Neurological Modulation of Sleep

Neurological Modulation of Sleep
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2020-01-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128166598

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Neurological Modulation of Sleep provides readers with updated scientific reviews regarding the interaction between sleep and contributing factors, with special attention paid to the potential for neurological modulation of sleep via diet. This book expands the notion of diet and adds an element of physical activity and exercise as well as a chapter on caffeine and its effects on sleep. With 30+ international contributors, this book aims to provide readers with a unique global perspective on the role these factors plays in sleep architecture and its regulation by circadian biology and neurology. Sleep disorders have become an increasing problem plaguing more than 70 million Americans according to the American Sleep Association. There is a clear association between sleep disorder and a wide range of other human disorders –performance deficiencies, psychiatric illnesses, heart disease, obesity and more – but in spite of this there is not yet a convenient overview on the market detailing the impact of obesity, age, diabetes and diet on sleep duration and attendant health outcomes. Describes the impact of diet, caffeine and physical activity on sleep Reviews the neurology and metabolism of sleep Identifies what foods impact sleep and how Discusses the clinical use of nutraceuticals to improve sleep

Modulation of Sleep by Obesity Diabetes Age and Diet

Modulation of Sleep by Obesity  Diabetes  Age  and Diet
Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2014-09-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780124202405

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Sleep disorder is a rampant problem in the US, with over 40 million Americans currently diagnosed according to the NIH. There is a clear association between sleep disorder and a wide range of other human disorders –performance deficiencies, psychiatric illnesses, heart disease, obesity and more – but in spite of this there is not yet a convenient overview on the market detailing the impact of obesity, age, diabetes and diet on sleep duration and attendant health outcomes. This volume focuses on the interaction between sleep and these factors, with special attention being paid to the potential for neurological modulation of sleep via diet. The volume aid readers in understanding the role each of these factors plays in sleep architecture and its regulation by circadian biology and neurology. Aids in understanding the impact of age, diet, obesity and disease on sleep Offers focus on neurological changes that affect metabolism Explores diabetes induced sleep problems Aid to understanding the multifactorial causes of age-related sleep dysfunction Addresses selected studies of nutraceuticals affecting sleep for potential application clinically Discusses major impact on sleep disorders by caffeine and alcohol

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2006-10-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309101110

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Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patientsâ€"sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.

Sleep and Pain

Sleep and Pain
Author: Gilles Lavigne,Barry J. Sessle,Manon Choinière,Peter Soja
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2015-06-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781496332042

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Many in the research and clinical communities are becoming increasingly aware of the interactions between sleep disorders and chronic pain syndromes. There are a number of obstacles on the path to better patient care, and there is considerable room for improvement in the way knowledge is shared between professionals in the sleep and pain communities. This book serves as the first step toward enhancing communication between the sleep and pain communities with the intent of improving patient care.

Omega Fatty Acids in Brain and Neurological Health

Omega Fatty Acids in Brain and Neurological Health
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2019-06-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128152393

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Research has clearly established a link between omega fatty acids and general health, particularly cardiovascular health. Omega Fatty Acids in Brain and Neurological Health, Second Edition, illustrates the importance of omega-3 fatty acids in longevity, cognitive impairment and structure and function of the brain's neurons and also the adverse effects of omega-6 fatty acids on neurological function. This book encompasses some of the most recent research on the links between omega fatty acids and the developing brain, aging, dementia, Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis, including the role of omega-3 fatty acid supplements on hippocampal neurogenesis, substantia nigra modulation, migraine headaches, the developing brain in animals, sleep and neurodegenerative diseases. This completely updated second edition focuses on the counterbalancing dietary and tissue omega-6 fatty acids as well as it studies the effects in pregnancy and early infancy, animal model studies and autoimmune neurological diseases. Provides a comprehensive introduction to omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in neurological health and directions for future research Features novel focus on the adverse effects of omega-6 fatty acids on neurological function and the counterbalancing of dietary and tissue omega-6 Illustrates the importance of omega-3 fatty acids in longevity and cognitive impairment Features new chapters on early effects in pregnancy and early infancy, animal model studies and autoimmune neurological diseases Discusses links between omega fatty acids and the developing brain, aging, dementia, Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis, including the role of omega-3 fatty acid supplements

Conn s Translational Neuroscience

Conn s Translational Neuroscience
Author: P. Michael Conn
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 776
Release: 2016-09-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128025963

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Conn’s Translational Neuroscience provides a comprehensive overview reflecting the depth and breadth of the field of translational neuroscience, with input from a distinguished panel of basic and clinical investigators. Progress has continued in understanding the brain at the molecular, anatomic, and physiological levels in the years following the 'Decade of the Brain,' with the results providing insight into the underlying basis of many neurological disease processes. This book alternates scientific and clinical chapters that explain the basic science underlying neurological processes and then relates that science to the understanding of neurological disorders and their treatment. Chapters cover disorders of the spinal cord, neuronal migration, the autonomic nervous system, the limbic system, ocular motility, and the basal ganglia, as well as demyelinating disorders, stroke, dementia and abnormalities of cognition, congenital chromosomal and genetic abnormalities, Parkinson's disease, nerve trauma, peripheral neuropathy, aphasias, sleep disorders, and myasthenia gravis. In addition to concise summaries of the most recent biochemical, physiological, anatomical, and behavioral advances, the chapters summarize current findings on neuronal gene expression and protein synthesis at the molecular level. Authoritative and comprehensive, Conn’s Translational Neuroscience provides a fully up-to-date and readily accessible guide to brain functions at the cellular and molecular level, as well as a clear demonstration of their emerging diagnostic and therapeutic importance. Provides a fully up-to-date and readily accessible guide to brain functions at the cellular and molecular level, while also clearly demonstrating their emerging diagnostic and therapeutic importance Features contributions from leading global basic and clinical investigators in the field Provides a great resource for researchers and practitioners interested in the basic science underlying neurological processes Relates and translates the current science to the understanding of neurological disorders and their treatment

Varcarolis Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing E Book

Varcarolis  Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing   E Book
Author: Margaret Jordan Halter
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2021-07-08
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323697088

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Prepare for psychiatric nursing care with this comprehensive, evidence-based text! Varcarolis' Foundations of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing: A Clinical Approach, 9th Edition makes it easy to understand the complexities of psychiatric disorders and how to provide quality mental and behavioral health care. Clinical chapters follow the nursing process framework and progress from theory to application, preparing you for practice with real-world examples. Other notable features include illustrated explanations of the neurobiology of disorders, DSM-5 criteria for major disorders, and nursing care plans. From clinical nurse specialist and lead author Dr. Margaret Jordan Halter, this bestselling text includes new Next Generation NCLEX® content to prepare you for success on your PMHN certification exam. Case Study and Nursing Care Plan boxes include real-life vignettes of patients with specific psychiatric disorders. Evidence-Based Practice boxes describe recent research studies and how their findings affect nursing practice. Six-step nursing process is followed in clinical chapters, providing consistent guidelines for comprehensive assessment and intervention. Learning features include key terms and concepts, key points to remember, critical thinking, and chapter reviews. Conversational, mentor-like writing style reinforces important information and helps in applying textbook content to the clinical setting. Coverage of therapeutic communication techniques and nontherapeutic communication provides tips to help you build patient interaction skills. Assessment Guidelines summarize the steps of patient assessment for various disorders. Considering Culture boxes discuss the importance of person-centered care in providing competent care to diverse populations in various clinical situations. Patient and Family Teaching boxes focus on the nurse’s role in helping patients and families understand psychiatric disorders, treatments, complications, and medication side effects.

Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements Examining Safety

Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements  Examining Safety
Author: Leslie Pray,Food and Nutrition Board,Planning Committee for a Workshop on Potential Health Hazards Associated with Consumption of Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements,Ann L. Yaktine,Diana Pankevich,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine
Publsiher: National Academy Press
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2014-04-23
Genre: Health & Fitness
ISBN: 0309297494

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"Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements" is the summary of a workshop convened by the Institute of Medicine in August 2013 to review the available science on safe levels of caffeine consumption in foods, beverages, and dietary supplements and to identify data gaps. Scientists with expertise in food safety, nutrition, pharmacology, psychology, toxicology, and related disciplines; medical professionals with pediatric and adult patient experience in cardiology, neurology, and psychiatry; public health professionals; food industry representatives; regulatory experts; and consumer advocates discussed the safety of caffeine in food and dietary supplements, including, but not limited to, caffeinated beverage products, and identified data gaps. Caffeine, a central nervous stimulant, is arguably the most frequently ingested pharmacologically active substance in the world. Occurring naturally in more than 60 plants, including coffee beans, tea leaves, cola nuts and cocoa pods, caffeine has been part of innumerable cultures for centuries. But the caffeine-in-food landscape is changing. There are an array of new caffeine-containing energy products, from waffles to sunflower seeds, jelly beans to syrup, even bottled water, entering the marketplace. Years of scientific research have shown that moderate consumption by healthy adults of products containing naturally-occurring caffeine is not associated with adverse health effects. The changing caffeine landscape raises concerns about safety and whether any of these new products might be targeting populations not normally associated with caffeine consumption, namely children and adolescents, and whether caffeine poses a greater health risk to those populations than it does for healthy adults. This report delineates vulnerable populations who may be at risk from caffeine exposure; describes caffeine exposure and risk of cardiovascular and other health effects on vulnerable populations, including additive effects with other ingredients and effects related to pre-existing conditions; explores safe caffeine exposure levels for general and vulnerable populations; and identifies data gaps on caffeine stimulant effects.