Gambling Disorder

Gambling Disorder
Author: Andreas Heinz,Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth,Marc N. Potenza
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-01-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030030605

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This book provides an overview of the state of the art in research on and treatment of gambling disorder. As a behavioral addiction, gambling disorder is of increasing relevance to the field of mental health. Research conducted in the last decade has yielded valuable new insights into the characteristics and etiology of gambling disorder, as well as effective treatment strategies. The different chapters of this book present detailed information on the general concept of addiction as applied to gambling, the clinical characteristics, epidemiology and comorbidities of gambling disorder, as well as typical cognitive distortions found in patients with gambling disorder. In addition, the book includes chapters discussing animal models and the genetic and neurobiological underpinnings of the disorder. Further, it is examining treatment options including pharmacological and psychological intervention methods, as well as innovative new treatment approaches. The book also discusses relevant similarities to and differences with substance-related disorders and other behavioral addictions. Lastly, it examines gambling behavior from a cultural perspective, considers possible prevention strategies and outlines future perspectives in the field.

Families Caring for an Aging America

Families Caring for an Aging America
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Family Caregiving for Older Adults
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2016-11-08
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309448093

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Family caregiving affects millions of Americans every day, in all walks of life. At least 17.7 million individuals in the United States are caregivers of an older adult with a health or functional limitation. The nation's family caregivers provide the lion's share of long-term care for our older adult population. They are also central to older adults' access to and receipt of health care and community-based social services. Yet the need to recognize and support caregivers is among the least appreciated challenges facing the aging U.S. population. Families Caring for an Aging America examines the prevalence and nature of family caregiving of older adults and the available evidence on the effectiveness of programs, supports, and other interventions designed to support family caregivers. This report also assesses and recommends policies to address the needs of family caregivers and to minimize the barriers that they encounter in trying to meet the needs of older adults.

The Problem of Harm in World Politics

The Problem of Harm in World Politics
Author: Andrew Linklater
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-02-10
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781139497411

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The need to control violent and non-violent harm has been central to human existence since societies first emerged. This book analyses the problem of harm in world politics which stems from the fact that societies require the power to harm in order to defend themselves from internal and external threats, but must also control the capacity to harm so that people cannot kill, injure, humiliate or exploit others as they please. Andrew Linklater analyses writings in moral and legal philosophy that define and classify forms of harm, and discusses the ways in which different theories of international relations suggest the power to harm can be controlled so that societies can co-exist with the minimum of violent and non-violent harm. Linklater argues for new connections between the English School study of international society and Norbert Elias' analysis of civilizing processes in order to advance the study of harm in world politics.

By Their Own Young Hand

By Their Own Young Hand
Author: Keith Hawton,Karen Rodham,Emma Evans
Publsiher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2006
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781843102304

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The authors identify the risk and protective factors for self-harm, exploring why some adolescents with suicidal thoughts go on to harm themselves while others do not, what motivates some young people to seek help, and whether distressed teenagers feel they receive the support they need.

Patient Safety and Quality

Patient Safety and Quality
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2008
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:938849670

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"Nurses play a vital role in improving the safety and quality of patient car -- not only in the hospital or ambulatory treatment facility, but also of community-based care and the care performed by family members. Nurses need know what proven techniques and interventions they can use to enhance patient outcomes. To address this need, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), with additional funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, has prepared this comprehensive, 1,400-page, handbook for nurses on patient safety and quality -- Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. (AHRQ Publication No. 08-0043)."--Online AHRQ blurb, http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/nurseshdbk.

The Political Construction of Family

The Political Construction of Family
Author: Maureen Ittig
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2008
Genre: Family policy
ISBN: WISC:89100588060

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Collaborative Helping

Collaborative Helping
Author: William C. Madsen,Kevin Gillespie
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2014-04-07
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781118567630

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"This book outlines a clear map for dealing with the complex and often ambiguous situations encountered by those working in supportive services. Drawing from numerous interviews with frontline helpers and people seeking help, this resource uses stories to introduce and illustrate core ideas and practices. Examining some of the common dilemmas of working with and advocating for the people served in home and community based settings, this unique volume explores how to collaborate with traditionally trained professionals across systems and how to involve people's natural networks and communities in helping endeavors"--

Homelessness Health and Human Needs

Homelessness  Health  and Human Needs
Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Health Care for Homeless People
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 1988-02-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309038324

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There have always been homeless people in the United States, but their plight has only recently stirred widespread public reaction and concern. Part of this new recognition stems from the problem's prevalence: the number of homeless individuals, while hard to pin down exactly, is rising. In light of this, Congress asked the Institute of Medicine to find out whether existing health care programs were ignoring the homeless or delivering care to them inefficiently. This book is the report prepared by a committee of experts who examined these problems through visits to city slums and impoverished rural areas, and through an analysis of papers written by leading scholars in the field.

Little Eyes Little Ears

Little Eyes  Little Ears
Author: Alison J. Cunningham,Linda Lillian Baker
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 40
Release: 2007
Genre: Abused wives
ISBN: UCBK:C095554152

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Parenting Matters

Parenting Matters
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2016-11-21
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780309388573

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Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the familyâ€"which includes all primary caregiversâ€"are at the foundation of children's well- being and healthy development. From birth, children are learning and rely on parents and the other caregivers in their lives to protect and care for them. The impact of parents may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child's brain is rapidly developing and when nearly all of her or his experiences are created and shaped by parents and the family environment. Parents help children build and refine their knowledge and skills, charting a trajectory for their health and well-being during childhood and beyond. The experience of parenting also impacts parents themselves. For instance, parenting can enrich and give focus to parents' lives; generate stress or calm; and create any number of emotions, including feelings of happiness, sadness, fulfillment, and anger. Parenting of young children today takes place in the context of significant ongoing developments. These include: a rapidly growing body of science on early childhood, increases in funding for programs and services for families, changing demographics of the U.S. population, and greater diversity of family structure. Additionally, parenting is increasingly being shaped by technology and increased access to information about parenting. Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents' use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.

Medical Error and Harm

Medical Error and Harm
Author: Milos Jenicek
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2010-07-02
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 1439836957

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Recent debate over healthcare and its spiraling costs has brought medical error into the spotlight as an indicator of everything that is ineffective, inhumane, and wasteful about modern medicine. But while the tendency is to blame it all on human error, it is a much more complex problem that involves overburdened systems, constantly changing technology, increasing specialization, and a cycle of continual funding shortfalls made even more acute by resource-wasting inefficiencies. Medical Error and Harm: Understanding, Prevention and Control, presents the work of long time physician and teacher Milos Jenicek, a pioneering expert on epidemiology, evidence-based medicine, and critical thinking and decision making in the health sciences. Providing an extraordinarily comprehensive overview of the subject that is as thorough and scientifically organized as it is accessible and free of rhetoric, Dr. Jenicek — Presents a short history of error in general across various domains of human activity and endeavor, including concepts, methodologies of study, and management applications Provides semantic and taxonomic classifications of challenges in medical error and harm, two distinct domains Explores approaches used to investigate and ameliorate challenges in medicine and other health sciences Explains why, when, and how studies and decisions regarding errors should be carried out, such as whether risk assessment should be undertaken in the diagnosis, treatment, or prognosis stage Covers essential strategies for mitigating errors in the broader framework of medical care, specifically in community medicine and public health Considers the ever-growing role of physicians in tort law and litigation The book also discusses whether dealing with errors is a learned skill and looks at how much of the problem with medical error is caused by the medical community’s failure to teach, learn, and understand everything there is to know about medical error, including the often neglected importance of critical thinking skills. Understanding and correcting this shortfall is a primary responsibility of every health professional, one they can begin to realize with the study of these pages.

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2017-09-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309459570

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Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Daughters Affected by Their Mother Issue

Daughters Affected by Their Mother Issue
Author: Kaye Lewis
Publsiher: Covenant Books, Inc.
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2018-02-14
Genre: Fiction
ISBN: 9781640032934

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This book is a breath of fresh air to those women who suffer uncontrollable (non PMS related) emotional upheavals that appear as grief, anger, depression or even consistent broken relationships. An orphan phenomenon occurs when a person feels consistently abandoned, and this may even be experienced as an adult. To any woman suffering this affliction, you are not crazy, but it's likely your circumstances were. This book allows you to be a vicarious witness to dysfunctional circumstances that introduced an orphan spirit into the lives of those abandoned. The thief who steals, kills and destroys causes the withholding of the love we all need to survive. This work is written from the author's personal autobiographic perspective to identify poisonous dysfunction in mother-daughter relationships. Therapists agree that unidentified and unresolved emotional issues with the mother (of a woman or man) may lead to a debilitation that is difficult to overcome. The author takes a thoughtful look at her own mother-daughter dynamic, with the hope it may help other women. It is likely that many a daughter (or mother) has gone for professional counseling to find relief, and bravo for those who realized victory in therapy. However the author notes the majority of her epiphanies came from within, and not as a result of counseling. Something identified as a help to her perspective were the years she spent working as a psychological evaluation transcriptionist for five therapists and a psychiatrist. The author transcribed the therapist's psychological evaluations of adolescent girls in the court mandated group home. The author came away knowing therapists are usually caring people, who have their own set of problems, and clay feet. We all are desperately in need the love of Jesus Christ. Our brokenness cannot be counseled away, and refuses to be hidden.

The State of America s Children Yearbook

The State of America s Children Yearbook
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1996
Genre: Child welfare
ISBN: UCLA:L0077335255

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Bereavement

Bereavement
Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee for the Study of Health Consequences of the Stress of Bereavement
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 1984-02-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309034388

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"The book is well organized, well detailed, and well referenced; it is an invaluable sourcebook for researchers and clinicians working in the area of bereavement. For those with limited knowledge about bereavement, this volume provides an excellent introduction to the field and should be of use to students as well as to professionals," states Contemporary Psychology. The Lancet comments that this book "makes good and compelling reading. . . . It was mandated to address three questions: what is known about the health consequences of bereavement; what further research would be important and promising; and whether there are preventive interventions that should either be widely adopted or further tested to evaluate their efficacy. The writers have fulfilled this mandate well."