Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation
Author: Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Takeshi Matsuura
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2011-08-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780080932224

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Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation
Author: Kang-Jia Lu,Tai-Shung Chung
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2019-11-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000691009

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This book aims to elaborate the basics and recent advances of membrane distillation (MD) as the same shows promise for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Starting with fundamentals of MD processes, including the heat and mass transfer analysis, energy evaluation and mathematical modelling, text includes engineering and molecular design of MD membranes. Various types of hybrid systems, including freeze desalination (FD)-MD, MD-crystallization (MDC), pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)-MD and forward osmosis (FO)-MD, will be discussed in this book. Further, it summarizes the future of MD from both industrial and academic perspectives along with energy sources and economic analysis.

Membrane Distillation Process

Membrane Distillation Process
Author: Alessandra Criscuoli
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2021-09-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783036512112

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The book deals with the latest research on membrane distillation. New membrane and module designs, low-temperature applications, integration with other membrane units and pilot scale investigations are presented and discussed.

Pervaporation Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation

Pervaporation  Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation
Author: Angelo Basile,Alberto Figoli,Mohamed Khayet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2015-02-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782422563

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Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation. Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate. Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology. Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.

Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation

Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation
Author: Robert A. Johnson,Minh H. Nguyen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-04-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780470122167

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This book addresses principles and practical applications of membrane distillation and osmotic distillation, separation technologies which are gaining increasing attention due to their advantages over conventional concentration processes. • Addresses membrane and osmotic distillation, two closely related and novel processes that offer several advantages over conventional concentration processes • Has a widespread impact and application of the technology in industries such as food, environment, and nuclear clean-up / containment • Covers theoretical aspects of both processes, the properties of hydrophobic membranes, process economics, integrated processes and future prospects. • Caters the presentation caters for the diversity of readership with respect to links with membrane technologies.

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation
Author: Mohamed Khayet,Takeshi Matsuura
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 477
Release: 2011
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444531261

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Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes

Membrane Distillation in Desalination

Membrane Distillation in Desalination
Author: Farid Benyahia
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2019-05-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781498748568

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Membrane-Distillation in Desalination is an attempt to provide the latest knowledge, state of the art and demystify outstanding issues that delay the deployment of the technology on a large scale. It includes new updates and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of membrane distillation technology and explains the energy advantage of membrane distillation for desalination when compared to traditional techniques such as thermal or reverse osmosis. The book includes the latest pilot test results from around the world on membrane distillation desalination.

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation
Author: Enrico Drioli
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2018-03-23
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9783038424604

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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Membrane Distillation" that was published in Applied Sciences

Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation

Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation
Author: Robert A. Johnson,Minh H. Nguyen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-03-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118880326

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This book addresses principles and practical applications of membrane distillation and osmotic distillation, separation technologies which are gaining increasing attention due to their advantages over conventional concentration processes. • Addresses membrane and osmotic distillation, two closely related and novel processes that offer several advantages over conventional concentration processes • Has a widespread impact and application of the technology in industries such as food, environment, and nuclear clean-up / containment • Covers theoretical aspects of both processes, the properties of hydrophobic membranes, process economics, integrated processes and future prospects. • Caters the presentation caters for the diversity of readership with respect to links with membrane technologies.

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations
Author: Anil K. Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1184
Release: 2008-07-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780849395499

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The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnological Applications provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies as they have evolved over the past decades. To provide a basic understanding of membrane technology, this book documents the developments dealing with these technologies. It explores chemical, pharmaceutical, food processing and biotechnological applications of membrane processes ranging from selective separation to solvent and material recovery. This text also presents in-depth knowledge of membrane separation mechanisms, transport models, membrane permeability computations, membrane types and modules, as well as membrane reactors.

Advances in Membrane Technologies

Advances in Membrane Technologies
Author: Amira Abdelrasoul,Arash Mollahosseini
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-03-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781789848069

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Membrane technologies are currently the most effective and sustainable methods utilized in diversified water filtration, wastewater treatment, as well as industrial and sustainable energy applications. This book covers essential subsections of membrane separation and bioseparation processes from the perspectives of technical innovation, novelty, and sustainability. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the latest improvements and concerns with respect to membrane fouling remediation techniques, issues of bioincompatibility for biomedical applications, and various subareas of membrane separation processes, which will be an efficient resource for engineers.

Membrane Distillation Materials and Processes

Membrane Distillation  Materials and Processes
Author: Enrcio Drioli,Young Moo Lee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2020-05-06
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1536174483

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Desalination is imperative to mitigate the global water scarcity as it produces drinking water from unpotable water. Currently, reverse osmosis membrane processes are widely used and account for 60% of desalination plants globally as they have lower energy requirements than other techniques, such as thermal desalination. Another promising alternative to desalination is membrane distillation (MD), which has been highlighted as one of the most promising and cost-effective desalination technologies over the last five decades. MD is a thermally driven desalination process that uses microporous and hydrophobic membranes through which only vapor can pass. Because non-volatile ions cannot pass through the membrane, MD theoretically achieves 100% salt rejection. In addition, MD is superior to other techniques as it is conducted at relatively low temperature and pressure, and is less sensitive to the feed concentration. MD is a desalination process that uses the vapor pressure difference between the feed and permeate as the driving force through the membranes. Over 2,800 scientific publications appeared in Web of Science as of September 2019 (over 400 just in 2019) describing the current state of development and potential future applications of MD. Although these publications provide excellent knowledge regarding MD, they are rather fragmented, and it is difficult to gain a complete overview of the basic principles and functions of membranes for MD configurations and their application to real plants. In this book, we introduce MD from the invention of this technique to the recent developments in membranes and processes. The membrane materials and configurations of MD processes are systematically discussed, along with an introduction to real pilot plants that have been installed and tested in the field, and an economic analysis of MD. The objective of this book is to provide a short, but reasonably comprehensive, introduction to MD to graduate students and persons with an engineering or natural science background, to gain a basic understanding of MD, and the associated materials, configurations, and applications, without studying a large number of different reference books.

Distillation

Distillation
Author: Sina Zereshki
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2012-03-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789535104285

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Distillation modeling and several applications mostly in food processing field are discussed under three sections in the present book. The provided modeling chapters aimed both the thermodynamic mathematical fundamentals and the simulation of distillation process. The practical experiences and case studies involve mainly the food and beverage industry and odor and aroma extraction. This book could certainly give the interested researchers in distillation field a useful insight.

Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes
Author: S. Sridhar,Siddhartha Moulik
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2018-11-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119418351

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Separation processes are challenging steps in any process industry for isolation of products and recycling of reactants. Membrane technology has shown immense potential in separation of liquid and gaseous mixtures, effluent treatment, drinking water purification and solvent recovery. It has found endless popularity and wide acceptance for its small footprint, higher selectivity, scalability, energy saving capability and inherent ease of integration into other unit operations. There are many situations where the target component cannot be separated by distillation, liquid extraction, and evaporation. The different membrane processes such as pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation could be used for solving such industrial bottlenecks. This book covers the entire array of fundamental aspects, membrane synthesis and applications in the chemical process industries (CPI). It also includes various applications of pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation in industrially and socially relevant problems including separation of azeotropic mixtures, close-boiling compounds, organic–organic mixtures, effluent treatment along with brackish and seawater desalination, and many others. These processes can also be applied for extraction of small quantities of value-added compounds such as flavors and fragrances and selective removal of hazardous impurities, viz., volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as vinyl chloride, benzene, ethyl benzene and toluene from industrial effluents. Including case studies, this is a must-have for any process or chemical engineer working in the industry today. Also valuable as a learning tool, students and professors in chemical engineering, chemistry, and process engineering will benefit greatly from the groundbreaking new processes and technologies described in the volume.

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering
Author: Adolfo Iulianelli
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2019-06-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783039210220

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This Special Issue is aimed at highlighting the potentialities of membrane and membrane reactor operations in various sectors of chemical engineering, based on application of the process intensification strategy. In all of the contributions, the principles of process intensification were pursued during the adoption of membrane technology, demonstrating how it may lead to the development of redesigned processes that are more compact and efficient while also being more environmental friendly, energy saving, and amenable to integration with other green processes. This Special Issue comprises a number of experimental and theoretical studies dealing with the application of membrane and membrane reactor technology in various scientific fields of chemical engineering, such as membrane distillation for wastewater treatment, hydrogen production from reforming reactions via inorganic membrane and membrane photoassisted reactors, membrane desalination, gas/liquid phase membrane separation of CO2, and membrane filtration for the recovery of antioxidants from agricultural byproducts, contributing to valorization of the potentialities of membrane operations.