Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events
Author: Andrew Tarko
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2019-11-07
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128105054

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Measuring Road Safety Using Surrogate Events provides researchers and practitioners with the tools they need to quickly and effectively measure traffic safety. As traditional crash-based safety analyses are being undermined by today’s growing use of intelligent vehicular and road safety technologies, crash surrogates--or near misses--can be more effectively used to measure the future risk of crashes. This book advances the idea of using these near-crash techniques to deliver quicker and more adequate measurements of safety. It explores the relationships between traffic conflicts and crashes using an extrapolation of observed events rather than post-crash data, which is significantly slower to obtain. Readers will find sound estimation methods based on rigorous scientific principles, offering compelling new tools to better equip researchers to understand road safety and its factors. Consolidates the latest updates/ideas from disparate places into a single resource Establishes a consistent use of key terms, definitions and concepts to help codify this emerging field Contains numerous application-oriented case studies throughout Includes learning aids, such as chapter objectives, a glossary, and links to data used in examples

Safe Mobility

Safe Mobility
Author: Dominique Lord,Simon Washington
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2018-04-18
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9781786352248

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This book increases the level of knowledge on road safety contexts, issues and challenges; shares what can currently be done to address the variety of issues; and points to what needs to be done to make further gains in road safety.

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue Long Term Health and Highway Safety

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue  Long Term Health  and Highway Safety
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Transportation Research Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Research Methodologies and Statistical Approaches to Understanding Driver Fatigue Factors in Motor Carrier Safety and Driver Health
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2016-09-12
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780309392525

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There are approximately 4,000 fatalities in crashes involving trucks and buses in the United States each year. Though estimates are wide-ranging, possibly 10 to 20 percent of these crashes might have involved fatigued drivers. The stresses associated with their particular jobs (irregular schedules, etc.) and the lifestyle that many truck and bus drivers lead, puts them at substantial risk for insufficient sleep and for developing short- and long-term health problems. Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health and Highway Safety assesses the state of knowledge about the relationship of such factors as hours of driving, hours on duty, and periods of rest to the fatigue experienced by truck and bus drivers while driving and the implications for the safe operation of their vehicles. This report evaluates the relationship of these factors to drivers' health over the longer term, and identifies improvements in data and research methods that can lead to better understanding in both areas.

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling
Author: Dominique Lord,Xiao Qin,Srinivas Geedipally
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2021-02-27
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9780128168196

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Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling comprehensively covers the key elements needed to make effective transportation engineering and policy decisions based on highway safety data analysis in a single. reference. The book includes all aspects of the decision-making process, from collecting and assembling data to developing models and evaluating analysis results. It discusses the challenges of working with crash and naturalistic data, identifies problems and proposes well-researched methods to solve them. Finally, the book examines the nuances associated with safety data analysis and shows how to best use the information to develop countermeasures, policies, and programs to reduce the frequency and severity of traffic crashes. Complements the Highway Safety Manual by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Provides examples and case studies for most models and methods Includes learning aids such as online data, examples and solutions to problems

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention
Author: Marjorie Peden
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 52
Release: 2008-09-01
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9781437904062

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Every day thousands of people are killed and injured on our roads. Millions of people each year will spend long weeks in the hospital after severe crashes and many will never be able to live, work or play as they used to do. Current efforts to address road safety are minimal in comparison to this growing human suffering. This report presents a comprehensive overview of what is known about the magnitude, risk factors and impact of road traffic injuries, and about ways to prevent and lessen the impact of road crashes. Over 100 experts, from all continents and different sectors -- including transport, engineering, health, police, education and civil society -- have worked to produce the report. Charts and tables.

International Calibration Study of Traffic Conflict Techniques

International Calibration Study of Traffic Conflict Techniques
Author: E. Asmussen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783642821097

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The concept of traffic conflict was initiated in the Uni ted States in the 60s and raised a lot of interest in many countries : it was an opening towards the develop ment of a new tool for safety evaluation and the diagnosis of local safety pro blems. The need for such a tool was great, because of the many situations where accident data was either scarce, unsatisfactory or unavailable. Development of Traffic Conflict Techniques (TCT) started simultaneously in the 70s in several European count ries and new studies were also undertaken in the Uni ted States, Canada and Israel. The need for international cooperation was rapidly feIt, in order to exchange data, compare definitions and check progresses. An Association for International Cooperation on Traffic Conflict Techniques (ICTCT) was therefore created, grouping researchers and safety administrators, with the aim of promoting and organising exchange of information and common practical work. Three Traffic Conflict Techniques Workshops were organised, in Oslo (1977), Paris (1979) and Leidschendam (1982). A small scale international experiment of calibra tion of TCTs was also carried out in Rouen, France, in 1979, and five teams took part in it from France, Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States; results of this first experiment were used as a basis for the present enterprise. To be acknowledged as a safety measuring tool, traffic conflict techniques had to be validated in relation to traditional safety indicators such as injury-accidents.

Driver Distraction

Driver Distraction
Author: Kristie Young,John D. Lee,Michael A. Regan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2008-10-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1420007491

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A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety
Author: Laura Fraade-Blanar,Marjory S. Blumenthal,James M. Anderson,Nidhi Kalra
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2018-10-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1977401643

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This report presents a framework for measuring safety in automated vehicles (AVs): how to define safety for AVs, how to measure safety for AVs, and how to communicate what is learned or understood about AVs.

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior
Author: David Shinar
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 1264
Release: 2017-06-22
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9781787146334

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This comprehensive 2nd edition covers the key issues that relate human behavior to traffic safety. In particular it covers the increasing roles that pedestrians and cyclists have in the traffic system; the role of infotainment in driver distraction; and the increasing role of driver assistance systems in changing the driver-vehicle interaction.

Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement

Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Transportation Research Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on the Review of the Compliance, Safety, and Accountability (CSA) Program of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2017-08-31
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780309462044

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Every year roughly 100,000 fatal and injury crashes occur in the United States involving large trucks and buses. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) in the U.S. Department of Transportation works to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses. FMCSA uses information that is collected on the frequency of approximately 900 different violations of safety regulations discovered during (mainly) roadside inspections to assess motor carriers' compliance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, as well as to evaluate their compliance in comparison with their peers. Through use of this information, FMCSA's Safety Measurement System (SMS) identifies carriers to receive its available interventions in order to reduce the risk of crashes across all carriers. Improving Motor Carrier Safety Measurement examines the effectiveness of the use of the percentile ranks produced by SMS for identifying high-risk carriers, and if not, what alternatives might be preferred. In addition, this report evaluates the accuracy and sufficiency of the data used by SMS, to assess whether other approaches to identifying unsafe carriers would identify high-risk carriers more effectively, and to reflect on how members of the public use the SMS and what effect making the SMS information public has had on reducing crashes.

Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations

Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations
Author: Tim De Ceunynck
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 157
Release: 2017
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9089130586

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Speed Management

Speed Management
Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2006-10-13
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789282103784

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Speeding is the number one road safety problem in a large number of OECD/ECMT countries. It is responsible for around one third of the current, unacceptably high levels of road fatalities. Speeding has an impact not only on accidents but also on the ...

Methods and Practices for Setting Speed Limits

Methods and Practices for Setting Speed Limits
Author: Gerry John Forbes
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 107
Release: 2012-09-01
Genre: Speed limits
ISBN: 193345265X

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"This informational report describes four primary practices and methodologies (engineering approach, expert systems, optimization, and injury minimization) that are used in establishing speed limits. It also reviews the basic legalities of speed limits and presents several case studies for setting speed limits on a variety of roads"--Provided by publisher.

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering
Author: Shriniwas S. Arkatkar,S. Velmurugan,Ashish Verma
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 713
Release: 2020-08-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811537424

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This book comprises select proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering (RATE 2018) with technical papers on the themes of traffic operation control and management, traffic safety and vulnerable road users, and sustainable transportation. It covers a wide range of topics, including advanced traffic data collection methods, big data analysis, mix-traffic characterization and modelling, travel time reliability, scenario of pedestrian and non-motorised vehicles (NMVs) traffic, regional traffic growth modelling, and applications of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in traffic management. The contents of this book offer up-to-date and practical knowledge on different aspects of traffic engineering, which is useful for students, researchers as well as practitioners.

Statistical and Econometric Methods for Transportation Data Analysis

Statistical and Econometric Methods for Transportation Data Analysis
Author: Simon Washington,Matthew G. Karlaftis,Fred Mannering,Panagiotis Anastasopoulos
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2020-01-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780429520754

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The book's website (with databases and other support materials) can be accessed here. Praise for the Second Edition: The second edition introduces an especially broad set of statistical methods ... As a lecturer in both transportation and marketing research, I find this book an excellent textbook for advanced undergraduate, Master’s and Ph.D. students, covering topics from simple descriptive statistics to complex Bayesian models. ... It is one of the few books that cover an extensive set of statistical methods needed for data analysis in transportation. The book offers a wealth of examples from the transportation field. —The American Statistician Statistical and Econometric Methods for Transportation Data Analysis, Third Edition offers an expansion over the first and second editions in response to the recent methodological advancements in the fields of econometrics and statistics and to provide an increasing range of examples and corresponding data sets. It describes and illustrates some of the statistical and econometric tools commonly used in transportation data analysis. It provides a wide breadth of examples and case studies, covering applications in various aspects of transportation planning, engineering, safety, and economics. Ample analytical rigor is provided in each chapter so that fundamental concepts and principles are clear and numerous references are provided for those seeking additional technical details and applications. New to the Third Edition Updated references and improved examples throughout. New sections on random parameters linear regression and ordered probability models including the hierarchical ordered probit model. A new section on random parameters models with heterogeneity in the means and variances of parameter estimates. Multiple new sections on correlated random parameters and correlated grouped random parameters in probit, logit and hazard-based models. A new section discussing the practical aspects of random parameters model estimation. A new chapter on Latent Class Models. A new chapter on Bivariate and Multivariate Dependent Variable Models. Statistical and Econometric Methods for Transportation Data Analysis, Third Edition can serve as a textbook for advanced undergraduate, Masters, and Ph.D. students in transportation-related disciplines including engineering, economics, urban and regional planning, and sociology. The book also serves as a technical reference for researchers and practitioners wishing to examine and understand a broad range of statistical and econometric tools required to study transportation problems.