Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences
Author: Paolo Dell'Aversana
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2017-07-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128104811

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Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences: New Methods for Data Analysis Based on Cognitive Criteria examines the neurobiological background of earth science disciplines. It presents the fundamental features of the human brain that form the cognitive basis of exploration geophysics and investigates how their analysis can drive the development of new brain-based technologies. Crucial aspects of human cognition include the impulse to explore the environment, the ability of our brain to create mental maps and virtual images of the world, and the human ability to recognize, integrate and save patterns of information in a shared memory. Geoscience technology can be made more effective by taking the working neurobiological principles of our brains into account. This book is appropriate for multiple audiences, including neuroscientists, cognitive scientists and geoscientists, presenting both theoretical and experimental results. Presents the neurological background of human brain function and cognition as it relates to the geosciences Explores possible links between geophysics, neural anatomy and neural physiology Dissects topics with a multidisciplinary approach and balanced combination of theory and applications Examines the potential mechanism by which exploration geoscience is triggered by specific neural systems located in primordial areas of the subcortical brain Proposes working hypotheses and possible scenarios for future research in neuroscience and the geosciences

A Global Approach to Data Value Maximization

A Global Approach to Data Value Maximization
Author: Paolo Dell’Aversana
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2019-04-17
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781527533370

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This book presents a systematic discussion about methods and techniques used to extract the maximum informative value from complex data sets. A multitude of approaches and techniques can be applied for that purpose, including data fusion and model integration, multimodal data analysis in different physical domains, audio-video display of data through techniques of “sonification”, multimedia machine learning, and hybrid methods of data analysis. The book begins with the domain of geosciences, before moving on to other scientific areas, like diagnostic medicine and various engineering sectors. As such, it will appeal to a large audience, including geologists and geophysicists, data scientists, physicians and cognitive scientists, and experts in social sciences and knowledge management.

Directory of Awards

Directory of Awards
Author: National Science Foundation (U.S.). Directorate for Science and Engineering Education
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1989
Genre: Engineering
ISBN: UIUC:30112006210782

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SEE Directory of Awards

SEE Directory of Awards
Author: National Science Foundation (U.S.). Directorate for Science and Engineering Education
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1989
Genre: Engineering
ISBN: OSU:32435025243437

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Reductionism in Art and Brain Science

Reductionism in Art and Brain Science
Author: Eric Kandel
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2016-08-30
Genre: Art
ISBN: 9780231542081

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Are art and science separated by an unbridgeable divide? Can they find common ground? In this new book, neuroscientist Eric R. Kandel, whose remarkable scientific career and deep interest in art give him a unique perspective, demonstrates how science can inform the way we experience a work of art and seek to understand its meaning. Kandel illustrates how reductionism—the distillation of larger scientific or aesthetic concepts into smaller, more tractable components—has been used by scientists and artists alike to pursue their respective truths. He draws on his Nobel Prize-winning work revealing the neurobiological underpinnings of learning and memory in sea slugs to shed light on the complex workings of the mental processes of higher animals. In Reductionism in Art and Brain Science, Kandel shows how this radically reductionist approach, applied to the most complex puzzle of our time—the brain—has been employed by modern artists who distill their subjective world into color, form, and light. Kandel demonstrates through bottom-up sensory and top-down cognitive functions how science can explore the complexities of human perception and help us to perceive, appreciate, and understand great works of art. At the heart of the book is an elegant elucidation of the contribution of reductionism to the evolution of modern art and its role in a monumental shift in artistic perspective. Reductionism steered the transition from figurative art to the first explorations of abstract art reflected in the works of Turner, Monet, Kandinsky, Schoenberg, and Mondrian. Kandel explains how, in the postwar era, Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko, Louis, Turrell, and Flavin used a reductionist approach to arrive at their abstract expressionism and how Katz, Warhol, Close, and Sandback built upon the advances of the New York School to reimagine figurative and minimal art. Featuring captivating drawings of the brain alongside full-color reproductions of modern art masterpieces, this book draws out the common concerns of science and art and how they illuminate each other.

Cognition in Geosciences

Cognition in Geosciences
Author: Paolo Dell'Aversana
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2013-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789073834682

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Cognition in Geosciences: The Feeding Loop Between Geo-disciplines, Cognitive Sciences and Epistemology presents the basic idea that the geosciences can contribute to elucidate some unsolved problems of epistemology and cognition. This book introduces the fundamental concept of a semantic system, which comprises information plus human resources and technology. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental processes of macro-cognition, including spatial perception, creativity, information clustering, information processing, and concept formation. This text then explains how theory and practice in geophysics can elucidate many basic aspects of high level cognition. Other chapters consider the concept of semantic entropy to provide a measure of how much information has been integrated in order to derive coherent significances. This book discusses as well the complexity of linguistic communication in the geosciences. The final chapter deals with the aesthetic experience. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists and neurologists.

The Integration of the Humanities and Arts with Sciences Engineering and Medicine in Higher Education

The Integration of the Humanities and Arts with Sciences  Engineering  and Medicine in Higher Education
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee on Integrating Higher Education in the Arts, Humanities, Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2018-07-21
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9780309470612

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In the United States, broad study in an array of different disciplines â€"arts, humanities, science, mathematics, engineeringâ€" as well as an in-depth study within a special area of interest, have been defining characteristics of a higher education. But over time, in-depth study in a major discipline has come to dominate the curricula at many institutions. This evolution of the curriculum has been driven, in part, by increasing specialization in the academic disciplines. There is little doubt that disciplinary specialization has helped produce many of the achievement of the past century. Researchers in all academic disciplines have been able to delve more deeply into their areas of expertise, grappling with ever more specialized and fundamental problems. Yet today, many leaders, scholars, parents, and students are asking whether higher education has moved too far from its integrative tradition towards an approach heavily rooted in disciplinary "silos". These "silos" represent what many see as an artificial separation of academic disciplines. This study reflects a growing concern that the approach to higher education that favors disciplinary specialization is poorly calibrated to the challenges and opportunities of our time. The Integration of the Humanities and Arts with Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in Higher Education examines the evidence behind the assertion that educational programs that mutually integrate learning experiences in the humanities and arts with science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM) lead to improved educational and career outcomes for undergraduate and graduate students. It explores evidence regarding the value of integrating more STEMM curricula and labs into the academic programs of students majoring in the humanities and arts and evidence regarding the value of integrating curricula and experiences in the arts and humanities into college and university STEMM education programs.

Behavioral Neurobiology

Behavioral Neurobiology
Author: Günther Karl-Heinz Zupanc
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2004
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0198700563

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Animals often exhibit intriguing and captivating patterns of behavior, from migration and homing, to communication. But how is this behavior controlled? This new textbook introduces undergraduate students and other readers to the fascinating field of neuroethology--the study of the neurobiological processes underlying animal behavior. Written in a lively, easy to read style, and assuming no background knowledge of animal behavior or neurobiology, this book introduces the key concepts and ideas which underpin the subject, and describes many of the key findings that have helped us to understand this intricate and elegant subject. Beginning with a look at the history of the study of behavior, from Aristotle to recent breakthroughs and predictions for the future, the book then reviews the ethological and neurobiological concepts that constitute the essential tools of behavioral neurobiology, before moving on to the field of neuroethology itself. In each chapter, the text not only describes the major findings in each area, but also describes the approaches used to obtain these results. Many chapters contain a detailed case study describing the research performed. A key feature of the text is the number of excellent learning aids included. Each chapter ends with a summary of key points, exercises and suggestions for further reading. Boxes are used both to provide relevant physical and chemical background information and to add additional historical interest by describing the life and work of eminent neuroethologists.

The Age of Insight

The Age of Insight
Author: Eric Kandel
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2012-03-27
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781400068715

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A brilliant book by Nobel Prize winner Eric R. Kandel, The Age of Insight takes us to Vienna 1900, where leaders in science, medicine, and art began a revolution that changed forever how we think about the human mind—our conscious and unconscious thoughts and emotions—and how mind and brain relate to art. At the turn of the century, Vienna was the cultural capital of Europe. Artists and scientists met in glittering salons, where they freely exchanged ideas that led to revolutionary breakthroughs in psychology, brain science, literature, and art. Kandel takes us into the world of Vienna to trace, in rich and rewarding detail, the ideas and advances made then, and their enduring influence today. The Vienna School of Medicine led the way with its realization that truth lies hidden beneath the surface. That principle infused Viennese culture and strongly influenced the other pioneers of Vienna 1900. Sigmund Freud shocked the world with his insights into how our everyday unconscious aggressive and erotic desires are repressed and disguised in symbols, dreams, and behavior. Arthur Schnitzler revealed women’s unconscious sexuality in his novels through his innovative use of the interior monologue. Gustav Klimt, Oscar Kokoschka, and Egon Schiele created startlingly evocative and honest portraits that expressed unconscious lust, desire, anxiety, and the fear of death. Kandel tells the story of how these pioneers—Freud, Schnitzler, Klimt, Kokoschka, and Schiele—inspired by the Vienna School of Medicine, in turn influenced the founders of the Vienna School of Art History to ask pivotal questions such as What does the viewer bring to a work of art? How does the beholder respond to it? These questions prompted new and ongoing discoveries in psychology and brain biology, leading to revelations about how we see and perceive, how we think and feel, and how we respond to and create works of art. Kandel, one of the leading scientific thinkers of our time, places these five innovators in the context of today’s cutting-edge science and gives us a new understanding of the modernist art of Klimt, Kokoschka, and Schiele, as well as the school of thought of Freud and Schnitzler. Reinvigorating the intellectual enquiry that began in Vienna 1900, The Age of Insight is a wonderfully written, superbly researched, and beautifully illustrated book that also provides a foundation for future work in neuroscience and the humanities. It is an extraordinary book from an international leader in neuroscience and intellectual history.

Index of Conference Proceedings

Index of Conference Proceedings
Author: British Library. Document Supply Centre
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1998
Genre: Conference proceedings
ISBN: UOM:39015048505633

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I Died for Beauty

I Died for Beauty
Author: Marjorie Senechal
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2012-12-20
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
ISBN: 9780199732593

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"A biography of Dorothy Wrinch"--

Cognitive Science Literature and the Arts

Cognitive Science  Literature  and the Arts
Author: Patrick Colm Hogan
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2003
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 9780415942447

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The rise cognitive science has been one of the most important intellectual developments of recent years, stimulating new approaches to everything from philosophy to film studies. This is an introduction to what cognitive science has to offer the humanities and particularly the study of literature. Hogan suggests how the human brain works and makes us feel in response to literature. He walks the reader through all of the major theories of cognitive science that are important for the humanities in order to understand the production and reception of literature.

Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Language and Music as Cognitive Systems
Author: Patrick Rebuschat,Martin Rohrmeier,Ian Cross,John A. Hawkins
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2012
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9780199553426

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The past 15 years have witnessed an increasing interest in the comparative study of language and music as cognitive systems. This book presents an interdisciplinary study of language and music, exploring the following core areas - structural comparisons, evolution, learning and processing, and neuroscience.

Geophysics for the Mineral Exploration Geoscientist

Geophysics for the Mineral Exploration Geoscientist
Author: Michael Dentith,Stephen T. Mudge
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-04-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781139915625

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Providing a balance between principles and practice, this state-of-the-art overview of geophysical methods takes readers from the basic physical phenomena, through the acquisition and processing of data, to the creation of geological models of the subsurface and data interpretation to find hidden mineral deposits. Detailed descriptions of all the commonly used geophysical methods are given, including gravity, magnetic, radiometric, electrical, electromagnetic and seismic methods. Each technique is described in a consistent way and without complex mathematics. Emphasising extraction of maximum geological information from geophysical data, the book also explains petrophysics, data modelling and common interpretation pitfalls. Packed with full-colour figures, also available online, the text is supported by selected examples from around the world, including all the major deposit types. Designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in minerals geoscience, this is also a valuable reference for professionals in the mining industry wishing to make greater use of geophysical methods. In 2015, Dentith and Mudge won the ASEG Lindsay Ingall Memorial Award for their combined effort in promoting geophysics to the wider community with the publication of this title.

Hamilton College Catalogue

Hamilton College Catalogue
Author: Hamilton College (Clinton, N.Y.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1853
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: UIUC:30112111965155

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