New Horizons in Evolution

New Horizons in Evolution
Author: Solomon P. Wasser,Milana Frenkel-Morgenstern
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2021-07-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323907538

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New Horizons in Evolution is a compendium of the latest research, analyses, and theories of evolutionary biology. Chapters are collected from the international symposium held by the Board of Governors of the University of Haifa to honor Dr. Eviatar Nevo, founder and director of the Institute of Evolution. This book includes material written by top global scientists. Such detailed summaries and recent advances include topics like genomics, epigenetics, evolutionary theory, and the evolution of cancer. This book analyzes evolutionary biology of animals, such as lizards and subterranean mammals. It also discusses agricultural evolution, specifically the vital wheat crop in various climates and locations. Each chapter contributes the most up-to-date knowledge of evolution’s role in speciation, adaptation, and regulation. New Horizons in Evolution is a valuable resource for researchers involved in evolution, evolutionary biology, and evolutionary theory. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in evolutionary biology courses will also find this useful due to the high expertise level and latest knowledge available through this resource. Examines the evolution of species in extreme conditions Discusses the role of evolution in medicine and cancer research Features the latest data and advances in evolution theory

New Horizons in Evolutionary Robotics

New Horizons in Evolutionary Robotics
Author: Stéphane Doncieux,Nicolas Bredeche,Jean-Baptiste Mouret
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2011-02-17
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783642182716

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Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) now provide mature optimization tools that have successfully been applied to many problems, from designing antennas to complete robots, and provided many human-competitive results. In robotics, the integration of EAs within the engineer’s toolbox made tremendous progress in the last 20 years and proposes new methods to address challenging problems in various setups: modular robotics, swarm robotics, robotics with non-conventional mechanics (e.g. high redundancy, dynamic motion, multi-modality), etc. This book takes its roots in the workshop on "New Horizons in Evolutionary Design of Robots" that brought together researchers from Computer Science and Robotics during the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS-2009) in Saint Louis (USA). This book features extended contributions from the workshop, thus providing various examples of current problems and applications, with a special emphasis on the link between Computer Science and Robotics. It also provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to Evolutionary Robotics after 20 years of maturation as well as thoughts and considerations from several major actors in the field. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the current trends and challenges in Evolutionary Robotics for the next decade.

The Pluto System After New Horizons

The Pluto System After New Horizons
Author: S. Alan Stern
Publsiher: University of Arizona Press
Total Pages: 683
Release: 2021-08-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780816540945

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Once perceived as distant, cold, dark, and seemingly unknowable, Pluto had long been marked as the farthest and most unreachable frontier for solar system exploration. The Pluto System After New Horizons is the benchmark research compendium for synthesizing our understanding of the Pluto system. This volume reviews the work of researchers who have spent the last five years assimilating the data returned from New Horizons and the first full scientific synthesis of this fascinating system.

Black Holes

Black Holes
Author: Sean Alan Hayward
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2013-03-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789814425711

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Black holes, once just fascinating theoretical predictions of how gravity warps space-time according to Einstein's theory, are now generally accepted as astrophysical realities, formed by post-supernova collapse, or as supermassive black holes mysteriously found at the cores of most galaxies, powering active galactic nuclei, the most powerful objects in the universe. Theoretical understanding has progressed in recent decades with a wider realization that local concepts should characterize black holes, rather than the global concepts found in textbooks. In particular, notions such as trapping horizon allow physically meaningful quantities and equations, describing how a black hole evolves. This has led to discoveries in fields as diverse as classical and numerical general relativity, differential geometry, thermodynamics, quantum field theory, and quantum gravity. There is heretofore no one volume which covers all the main aspects, so this volume collects together summaries and recent research, each chapter written by an expert or experts in a given field. This is intended for readers at a graduate level upwards, who wish to learn about the wide range of research concerning black holes. Contents:An Introduction to Local Black Hole Horizons in the 3+1 Approach to General Relativity (José Luis Jaramillo)Physical Aspects of Quasi-Local Black Hole Horizons (Alex B Nielsen)On Uniqueness Results for Static, Asymptotically Flat Initial Data Containing MOTS (Alberto Carrasco and Marc Mars)Horizons in the Near-Equilibrium Regime (Ivan Booth)Isolated Horizons in Classical and Quantum Gravity (Jonathan Engle and Tomáš Liko)Quantum Thermometers in Stationary Space-Times with Horizons (Sergio Zerbini)Relativistic Thermodynamics (Sean A Hayward)Trapped Surfaces (J M M Senovilla)Some Examples of Trapped Surfaces (I Bengtsson) Readership: Professional physicists and mathematicians. Keywords:Black HolesKey Features:Each chapter is written by an expert or experts on a given topic, up to the current state of knowledge. In this way a broad range of topics is covered in depth, which has previously been available only as individual research papers

Evolutionary Humanoid Robotics

Evolutionary Humanoid Robotics
Author: Malachy Eaton
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2015-02-02
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783662445990

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This book examines how two distinct strands of research on autonomous robots, evolutionary robotics and humanoid robot research, are converging. The book will be valuable for researchers and postgraduate students working in the areas of evolutionary robotics and bio-inspired computing.

New Horizons in Chinese Linguistics

New Horizons in Chinese Linguistics
Author: C-T James Huang,Audrey Li Yen Hui
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9789400916081

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The past decade and a half has witnessed a great deal of renewed interest in the study of Chinese linguistics, not only in the traditional areas of philological studies and in theoretically oriented areas of syn chronic grammar and language change but also in the cultivation of new frontiers in related areas of the cognitive sciences. There is a significant increase in the number of students studying one area or another of the linguistic structure of Chinese in various linguistic programs in the United States, Europe, Australia and in China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and other parts of Asia. Several new academic departments devoted to the study of linguistics have been established in Taiwan and Hong Kong in the past few years. The increasing research and study activities have also resulted in a number of national and international conferences, including the North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL), which has been held annually in the United States; the International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics (IsCLL), which has had its fourth meeting since it was launched by Academia Sinica in Taiwan in 1990; the International Association of Chinese Linguistics (lACL), created in Singapore in 1992 and now incorporated in Irvine, California, which has held its annual meetings at major institutions in Asia, Europe, and the US.

Achievements of the National Plant Genome Initiative and New Horizons in Plant Biology

Achievements of the National Plant Genome Initiative and New Horizons in Plant Biology
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on the National Plant Genome Initiative: Achievements and Future Directions
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2008-04-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309114189

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Life on Earth would be impossible without plants. Humans rely on plants for most clothing, furniture, food, as well as for many pharmaceuticals and other products. Plant genome sciences are essential to understanding how plants function and how to develop desirable plant characteristics. For example, plant genomic science can contribute to the development of plants that are drought-resistant, those that require less fertilizer, and those that are optimized for conversion to fuels such as ethanol and biodiesel. The National Plant Genome Initiative (NPGI) is a unique, cross-agency funding enterprise that has been funding and coordinating plant genome research successfully for nine years. Research breakthroughs from NPGI and the National Science Foundation (NSF) Arabidopsis 2010 Project, such as how the plant immune system controls pathogen defense, demonstrate that the plant genome science community is vibrant and capable of driving technological advancement. This book from the National Research Council concludes that these programs should continue so that applied programs on agriculture, bioenergy, and others will always be built on a strong foundation of fundamental plant biology research.

Introduction to Evolutionary Computing

Introduction to Evolutionary Computing
Author: A.E. Eiben,J.E. Smith
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2015-07-01
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783662448748

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The overall structure of this new edition is three-tier: Part I presents the basics, Part II is concerned with methodological issues, and Part III discusses advanced topics. In the second edition the authors have reorganized the material to focus on problems, how to represent them, and then how to choose and design algorithms for different representations. They also added a chapter on problems, reflecting the overall book focus on problem-solvers, a chapter on parameter tuning, which they combined with the parameter control and "how-to" chapters into a methodological part, and finally a chapter on evolutionary robotics with an outlook on possible exciting developments in this field. The book is suitable for undergraduate and graduate courses in artificial intelligence and computational intelligence, and for self-study by practitioners and researchers engaged with all aspects of bioinspired design and optimization.

Artificial Evolution

Artificial Evolution
Author: Pierre Collet,Nicolas Monmarché,Pierrick Legrand,Marc Schoenauer,Evelyne Lutton
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 207
Release: 2010-07-06
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783642141553

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The LNCS series reports state-of-the-art results in computer science reserch, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form. Enjoying light cooperation with the R&D community, with numerous individuals, as well as with prestigious organizations and societies, LNCS has grown into the most comprehensive computer science research forum available. The scope of LNCS, including its subseries LNAI and LNBI, spans the whole range of computer science and information technology including interdisciplinary topics in a variety of application fields. In parallel to the printed book, each new volume is published electronically in LNCS Online.

New Horizons in Theology

New Horizons in Theology
Author: Terrence W. Tilley
Publsiher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2015-03-04
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 9781725235434

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To celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the College Theology Society, these original essays explore how theology has changed over the previous fifty years, theological concerns on the horizon today, and approaches to teaching theology appropriate for the twenty-first century. Contributors include: Elizabeth A. Johnson Joseph A. Komonchak Norbert Rigali J. Matthew Ashley Elizabeth T. Groppe Michael Horace Barnes Steven R. Harmon Colleen M. Mallon Anne M. Clifford Sally Kenel Randall Jay Woodard Sandra Yocum Mize Mary Ann Hinsdale Miguel H. Diaz James A. Donahue Suzanne C. Toton Ismael Muvingi

Intelligent Systems and Applications

Intelligent Systems and Applications
Author: W.C.-C. Chu,H.-C. Chao,S.J.-H. Yang
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 2244
Release: 2015-04-14
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781614994848

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This book presents the proceedings of the International Computer Symposium 2014 (ICS 2014), held at Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan in December. ICS is a biennial symposium founded in 1973 and offers a platform for researchers, educators and professionals to exchange their discoveries and practices, to share research experiences and to discuss potential new trends in the ICT industry. Topics covered in the ICS 2014 workshops include: algorithms and computation theory; artificial intelligence and fuzzy systems; computer architecture, embedded systems, SoC and VLSI/EDA; cryptography and information security; databases, data mining, big data and information retrieval; mobile computing, wireless communications and vehicular technologies; software engineering and programming languages; healthcare and bioinformatics, among others. There was also a workshop on information technology innovation, industrial application and the Internet of Things. ICS is one of Taiwan's most prestigious international IT symposiums, and this book will be of interest to all those involved in the world of information technology.

Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music Sound Art and Design

Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music  Sound  Art and Design
Author: Colin Johnson,Vic Ciesielski,João Correia,Penousal Machado
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2016-03-16
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319310084

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design, EvoMUSART 2016, held in Porto, Portugal, in March/April 2016, co-located with the Evo*2016 events EuroGP, EvoCOP and EvoApplications. The 17 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics and application areas, including generative approaches to music, graphics, game content, and narrative; music information retrieval; computational aesthetics; the mechanics of interactive evolutionary computation; and the art theory of evolutionary computation.

Panel Reports New Worlds New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics

Panel Reports     New Worlds  New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee for a Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics,Program Prioritization Panels,Science Frontiers Panels
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2011-06-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309159623

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Every 10 years the National Research Council releases a survey of astronomy and astrophysics outlining priorities for the coming decade. The most recent survey, titled New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, provides overall priorities and recommendations for the field as a whole based on a broad and comprehensive examination of scientific opportunities, infrastructure, and organization in a national and international context. Panel Reports--New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics is a collection of reports, each of which addresses a key sub-area of the field, prepared by specialists in that subarea, and each of which played an important role in setting overall priorities for the field. The collection, published in a single volume, includes the reports of the following panels: Cosmology and Fundamental Physics Galaxies Across Cosmic Time The Galactic Neighborhood Stars and Stellar Evolution Planetary Systems and Star Formation Electromagnetic Observations from Space Optical and Infrared Astronomy from the Ground Particle Astrophysics and Gravitation Radio, Millimeter, and Submillimeter Astronomy from the Ground The Committee for a Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics synthesized these reports in the preparation of its prioritized recommendations for the field as a whole. These reports provide additional depth and detail in each of their respective areas. Taken together, they form an essential companion volume to New Worlds, New Horizons: A Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics. The book of panel reports will be useful to managers of programs of research in the field of astronomy and astrophysics, the Congressional committees with jurisdiction over the agencies supporting this research, the scientific community, and the public.

Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences

Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences
Author: Thomas Heams,Philippe Huneman,Guillaume Lecointre,Marc Silberstein
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 910
Release: 2014-11-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789401790147

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The Darwinian theory of evolution is itself evolving and this book presents the details of the core of modern Darwinism and its latest developmental directions. The authors present current scientific work addressing theoretical problems and challenges in four sections, beginning with the concepts of evolution theory, its processes of variation, heredity, selection, adaptation and function, and its patterns of character, species, descent and life. The second part of this book scrutinizes Darwinism in the philosophy of science and its usefulness in understanding ecosystems, whilst the third section deals with its application in disciplines beyond the biological sciences, including evolutionary psychology and evolutionary economics, Darwinian morality and phylolinguistics. The final section addresses anti-Darwinism, the creationist view and issues around teaching evolution in secondary schools. The reader learns how current experimental biology is opening important perspectives on the sources of variation, and thus of the very power of natural selection. This work examines numerous examples of the extension of the principle of natural selection and provides the opportunity to critically reflect on a rich theory, on the methodological rigour that presides in its extensions and exportations, and on the necessity to measure its advantages and also its limits. Scholars interested in modern Darwinism and scientific research, its concepts, research programs and controversies will find this book an excellent read, and those considering how Darwinism might evolve, how it can apply to the human sciences and other disciplines beyond its origins will find it particularly valuable. Originally produced in French (Les Mondes Darwiniens), the scope and usefulness of the book have led to the production of this English text, to reach a wider audience. This book is a milestone in the impressive penetration by Francophone scholars into the world of Darwinian science, its historiography and philosophy over the last two decades. Alex Rosenberg, R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy, Duke University Until now this useful and comprehensive handbook has only been available to francophones. Thanks to this invaluable new translation, this collection of insightful and original essays can reach the global audience it deserves. Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge

New Worlds New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics

New Worlds  New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee for a Decadal Survey of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2011-01-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309186858

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Driven by discoveries, and enabled by leaps in technology and imagination, our understanding of the universe has changed dramatically during the course of the last few decades. The fields of astronomy and astrophysics are making new connections to physics, chemistry, biology, and computer science. Based on a broad and comprehensive survey of scientific opportunities, infrastructure, and organization in a national and international context, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics outlines a plan for ground- and space- based astronomy and astrophysics for the decade of the 2010's. Realizing these scientific opportunities is contingent upon maintaining and strengthening the foundations of the research enterprise including technological development, theory, computation and data handling, laboratory experiments, and human resources. New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics proposes enhancing innovative but moderate-cost programs in space and on the ground that will enable the community to respond rapidly and flexibly to new scientific discoveries. The book recommends beginning construction on survey telescopes in space and on the ground to investigate the nature of dark energy, as well as the next generation of large ground-based giant optical telescopes and a new class of space-based gravitational observatory to observe the merging of distant black holes and precisely test theories of gravity. New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics recommends a balanced and executable program that will support research surrounding the most profound questions about the cosmos. The discoveries ahead will facilitate the search for habitable planets, shed light on dark energy and dark matter, and aid our understanding of the history of the universe and how the earliest stars and galaxies formed. The book is a useful resource for agencies supporting the field of astronomy and astrophysics, the Congressional committees with jurisdiction over those agencies, the scientific community, and the public.