and cutting edge scientific findings, Dr. Maté sheds light on this most puzzling of human frailties. He proposes a compassionate approach to helping drug addicts and, for the many behaviour addicts among us, to addressing the void addiction is meant to fill. I believe there is one addiction process, whether it manifests in the lethal substance dependencies of my Downtown Eastside patients, the frantic self-soothing of overeaters or shopaholics, the obsessions of gamblers, sexaholics and compulsive internet users, or in the socially acceptable and even admired behaviours of the workaholic. Drug addicts are often dismissed and discounted as unworthy of empathy and respect. In telling their stories my intent is to help their voices to be heard and to shed light on the origins and nature of their ill-fated struggle to overcome suffering through substance use. Both in their flaws and their virtues they share much in common with the society that ostracizes them. If they have chosen a path to nowhere, they still have much to teach the rest of us. In the dark mirror of their lives we can trace outlines of our own. —from In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts

Addiction Counseling

Addiction Counseling
Author: Alan Cavaiola, PhD, LPC, LCADC,Amanda L. Giordano, PhD, LPC,Nedeljko Golubovic, PhD
Publsiher: Springer Publishing Company
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2021-11-10
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780826135865

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Equips the upcoming generation of addiction counselors with crucial knowledge to skillfully treat current and future addictions Grounded in leading-edge, evidence-based research, this hands-on text applies a step-by-step approach to addictions counseling. This book encompasses assessment, diagnosis, and treatment planning; case management; and relapse prevention, with an incisive focus on process addictions and co-occurring disorders. The text covers all essential topics as outlined in the gold standard SAMSHA Counselor Training Manual. Included are detailed guidelines on how to write succinct treatment plans and conduct effective client sessions; case studies; role-playing exercises; and clinical applications to assessment and diagnosis, treatment planning, and case management. Counselor Perspectives--interviews with experienced clinicians working with varied populations throughout the country--offer the wisdom of those who have been there. Critical topics unique to the book include the role of neuroscience in addiction treatment, relapse prevention, and advocacy. In addition, the text offers specific chapters on process addictions and co-occuring disorders as well as a separate chapter on multicultural counseling covering gender, racial, ethnic, sexual orientation, age, religion, and disability issues. It is also distinguished by an abundance of downloadable forms and documents, including screening instruments, treatment plan format templates, treatment plan examples, biopsychosocial assessment forms, informed consent forms, confidentiality forms, case management forms, and more. Pedagogical elements to help learners process and apply concepts inlcude key terms, learning activities, discussion questions, recommended readings/resources and chapter summaries. Faculty aides include an instructor's manual with sample syllabi, CACREP mapping tools, test bank, and PowerPoint slides. This essential resource will be valued as a primary textbook for any course that focuses on addiction counseling and treatment. Purchase includes digital access for use on most mobile devices or computers. Key Features: Describes a variety of etiological models and how they become a means of assessing biopsychosocial risk factors Delivers step-by-step guidelines on how to write concise treatment plans and for conducting effective treatment sessions Devotes a chapter to motivational interviewing to promote willingness to change Includes cutting-edge research pertaining to neuroscience and its applications and evidence-based treatment practices Provides separate chapter on multicultural counseling and substance use disorders among people of diverse races, ethnicities, genders, class, ages, and spirituality Offers real-world insights with "Notes from the Field" feature Facilitates practical application through role play exercises, treatment technique and assessment case examples, biopsychosocial assessment guidelines, how to provide client feedback, and more Includes multiple digital downloadable tools

Addiction Treatment

Addiction Treatment
Author: Sandra Rasmussen
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2000-06-21
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781452264745

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American Journal of Nursing, 2001 Book of the Year Award in Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing Building upon generic concepts and skills of caring and helping, this book provides a foundation for addiction practice by health and social services professionals. Chapters emphasize the knowledge considered essential in every area, and each chapter identifies the skills required and suggests topics for further study.