Modelling and Mechanics of Carbon based Nanostructured Materials

Modelling and Mechanics of Carbon based Nanostructured Materials
Author: Duangkamon Baowan,Barry J Cox,Tamsyn A Hilder,James M Hill,Ngamta Thamwattana
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2017-02-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128124642

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Modelling and Mechanics of Carbon-based Nanostructured Materials sets out the principles of applied mathematical modeling in the topical area of nanotechnology. It is purposely designed to be self-contained, giving readers all the necessary modeling principles required for working with nanostructures. The unique physical properties observed at the nanoscale are often counterintuitive, sometimes astounding researchers and thus driving numerous investigations into their special properties and potential applications. Typically, existing research has been conducted through experimental studies and molecular dynamics simulations. This book goes beyond that to provide new avenues for study and review. Explores how modeling and mechanical principles are applied to better understand the behavior of carbon nanomaterials Clearly explains important models, such as the Lennard-Jones potential, in a carbon nanomaterials context Includes worked examples and exercises to help readers reinforce what they have read

Carbon Nanomaterials Modeling Design and Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials  Modeling  Design  and Applications
Author: Kun Zhou
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2019-07-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781351123563

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Carbon Nanomaterials: Modeling, Design, and Applications provides an in-depth review and analysis of the most popular carbon nanomaterials, including fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, graphene and novel carbon nanomaterial-based membranes and thin films, with emphasis on their modeling, design and applications. This book provides basic knowledge of the structures, properties and applications of carbon-based nanomaterials. It illustrates the fundamental structure-property relationships of the materials in both experimental and modeling aspects, offers technical guidance in computational simulation of nanomaterials, and delivers an extensive view on current achievements in research and practice, while presenting new possibilities in the design and usage of carbon nanomaterials. This book is aimed at both undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, designers, professors, and professionals within the fields of materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, applied physics, and chemical engineering.

Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics Glasses and Composites VIII

Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics  Glasses and Composites VIII
Author: Narottam P. Bansal,J. P. Singh,Hartmut Schneider
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 223
Release: 2012-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118407837

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The latest developments in ceramic, glass, and composites processing and characterization are covered in this volume. Included are papers from industry, academia, and research laboratories on the advances in basic science and technology and how these can be used to address technological issues faced by the industry.

Computational Materials Modeling and Simulation of Nanostructured Materials and Systems

Computational Materials  Modeling and Simulation of Nanostructured Materials and Systems
Author: Thomas S. Gates
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 20
Release: 2003
Genre: Composite materials
ISBN: NASA:31769000648173

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Approaches in Bioremediation

Approaches in Bioremediation
Author: Ram Prasad,Elisabet Aranda
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2018-12-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030023690

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Bioremediation refers to the clean‐up of pollution in soil, groundwater, surface water, and air using typically microbiological processes. It uses naturally occurring bacteria and fungi or plants to degrade, transform or detoxify hazardous substances to human health or the environment. For bioremediation to be effective, microorganisms must enzymatically attack the pollutants and convert them to harmless products. As bioremediation can be effective only where environmental conditions permit microbial growth and action, its application often involves the management of ecological factors to allow microbial growth and degradation to continue at a faster rate. Like other technologies, bioremediation has its limitations. Some contaminants, such as chlorinated organic or high aromatic hydrocarbons, are resistant to microbial attack. They are degraded either gradually or not at all, hence, it is not easy to envisage the rates of clean-up for bioremediation implementation. Bioremediation represents a field of great expansion due to the important development of new technologies. Among them, several decades on metagenomics expansion has led to the detection of autochthonous microbiota that plays a key role during transformation. Transcriptomic guides us to know the expression of key genes and proteomics allow the characterization of proteins that conduct specific reactions. In this book we show specific technologies applied in bioremediation of main interest for research in the field, with special attention on fungi, which have been poorly studied microorganisms. Finally, new approaches in the field, such as CRISPR-CAS9, are also discussed. Lastly, it introduces management strategies, such as bioremediation application for managing affected environment and bioremediation approaches. Examples of successful bioremediation applications are illustrated in radionuclide entrapment and retardation, soil stabilization and remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, plastics or fluorinated compounds. Other emerging bioremediation methods include electro bioremediation, microbe-availed phytoremediation, genetic recombinant technologies in enhancing plants in accumulation of inorganic metals, and metalloids as well as degradation of organic pollutants, protein-metabolic engineering to increase bioremediation efficiency, including nanotechnology applications are also discussed.

Modeling Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials

Modeling  Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials
Author: V Tewary,Y Zhang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2015-03-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782422358

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Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world

Carbon Based Nanomaterials for Advanced Thermal and Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion

Carbon Based Nanomaterials for Advanced Thermal and Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion
Author: Cheng-Te Lin,Yan Wang,Vinodkumar Etacheri,Rajib Paul
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2019-07-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128140840

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Carbon Based Nanomaterials for Advanced Thermal and Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion presents a comprehensive overview of recent theoretical and experimental developments and prospects on carbon-based nanomaterials for thermal, solar and electrochemical energy conversion, along with their storage applications for both laboratory and industrial perspectives. Large growth in human populations has led to seminal growth in global energy consumption, hence fossil fuel usage has increased, as have unwanted greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, which results in critical environmental concerns. This book discusses this growing problem, aligning carbon nanomaterials as a solution because of their structural diversity and electronic, thermal and mechanical properties. Provides an overview on state-of-the-art carbon nanomaterials and key requirements for applications of carbon materials towards efficient energy storage and conversion Presents an updated and comprehensive review of recent work and the theoretical aspects on electrochemistry Includes discussions on the industrial production of carbon-based materials for energy applications, along with insights from industrial experts

Thermal Behaviour and Applications of Carbon Based Nanomaterials

Thermal Behaviour and Applications of Carbon Based Nanomaterials
Author: Dimitrios V. Papavassiliou,Hai M. Duong,Feng Gong
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2020-04-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128176832

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Nanocomposites with Carbon-based nanofillers (e.g., carbon nanotubes, graphene sheets and nanoribbons etc.) form a class of extremely promising materials for thermal applications. In addition to exceptional material properties, the thermal conductivity of the carbon-based nanofillers can be higher than any other known material, suggesting the possibility to engineer nanocomposites that are both lightweight and durable, and have unique thermal properties. This potential is hindered by thermal boundary resistance (TBR) to heat transfer at the interface between nanoinclusions and the matrix, and by the difficulty to control the dispersion pattern and the orientation of the nanoinclusions. Thermal Behaviour and Applications of Carbon-Based Nanomaterials: Theory, Methods and Applications explores heat transfer in nanocomposites, discusses techniques predicting and modeling the thermal behavior of carbon nanocomposites at different scales, and methods for engineering applications of nanofluidics and heat transfer. The chapters combine theoretical explanation, experimental methods and computational analysis to show how carbon-based nanomaterials are being used to optimise heat transfer. The applications-focused emphasis of this book makes it a valuable resource for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about nanoscale heat transfer. Offers an informed overview of how carbon nanomaterials are currently used for nanoscale heat transfer Discusses the major applications of carbon nanomaterials for heat transfer in a variety of industry sectors Details the major computational methods for the analysis of the thermal properties of carbon nanomaterials