Nanomaterials Based Electrochemical Sensors Properties Applications and Recent Advances

Nanomaterials Based Electrochemical Sensors  Properties  Applications and Recent Advances
Author: Awais Ahmad,Francis Verpoort,Anish Khan,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Shafaqat Ali
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2022-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128225134

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As opposed to conventional electrochemical sensors, nanomaterials-based sensors are active and effective in their action with even a minute concentration of analyte. A number of research studies are bringing about an evolution in their development and advancement because of their unique and effective properties. Nanoscale electrochemical sensors have applications in almost every field of life including the detection of neurochemicals, heavy metals, energy components, body fluids, biological matrices, cancer relevant biomolecules, aromatic hydrocarbons, also in playing their role in food science because of their capability in providing quality control and safety. There is a need to develop these nanomaterials-based electrochemical sensors to be more widely available for accurate sensing of minute concentrations especially in the case of heavy metal detection, biofluids, and other biomaterials. This book outlines the major preparation, fabrication and manufacture of nanomaterials-based electrochemical sensors, as well as detailing their principle medical, environmental and industrial applications in an effort to meet this need. This book is a valuable reference source for materials scientists, engineers, electrochemists, environmental engineers and biomedical engineers who want to understand how nanomaterials-based electrochemical sensors are made, and how they are used. Explains the techniques used for the fabrication and manufacture of nanomaterials-based electrochemical sensors Discusses the major applications of nanomaterials-based electrochemical sensors in biomedicine and environmental science Assesses the potential toxicity and other challenges associated with using nanomaterials-based electrochemical sensors

Functionalized Nanomaterial Based Electrochemical Sensors

Functionalized Nanomaterial Based Electrochemical Sensors
Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Jamballi G. Manjunatha
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2022-01-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128241851

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Functionalized Nanomaterial-Based Electrochemical Sensors: Principles, Fabrication Methods, and Applications provides a comprehensive overview of materials, functionalized interfaces, fabrication strategies and application areas. Special attention is given to the remaining challenges and opportunities for commercial realization of functionalized nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors. An assortment of nanomaterials has been investigated for their incorporation into electrochemical sensors. For example, carbon- based nanomaterials (carbon nanotube, graphene and carbon fiber), noble metals (Au, Ag and Pt), polymers (nafion, polypyrrole) and non-noble metal oxides (Fe2O3, NiO, and Co3O4). The most relevant materials are discussed in the book with an emphasis on their evaluation of their realization in commercial applications. Application areas touched on include the environment, food and medicine industries. Health, safety and regulation considerations are touched on, along with economic and commercialization trends. Introduces the principles of nanomaterials for electrochemical sensing applications Reviews the most relevant fabrication strategies for functionalized nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensing platforms Discusses considerations for the commercial realization of functionalized nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors in the environment, food and point-of-care applications

Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Sensing and Biosensing

Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Sensing and Biosensing
Author: Martin Pumera
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2016-04-19
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789814364911

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Nanotechnology brings new possibilities for the development of sensors, biosensors, and novel electrochemical bioassays. Nanoscale materials have been extensively used in a wide variety of configurations — as electrode surfaces to promote electrochemical reaction, as "wires" to enzymes connecting their redox centers to electrode surface, as nanobarcodes for biomolecules, or as tags to amplify the signal of a biorecognition event. Nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors have been used in many areas, including cancer diagnostics and the detection of infectious organisms. This book reviews important achievements in the field of nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors and biosensors.

Nanomaterials Based Sensing Platforms

Nanomaterials Based Sensing Platforms
Author: Aneeya K. Samantara,Sudarsan Raj,Satyajit Ratha
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2022-02-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000427691

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Sensors are effective tools used to carry out cost-effective, fast, and reliable sensing for a wide range of applications. This volume presents a brief history behind sensing technology and highlights a broad range of biosensing techniques based on optical and electrochemical response methods. Starting from the traditional enzyme-based biosensing method to functionalized nanostructure-based sensors, this book also provides a detailed overview of some of the advanced sensing methodologies based on photonic crystal cavity-based sensing devices. The authors showcase the extraordinary success of nanomaterials, their current strategical exploitation, and an unprecedented pool of possibilities they hold for the future. Many of the technologies have been developed recently for the sensing of various bioanalytes and molecules, some of which have been included in this book through dedicated chapters. The book looks at various sensors, such as for biosensing, electrochemical sensing, gas sensing, photoelectrochemical sensing, and colorimetric sensing, all of which have shown vast potential.

Metal Oxides in Nanocomposite Based Electrochemical Sensors for Toxic Chemicals

Metal Oxides in Nanocomposite Based Electrochemical Sensors for Toxic Chemicals
Author: A. Pandikumar,Perumal Rameshkumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2021-04-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128209394

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Metal oxide nanomaterials exhibit interesting electrical and photochemical properties because of their size, stability, and high surface area that render them as great choices in fabricating alternative electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage and sensor applications. The hybridization of metal oxides with other materials lead to the improvement in electrical conductivity, stability, and electron transfer kinetics during the electrocatalytic reactions. These key factors result in greater sensitivity of the sensor materials towards the analyte molecules. This book reviews the electrochemical determination of a variety of toxic chemical contaminants using metal oxide-based nanocomposite materials. Ultrasensitive and selective detection of toxic chemical contaminants is important and demanding, especially for monitoring and controlling environmental pollution. In recent years, metal oxide-based nanocomposite materials have shown high potential in the electrochemical detection of heavy metals, inorganic anions, phenolic compounds, pesticides, and chemical warfare reagents. Metal Oxides in Nanocomposite-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Toxic Chemicals comprehensively reviews this topic. In addition to the instrumental simplicity, the electrochemical methods show the improved sensor performance through the synergetic effect of metal oxide and other electroactive nanomaterial present in the nanocomposite. Thus, detailed information on the electrochemical sensing of toxic chemical contaminants using metal oxide-based nanomaterials are discussed. The recent progress in developing electrochemical sensors using metal oxide-based nanocomposite materials and perspectives on future opportunities in sensor research and development are addressed in the book. Introduces the fundamentals of electrochemical sensors and fabrication of metal oxide sensors of toxic chemicals Reviews binary, doped, metal oxide-metal, metal oxide-carbon, metal oxide-polymer, metal-boron nitride, metal oxide-clay, and metal oxide- MOF electrodes Systematically addresses the fabrication, synthesis, performance, mechanisms, detection limits, sensitivity, advantages and limitations and future perspectives of a wide range of metal oxide-based electrochemical sensors

Disposable Electrochemical Sensors for Healthcare Monitoring

Disposable Electrochemical Sensors for Healthcare Monitoring
Author: Dr A. Pandikumar,Dr K S Shalini Devi
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2021-05-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781839163142

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Disposable electrodes have been widely used as a sensing platform in electrical and electrochemical sensors owing to the possibility of quantitative detection using clinical biomarkers with high precision, sensitivity and reproducibility, which are necessary for accurate diagnosis of the health condition of an individual. This book focusses on the emerging disposable electrochemical sensors in the health sector and the advancement of analytical devices to monitor diabetic, cancer and cardiovascular patients using different nanomaterials. It discusses the upcoming strategies, advantages and the limitations of the existing devices using disposable electrodes. Uniquely, it covers in-depth knowledge of mechanistic features of various designs of screen-printing electrodes and the material aspects required of sensors developed for the healthcare field. It also looks at the portable devices using a variety of materials and the future directions for research in this area. Appealing to the health care industry, this book is aimed at academic and research institutes at both the graduate and postgraduate level. The contributors are leading experts in the field and they are providing guidance for the next decade of research in the field of disposable electrochemical biosensors.

Electrochemical Biosensors

Electrochemical Biosensors
Author: Serge Cosnier
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2015-01-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789814411479

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Since four decades, rapid detection and monitoring in clinical and food diagnostics and in environmental and biodefense have paved the way for the elaboration of electrochemical biosensors. Thanks to their adaptability, ease of use in relatively complex samples, and their portability, electrochemical biosensors now are one of the mainstays of analytical chemistry. In particular, electrochemistry has played a pivotal role in the development of transduction methods for biological processes and biosensors. In parallel, the explosion of activity in nanoscience and nanotechnology and their huge success have profoundly affected biosensor technology, opening new avenues of research for electrode materials and transduction. This book provides an overview of biosensors based on amperometry, conductimetry, potentiometry, square-wave voltammetry, impedance, and electrochemiluminescence and describes the use of ultramicroelectrodes for the real-time monitoring and understanding of exocytosis. Areas of particular interest are the use of silver and gold nanoparticles for signal amplification, photocurrent transduction, and aptamer design. Moreover, advanced insights in the innovative concept of self-powered biosensors derived from biofuel cells are also discussed.

Nanocomposites in Electrochemical Sensors

Nanocomposites in Electrochemical Sensors
Author: Samira Bagheri,Iraj Sadegh Amiri,Amin Termeh Yousefi,Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2016-12-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781351818339

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Nanotechnology has become one of the most important fields in science. Nanoparticles exhibit unique chemical, physical and electronic properties that are different from those of bulk materials, due to their small size and better architecture. Nanoparticles can be used to construct novel sensing devices; in particular electrochemical sensors. Electrochemical detection is highly attractive for the monitoring of glucose, cancer cells, cholesterol and infectious diseases. Unique nanocomposite-based films proposed in this book open new doors to the design and fabrication of high-performance electrochemical sensors.

Nanomaterials Design for Sensing Applications

Nanomaterials Design for Sensing Applications
Author: Olena V. Zenkina
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2019-03-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128145067

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Nanomaterials Design for Sensing Applications examines chemosensors, beginning with molecules that are able to respond to certain stimuli and then showing their assembly and incorporation into sensing materials. The mechanisms of their action for the detection of ions, specific molecules and biostructures, are also covered. A major theme is the affordability of sensors, with particular attention paid to inexpensive and reliable colorimetric sensors that can be read by the naked eye. The book also delves into the development of sensors that utilize existing RFID infrastructure and introduces a novel strategy for the development of self-healing sensing platforms. This book will help readers develop a better understanding of the types of materials used for sensing at the nano level, while also providing an insightful overview on recent advances in this important area. Demonstrates how the use of nanomaterials allows for the creation of cheaper, more reliable sensors Shows how metal oxide nanostructures are used as both sensors and supports for embedded organic and organometallic sensing molecules Explores a novel sensing methodology resulting from the integration of nanostructured sensors into radio frequency identification tags

Applications of Nanomaterials in Sensors and Diagnostics

Applications of Nanomaterials in Sensors and Diagnostics
Author: Adisorn Tuantranont
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2014-07-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642360251

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Recent progress in the synthesis of nanomaterials and our fundamental understanding of their properties has led to significant advances in nanomaterial-based gas, chemical and biological sensors. Leading experts around the world highlight the latest findings on a wide range of nanomaterials including nanoparticles, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, molecularly imprinted nanostructures or plastibodies, nanometals, DNA-based structures, smart nanomaterials, nanoprobes, magnetic nanomaterials, organic molecules like phthalocyanines and porphyrins, and the most amazing novel nanomaterial, called graphene. Various sensing techniques such as nanoscaled electrochemical detection, functional nanomaterial-amplified optical assays, colorimetry, fluorescence and electrochemiluminescence, as well as biomedical diagnosis applications, e.g. for cancer and bone disease, are thoroughly reviewed and explained in detail. This volume will provide an invaluable source of information for scientists working in the field of nanomaterial-based technology as well as for advanced students in analytical chemistry, biochemistry, electrochemistry, material science, micro- and nanotechnology.

Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomolecules

Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomolecules
Author: Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Perumal Rameshkumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2018-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128156391

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Graphene-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomolecules presents the latest on these nanomaterials that have gained a lot of attention based on their unique properties of high mechanical flexibility, large surface area, chemical stability, superior electric and thermal conductivities that render them great choices as alternative electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage and sensor applications. The hybridization of graphene with other nanomaterials induces a synergetic effect, leading to the improvement in electrical conductivity, stability and an enhancement of the electrocatalytic activity of the new nanocomposite material. This book discusses the electrochemical determination of a variety of biomolecules using graphene-based nanocomposite materials. Finally, recent progress in the development of electrochemical sensors using graphene-based nanocomposite materials and perspectives on future opportunities in sensor research and development are discussed in detail. Covers the importance of detecting biomolecules and the application of graphene and its nanocomposite materials in the detection of a wide variety of bioanalytes Presents easily understood fundamentals of electrochemical sensing systems and the role of graphene-based nanocomposite materials in research and development

Electrochemical Sensors Technology

Electrochemical Sensors Technology
Author: Mohammed Rahman,Abdullah Mohammed Asiri
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2017-05-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789535131939

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This book Electrochemical Sensors Technology mostly reviews the modem methods and significant electrochemical and electroanalytical applications of chemical sensors and biosensors. Chapters of this book are invited and contributed from the experts throughout the world from prominent researchers and scientists in the field of sensors and in the field of electro- and biochemistry. Each chapter provides technical and methodological details beyond the level found in typical journal articles or reviews and explores the application of chemical sensors, environmental sensors, and biosensors to a significant problem in biomedical and environmental science, also providing a prospectus for the future. This book compiles with the expert knowledge of many specialists in the construction and use of chemical sensors and biosensors including chemical sensors, biological sensors, DNA sensors, immunosensors, gaseous sensors, ionic sensors, bioassay sensors, lab-on-chips, devices, portable sensors, microchips, nanosensors, implantable microsensors, and so on in the field of fundamental and applied electrochemistry. Highlights and importance are laid on real or practical problems, ranging from chemical application to biomedical monitoring, from in vitro to in vivo, and from single cell to animal to human measurement. This offers a unique opportunity of exchanging and combining the scientist or researcher in electrochemical sensors in largely chemistry, biological engineering, electronic engineering, and biomedical and physiological fields.

Nanomaterials for Biosensors

Nanomaterials for Biosensors
Author: Bansi D. Malhotra,Md. Azahar Ali
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2017-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128135150

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Nanomaterials for Biosensors: Fundamentals and Applications provides a detailed summary of the main nanomaterials used in biosensing and their application. It covers recent developments in nanomaterials for the fabrication of biosensor devices for healthcare diagnostics, food freshness and bioprocessing. The various processes used for synthesis and characterization of nanostructured materials are examined, along with the design and fabrication of bioelectronic devices using nanostructured materials as building blocks. Users will find the fundamentals of the main nanomaterials used in biosensing, helping them visualize a systematic and coherent picture of how nanomaterials are used in biosensors. The book also addresses the role of bio-conjugation of nanomaterials in the construction of nano-biointerfaces for application in biosensors. Such applications, including metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, nanocomposites, carbon nanotubes, conducting polymers and plasmonic nanostructures in biosensing are discussed relative to each nanomaterial concerned. Finally, recent advancements in protein functionalized nanomaterials for cancer diagnostics and bio-imaging are also included. Provides a detailed study on how nanomaterials are used to enhance sensing capabilities in biosensors Explains the properties, characterization methods and preparation techniques of the nanomaterials used in biosensing Arranged in a material-by-material way, making it clear how each nanomaterial should be used

Nanoparticles in Pharmacotherapy

Nanoparticles in Pharmacotherapy
Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2019-04-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128165041

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Nanoparticles in Pharmacotherapy explores the most recent findings in how nanoparticles used in pharmacotherapy, starting with their synthesis, characterization and current or potential uses. Offering he book will be a valuable resource of recent scientific progress, along with most known applications of nanoparticles on the pharmacotherapy to be used by researchers, medical doctors and academia individuals.

Electrochemical Sensors

Electrochemical Sensors
Author: Giuseppe Maruccio,Jagriti Narang
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2022-01-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128235997

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Electrochemical Sensors: From Working Electrodes to Functionalization and Miniaturized Devices provides an overview of the materials, preparation and fabrication methods for biosensor applications. The book introduces the field of electrochemistry and its fundamentals, also providing a practical overview of working electrodes as key components for the implementation of sensors and assays. Features covered include the prompt transfer of electrons, favorable redox behavior, biocompatibility, and inertness in terms of electrode fouling. Special attention is dedicated to analyzing the various working materials systems for electrodes used in electrochemical cells such as gold, carbon, copper, platinum and metal oxides. This book is suitable for academics and practitioners working in the disciplines of materials science and engineering, analytical chemistry and biomedical engineering. Introduces key concepts for electrochemistry and biosensors Reviews the most common and emerging materials-based electrodes for sensor applications, including gold, carbon, platinum and metal oxides Discusses both macro and miniaturized electrodes, including their cleaning, engineering, fabrication, examples of working biosensors, and advantages and disadvantages