Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes LEDs

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes  LEDs
Author: Jian-Jang Huang,Hao-Chung Kuo,Shyh-Chiang Shen
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2014-02-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857099303

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The development of nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has led to advancements in high-brightness LED technology for solid-state lighting, handheld electronics, and advanced bioengineering applications. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) reviews the fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations. Part one reviews the fabrication of nitride semiconductor LEDs. Chapters cover molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of nitride semiconductors, modern metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) techniques and the growth of nitride-based materials, and gallium nitride (GaN)-on-sapphire and GaN-on-silicon technologies for LEDs. Nanostructured, non-polar and semi-polar nitride-based LEDs, as well as phosphor-coated nitride LEDs, are also discussed. Part two covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots. Further chapters discuss the development of LED encapsulation technology and the fundamental efficiency droop issues in gallium indium nitride (GaInN) LEDs. Finally, part three highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infrared emitters, and automotive lighting. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) is a technical resource for academics, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and those working in the lighting, consumer electronics, automotive, aviation, and communications sectors. Reviews fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations Covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots Highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infra-red emitters, and automotive lighting

Introduction to Nitride Semiconductor Blue Lasers and Light Emitting Diodes

Introduction to Nitride Semiconductor Blue Lasers and Light Emitting Diodes
Author: Shuji Nakamura,Shigefusa F. Chichibu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2000-03-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0748408363

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The "blue laser" is an exciting new device used in physics. The potential is now being recognized for its development into a commercial lighting system using about a tenth of the power and with a thousand times the operating lifetime of a comparable conventional system. This comprehensive work introduces the subject at a level suitable for graduate students. It covers the basics physics of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes (LDs) based on gallium nitride and related nitride semiconductors, and gives an outline of their structural, transport and optical properties, and the relevant device physics. It begins with the fundamentals, and covers both theory and experiment, as well as an examination of actual and potential device applications. Shuji Nakamura and Nichia Chemicals Industries made the initial breakthroughs in the field, and these have revealed that LEDs and LDs are a sophisticated physical phenomenon and a commercial reality.

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes LEDs

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes  LEDs
Author: Jian-Jang Huang,Hao-Chung Kuo,Shyh-Chiang Shen
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing Limited
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2017-10-01
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0081019424

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The development of nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has led to advancements in high-brightness LED technology for solid-state lighting, handheld electronics, and advanced bioengineering applications. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) reviews the fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations. The second edition provides key updates based off the latest research and advances, including two new chapters on LEDs for large displays and Laser Lighting. Chapters cover molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of nitride semiconductors, modern metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) techniques and the growth of nitride-based materials, and gallium nitride (GaN)-on-sapphire and GaN-on-silicon technologies for LEDs. Nanostructured, non-polar and semi-polar nitride-based LEDs, as well as phosphor-coated nitride LEDs, are also discussed. The book also addresses the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots. Further chapters discuss the development of LED encapsulation technology and the fundamental efficiency droop issues in gallium indium nitride (GaInN) LEDs. Finally, Nitride Semiconductor LEDs highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infrared emitters, automotive lighting, large displays, and laser lighting. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs), Second Edition is a technical resource for academics, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and those working in the lighting, consumer electronics, automotive, aviation, and communications sectors. Second edition features new chapters on Laser Lighting and Large, addressing the latest advances on this topic Reviews fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations Covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots Highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infra-red emitters, and automotive lighting Comprehensive chapters on Gallium Nitride on both silicon and sapphire substrates

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications
Author: Tae-Yeon Seong,Jung Han,Hiroshi Amano,Hadis Morkoc
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2014-07-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789400758636

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Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are already used in traffic signals, signage lighting, and automotive applications. However, its ultimate goal is to replace traditional illumination through LED lamps since LED lighting significantly reduces energy consumption and cuts down on carbon-dioxide emission. Despite dramatic advances in LED technologies (e.g., growth, doping and processing technologies), however, there remain critical issues for further improvements yet to be achieved for the realization of solid-state lighting. This book aims to provide the readers with some contemporary LED issues, which have not been comprehensively discussed in the published books and, on which the performance of LEDs is seriously dependent. For example, most importantly, there must be a breakthrough in the growth of high-quality nitride semiconductor epitaxial layers with a low density of dislocations, in particular, in the growth of Al-rich and and In-rich GaN-based semiconductors. The materials quality is directly dependent on the substrates used, such as sapphire, Si, etc. In addition, efficiency droop, growth on different orientations and polarization are also important. Chip processing and packaging technologies are key issues. This book presents a comprehensive review of contemporary LED issues. Given the interest and importance of future research in nitride semiconducting materials and solid state lighting applications, the contents are very timely. The book is composed of chapters written by leading researchers in III-nitride semiconducting materials and device technology. This book will be of interest to scientists and engineers working on LEDs for lighting applications. Postgraduate researchers working on LEDs will also benefit from the issues this book provides.

Nitride Semiconductor Technology

Nitride Semiconductor Technology
Author: Fabrizio Roccaforte,Michael Leszczynski
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2020-07-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527825271

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The book "Nitride Semiconductor Technology" provides an overview of nitride semiconductors and their uses in optoelectronics and power electronics devices. It explains the physical properties of those materials as well as their growth methods. Their applications in high electron mobility transistors, vertical power devices, LEDs, laser diodes, and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers are discussed in detail. The book further examines reliability issues in these materials and puts forward perspectives of integrating them with 2D materials for novel high-frequency and high-power devices. In summary, it covers nitride semiconductor technology from materials to devices and provides the basis for further research.

Nitride Semiconductor Devices

Nitride Semiconductor Devices
Author: Joachim Piprek
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2007
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527406678

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This is the first book to be published on physical principles, mathematical models, and practical simulation of GaN-based devices. The first part of the book covers electronic, optical, and thermal material parameters of nitride semiconductors that are employed in device models.

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes LEDs

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes  LEDs
Author: Jian-Jang Huang,Hao-Chung Kuo,Shyh-Chiang Shen
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 822
Release: 2017-10-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081019436

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Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs): Materials, Technologies, and Applications, Second Edition reviews the fabrication, performance and applications of the technology, encompassing the state-of-the-art material and device development, along with considerations regarding nitride-based LED design. This updated edition is based on the latest research and advances, including two new chapters on LEDs for large displays and laser lighting. Chapters cover molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of nitride semiconductors, modern metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) techniques, the growth of nitride-based materials, and gallium nitride (GaN)-on-sapphire and GaN-on-silicon technologies for LEDs. Nanostructured, non-polar and semi-polar nitride-based LEDs, as well as phosphor-coated nitride LEDs, are also discussed. The book also addresses the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots. Further chapters discuss the development of LED encapsulation technology and fundamental efficiency droop issues in gallium indium nitride (GaInN) LEDs. It is a technical resource for academics, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and those working in the lighting, consumer electronics, automotive, aviation, and communications sectors. Features new chapters on laser lighting, addressing the latest advances on this topic Reviews fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development Covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots Highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infra-red emitters, and automotive lighting Provides a comprehensive discussion of gallium nitride on both silicon and sapphire substrates

Light Emitting Diodes

Light Emitting Diodes
Author: Jinmin Li,G. Q. Zhang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2019-01-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319992112

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Comprehensive in scope, this book covers the latest progresses of theories, technologies and applications of LEDs based on III-V semiconductor materials, such as basic material physics, key device issues (homoepitaxy and heteroepitaxy of the materials on different substrates, quantum efficiency and novel structures, and more), packaging, and system integration. The authors describe the latest developments of LEDs with spectra coverage from ultra-violet (UV) to the entire visible light wavelength. The major aspects of LEDs, such as material growth, chip structure, packaging, and reliability are covered, as well as emerging and novel applications beyond the general and conventional lightings. This book, written by leading authorities in the field, is indispensable reading for researchers and students working with semiconductors, optoelectronics, and optics. Addresses novel LED applications such as LEDs for healthcare and wellbeing, horticulture, and animal breeding; Editor and chapter authors are global leading experts from the scientific and industry communities, and their latest research findings and achievements are included; Foreword by Hiroshi Amano, one of the 2014 winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on light-emitting diodes.

III Nitride Ultraviolet Emitters

III Nitride Ultraviolet Emitters
Author: Michael Kneissl,Jens Rass
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2015-11-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319241005

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in group III-nitride based ultraviolet LED and laser technologies, covering different substrate approaches, a review of optical, electronic and structural properties of InAlGaN materials as well as various optoelectronic components. In addition, the book gives an overview of a number of key application areas for UV emitters and detectors, including water purification, phototherapy, sensing, and UV curing. The book is written for researchers and graduate level students in the area of semiconductor materials, optoelectronics and devices as well as developers and engineers in the various application fields of UV emitters and detectors.

Optoelectronic Devices

Optoelectronic Devices
Author: M Razeghi,Mohamed Henini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 575
Release: 2004
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080444261

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Tremendous progress has been made in the last few years in the growth, doping and processing technologies of the wide bandgap semiconductors. As a result, this class of materials now holds significant promis for semiconductor electronics in a broad range of applications. The principal driver for the current revival of interest in III-V Nitrides is their potential use in high power, high temperature, high frequency and optical devices resistant to radiation damage. This book provides a wide number of optoelectronic applications of III-V nitrides and covers the entire process from growth to devices and applications making it essential reading for those working in the semiconductors or microelectronics. Broad review of optoelectronic applications of III-V nitrides

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications
Author: Tae-Yeon Seong,Jung Han,Hiroshi Amano,Hadis MorkoƧ
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 495
Release: 2017-05-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811037559

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The revised edition of this important book presents updated and expanded coverage of light emitting diodes (LEDs) based on heteroepitaxial GaN on Si substrates, and includes new chapters on tunnel junction LEDs, green/yellow LEDs, and ultraviolet LEDs. Over the last two decades, significant progress has been made in the growth, doping and processing technologies of III-nitride based semiconductors, leading to considerable expectations for nitride semiconductors across a wide range of applications. LEDs are already used in traffic signals, signage lighting, and automotive applications, with the ultimate goal of the global replacement of traditional incandescent and fluorescent lamps, thus reducing energy consumption and cutting down on carbon-dioxide emission. However, some critical issues must be addressed to allow the further improvements required for the large-scale realization of solid-state lighting, and this book aims to provide the readers with details of some contemporary issues on which the performance of LEDs is seriously dependent. Most importantly, it describes why there must be a breakthrough in the growth of high-quality nitride semiconductor epitaxial layers with a low density of dislocations, in particular, in the growth of Al-rich and In-rich GaN-based semiconductors. The quality of materials is directly dependent on the substrates used, such as sapphire and Si, and the book discusses these as well as topics such as efficiency droop, growth in different orientations, polarization, and chip processing and packaging technologies. Offering an overview of the state of the art in III-Nitride LED science and technology, the book will be a core reference for researchers and engineers involved with the developments of solid state lighting, and required reading for students entering the field.

Nitride Semiconductor Devices

Nitride Semiconductor Devices
Author: Joachim Piprek
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 519
Release: 2007-06-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527610716

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This is the first book to be published on physical principles, mathematical models, and practical simulation of GaN-based devices. Gallium nitride and its related compounds enable the fabrication of highly efficient light-emitting diodes and lasers for a broad spectrum of wavelengths, ranging from red through yellow and green to blue and ultraviolet. Since the breakthrough demonstration of blue laser diodes by Shuji Nakamura in 1995, this field has experienced tremendous growth worldwide. Various applications can be seen in our everyday life, from green traffic lights to full-color outdoor displays to high-definition DVD players. In recent years, nitride device modeling and simulation has gained importance and advanced software tools are emerging. Similar developments occurred in the past with other semiconductors such as silicon, where computer simulation is now an integral part of device development and fabrication. This book presents a review of modern device concepts and models, written by leading researchers in the field. It is intended for scientists and device engineers who are interested in employing computer simulation for nitride device design and analysis.

Light Emitting Diodes

Light Emitting Diodes
Author: E. Fred Schubert
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006-06-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781139455220

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Revised and fully updated, the second edition of this graduate textbook offers a comprehensive explanation of the technology and physics of LEDs such as infrared, visible-spectrum, ultraviolet, and white LEDs made from III-V semiconductors. Elementary properties such as electrical and optical characteristics are reviewed, followed by the analysis of advanced device structures. With nine additional chapters, the treatment of LEDs has been vastly expanded, including new material on device packaging, reflectors, UV LEDs, III-V nitride materials, solid-state sources for illumination applications, and junction temperature. Radiative and non-radiative recombination dynamics, methods for improving light extraction, high-efficiency and high-power device designs, white-light emitters with wavelength-converting phosphor materials, optical reflectors, and spontaneous recombination in resonant-cavity structures are discussed in detail. With exercises, solutions, and illustrative examples, this textbook will be of interest to scientists and engineers working on LEDs and graduate students in electrical engineering, applied physics, and materials science.

III Nitride Semiconductors and Their Modern Devices

III Nitride Semiconductors and Their Modern Devices
Author: Bernard Gil
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2013-08-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780199681723

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All recent developments of nitrides and of their technology are gathered here in a single book, with chapters written by world leaders in the field.

High Brightness Light Emitting Diodes

High Brightness Light Emitting Diodes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 469
Release: 1998-02-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080864457

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Volume 48in the Semiconductors and Semimetals series discusses the physics and chemistry of electronic materials, a subject of growing practical importance in the semiconductor devices industry. The contributors discuss the current state of knowledge and provide insight into future developments of this important field.