Modelling Simulation and Control of the Dyeing Process

Modelling  Simulation and Control of the Dyeing Process
Author: R. Shamey,X. Zhao
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2014-08-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097583

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With increased environmental awareness and rising costs, manufacturers are investing in real time monitoring and control of dyeing to increase its efficiency and quality. This book reviews ways of automating the dyeing process as well as ways of understanding key processes in dyeing, including dye transport in fluid systems. This understanding is then used to create models to simulate the dyeing process which can then be used to develop appropriate measurement and control systems. Control of variables such as temperature, pH, conductivity and dye concentration can then be used to ensure a more consistent and cost-effective dyeing process. Reviews the dyeing process and dye house automation, and the factors that affect dyeing quality and common difficulties in the process. Explains the principles underlying the dyeing process and provides a thorough understanding of the mathematical models that can be used to approximate it. Discusses techniques for monitoring dyebaths and controlling the dyeing process.

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing
Author: Abhijit Majumdar,Apurba Das,R Alagirusamy,V K Kothari
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2012-11-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857095633

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Complex raw materials and manufacturing processes mean the textile industry is particularly dependent on good process control to produce high and consistent product quality. Monitoring and controlling process variables during the textile manufacturing process also minimises waste, costs and environmental impact. Process control in textile manufacturing provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods. Part one introduces key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing. Testing and statistical quality control are also discussed before part two goes on to consider control in fibre production and yarn manufacture. Chapters review process and quality control in natural and synthetic textile fibre cultivation, blowroom, carding, drawing and combing. Process control in ring and rotor spinning and maintenance of yarn spinning machines are also discussed. Finally part three explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a final discussion of process control in apparel manufacturing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Process control in textile manufacturing is an essential guide for textile engineers and manufacturers involved in the processing of textiles, as well as academic researchers in this field. Provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods Discusses key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing, before addressing testing and statistical quality control Explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a discussion on process control in apparel manufacturing

Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering

Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering
Author: Nicholus Tayari Akankwasa,Dieter Veit
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2021-03-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128229552

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Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering: New Concepts, Methods, and Applications explains the advanced principles and techniques that can be used to solve textile engineering problems using numerical modeling and simulation. The book draws on innovative research and industry practice to explain methods for the modeling of all of these processes, helping readers apply computational power to more areas of textile engineering. Experimental results are presented and linked closely to processes and methods of implementation. Diverse concepts such as heat transfer, fluid dynamics, three-dimensional motion, and multi-phase flow are addressed. Finally, tools, theoretical principles, and numerical models are extensively covered. Textile engineering involves complex processes which are not easily expressed numerically or simulated, such as fiber motion simulation, yarn to fiber formation, melt spinning technology, optimization of yarn production, textile machinery design and optimization, and modeling of textile/fabric reinforcements. Provides new approaches and techniques to simulate a wide range of textile processes from geometry to manufacturing Includes coverage of detailed mathematical methods for textiles, including neural networks, genetic algorithms, and the finite element method Addresses modeling techniques for many different phenomena, including heat transfer, fluid dynamics and multi-phase flow

Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour

Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour
Author: Xiaogang Chen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2009-11-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845697211

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The textile industry can experience a vast array of problems. Modelling represents a group of techniques that have been widely used to explore the nature of these problems, it can highlight the mechanisms involved and lead to predictions of the textile behaviour. This book provides an overview of how textile modelling techniques can be used successfully within the textile industry for solving various problems. The first group of chapters reviews the different types of models and methods available for predicting textile structures and behaviour. Chapters include modelling of yarn, woven and nonwoven materials. The second group of chapters presents a selection of case studies, expressing the strengths and limitations and how various models are applied in specific applications. Case studies such as modelling colour properties for textiles and modelling, simulation and control of textile dyeing are discussed. With its distinguished editor and international range of contributors, Modelling and predicting textile behaviour is essential reading material for textile technologists, fibre scientists and textile engineers. It will also be beneficial for academics researching this important area. Provides an overview of the different types of models and methods that can be used successfully within the textile industry Reviews the structural hierarchy in textile materials fundamental to the modelling of textile fibrous structures Assesses the strengths and weaknesses of different textile models and how specific models are applied in different situations

Dyes and Pigments

Dyes and Pigments
Author: Ahmet Gürses,Metin Açıkyıldız,Kübra Güneş,M. Sadi Gürses
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 83
Release: 2016-05-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319338927

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In this book the authors go back to basics to describe the structural differences between dyes and pigments, their mechanisms of action, properties and applications. They set the scene by explaining the reasons behind these differences and show how dyes are predominately organic compounds that dissolve or react with substrates, whereas pigments are (predominantly) finely ground inorganic substances that are insoluble and therefore have a different mode of coloring. They also describe the role of functional groups and their effect on dyeing ability, contrasting this with the way in which pigments cause surface reflection (or light absorption) depending on their chemical and crystalline structure and relative particle size. The book explores the environmental impact of dyes in a section that covers the physical, chemical, toxicological, and ecological properties of dyes and how these are used to assess their effect on the environment and to estimate whether a given product presents a potential hazard. Lastly, it assesses how, in addition to their traditional uses in the textile, leather, paper, paint and varnish industries, dyes and pigments are indispensable in other fields such as microelectronics, medical diagnostics, and in information recording techniques.

Green Fashion

Green Fashion
Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Miguel Angel Gardetti
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2015-12-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811001116

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This book deals with the important aspects of green fashion including​ Animal Welfare in Ethical Fashion, ​Sustainable Processing of Textiles, Sustainable design case studies, Wool Composting, Consumer behaviour in sustainable clothing market, industrial case studies related to green fashion, etc.

Design of Clothing Manufacturing Processes

Design of Clothing Manufacturing Processes
Author: Jelka Geršak
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-07-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097835

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The era of mass manufacturing of clothing and other textile products is coming to an end; what is emerging is a post-industrial production system that is able to achieve the goal of mass-customised, low volume production, where the conventional borders between product design, production and user are beginning to merge. To continue developing knowledge on how to design better products and services, we need to design better clothing manufacturing processes grounded in science, technology, and management to help the clothing industry to compete more effectively. Design of clothing manufacturing processes reviews key issues in the design of more rapid, integrated and flexible clothing manufacturing processes. The eight chapters of the book provide a detailed coverage of the design of clothing manufacturing processes using a systematic approach to planning, scheduling and control. The book starts with an overview of standardised clothing classification systems and terminologies for individual clothing types. Chapter 2 explores the development of standardised sizing systems. Chapter 3 reviews the key issues in the development of a garment collection. Chapters 4 to 7 discuss particular aspects of clothing production, ranging from planning and organization to monitoring and control. Finally, chapter 8 provides an overview of common quality requirements for clothing textile materials. Design of clothing manufacturing processes is intended for R&D managers, researchers, technologists and designers throughout the clothing industry, as well as academic researchers in the field of clothing design, engineering and other aspects of clothing production. Considers in detail the design of sizing and classification systems Discusses the planning required in all aspects of clothing production from design and pattern making to manufacture Overviews the management of clothing production and material quality requirements

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles
Author: M. L. Gulrajani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2013-02-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097613

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The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

Natural Dyes for Textiles

Natural Dyes for Textiles
Author: Padma Shree Vankar
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2017-06-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081018842

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Natural Dyes for Textiles: Sources, Chemistry and Applications is an in-depth guide to natural dyes, offering complete and practical coverage of the whole dyeing process from source selection to post-treatments. The book identifies plants with high dye content that are viable for commercial use, and provides valuable quantitative information regarding extraction and fastness properties, to aid dye selection. The book presents newer natural dyes in detail, according to their suitability for cotton fabrics, silk fabrics, and wool yarn, before describing the application of each dye. Extraction of plant parts for isolation of colorants, chromatographic techniques for separation, spectroscopic analysis of the isolated colorants, structure elucidation, biomordanting, pretreatments, and post-treatments, are also covered. Prepared by an expert author with many years of experience in researching and writing on natural textile dyes, this book is an important resource for academic researchers, post-graduate students, textile manufacturers, technicians, dye practitioners, and those involved in textile dye research and development. Written by an expert author with many years of experience in researching and writing on natural textile dyes Provides quantitative information about extraction and fastness properties that will be valuable to those involved in dye selection Offers complete and practical coverage of the whole dyeing process from source selection to post-treatments

Development in Wastewater Treatment Research and Processes

Development in Wastewater Treatment Research and Processes
Author: Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Maulin P. Shah,Jayanta Kumar Biswas
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 722
Release: 2021-09-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323900119

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Removal of Emerging Contaminants from Wastewater through Bio-nanotechnology showcases profiles of the nonregulated contaminants termed as “emerging contaminants, which comprise industrial and household persistent toxic chemicals, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), pesticides, surfactants and surfactant residues, plasticizers and industrial additives, manufactured nanomaterials and nanoparticles, microplastics, etc. that are used extensively in everyday life. The occurrence of “emerging contaminants in wastewater, and their behavior during wastewater treatment and production of drinking water are key issues in the reuse and recycling of water resources. This book focuses on the exploitation of Nano-biotechnology inclusive of the state-of-the-art remediate strategies to degrade/detoxify/stabilize toxic and hazardous contaminants and restore contaminated sites, which is not as comprehensively discussed in the existing titles on similar topics available in the global market. In addition, it discusses the potential environmental and health hazards and ecotoxicity associated with the widespread distribution of emerging contaminants in the water bodies. It also considers the life cycle assessment (LCA) of emerging (micro)-pollutants with suitable case studies from various industrial sources. Provides natural and ecofriendly solutions to deal with the problem of pollution Details underlying mechanisms of nanotechnology-associated microbes for the removal of emerging contaminants Describes numerous successful field studies on the application of bio-nanotechnology for eco-restoration of contaminated sites Presents recent advances and challenges in bio-nanotechnology research and applications for sustainable development Provides authoritative contributions on the diverse aspects of bio-nanotechnology by world’s leading experts

Silk

Silk
Author: K. Murugesh Babu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2013-07-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782421580

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Silk is a natural, environmentally-friendly fibre with a remarkable range of properties, making it ideal for use in apparel and many other applications. Silk: Processing, properties and applications provides an authoritative reference on sericulture, silk fabric processing, silk properties and its applications. The book begins by looking at key aspects of sericulture, including the range of mulberry and non-mulberry species of silk worm, early and late stage rearing and harvesting of cocoons. Further chapters discuss reeling, weaving and spinning techniques as well as dyeing. The book also discusses the physical and chemical structure of silk as well as its mechanical and thermal properties. Concluding chapters discuss developments in applications and the properties of spider silk. Silk: Processing, properties and applications is useful for textile technologists, fibre scientists and all those with an interest in the characteristics of silk, its production and the varied uses of this important fibre. Provides an in-depth summary of silk production, properties and structure-property relationships Examines the future of silk, including its application in the textile, biomedical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries Provides an authoritative reference on sericulture, silk fabric processing, silk properties and its applications

Biotextiles as Medical Implants

Biotextiles as Medical Implants
Author: M W King,B S Gupta,R Guidoin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2013-10-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857095602

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Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems. This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines. Provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants Addresses the technologies used and discusses the manufacture, properties and types of biotextiles Examines applications of biotextiles as medical implants, including drug delivery systems and stent grafts and percutaneous heart valves

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles
Author: F. Selcen Kilinc
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2013-05-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857098931

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Given its importance to consumer safety, fire resistant textiles are one of the fastest growing sectors in industrial textiles. Handbook of fire resistant textiles provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years. It draws together scientific and technical expertise from around the world to produce an important source of current knowledge on fire resistant textiles and their use for protection in hostile environments. Part one provides an overview of fire resistant textiles. Chapters discuss burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers, chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy, multi-component flame resistant coating techniques for textiles, care and maintenance of fire resistant textiles, along with the safety, health and environmental aspects of flame retardants. Part two covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens. Part three reviews standards, regulations, and characterization of fire resistant textiles. Part four includes case studies of major applications of fire resistant textiles. The Handbook of fire resistant textiles is an invaluable resource for a broad spectrum of professionals in the textiles and apparel industries, including textile and garment manufacturers, engineers, researchers, designers, developers and buyers. Provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years Discusses burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers and chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy Covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens

Fashion Supply Chain Management Using Radio Frequency Identification RFID Technologies

Fashion Supply Chain Management Using Radio Frequency Identification  RFID  Technologies
Author: Calvin Wong,Z. X. Guo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2014-02-16
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780857098115

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Fashion Supply Chain Management Using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technologies looks at the application of RFID technologies in such areas as order allocation, garment manufacturing, product tracking, distribution and retail. As supply chains in the textiles and fashion industry become ever more complex and global, and as the shift to mass customization puts more pressure on a rapid and flexible response to customer needs, monitoring and improving supply chain efficiency in the industry becomes crucial. Radio frequency identification (RFID) technologies offer a unique opportunity to achieve these goals. This book reviews the role of RFID technologies in the textiles and fashion supply chain to improve distribution, process management and product tracking, garment manufacturing, and assembly line operations. It also explores how RFID technologies can improve order allocation in the supply chain, and how these technologies can also be used for intelligent apparel product cross-selling. Its chapters also discuss measuring the impact of RFID technologies in improving the efficiency of the textile supply chain, and modeling the effectiveness of RFID technologies in improving sales performance in fashion retail outlets. Fashion Supply Chain Management Using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technologies is a comprehensive resource for academic researchers, industry managers, and professionals within the fashion industry. Looks at the application of RFID technologies in order allocation, garment manufacturing, product tracking, distribution, and retail Reviews RFID technologies in the textiles and fashion supply chain for improving distribution, process management and product tracking, garment manufacturing, and assembly line operations Focuses on measuring the impact of RFID technologies on efficiency, and modeling the effectiveness of RFID technologies in improving retail outlet sales

Electrospun Nanofibers

Electrospun Nanofibers
Author: Mehdi Afshari
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2016-09-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081009116

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Electrospun Nanofibers covers advances in the electrospinning process including characterization, testing and modeling of electrospun nanofibers, and electrospinning for particular fiber types and applications. Electrospun Nanofibers offers systematic and comprehensive coverage for academic researchers, industry professionals, and postgraduate students working in the field of fiber science. Electrospinning is the most commercially successful process for the production of nanofibers and rising demand is driving research and development in this field. Rapid progress is being made both in terms of the electrospinning process and in the production of nanofibers with superior chemical and physical properties. Electrospinning is becoming more efficient and more specialized in order to produce particular fiber types such as bicomponent and composite fibers, patterned and 3D nanofibers, carbon nanofibers and nanotubes, and nanofibers derived from chitosan. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the manufacture, properties, and applications of nanofibers Covers recent developments in nanofibers materials including electrospinning of bicomponent, chitosan, carbon, and conductive fibers Brings together expertise from academia and industry to provide comprehensive, up-to-date information on nanofiber research and development Offers systematic and comprehensive coverage for academic researchers, industry professionals, and postgraduate students working in the field of fiber science