Nanocoatings and Ultra Thin Films

Nanocoatings and Ultra Thin Films
Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,I Tiginyanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2011-09-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780857094902

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Coatings are used for a wide range of applications, from anti-fogging coatings for glass through to corrosion control in the aerospace and automotive industries. Nanocoatings and ultra-thin films provides an up-to-date review of the fundamentals, processes of deposition, characterisation and applications of nanocoatings. Part one covers technologies used in the creation and analysis of thin films, including chapters on current and advanced coating technologies in industry, nanostructured thin films from amphiphilic molecules, chemical and physical vapour deposition methods and methods for analysing nanocoatings and ultra-thin films. Part two focuses on the applications of nanocoatings and ultra-thin films, with chapters covering topics such as nanocoatings for architectural glass, packaging applications, conventional and smart nanocoatings for corrosion protection in aerospace engineering and ultra-thin membranes for sensor applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Nanocoatings and ultra-thin films is an essential reference for professional engineers in the glazing, consctruction, electronics and transport industries, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the field. Provides an up-to-date review of the fundamentals, processes of deposition, characterisation and applications of nanocoatings Focuses on the applications of nanocoatings and ultra-thin films, covering topics such as nanocoatings for architectural glass, packaging applications and ultra-thin membranes for sensor applications Includes chapters on current and advanced coating technologies in industry, nanostructured thin films from amphiphilic molecules, chemical and physical vapour deposition methods and methods for analysing nanocoatings and ultra-thin films

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures
Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2018-03-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128135167

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Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architecture Nanostructures: Current Prospects and Future Trends discusses the most important current applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in a comprehensive, detailed manner. The book covers major applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual shapes and high surface areas. In particular, coverage is given to applications in aerospace, automotive, batteries, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, cosmetics, and more. In addition, the book discusses the future of research in these areas. This is a valuable reference for both materials scientists, chemical and mechanical engineers working both in R&D and academia who want to learn more on how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are commercially applied. Provides an in-depth look at the properties of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in terms of their applicability for industrial uses Analyzes the most recent advances and industrial applications of different types of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual structures and compositions Identifies novel nanometric particles and architectures that are of particular value for applications and the techniques required to use them effectively

Advances In Smart Coatings And Thin Films For Future Industrial and Biomedical Engineering Applications

Advances In Smart Coatings And Thin Films For Future Industrial and Biomedical Engineering Applications
Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Nedal Yusuf Abu-Thabit
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2019-10-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128118931

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Advances In Smart Coatings And Thin Films For Future Industrial and Biomedical Engineering Applications discusses in detail, the recent trends in designing, fabricating and manufacturing of smart coatings and thin films for future high-tech. industrial applications related to transportation, aerospace and biomedical engineering. Chapters cover fundamental aspects and diverse approaches used to fabricate smart self-healing anti-corrosion coatings, shape-memory coatings, polymeric and nano-bio-ceramic cotings, bio-inspired and stimuli-responsive coatings for smart surfaces with antibacterial activkity and controlled wettability, and electrically conductive coatings and their emerging applications. With the emphasis on advanced methodologies and recent emerging applications of smart multifunctional coatings and thin films, this book is essential reading for materials scientists and rsearchers working in chemical sciences, advanced materials, sensors, pharmaceutical and biomedical engineering. Discusses the most recent advances and innovations in smart multifunctional coatings and thin films in the transportation, aerospace and biomedical engineering industries Highlights the synthesis methods, processing, testing and characterization of smart coatings and thin films Reviews the current prospects and future trends within the industry

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
Author: Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Mahdi Yeganeh,Yongxin Li
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2020-03-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128193600

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Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale. Explains the main methods of detection, monitoring, testing, measurement and simulation of corrosion at the nanoscale Explores how metals can be protected at the nanoscale using nanotechnology and nanomaterials Discusses the major challenges of detecting and preventing corrosion at the nanoscale

Advances in Thin Films Nanostructured Materials and Coatings

Advances in Thin Films  Nanostructured Materials  and Coatings
Author: Alexander D. Pogrebnjak,Valentine Novosad
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2019-02-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811361333

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This book highlights the latest advances in chemical and physical methods for thin-film deposition and surface engineering, including ion- and plasma-assisted processes, focusing on explaining the synthesis/processing–structure–properties relationship for a variety of thin-film systems. It covers topics such as advances in thin-film synthesis; new thin-film materials: diamond-like films, granular alloys, high-entropy alloys, oxynitrides, and intermetallic compounds; ultra-hard, wear- and oxidation-resistant and multifunctional coatings; superconducting, magnetic, semiconducting, and dielectric films; electrochemical and electroless depositions; thin-film characterization and instrumentation; and industrial applications.

Nanotechnology in the Automotive Industry

Nanotechnology in the Automotive Industry
Author: Huaihe Song,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Ghulam Yasin,Nakshatra Bahadur Singh,Ram K. Gupta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 860
Release: 2022-04-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323905268

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Nanotechnology in the Automotive Industry explores how nanotechnology and nanomaterials are used to enhance the performance of materials and devices for automotive application by fabricating nano-alloys, nanocomposites, nano coatings, nanodevices, nanocatalysts and nanosensors. Consisting of 36 chapters in 6 parts, this new volume in the Micro and Nano Technologies series is for materials scientists, nanotechnologists and automotive engineers working with nanotechnology and nanomaterials for automotive applications. Nanotechnology is seen as one of the core technologies for the future automotive industry to sustain competitiveness. The benefits that nanotechnology brings to the automotive sector include stronger and lighter materials for increased safety and reduced fuel consumption, improved engine performance and fuel consumption for gasoline powered vehicles due to nanocatalysts, fuel additives and lubricants, and more. Discusses various approaches and techniques such as nanoalloys, nanocomposites, nanocoatings, nanodevices, nanocatalysts and nanosensors used in modern vehicles Presents the challenges and future of automotive materials Explores how nanotechnology and nanomaterials are used to enhance the performance of materials and devices for automotive applications

Polymeric Nanomaterials in Nanotherapeutics

Polymeric Nanomaterials in Nanotherapeutics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2018-10-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128139332

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Polymeric Nanomaterials in Nanotherapeutics describes how polymeric nanosensors and nanorobotics are used for biomedical instrumentation, surgery, diagnosis and targeted drug delivery for cancer, pharmacokinetics, monitoring of diabetes and healthcare. Key areas of coverage include drug administration and formulations for targeted delivery and release of active agents (drug molecules) to non-healthy tissues and cells. The book demonstrates how these are applied to dental work, wound healing, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative disorders, infectious diseases, chronic inflammatory diseases, metabolic diseases, and more. Methods of administration discussed include oral, dental, topical and transdermal, pulmonary and nasal, ocular, vaginal, and brain drug delivery and targeting. Drug delivery topics treated in several subchapters includes materials for active targeting and cases study of polymeric nanomaterials in clinical trials. The toxicity and regulatory status of therapeutic polymeric nanomaterials are also examined. The book gives a broad perspective on the topic for researchers, postgraduate students and professionals in the biomaterials, biotechnology, and biomedical fields. Shows how the properties of polymeric nanomaterials can be used to create more efficient medical treatments/therapies Demonstrates the potential and range of applications of polymeric nanomaterials in disease prevention, diagnosis, drug development, and for improving treatment outcomes Accurately explains how nanotherapeutics can help in solving problems in the field through the latest technologies and formulations

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications
Author: Hélder A. Santos
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 644
Release: 2021-10-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128225240

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Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications, Second Edition, provides an updated guide to the diverse range of biomedical applications of porous silicon, from biosensing and imaging to tissue engineering and cancer therapy. Across biomedical disciplines, there is an ongoing search for biomaterials that are biocompatible, modifiable, structurally sound, and versatile. Porous silicon possesses a range of properties that make it ideal for a variety of biomedical applications, such as controllable geometry, tunable nanoporous structure, large pore volume/high specific surface area, and versatile surface chemistry. This book provides a fully updated and detailed overview of the range of biomedical applications for porous silicon. Part One offers the reader a helpful insight into the fundamentals and beneficial properties of porous silicon, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein modification, and biocompatibility. The book then builds on the systematic detailing of each biomedical application using porous silicon, from bioimaging and sensing to drug delivery and tissue engineering. This new edition also includes new chapters on in-vivo assessment of porous silicon, photodynamic and photothermal therapy, micro- and nanoneedles, Raman imaging, cancer immunotherapy, and more. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications, Second Edition, is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in this field. Reviews the fundamental aspects of porous silicon, including the fabrication and unique properties of this useful material. Discusses a broad selection of biomedical applications, offering a detailed insight into the benefits of porous silicon in both research and clinical settings. Includes fully updated content from the previous edition, as well as brand new chapters, covering topics such as porous silicon micro- and nanoneedles, and cancer immunotherapy.

Antimicrobial Food Packaging

Antimicrobial Food Packaging
Author: Jorge Barros-Velazquez
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 676
Release: 2015-12-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128008102

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Antimicrobial Food Packaging takes an interdisciplinary approach to provide a complete and robust understanding of packaging from some of the most well-known international experts. This practical reference provides basic information and practical applications for the potential uses of various films in food packaging, describes the different types of microbial targets (fungal, bacteria, etc.), and focuses on the applicability of techniques to industry. Tactics on the monitoring of microbial activity that use antimicrobial packaging detection of food borne pathogens, the use of biosensors, and testing antimicrobial susceptibility are also included, along with food safety and good manufacturing practices. The book aims to curtail the development of microbiological contamination of food through anti-microbial packaging to improve the safety in the food supply chain. Presents the science behind anti-microbial packaging and films reflecting advancements in chemistry, microbiology, and food science Includes the most up-to-date information on regulatory aspects, consumer acceptance, research trends, cost analysis, risk analysis and quality control Discusses the uses of natural and unnatural compounds for food safety and defense

Bionanocomposites

Bionanocomposites
Author: Khalid Mahmod Zia,Farukh Jabeen,Muhammad Naveed Anjum,Saiqa Ikram
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2020-06-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128168905

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Bionanocomposites: Green Synthesis and Applications provides an in-depth study on the synthesis of a variety of bionanocomposites from different types of raw materials. In addition, the book offers an overview on the synthesis and applications of environmentally friendly bionanocomposites, with an emphasis on bionanocomposites of natural products. Final sections focus on various characterization techniques, their production, and the future prospects of sustainable bionanocomposites. Outlines the major characterization methods and processing techniques for bionanocomposites Explores how bionanocomopsites are being used to design new projects in medicine and environmental engineering Discusses how the properties of a variety of bionanocomposite classes make them suitable for particular industrial applications

Self Lubricating Composites

Self Lubricating Composites
Author: Pradeep L. Menezes,Pradeep K. Rohatgi,Emad Omrani
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2018-06-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662565285

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In most tribological applications, liquid or grease based lubricants are used to facilitate the relative motion of solid bodies to minimize friction and wear between interacting surfaces. The challenges for liquid lubricants arise in extreme environmental conditions, such as very high or low temperatures, vacuum, radiation, and extreme contact pressure. At these conditions, solid lubricants may be the alternative choice which can help to decrease friction and wear without incorporating liquid lubricants. Challenges with solid lubricants are to maintain a continuous supply of solid lubricants on the contact surfaces to act as lubricous layer between two sliding surfaces. Such a continuous supply of solid lubricant is more easily maintained in the case of liquid lubricants when compared to solid lubricants. The most innovative development to ensure a continuous supply of solid lubricant to the contact surface during sliding is to introduce solid lubricant as reinforcement into the matrix of one of the sliding components. Composite materials are engineered or naturally occurring materials which contain two or more distinct constituents with significantly different chemical, physical and mechanical properties. Composites consist of reinforcement and matrix (metal, polymer and ceramics). Among various reinforcements, recent emerging material, solid lubricant, is found to have many favorable attributes such as good self-lubricant property. Self‐lubrication is the ability of material to transfer embedded solid lubricants to the contact surface to decrease wear rate and friction in the absence of an external lubricant. Self-lubricating metal matrix composites (SLMMCs) are an important category of engineering materials that are increasingly replacing a number of conventional materials in the automotive, aerospace, and marine industries due to superior tribological properties. In SLMMCs, solid lubricant materials including carbonous materials, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) are embedded into the metal matrices as reinforcements to manufacture a novel material with attractive self-lubricating properties. Several studies have been investigated the tribological properties of self-lubricating materials. This book fills that gap to have a reference book about self-lubricating materials and their properties to help scientists, engineers, and industries. This book will try to discuss technically about self-lubricating materials and their properties and the applications for industries. The chapters will be written by authoritative expertise in the field. Additionally, this book will demonstrate fundamental study and most advanced innovations in self-lubricating materials as regards to friction and wear. The chapters also include tribological properties of composites and coatings and some practical application of self-lubricating materials.

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Refractory Alloys

Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Refractory Alloys
Author: Anshuman Patra
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2022-05-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000580556

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Refractory metals such as W, Mo, Ta, Nb, and Re have immense potential for application in plasma-facing materials in nuclear reactors, defense materials, aviation counterweights, heating elements in furnaces, and so forth. This book presents a wide perspective of oxide dispersion strengthened refractory alloys fabrication and critical properties. It provides a comprehensive road map for an appropriate basis for alloy design, process parameter selection, fabrication route, and deformation behavior for oxide dispersion strengthened refractory alloys. It further covers achievement of application-oriented properties and critical process-regulating parameters for development of sustainable materials. Features: Covers development of oxide dispersion strengthened sustainable material to withstand high-temperature environments Describes stimulating application-oriented final mechanical properties Illustrates fabrication of alloys through effective route to achieve desired properties Presents in-depth explanation of deformation behavior at ambient and high temperatures Explores critical applications of the alloys in nuclear reactors, defense, and aviation sectors Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Refractory Alloys will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in high-temperature materials, mechanics, metallurgy, powder metallurgy, and physical metallurgy.

Progress In Layered Double Hydroxides From Synthesis To New Applications

Progress In Layered Double Hydroxides  From Synthesis To New Applications
Author: Umberto Costantino,Morena Nocchetti
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2022-02-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811240621

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Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH) are two-dimensional materials with unique physiochemical properties, which enable their use in a wide range of applications such as catalysis, biomaterials, energy, filler of polymeric composites, and water remediation.This book addresses basic aspects of LDH as the implementations in the methodologies based on density functional theory (DFT) to understand the properties and applications of LDHs, the synthetic methods to prepare LDHs and LDH based core-shell structures, and the swelling and exfoliation behaviors of LDH compounds. A relevant part of the book is devoted to consolidated and emerging applications of LDHs as catalysts in photocatalysis, electrocatalysis and water oxidation processes, as biomaterials and as functional fillers in food packaging. New advances on LDH are described with a keen eye on the past research.

Functional and Physical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites

Functional and Physical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author: Aravind Dasari,James Njuguna
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2016-03-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118542309

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The first book to extensively cover nanoparticles, this addresses some of the key issues in nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites (polymers reinforced with nanoparticles), are of great interest due to their remarkable mechanical, thermal, chemical properties as well as optical, electronic, and magnetic applications Potential applications include automobile body parts, high-barrier packaging materials, flame-retardants, scratch-resistant composites, and biodegradable nanocomposites Combines basic theory as well as advanced and in-depth knowledge of these properties Broad audience includes researchers in Materials Science, Physics, Polymer Chemistry, and Engineering, and those in industry

Biopolymeric Nanomaterials

Biopolymeric Nanomaterials
Author: Shamsher S. Kanwar,Ashok Kumar,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Swati Sharma,Yassine Slimani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2021-09-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323853286

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Biopolymeric Nanomaterials: Fundamentals and Applications outlines the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of biopolymeric nanomaterials. The book also provides information on emerging applications of biopolymeric nanomaterials, including in biomedicine, manufacturing and water purification, as well as assessing their physical, chemical and biological properties. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and biomedical scientists who are seeking to increase their understanding of how polymeric nanomaterials are being used for a range of biomedical and industrial applications. Biopolymeric nanomaterials refer to biocompatible nanomaterials, consisting of biopolymers, such as protein (silk, collagen, gelatin, ß-casein, zein, and albumin), protein-mimicked polypeptides and polysaccharides (chitosan, alginate, pullulan, starch, and heparin). Biopolymeric nanomaterials may be used as i) delivery systems for bioactive compounds in food application, (ii) for delivery of therapeutic molecules (drugs and genes), or for (iii) tissue engineering. Provides information on the design concepts and synthesis of biopolymeric nanomaterials in biomedical and industrial applications Highlights the major properties and processing methods for biopolymeric nanomaterials Assesses the major challenges of producing biopolymeric nanomaterials on an industrial scale