Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants

Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants
Author: Augusto Di Gianfrancesco
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 900
Release: 2016-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081005583

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Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants provides researchers in academia and industry with an essential overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for key process components, such as membrane wall tubes, high-pressure steam piping and headers, superheater tubes, forged rotors, cast components, and bolting and blading for steam turbines in USC power plants. Advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels, are also addressed. Chapters on international research directions complete the volume. The transition from conventional subcritical to supercritical thermal power plants greatly increased power generation efficiency. Now the introductions of the ultra-supercritical (USC) and, in the near future, advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) designs are further efforts to reduce fossil fuel consumption in power plants and the associated carbon dioxide emissions. The higher operating temperatures and pressures found in these new plant types, however, necessitate the use of advanced materials. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative and systematic overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for both ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical power plants Covers materials for critical components in ultra-supercritical power plants, such as boilers, rotors, and turbine blades Addresses advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels Includes chapters on technologies for welding technologies

Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants

Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants
Author: Dongke Zhang FTSE
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2013-08-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097514

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The continued use of coal as a means of generating electricity and an increasing demand for cleaner, more efficient energy production has led to advances in power plant technology. Ultra-supercritical coal power plants reviews the engineering, operation, materials and performance of ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Following a chapter introducing advanced and ultra-supercritical coal power plants, part one goes on to explore the operating environments, materials and engineering of ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Chapters discuss the impacts of steam conditions on plant materials and operation, fuel considerations and burner design, and materials and design for boilers working under supercritical steam conditions. Chapters in part two focus on improving ultra-supercritical coal power plant performance and operability. Ash fouling, deposition and slagging in ultra-supercritical coal power plants are highlighted along with pollution control measures and the estimation, management and extension of the life of ultra-supercritical power plants. Further chapters provide an economic and engineering analysis of a 700°C advanced ultra-supercritical pulverised coal power plant and discuss CO2 capture-ready ultra-supercritical coal power plants. Ultra-supercritical coal power plants is a comprehensive technical reference for power plant operators and engineers, high-temperature materials scientists, professionals in the power industry who require an understanding of ultra-supercritical coal power plants and researchers and academics interested in the field. Provides a comprehensive reference on the developments, materials, design and operation of ultra-supercritical power plant Considers the degradation issues affecting this type of plant, as well as emissions control and CO2 capture technology; improved plant controls critical to improved operation and environmental performance Contains operational assessments for plant safety, plant life management, and plant economics

Microstructural Evolution in Advanced Boiler Materials for Ultra supercritical Coal Power Plants

Microstructural Evolution in Advanced Boiler Materials for Ultra supercritical Coal Power Plants
Author: Quanyan Wu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2006
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:76805011

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Advanced Power Plant Materials Design and Technology

Advanced Power Plant Materials  Design and Technology
Author: Dermot Roddy
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2010-05-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845699468

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Fossil-fuel power plants account for the majority of worldwide power generation. Increasing global energy demands, coupled with issues of ageing and inefficient power plants, have led to new power plant construction programmes. As cheaper fossil fuel resources are exhausted and emissions criteria are tightened, utilities are turning to power plants designed with performance in mind to satisfy requirements for improved capacity, efficiency, and environmental characteristics. Advanced power plant materials, design and technology provides a comprehensive reference on the state of the art of gas-fired and coal-fired power plants, their major components and performance improvement options. Part one critically reviews advanced power plant designs which target both higher efficiency and flexible operation, including reviews of combined cycle technology and materials performance issues. Part two reviews major plant components for improved operation, including advanced membrane technology for both hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) separation, as well as flue gas handling technologies for improved emissions control of sulphur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx), mercury, ash and particulates. The section concludes with coverage of high-temperature sensors, and monitoring and control technology that are essential to power plant operation and performance optimisation. Part three begins with coverage of low-rank coal upgrading and biomass resource utilisation for improved power plant fuel flexibility. Routes to improve the environmental impact are also reviewed, with chapters detailing the integration of underground coal gasification and the application of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage. Finally, improved generation performance is reviewed with coverage of syngas and hydrogen (H2) production from fossil-fuel feedstocks. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced power plant materials, design and technology is a standard reference for all power plant engineers and operators, as well as to academics and researchers in this field. Provides a comprehensive reference on the state-of-the-art gas-fired and coal-fired power plants, their major components and performance improvement options Examines major plant components for improved operation as well as flue gas handling technologies for improved emissions control Routes to improve environmental impact are discussed with chapters detailing the integration of underground coal gasification

Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants

Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants
Author: Tadashi Tanuma
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2022-07-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323915519

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Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants

Failure Investigation of Boiler Tubes A Comprehensive Approach

Failure Investigation of Boiler Tubes  A Comprehensive Approach
Author: Paresh Haribhakti,P.B. Joshi, Rajendra Kumar
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9781627081566

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Failures or forced shutdowns in power plants are often due to boilers, and particularly failure of boiler tubes. This comprehensive resource deals with the subject of failure investigation of boiler tubes from basic fundamentals to practical applications. Coverage includes properties and selection of materials for boiler tubes from a metallurgical view point, damage mechanisms responsible for failure of boiler tubes, and characterization techniques employed for investigating failures of boiler tubes in thermal power plants and utility boilers of industrial/commercial/institutional (ICI) boilers. A large number of case studies based on the actual failures from the field are described, along with photographs and microstructures to allow for easy comprehension of the theory behind the failures. This book is geared to practicing engineers and for studies in the major area of power plant engineering. For non-metallurgists, a chapter has been devoted to the basics of material science, metallurgy of steels, heat treatment, and structure-property correlation. A chapter on materials for boiler tubes covers composition and application of different grades of steels and high temperature alloys currently in use as boiler tubes and future materials to be used in supercritical, ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical thermal power plants. A comprehensive discussion on different mechanisms of boiler tube failure is the heart of the book. Additional chapters detailing the role of advanced material characterization techniques in failure investigation and the role of water chemistry in tube failures are key contributions to the book. The authors have long-standing experience in the field of metallurgy and materials technology, failure investigation, remaining life assessment (RLA) and fitness for service (FFS) for industrial plant and equipment, including power plants. They have conducted a large number of failure investigations of boiler tubes and have recommended effective remedial measures in problem solving for power and utility boilers.

Advances in Ultra low Emission Control Technologies for Coal Fired Power Plants

Advances in Ultra low Emission Control Technologies for Coal Fired Power Plants
Author: Yongsheng Zhang,Tao Wang,Wei-Ping Pan,Carlos E. Romero
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2019-07-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081024195

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Advances in Ultra-low Emission Control Technologies for Coal-Fired Power Plants discusses the emissions standards of dust, SO2, NOx and mercury pollution, also presenting the key technologies available to control emissions in coal-fired power plants. The practical effects of ultra-low emissions projects included help the reader understand related implications in plants. Emphasis is placed on 300MW subcritical, 600MW subcritical, 660MW supercritical and 1000MW ultra-supercritical coal-fired units. The influence of different pollutant control units, such as wet electrostatic precipitator, desulfurization equipment and the electrostatic precipitator are also analyzed, and the pollutant levels before and after retrofitted ultra-low emissions are compared throughout. Provides a unique analysis of advanced technologies, such as dust-removal, desulfurization and denitrification used for ultra-low emissions in coal-fired power plants Introduces emission standards for dust, SO2, NOx and Mercury pollution from coal-fired power plants in China, the US and Europe Provides solutions to reducing emissions based on technological advances in China Analyzes the environmental and economic effects of these technologies

Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide SCO2 Based Power Cycles

Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide  SCO2  Based Power Cycles
Author: Klaus Brun,Peter Friedman,Richard Dennis
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2017-01-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081008058

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Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCO2) Based Power Cycles aims to provide engineers and researchers with an authoritative overview of research and technology in this area. Part One introduces the technology and reviews the properties of SCO2 relevant to power cycles. Other sections of the book address components for SCO2 power cycles, such as turbomachinery expanders, compressors, recuperators, and design challenges, such as the need for high-temperature materials. Chapters on key applications, including waste heat, nuclear power, fossil energy, geothermal and concentrated solar power are also included. The final section addresses major international research programs. Readers will learn about the attractive features of SC02 power cycles, which include a lower capital cost potential than the traditional cycle, and the compounding performance benefits from a more efficient thermodynamic cycle on balance of plant requirements, fuel use, and emissions. Represents the first book to focus exclusively on SC02 power cycles Contains detailed coverage of cycle fundamentals, key components, and design challenges Addresses the wide range of applications of SC02 power cycles, from more efficient electricity generation, to ship propulsion

Boiler Materials for Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants

Boiler Materials for Ultra Supercritical Coal Power Plants
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1104
Release: 2015
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:982481097

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The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) have undertaken a project aimed at identifying, evaluating, and qualifying the materials needed for the construction of the critical components of coal-fired boilers capable of operating at much higher efficiencies than current generation of supercritical plants. This increased efficiency is expected to be achieved principally through the use of advanced ultrasupercritical (A-USC) steam conditions up to 760°C (1400°F) and 35 MPa (5000 psi). A limiting factor to achieving these higher temperatures and pressures for future A-USC plants are the materials of construction. The goal of this project is to assess/develop materials technology to build and operate an A-USC boiler capable of delivering steam with conditions up to 760°C (1400°F)/35 MPa (5000 psi). The project has successfully met this goal through a focused long-term public-private consortium partnership. The project was based on an R & D plan developed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and an industry consortium that supplemented the recommendations of several DOE workshops on the subject of advanced materials. In view of the variety of skills and expertise required for the successful completion of the proposed work, a consortium led by the Energy Industries of Ohio (EIO) with cost-sharing participation of all the major domestic boiler manufacturers, ALSTOM Power (Alstom), Babcock and Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. (B & W), Foster Wheeler (FW), and Riley Power, Inc. (Riley), technical management by EPRI and research conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developed. The project has clearly identified and tested materials that can withstand 760°C (1400°F) steam conditions and can also make a 700°C (1300°F) plant more economically attractive. In this project, the maximum temperature capabilities of these and other available high-temperature alloys have been assessed to provide a basis for materials selection and application under a range of conditions prevailing in the boiler. A major effort involving eight tasks was completed in Phase 1. In a subsequent Phase 2 extension, the earlier defined tasks were extended to finish and enhance the Phase 1 activities. This extension included efforts in improved weld/weldment performance, development of longer-term material property databases, additional field (in-plant) corrosion testing, improved understanding of long-term oxidation kinetics and exfoliation, cyclic operation, and fabrication methods for waterwalls. In addition, preliminary work was undertaken to model an oxyfuel boiler to define local environments expected to occur and to study corrosion behavior of alloys under these conditions. This final technical report provides a comprehensive summary of all the work undertaken by the consortium and the research findings from all eight (8) technical tasks including A-USC boiler design and economics (Task 1), long-term materials properties (Task 2), steam- side oxidation (Task 3), Fireside Corrosion (Task 4), Welding (Task 5), Fabricability (Task 6), Coatings (Task 7), and Design Data and Rules (Task 8).

Advances in Power Boilers

Advances in Power Boilers
Author: Mamoru Ozawa,Hitoshi Asano
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 508
Release: 2021-01-28
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780128203651

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Advances in Power Boilers is the second volume in the JSME Series on Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation. The volume provides the fundamentals of thermal power generation by firstly analysing different fuel options for thermal power generation and then also by tracing the development process of power boilers in about 300 years. The design principles and methodologies as well as the construction, operation and control of power boilers are explained in detail together with practical data making this a valuable guide for post-graduate students, researchers, engineers and regulators developing knowledge and skill of thermal power generation systems. Combining their wealth of experience and knowledge, the author team presents recent advanced technologies to the reader to enable them to further research and development in various systems, notably combined cycles, USC and A-USC, as well as PFBC and IGCC. The most recent best practices for material development for advanced power system as well as future scope of this important field of technology are clearly presented, and environment, maintenance, regulations and standards are considered throughout. The inclusion of photographs and drawings make this a unique reference for all those working and researching in the thermal engineering fields. The book is directed to professional engineers, researchers and post-graduate students of thermal engineering in industrial and academic field, as well as plant operators and regulators. Develops a deeper understanding of the design, construction, operation and control of power boilers, being a key component of thermal power generation system Written by experts from the leaders and pioneers in thermal engineering of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers and draws upon their combined wealth of knowledge and experience Includes photographs and drawings of real examples and case studies from Japan and other key regions in the world to provide a deeper learning opportunity

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook
Author: Swapan Basu,Ajay Kumar Debnath
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1152
Release: 2019-06-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081028056

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Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Second Edition, provides a contemporary resource on the practical monitoring of power plant operation, with a focus on efficiency, reliability, accuracy, cost and safety. It includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow and levels of both conventional thermal power plant and combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants and once-through boilers. It is updated to include tables, charts and figures from advanced plants in operation or pilot stage. Practicing engineers, freshers, advanced students and researchers will benefit from discussions on advanced instrumentation with specific reference to thermal power generation and operations. New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India All-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity Levels Discusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 431
Release: 2005-12-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780521866439

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IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants
Author: D. Gandy and J. Shingledecker
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 1520
Release: 2014-01-01
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN: 9781627080606

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Conference proceedings covering the latest technology developments for fossil fuel power plants, including nickel-based alloys for advanced ultrasupercritical power plants, materials for turbines, oxidation and corrosion, welding and weld performance, new alloys concepts, and creep and general topics.

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment
Author: A. Shibli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2014-07-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097323

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Due to their continuing role in electricity generation, it is important that coal power plants operate as efficiently and cleanly as possible. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment reviews the materials used in coal plants, and how they can be assessed and managed to optimize plant operation. Part I considers the structural alloys used in coal plants. Part II then reviews performance modelling and life assessment techniques, explains the inspection and life-management approaches that can be adopted to optimize long term plant operation, and considers the technical and economic issues involved in meeting variable energy demands. Summarizes key research on coal-fired power plant materials, their behavior under operational loads, and approaches to life assessment and defect management Details the range of structural alloys used in coal power plants, and the life assessment techniques applicable to defect-free components under operational loads Reviews the life assessment techniques applicable to components containing defects and the approaches that can be adopted to optimize plant operation and new plant and component design

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems
Author: Colin Tong
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 911
Release: 2018-12-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319980027

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This first of its kind text enables today’s students to understand current and future energy challenges, to acquire skills for selecting and using materials and manufacturing processes in the design of energy systems, and to develop a cross-functional approach to materials, mechanics, electronics and processes of energy production. While taking economic and regulatory aspects into account, this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the range of materials used for advanced energy systems, including fossil, nuclear, solar, bio, wind, geothermal, ocean and hydropower, hydrogen, and nuclear, as well as thermal energy storage and electrochemical storage in fuel cells. A separate chapter is devoted to emerging energy harvesting systems. Integrated coverage includes the application of scientific and engineering principles to materials that enable different types of energy systems. Properties, performance, modeling, fabrication, characterization and application of structural, functional and hybrid materials are described for each energy system. Readers will appreciate the complex relationships among materials selection, optimizing design, and component operating conditions in each energy system. Research and development trends of novel emerging materials for future hybrid energy systems are also considered. Each chapter is basically a self-contained unit, easily enabling instructors to adapt the book for coursework. This textbook is suitable for students in science and engineering who seek to obtain a comprehensive understanding of different energy processes, and how materials enable energy harvesting, conversion, and storage. In setting forth the latest advances and new frontiers of research, the text also serves as a comprehensive reference on energy materials for experienced materials scientists, engineers, and physicists. Includes pedagogical features such as in-depth side bars, worked-out and end-of- chapter exercises, and many references to further reading Provides comprehensive coverage of materials-based solutions for major and emerging energy systems Brings together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights