Minds and Computers

Minds and Computers
Author: Matt Carter
Publsiher: Edinburgh University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2007-02-14
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780748629305

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Could a computer have a mind? What kind of machine would this be? Exactly what do we mean by 'mind' anyway?The notion of the 'intelligent' machine, whilst continuing to feature in numerous entertaining and frightening fictions, has also been the focus of a serious and dedicated research tradition. Reflecting on these fictions, and on the research tradition that pursues 'Artificial Intelligence', raises a number of vexing philosophical issues. Minds and Computers introduces readers to these issues by offering an engaging, coherent, and highly approachable interdisciplinary introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Readers are presented with introductory material from each of the disciplines which constitute Cognitive Science: Philosophy, Neuroscience, Psychology, Computer Science, and Linguistics. Throughout, readers are encouraged to consider the implications of this disparate and wide-ranging material for the possibility of developing machines with minds. And they can expect to de

Minds and Computers

Minds and Computers
Author: Matt Carter
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2007
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780748620999

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Could a computer have a mind? What kind of machine would this be? Exactly what do we mean by ‘mind’ anyway?The notion of the ‘intelligent’ machine, whilst continuing to feature in numerous entertaining and frightening fictions, has also been the focus of a serious and dedicated research tradition. Reflecting on these fictions, and on the research tradition that pursues ‘Artificial Intelligence’, raises a number of vexing philosophical issues. Minds and Computers introduces readers to these issues by offering an engaging, coherent, and highly approachable interdisciplinary introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence. Readers are presented with introductory material from each of the disciplines which constitute Cognitive Science: Philosophy, Neuroscience, Psychology, Computer Science, and Linguistics. Throughout, readers are encouraged to consider the implications of this disparate and wide-ranging material for the possibility of developing machines with minds. And they can expect to develop a foundation for philosophically responsible engagement with A.I., a sound understanding of Philosophy of Mind and of computational theory, and a good feel for cross-disciplinary analysis.Features:*A solid foundation in the Philosophy of Mind*A broadly interdisciplinary purview*A directed philosophical focus*A clear and accessible explanation of technical material with abundant exercises*A glossary of terms

Minds Brains and Computers

Minds  Brains  and Computers
Author: Ralph Morelli,W. Miller Brown,Dina Anselmi
Publsiher: Intellect Books
Total Pages: 246
Release: 1992
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0893917931

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The basic questions addressed in this book are: what is the computational nature of cognition, and what role does it play in language and other mental processes?; What are the main characteristics of contemporary computational paradigms for describing cognition and how do they differ from each other?; What are the prospects for building cognition and how do they differ from each other?; and what are the prospects for building an artificial intelligence?

Computers Brains and Minds

Computers  Brains and Minds
Author: P. Slezak,W.R. Albury
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9789400911819

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The institutionalization of History and Philosophy of Science as a distinct field of scholarly endeavour began comparatively early - though not always under that name - in the Australasian region. An initial lecturing appointment was made at the University of Melbourne imme diately after the Second World War, in 1946, and other appointments followed as the subject underwent an expansion during the 1950s and 1960s similar to that which took place in other parts of the world. Today there are major Departments at the University of Melbourne, the University of New South Wales and the University of Wollongong, and smaller groups active in many other parts of Australia and in New Zealand. "Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science" aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for Australian and New Zealand scholars working in the general area of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Each volume comprises a group of essays on a connected theme, edited by an Australian or a New Zealander with special expertise in that particular area. Papers address general issues, however, rather than local ones; parochial topics are avoided. Further more, though in each volume a majority of the contributors is from Australia or New Zealand, contributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out. Quite the reverse, in fact - they are actively encour aged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question.

Brain Mind and Computers

Brain  Mind  and Computers
Author: Stanley L. Jaki
Publsiher: Gateway Books
Total Pages: 267
Release: 1969
Genre: Artificial intelligence.
ISBN: UOM:39015002317744

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This work represents Dr. Jaki's rebuttal of contemporary claims about the existence of, or possibility for, man-made minds. His method includes a meticulously documtned survey of computer development, a review of the relevant results of brain research, and an evaluation of the accomplishments of physicalist schools in psychology, symbolic logic, and linguistics.

The Emperor s New Mind

The Emperor s New Mind
Author: Roger Penrose
Publsiher: Oxford Paperbacks
Total Pages: 602
Release: 1999-03-04
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0192861980

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Winner of the Wolf Prize for his contribution to our understanding of the universe, Penrose takes on the question of whether artificial intelligence will ever approach the intricacy of the human mind. 144 illustrations.

The Computer and the Mind

The Computer and the Mind
Author: Philip Nicholas Johnson-Laird
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 444
Release: 1988
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0674156161

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Briefly taces the history of cognitive science, looks at computational models of how the human mind works, and discusses visual perception, learning, memory, reasoning, and the formation of new ideas

i Minds

i Minds
Author: Mari K. Swingle
Publsiher: New Society Publishers
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-06-01
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781550926194

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Constant connectivity is rewiring our brains - this is your survival guide for the digital era Many of us would no more go out without our cell phone than we would leave the house without clothes. We live our lives on social media, and PDAs, tablets, computers and other devices are completely integrated into our global culture. From connectedness to accessibility and instant access to information, a wealth of benefits accompanies this digital revolution. But what about the cost? Weaving together history, popular literature, media and industry hype, sociology and psychology, and observations from over 18 years of clinical practice and research, Dr. Mari Swingle explores the pervasive influence of i-technology. Engaging and entertaining yet scientifically rigorous, i-Minds demonstrates: How constant connectivity is rapidly changing our brains What dangers are posed to children and adults alike in this brave, new world The positive steps we can take to embrace new technology while protecting our well-being and steering our future in a more human direction. This extraordinary book is a virtually indispensable look at a revolution where the only constant is change—food for thought about which aspects of technology we should embrace, what we should unequivocally reject, and the many facets of the digital era that we should now be debating.

Minds Brains and Computers

Minds  Brains  and Computers
Author: Robert Cummins,Denise D. Cummins
Publsiher: Blackwell Publishing
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2000-02-03
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 1557868778

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This work offers a selection of seminal papers on the foundations of cognitive science, from leading figures in artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy and cognitive psychology. Each category includes papers that show the conception in question, illustrate, interpret or criticise it.

Changing Minds

Changing Minds
Author: Andrea A. DiSessa
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2001
Genre: Education
ISBN: 0262541327

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How computer technology can transform science education for children.

The Biological Mind

The Biological Mind
Author: Alan Jasanoff
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2018-03-13
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781541644311

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A pioneering neuroscientist argues that we are more than our brains To many, the brain is the seat of personal identity and autonomy. But the way we talk about the brain is often rooted more in mystical conceptions of the soul than in scientific fact. This blinds us to the physical realities of mental function. We ignore bodily influences on our psychology, from chemicals in the blood to bacteria in the gut, and overlook the ways that the environment affects our behavior, via factors varying from subconscious sights and sounds to the weather. As a result, we alternately overestimate our capacity for free will or equate brains to inorganic machines like computers. But a brain is neither a soul nor an electrical network: it is a bodily organ, and it cannot be separated from its surroundings. Our selves aren't just inside our heads--they're spread throughout our bodies and beyond. Only once we come to terms with this can we grasp the true nature of our humanity.

Computer Models of Mind

Computer Models of Mind
Author: Margaret A. Boden,Department of Psychology Jeffrey Gray,Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry Michael Gelder
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 1988-04-29
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0521270332

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This book shows how computer models are used to study many psychological phenomena - including vision, language, reasoning, and learning.

Out of Their Minds

Out of Their Minds
Author: Clifford D. Simak
Publsiher: Open Road Media
Total Pages: 171
Release: 2015-07-21
Genre: Fiction
ISBN: 9781504013260

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A writer finds himself trapped in an isolated village where anything imagined becomes reality in this wildly inventive contemporary fantasy Hoping to write his book in quiet and seclusion, Horton Smith has returned home to Pilot Knob. Here, in the tiny village where he passed so many carefree childhood years, he is untroubled by the pressures of the big city and can freely answer the call of his muse. Of course, back in the city Horton didn’t have to run from dinosaurs. There were no cartoon hillbillies offering him moonshine, Don Quixote was content to confine himself to the pages of a book, and the Devil himself was not on Horton’s tail. Something very, very unusual is going on in Pilot Knob, and Horton Smith is determined to get to the bottom of it—if his own imagination doesn’t kill him first! In Out of Their Minds, science fiction Grand Master Clifford D. Simak changes gears, treating his readers to a delightfully satiric flight of fancy and fantasy. An award-winning author renowned for his remarkable visions of the future, Simak brings creatures and characters from humankind’s collective imagination to breathtaking life in this fast-moving and unforgettable tale.

Brain Computer Interfaces

Brain Computer Interfaces
Author: Desney S. Tan,Anton Nijholt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 277
Release: 2010-06-10
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781849962728

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For generations, humans have fantasized about the ability to create devices that can see into a person’s mind and thoughts, or to communicate and interact with machines through thought alone. Such ideas have long captured the imagination of humankind in the form of ancient myths and modern science fiction stories. Recent advances in cognitive neuroscience and brain imaging technologies have started to turn these myths into a reality, and are providing us with the ability to interface directly with the human brain. This ability is made possible through the use of sensors that monitor physical processes within the brain which correspond with certain forms of thought. Brain-Computer Interfaces: Applying our Minds to Human-Computer Interaction broadly surveys research in the Brain-Computer Interface domain. More specifically, each chapter articulates some of the challenges and opportunities for using brain sensing in Human-Computer Interaction work, as well as applying Human-Computer Interaction solutions to brain sensing work. For researchers with little or no expertise in neuroscience or brain sensing, the book provides background information to equip them to not only appreciate the state-of-the-art, but also ideally to engage in novel research. For expert Brain-Computer Interface researchers, the book introduces ideas that can help in the quest to interpret intentional brain control and develop the ultimate input device. It challenges researchers to further explore passive brain sensing to evaluate interfaces and feed into adaptive computing systems. Most importantly, the book will connect multiple communities allowing research to leverage their work and expertise and blaze into the future.

Minds Brains Computers

Minds  Brains  Computers
Author: Robert M. Harnish
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2001-10-08
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 0631212604

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Minds, Brains, Computers serves as both an historical and interdisciplinary introduction to the foundations of cognitive science.