Wittgenstein and Davidson on Language Thought and Action

Wittgenstein and Davidson on Language  Thought  and Action
Author: Claudine Verheggen
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2017-10-05
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781107093768

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Wittgenstein and Davidson are two of the most influential and controversial figures of twentieth-century philosophy. However, whereas Wittgenstein is often regarded as a deflationary philosopher, Davidson is considered to be a theory builder and systematic philosopher par excellence. Consequently, little work has been devoted to comparing their philosophies with each other. In this volume of new essays, leading scholars show that in fact there is much that the two share. By focusing on the similarities between Wittgenstein and Davidson, the essays present compelling defences of their views and develop more coherent and convincing approaches than either philosopher was able to propose on his own. They show how philosophically fruitful and constructive reflection on Wittgenstein and Davidson continues to be, and how relevant the writings of both philosophers are to current debates in philosophy of mind, language, and action.

Coherence in Thought and Action

Coherence in Thought and Action
Author: Paul Thagard
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2002-07-26
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0262700921

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This book is an essay on how people make sense of each other and the world they live in. Making sense is the activity of fitting something puzzling into a coherent pattern of mental representations that include concepts, beliefs, goals, and actions. Paul Thagard proposes a general theory of coherence as the satisfaction of multiple interacting constraints, and discusses the theory's numerous psychological and philosophical applications. Much of human cognition can be understood in terms of coherence as constraint satisfaction, and many of the central problems of philosophy can be given coherence-based solutions. Thagard shows how coherence can help to unify psychology and philosophy, particularly when addressing questions of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, politics, and aesthetics. He also shows how coherence can integrate cognition and emotion.

Beings of Thought and Action

Beings of Thought and Action
Author: Andy Mueller
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2021-07-08
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781108834377

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Examines the ways in which epistemic and practical rationality are intertwined.

Concepts in Thought Action and Emotion

Concepts in Thought  Action  and Emotion
Author: Christoph Demmerling,Dirk Schröder
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2020-12-30
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780429850066

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In recent years, the idea of a concept has become increasingly central to different areas of philosophy. This collection of original essays presents philosophical perspectives on the link between concepts and language, concepts and experience, concepts and know-how, and concepts and emotion. The essays span a variety of interrelated philosophical domains ranging from epistemology, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, philosophy of action, and the philosophy of emotions. Among the central questions addressed by the contributors are: What are concepts? What is nonconceptual content? Does perceptual experience have conceptual content? Is conceptual thought language dependent? How do we form new concepts? Does practical knowledge have propositional content? Is practical understanding conceptual (without being propositional)? Do emotions have a representational content and if so, is the representational content conceptual? Concepts in Thought, Action, and Emotion advances current debates about concepts and will interest scholars across a broad range of philosophical disciplines.

Mind in Motion

Mind in Motion
Author: Barbara Tversky
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2019-05-21
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780465093076

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An eminent psychologist offers a major new theory of human cognition: movement, not language, is the foundation of thought When we try to think about how we think, we can't help but think of words. Indeed, some have called language the stuff of thought. But pictures are remembered far better than words, and describing faces, scenes, and events defies words. Anytime you take a shortcut or play chess or basketball or rearrange your furniture in your mind, you've done something remarkable: abstract thinking without words. In Mind in Motion, psychologist Barbara Tversky shows that spatial cognition isn't just a peripheral aspect of thought, but its very foundation, enabling us to draw meaning from our bodies and their actions in the world. Our actions in real space get turned into mental actions on thought, often spouting spontaneously from our bodies as gestures. Spatial thinking underlies creating and using maps, assembling furniture, devising football strategies, designing airports, understanding the flow of people, traffic, water, and ideas. Spatial thinking even underlies the structure and meaning of language: why we say we push ideas forward or tear them apart, why we're feeling up or have grown far apart. Like Thinking, Fast and Slow before it, Mind in Motion gives us a new way to think about how--and where--thinking takes place.

Working Memory Thought and Action

Working Memory  Thought  and Action
Author: Alan Baddeley
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2007-03-15
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780191004964

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'Working Memory, Thought, and Action' is the magnum opus of one of the most influential cognitive psychologists of the past 50 years. This new volume on the model he created (with Graham Hitch) discusses the developments that have occurred within the model in the past twenty years, and places it within a broader context. Working memory is a temporary storage system that underpins our capacity for coherent thought. Some 30 years ago, Baddeley and Hitch proposed a way of thinking about working memory that has proved to be both valuable and influential in its application to practical problems. This book updates the theory, discussing both the evidence in its favour, and alternative approaches. In addition, it discusses the implications of the model for understanding social and emotional behaviour, concluding with an attempt to place working memory in a broader biological and philosophical context. Inside are chapters on the phonological loop, the visuo-spatial sketchpad, the central executive and the episodic buffer. There are also chapters on the relevance to working memory of studies of the recency effect, of work based on individual differences, and of neuroimaging research. The broader implications of the concept of working memory are discussed in the chapters on social psychology, anxiety, depression, consciousness and on the control of action. Finally, Baddeley discusses the relevance of a concept of working memory to the classic problems of consciousness and free will. This new volume from one of the pioneers in memory research will doubtless emulate the success of its predecessor, and be a major publication within the psychological literature.

Science and Sanity

Science and Sanity
Author: Alfred Korzybski
Publsiher: Institute of GS
Total Pages: 806
Release: 1958
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 0937298018

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Thought and Action

Thought and Action
Author: Stuart Hampshire
Publsiher: Penguin Books
Total Pages: 273
Release: 1967-08-15
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0670002097

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Logic Thought and Action

Logic  Thought and Action
Author: Daniel Vanderveken
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2006-03-30
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781402031670

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This second volume in the series Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science brings a pragmatic perspective to the discussion of the unity of science. Contemporary philosophy and cognitive science increasingly acknowledge the systematic interrelation of language, thought and action. The principal function of language is to enable speakers to communicate their intentions to others, to respond flexibly in a social context and to act cooperatively in the world. This book will contribute to our understanding of this dynamic process by clearly presenting and discussing the most important hypotheses, issues and theories in philosophical and logical study of language, thought and action. Among the fundamental issues discussed are the rationality and freedom of agents, theoretical and practical reasoning, individual and collective attitudes and actions, the nature of cooperation and communication, the construction and conditions of adequacy of scientific theories, propositional contents and their truth conditions, illocutionary force, time, aspect and presupposition in meaning, speech acts within dialogue, the dialogical approach to logic and the structure of dialogues and other language games, as well as formal methods needed in logic or artificial intelligence to account for choice, paradoxes, uncertainty and imprecision. This volume contains major contributions by leading logicians, analytic philosophers, linguists and computer scientists. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers from philosophy, logic, linguistics, cognitive science and artificial intelligence. There is no comparable survey in the existing literature.

Social Foundations of Thought and Action

Social Foundations of Thought and Action
Author: Albert Bandura
Publsiher: Pearson
Total Pages: 617
Release: 1986
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: UOM:39015046970409

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Models of human nature and causality; Observational learning; Enactivelearning; Social diffusion and innovation; Predictive knowledge and forethought; Incentive motivators; Vicarious motivators; Self-regulatory mechanisms; Self-efficacy; Cognitive regulators.

Planned Behavior

Planned Behavior
Author: Mason Gross
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2017-07-05
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781351499569

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Psychologists regard the relationship between attitudes and behavior as a key to understanding human behavior. Here leading researchers discuss basic and applied issues relating to how human thought translates into action. The contributors focus on the theory of planned behavior, a model of attitude-behavior relations that takes into account not just attitudes, but also the influence of significant others around us, issues of personal agency, and motivation. The book begins with an overview of the theory of planned behavior, from the initial impetus to better understand attitude-behavior relations, through the theory of reasoned action, to the theory of planned behavior. Among the applied issues discussed in subsequent chapters are using the model to predict homeless persons' use of services, understanding the motivation underpinning suicide in an at-risk sample, and experimentally manipulating antecedents of risky driving behavior. More methodologically oriented chapters explore how the theory of planned behavior may be developed in the future. Several chapters discuss the potential integration of the theory of planned behavior with social identity theory and goal theory; other chapters discuss the key components of the theory of planned behavior and whether the theory might usefully be extended with the concept of descriptive norms. This book considers a full spectrum of important developments that enhance our understanding of the theory of planned behavior and efforts to extend it. From applications to new avenues for research, the chapters that make up this book address important issues surrounding theoretical and practical approaches to addressing problems in attitude-behavior research.

School of Thought and Action

School of Thought and Action
Author: ʻAlī Sharīʻatī
Publsiher: Abjad Book Designers & Builders
Total Pages: 55
Release: 1994
Genre: Religion
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123879863

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The underlying infrastructure of Islam as a school of thought and action is presented by Ali Shariati along with its superstructure in terms of ideology.

Language Habits In Human Affairs

Language Habits In Human Affairs
Author: Irving J. Lee
Publsiher: Read Books Ltd
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2013-04-16
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781446545515

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Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

Tropological Thought and Action

Tropological Thought and Action
Author: Marko Živković,Jamin Pelkey,James W. Fernandez
Publsiher: Berghahn Books
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2021-01-14
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781800732735

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From twilight in the Himalayas to dream worlds in the Serbian state, this book provides a unique collection of anthropological and cross-cultural inquiry into the power of rhetorical tropes and their relevance to the formation and analysis of social thought and action through a series of ethnographic essays offering in-depth studies of the human imagination at work and play around the world.

Contemporary Curriculum

Contemporary Curriculum
Author: John D. McNeil
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2014-11-17
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9781118916513

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The Eighth Edition of Contemporary Curriculum: In Thought and Action prepares readers to participate in the discussion of curriculum control and other matters important to K-12 and university educators. The text highlights major philosophies and principles, examines conflicting conceptions of curriculum, and provides the intellectual and technical tools educators and administrators need for constructing and implementing curriculum.