Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era

Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era
Author: Surajit Das,Hirak Ranjan Dash
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 710
Release: 2018-09-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128148501

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Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era presents insights on the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny, along with their applications and respective pros and cons. Though many advanced techniques for the identification of any unknown bacterium are available in the genomics era, a far fewer number of the total microbial species have been discovered and identified to date. The assessment of microbial taxonomy and biosystematics techniques discovered and practiced in the current genomics era with suitable recommendations is the prime focus of this book. Discusses the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny with their applications and respective pros and cons Reviews the evolving field of bacterial typing and the genomic technologies that enable comparative analysis of multiple genomes and the metagenomes of complex microbial environments Provides a uniform, standard methodology for species designation

Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity

Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity
Author: Surajit de Mandal,Pankaj Bhatt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2020-06-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128212660

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Microorganisms are a major part of the Earth’s biological diversity. Although a lot of research has been done on microbial diversity, most of it is fragmented. This book creates the need for a unified text to be published, full of information about microbial diversity from highly reputed and impactful sources. Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity brings a comprehensive understanding of the recent advances in microbial diversity research focused on different bodily systems, such as the gut. Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity also discusses how the application of advanced sequencing technologies is used to reveal previously unseen microbial diversity and show off its function. Gives insight into microbial diversity in different bodily systems Explains novel approaches to studying microbial diversity Highlights the use of omics to analyze the microbial community and its functional attributes Discusses the techniques used to examine microbial diversity, including their applications and respective strengths and weaknesses

The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics

The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2013-05-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309268196

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Over the past several decades, new scientific tools and approaches for detecting microbial species have dramatically enhanced our appreciation of the diversity and abundance of the microbiota and its dynamic interactions with the environments within which these microorganisms reside. The first bacterial genome was sequenced in 1995 and took more than 13 months of work to complete. Today, a microorganism's entire genome can be sequenced in a few days. Much as our view of the cosmos was forever altered in the 17th century with the invention of the telescope, these genomic technologies, and the observations derived from them, have fundamentally transformed our appreciation of the microbial world around us. On June 12 and 13, 2012, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop in Washington, DC, to discuss the scientific tools and approaches being used for detecting and characterizing microbial species, and the roles of microbial genomics and metagenomics to better understand the culturable and unculturable microbial world around us. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants examined the use of microbial genomics to explore the diversity, evolution, and adaptation of microorganisms in a wide variety of environments; the molecular mechanisms of disease emergence and epidemiology; and the ways that genomic technologies are being applied to disease outbreak trace back and microbial surveillance. Points that were emphasized by many participants included the need to develop robust standardized sampling protocols, the importance of having the appropriate metadata, data analysis and data management challenges, and information sharing in real time. The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics summarizes this workshop.

Microbial Genomics in Sustainable Agroecosystems

Microbial Genomics in Sustainable Agroecosystems
Author: Vijay Tripathi,Pradeep Kumar,Pooja Tripathi,Amit Kishore,Madhu Kamle
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2019-11-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789813298606

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Today, microbiology is a rapidly growing discipline in the life sciences, and the technologies are evolving on a virtually daily basis. Next-generation sequencing technologies have revolutionized microbial analysis, and can help us understand the biology and genomic diversity of various bacterial species with significant impacts on agro-ecosystems. In addition, advances in molecular biology and microbiology techniques hold the potential to improve the productivity and sustainability of agriculture and forestry. This new volume addresses the role of microbial genomics in understanding the living systems that exist in the soil and their interactions with plants, an aspect that is also important for crop improvement. The topics covered focus on a deeper and clearer understanding of how microbes cause diseases, the genome-based development of novel antibacterial agents and vaccines, and the role of microbial genomics in crop improvement and agroforestry. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers and students of agriculture and infectious biology.

Microbial Bioremediation Biodegradation

Microbial Bioremediation   Biodegradation
Author: Maulin P. Shah
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 550
Release: 2020-04-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811518126

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Microbial or biological degradation has long been the subject of active concern, and the rapid expansion and growing sophistication of various industries in the last century has significantly increased the volume and complexity of toxic residues of wastes. These can be remediated by plants and microbes, either natural origin or adapted for a specific purpose, in a process known as bioremediation. The interest in microbial biodegradation of pollutants has intensified in recent years in an attempt to find sustainable ways to clean contaminated environments. These bioremediation and biotransformation methods take advantage of the tremendous microbial catabolic diversity to degrade, transform or accumulate a variety of compounds, such as hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polaromatic hydrocarbons pharmaceutical substances, radionuclides and metals. Unlike conventional methods, bioremediation does not physically disturb the site. This book describes the basic principles of biodegradation and shows how these principles are related to bioremediation. Authored by leading, international environmental microbiologists, it discusses topics such as aerobic biodegradation, microbial degradation of pollutants, and microbial community dynamics. It provides valuable insights into how biodegration processes work and can be utilised for pollution abatement, and as such appeals to researchers and postgraduate students as well as experts in the field of bioremediation.

Microbial Diversity and Transcriptome Profiling in Coral Holobionts

Microbial Diversity and Transcriptome Profiling in Coral Holobionts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2004
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:805782932

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Coral reefs are often considered as the proverbial canary in the mine for the oceans. Their current decline alarmingly correlates with indirect and direct anthropogenic stress resulting in increased frequencies and geographic spread of mass mortality, i.e., ”coral bleaching”, and disease events. Thus, a rapid advancement in the understanding of the factors determining coral health and disease is of great importance. The post-genomic era has propelled both the development of high-throughput technologies and a shift in biological research from reductionist to system-level approaches. By viewing an organism as an ”integrated and interacting network of genes, proteins, and biochemical reactions”, the nascent field of systems biology seeks to understand biological processes at a holistic level. In this dissertation, corals are considered as superorganisms, or ”holobionts”, i.e., biological entities composed of a host organism and all of its associated microorganisms. The microbial component has been shown to play key roles in the functioning of the coral holobiont, but much remains to be studied about its 1) diversity, 2) response to stress, and 3) influence on the physiology, ecology, and evolution of the host. To address these gaps, I have applied a combinatorial approach of 454-sequencing, microbial community profiling (Phylochip), algal and host genotyping, as well as cDNA microarrays. The results include the most comprehensive census of coral-associated bacteria so far and illustrate that corals provide specialized habitats for an extremely diverse consortium of bacteria, including taxa that are often unknown, as well as rarely or not detected in the seawater. In diseased corals, bacterial communities profiles shifted and displayed a higher abundance of bacteria that are commonly found in other diseased marine invertebrates. Finally, correlating algal genotype and coral host transcriptomic data revealed a substantial interaction between microbial symbionts and host

Spirochete Biology The Post Genomic Era

Spirochete Biology  The Post Genomic Era
Author: Ben Adler
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2018-08-21
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319896380

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Spirochetes comprise a fascinating group of bacteria. Although diverse in terms of their habitat, ecology and infectivity for vertebrate and non-vertebrate hosts, they are often considered together because of their similar cellular morphologies. This volume brings together an international group of experts to provide essential insights into spirochete biology, with an emphasis on recent advances made possible by the availability of genome sequences. As such, it offers a valuable resource for microbiologists and other scientists with an interest in spirochete biology.

Biotechnology of Lactic Acid Bacteria

Biotechnology of Lactic Acid Bacteria
Author: Fernanda Mozzi,Rául R. Raya,Graciela M. Vignolo
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2015-09-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118868362

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Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have historically been used as starter cultures for the production of fermented foods, especially dairy products. Over recent years, new areas have had a strong impact on LAB studies: the application of omics tools; the study of complex microbial ecosystems, the discovery of new LAB species, and the use of LAB as powerhouses in the food and medical industries. This second edition of Biotechnology of Lactic Acid Bacteria: Novel Applications addresses the major advances in the fields over the last five years. Thoroughly revised and updated, the book includes new chapters. Among them: The current status of LAB systematics; The role of LAB in the human intestinal microbiome and the intestinal tract of animals and its impact on the health and disease state of the host; The involvement of LAB in fruit and vegetable fermentations; The production of nutraceuticals and aroma compounds by LAB; and The formation of biofilms by LAB. This book is an essential reference for established researchers and scientists, clinical and advanced students, university professors and instructors, nutritionists and food technologists working on food microbiology, physiology and biotechnology of lactic acid bacteria.

Microbial Evolution

Microbial Evolution
Author: Howard Ochman
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2015-06-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1621820378

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"A subject collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology."

Microbes in Land Use Change Management

Microbes in Land Use Change Management
Author: Jay Shankar Singh,Shashank Tiwari,Chhatarpal Singh,Anil Kumar Singh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2021-08-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323858946

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Microbes in Land Use Change Management details the various roles of microbial resources in management of land uses and how the microbes can be used for the source of income due to their cultivation for the purpose of biomass and bioenergy production. Using various techniques, the disturbed and marginal lands may also be restored eco-friendly in present era to fulfil the feeding needs of mankind around the globe. Microbes in Land Use Change Management provides standard and up to date information towards the land use change management using various microbial technologies to enhance the productivity of agriculture. Needless to say that Microbes in Land Use Change Management also considers the areas including generation of alternative energy sources, restoration of degraded and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases and next generation -omics technique etc. Land use change affects environment conditions and soil microbial community. Microbial population and its species diversity have influence in maintaining ecosystem balance. The study of changes of microbial population provides an idea about the variation occurring in a specific area and possibilities of restoration. Meant for a multidisciplinary audience Microbes in Land Use Change Management shows the need of next-generation omics technologies to explore microbial diversity. Describes the role of microbes in generation of alternative source of energy Gives recent information related to various microbial technology and their diversified applications Provides thorough insight in the problems related to landscape dynamics, restoration of soil, reclamation of lands mitigation of global warming gases etc. eco-friendly way using versatility of microbes Includes microbial tools and technology in reclamation of degraded, disturbed and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases

Waste to Energy Prospects and Applications

Waste to Energy  Prospects and Applications
Author: Brijendra Kumar Kashyap,Manoj Kumar Solanki,Dev Vrat Kamboj,Akhilesh Kumar Pandey
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2021-03-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789813343474

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This book addresses waste generation problems from various sectors, including industries, agriculture, and household. It focuses on how modern biotechnological approaches could help manage waste in an eco-friendly manner and generate precious bioenergy. It discusses the inadequate waste management systems damaging the environment and its adverse impacts on climate change-related problems. This book covers all the essential information regarding various types of waste and their management. It is a comprehensive compilation for understanding the efficient generation of bioenergy. It is a relevant reading material (resource) for anyone who wishes to study waste management as Chemist, Biologist, Biotechnologist, Industrialist, Ecologist, Microbiologist, Economist, and all disciplines related to the environment.

Handbook of Bioremediation

Handbook of Bioremediation
Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 764
Release: 2020-10-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128193839

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Handbook of Bioremediation: Physiological, Molecular and Biotechnological Interventions discusses the mechanisms of responding to inorganic and organic pollutants in the environment using different approaches of phytoremediation and bioremediation. Part One focuses specifically on inorganic pollutants and the use of techniques such as metallothionein-assisted remediation, phytoextraction and genetic manipulation. Part Two covers organic pollutants and consider topics such as plant enzymes, antioxidant defense systems and the remediation mechanisms of different plant species. This comprehensive volume is a must-read for researchers interested in plant science, agriculture, soil science and environmental science. The techniques covered in this book will ensure scientists have the knowledge to practice effective bioremediation techniques themselves. Provides a comprehensive review of the latest advances in bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants Discusses a range of different phytoremediation techniques Evaluates the role of genomics and bioinformatics within bioremediation

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology
Author: Jay Shankar Singh,Shobhit Raj Vimal
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-04-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128204276

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Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems. The role of microbial interactions with crop plants which benefit agricultural productivity is also discussed. The book also includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants. This work provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions. Describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems Discusses the role of microbial interactions with crop plants and how it benefits of agricultural productivity Includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions

Bioremediation

Bioremediation
Author: Ram Naresh Bharagava,Sandhya Mishra,Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale,Rijuta Ganesh Saratale,Luiz Fernando Romanholo Ferreira
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2022-05-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000574845

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Environmental sustainability with rapid industrialization is one of the current major global challenges. Industries are the key drivers of the world economy. But they are also the major polluters of the environment due to the discharge of partially treated/untreated toxic and hazardous wastes containing organic and inorganic pollutants, which cause severe environmental (soil and water) pollution and toxic effects in living beings. So the adequate treatment of industrial wastes to degrade/detoxify pollutants is of the utmost importance for environmental safety and for promoting the sustainable development of our society with low environmental impacts. Bioremediation: Green Approaches for a Clean and Sustainable Environment showcases the latest information on the different bioremediation approaches used for the many types of industrial pollutants and are dedicated to environmental safety. This book provides a detailed knowledge about the natural as well as anthropogenic sources of different types of toxic pollutants, such as toxic metals, dyes, pesticides, petroleum hydrocarbons and plastics; their fate and transport into the environment; their ecotoxicological effects and health hazards; and different approaches used for their bioremediation for the environmental clean-up. Key Features: Covers the different aspects of environmental problems and their remedies with up-to-date developments in the field of bioremediation of industrial/environmental pollutants Serves as an invaluable source of knowledge for a wide range of students, scientists, and researchers in microbiology, biotechnology, environmental sciences with the fundamental and advanced knowledge about the environmental pollution, challenges, and bioremediation of toxic pollutants

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Author: Swati Joshi,Ashok Pandey,Ranjna Sirohi,Sung Hoon Park
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2022-04-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323885126

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Designer Microbial Cell Factories: Metabolic Engineering and Applications, the latest release in the Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering series, provides a detailed overview of the biotechnological approaches and strategies used to generate engineered microbes and to facilitate the acceleration, modulation and diversion of metabolic pathways to get desired output such as production of value-added compound or biodegradation of xenobiotic pollutant. The book also highlights applied aspects of designer microbes in fields as diverse as agriculture, pharmaceuticals and bioremediation. Designer microbes generated through reprogramming the microbial cell factories (MCFs) provide an edge over their natural counterparts in terms of increased molecular diversity and selective chemistry. These bugs are becoming instrumental in several areas, including agriculture, environment and human health. Engineering microbes through directed evolution not only gives freedom from evolutionary constrains but also allow introduction of regulated and foreseeable functions into MCFs. Dedicated to the designing of microbes, covering state-of-the-art technological advancements in the field Includes applications of metabolic engineering in the field of agriculture, bioremediation, value-added products, therapeutics, and more Contains chapters dedicated to innovative approaches surrounding engineered microbial consortia Provides comprehensive details and helps users understand concepts