North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color

North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color
Author: William L. Byrd,John H. Smith
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2002
Genre: History
ISBN: 0788420887

Download North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

These pages contain a wealth of information transcribed from obscure and fragile, original documents housed at the North Carolina State Archives. Every attempt has been made to transcribe the complete collection, including partial or fragmented documents.

North Carolina s Free People of Color 1715 1885

North Carolina s Free People of Color  1715 1885
Author: Warren Eugene Milteer Jr.
Publsiher: LSU Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2020-07-01
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780807173787

Download North Carolina s Free People of Color 1715 1885 Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

In North Carolina’s Free People of Color, 1715–1885, Warren Eugene Milteer Jr. examines the lives of free persons categorized by their communities as “negroes,” “mulattoes,” “mustees,” “Indians,” “mixed-bloods,” or simply “free people of color.” From the colonial period through Reconstruction, lawmakers passed legislation that curbed the rights and privileges of these non-enslaved residents, from prohibiting their testimony against whites to barring them from the ballot box. While such laws suggest that most white North Carolinians desired to limit the freedoms and civil liberties enjoyed by free people of color, Milteer reveals that the two groups often interacted—praying together, working the same land, and occasionally sharing households and starting families. Some free people of color also rose to prominence in their communities, becoming successful businesspeople and winning the respect of their white neighbors. Milteer’s innovative study moves beyond depictions of the American South as a region controlled by a strict racial hierarchy. He contends that although North Carolinians frequently sorted themselves into races imbued with legal and social entitlements—with whites placing themselves above persons of color—those efforts regularly clashed with their concurrent recognition of class, gender, kinship, and occupational distinctions. Whites often determined the position of free nonwhites by designating them as either valuable or expendable members of society. In early North Carolina, free people of color of certain statuses enjoyed access to institutions unavailable even to some whites. Prior to 1835, for instance, some free men of color possessed the right to vote while the law disenfranchised all women, white and nonwhite included. North Carolina’s Free People of Color, 1715–1885 demonstrates that conceptions of race were complex and fluid, defying easy characterization. Despite the reductive labels often assigned to them by whites, free people of color in the state emerged from an array of backgrounds, lived widely varied lives, and created distinct cultures—all of which, Milteer suggests, allowed them to adjust to and counter ever-evolving forms of racial discrimination.

North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color

North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color
Author: William L. Byrd
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2006-01-01
Genre: History
ISBN: 0788432842

Download North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

These pages contain a wealth of information transcribed from obscure and fragile, original documents housed at the North Carolina State Archives. Every attempt has been made to transcribe the complete collection, including partial or fragmented documents.

The Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad
Author: Colson Whitehead
Publsiher: Anchor Books
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2018
Genre: FICTION
ISBN: 9780345804327

Download The Underground Railroad Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

#1 New York Times Bestseller - Winner of the Pulitzer Prize - Winner of the National Book Award - Winner of the Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction - Longlisted for the Man Booker Prize One of the Best books of the Year: The New York Times, The Washington Post, NPR, The Boston Globe, The Seattle Times, HuffPost, Esquire, Minneapolis Star Tribune Look for Whitehead's acclaimed new novel, The Nickel Boys, available now Cora is a young slave on a cotton plantation in Georgia. An outcast even among her fellow Africans, she is on the cusp of womanhood--where greater pain awaits. And so when Caesar, a slave who has recently arrived from Virginia, urges her to join him on the Underground Railroad, she seizes the opportunity and escapes with him. In Colson Whitehead's ingenious conception, the Underground Railroad is no mere metaphor: engineers and conductors operate a secret network of actual tracks and tunnels beneath the Southern soil. Cora embarks on a harrowing flight from one state to the next, encountering, like Gulliver, strange yet familiar iterations of her own world at each stop. As Whitehead brilliantly re-creates the terrors of the antebellum era, he weaves in the saga of our nation, from the brutal abduction of Africans to the unfulfilled promises of the present day. The Underground Railroad is both the gripping tale of one woman's will to escape the horrors of bondage--and a powerful meditation on the history we all share.

The Free Negro in North Carolina 1790 1860

The Free Negro in North Carolina  1790 1860
Author: John Hope Franklin
Publsiher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2000-11-09
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780807866689

Download The Free Negro in North Carolina 1790 1860 Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

John Hope Franklin has devoted his professional life to the study of African Americans. Originally published in 1943 by UNC Press, The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860 was his first book on the subject. As Franklin shows, freed slaves in the antebellum South did not enjoy the full rights of citizenship. Even in North Carolina, reputedly more liberal than most southern states, discriminatory laws became so harsh that many voluntarily returned to slavery.

Beyond Slavery s Shadow

Beyond Slavery s Shadow
Author: Warren Eugene Milteer Jr.
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2021-09-15
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781469664408

Download Beyond Slavery s Shadow Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

On the eve of the Civil War, most people of color in the United States toiled in bondage. Yet nearly half a million of these individuals, including over 250,000 in the South, were free. In Beyond Slavery's Shadow, Warren Eugene Milteer Jr. draws from a wide array of sources to demonstrate that from the colonial period through the Civil War, the growing influence of white supremacy and proslavery extremism created serious challenges for free persons categorized as "negroes," "mulattoes," "mustees," "Indians," or simply "free people of color" in the South. Segregation, exclusion, disfranchisement, and discriminatory punishment were ingrained in their collective experiences. Nevertheless, in the face of attempts to deny them the most basic privileges and rights, free people of color defended their families and established organizations and businesses. These people were both privileged and victimized, both celebrated and despised, in a region characterized by social inconsistency. Milteer's analysis of the way wealth, gender, and occupation intersected with ideas promoting white supremacy and discrimination reveals a wide range of social interactions and life outcomes for the South's free people of color and helps to explain societal contradictions that continue to appear in the modern United States.

Walker s Appeal in Four Articles

Walker s Appeal  in Four Articles
Author: David Walker
Publsiher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Total Pages: 80
Release: 2011-09-01
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780807869482

Download Walker s Appeal in Four Articles Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

First published in 1829, Walker's Appeal called on slaves to rise up and free themselves. The two subsequent versions of his document (including the reprinted 1830 edition published shortly before Walker's death) were increasingly radical. Addressed to the whole world but directed primarily to people of color around the world, the 87-page pamphlet by a free black man born in North Carolina and living in Boston advocates immediate emancipation and slave rebellion. Walker asks the slaves among his readers whether they wouldn't prefer to "be killed than to be a slave to a tyrant." He advises them not to "trifle" if they do rise up, but rather to kill those who would continue to enslave them and their wives and children. Copies of the pamphlet were smuggled by ship in 1830 from Boston to Wilmington, North Carolina, Walker's childhood home, causing panic among whites. In 1830, members of North Carolina's General Assembly had the Appeal in mind as they tightened the state's laws dealing with slaves and free black citizens. The resulting stricter laws led to more policies that repressed African Americans, freed and slave alike. A DOCSOUTH BOOK. This collaboration between UNC Press and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library brings classic works back into print. DocSouth Books editions are selected from the digital library of Documenting the American South and are unaltered from the original publication. The DocSouth series uses digital technology to offer e-books and print-on-demand publications, providing affordable and accessible editions to a new generation of scholars, students, and general readers.

North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color

North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color
Author: William L. Byrd,John H. Smith
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2003
Genre: History
ISBN: 0788422898

Download North Carolina Slaves and Free Persons of Color Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

These pages contain a wealth of information transcribed from obscure and fragile, original documents housed at the North Carolina State Archives. Every attempt has been made to transcribe the complete collection, including partial or fragmented documents.

They Behaved Like Soldiers

They Behaved Like Soldiers
Author: Michael Cecere
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
ISBN: 0788424793

Download They Behaved Like Soldiers Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Captain John Chilton's letters and diary offer insight into the more routine aspects of life in the American army during the Revolutionary War, along with detailed observations of his military experiences, the marches, battles, hardships and frustrations.

North Carolina s Free People of Color 1715 1885

North Carolina s Free People of Color  1715 1885
Author: Warren E. Milteer (Jr.)
Publsiher: LSU Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020
Genre: Free African Americans
ISBN: 9780807173770

Download North Carolina s Free People of Color 1715 1885 Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

In North Carolina's Free People of Color, 1715-1885, Warren Eugene Milteer Jr. examines the lives of free persons categorized by their communities as "negroes," "mulattoes," "mustees," "Indians," "mixed--bloods," or simply "free people of color." From the colonial period through Reconstruction, lawmakers passed legislation that curbed the rights and privileges of these non-enslaved residents, from prohibiting their testimony against whites to barring them from the ballot box. While such laws suggest that most white North Carolinians desired to limit the freedoms and civil liberties enjoyed by free people of color, Milteer reveals that the two groups often interacted--praying together, working the same land, and occasionally sharing households and starting families. Some free people of color also rose to prominence in their communities, becoming successful businesspeople and winning the respect of their white neighbors. Milteer's innovative study moves beyond depictions of the American South as a region controlled by a strict racial hierarchy. He contends that although North Carolinians frequently sorted themselves into races imbued with legal and social entitlements--with whites placing themselves above persons of color--those efforts regularly clashed with their concurrent recognition of class, gender, kinship, and occupational distinctions. Whites often determined the position of free nonwhites by designating them as either valuable or expendable members of society. In early North Carolina, free people of color of certain statuses enjoyed access to institutions unavailable even to some whites. Prior to 1835, for instance, some free men of color possessed the right to vote while the law disenfranchised all women, white and nonwhite included. North Carolina's Free People of Color, 1715-1885 demonstrates that conceptions of race were complex and fluid, defying easy characterization. Despite the reductive labels often assigned to them by whites, free people of color in the state emerged from an array of backgrounds, lived widely varied lives, and created distinct cultures--all of which, Milteer suggests, allowed them to adjust to and counter ever--evolving forms of racial discrimination.

New Voyages to Carolina

New Voyages to Carolina
Author: Larry E. Tise,Jeffrey J. Crow
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2017-09-14
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781469634609

Download New Voyages to Carolina Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

New Voyages to Carolina offers a bold new approach for understanding and telling North Carolina's history. Recognizing the need for such a fresh approach and reflecting a generation of recent scholarship, eighteen distinguished authors have sculpted a broad, inclusive narrative of the state's evolution over more than four centuries. The volume provides new lenses and provocative possibilities for reimagining the state's past. Transcending traditional markers of wars and elections, the contributors map out a new chronology encompassing geological realities; the unappreciated presence of Indians, blacks, and women; religious and cultural influences; and abiding preferences for industrial development within the limits of "progressive" politics. While challenging traditional story lines, the authors frame a candid tale of the state's development. Contributors: Dorothea V. Ames, East Carolina University Karl E. Campbell, Appalachian State University James C. Cobb, University of Georgia Peter A. Coclanis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Stephen Feeley, McDaniel College Jerry Gershenhorn, North Carolina Central University Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore, Yale University Patrick Huber, Missouri University of Science and Technology Charles F. Irons, Elon University David Moore, Warren Wilson College Michael Leroy Oberg, State University of New York, College at Geneseo Stanley R. Riggs, East Carolina University Richard D. Starnes, Western Carolina University Carole Watterson Troxler, Elon University Bradford J. Wood, Eastern Kentucky University Karin Zipf, East Carolina University

Living Indian Histories

Living Indian Histories
Author: Gerald M. Sider
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 309
Release: 2003
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 0807855065

Download Living Indian Histories Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

With more than 40,000 registered members, the Lumbee Indians are the ninth largest tribe in the United States and the largest east of the Mississippi River. Yet, despite the tribe's size, the Lumbee lack full federal recognition and their history has been

Capitalism and Slavery

Capitalism and Slavery
Author: Eric Williams
Publsiher: Lulu Press, Inc
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-09-17
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781329560086

Download Capitalism and Slavery Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The present study is an attempt to place in historical perspective the relationship between early capitalism as exemplified by Great Britain, and the Negro slave trade, Negro slavery and the general colonial trade of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It is strictly an economic study of the role of Negro slavery and the slave trade in providing the capital which financed the Industrial Revolution in England and of mature industrial capitalism in destroying the slave system.

Gender and Jim Crow

Gender and Jim Crow
Author: Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2013-04-01
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781469612454

Download Gender and Jim Crow Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Glenda Gilmore recovers the rich nuances of southern political history by placing black women at its center. She explores the pivotal and interconnected roles played by gender and race in North Carolina politics from the period immediately preceding the disfranchisement of black men in 1900 to the time black and white women gained the vote in 1920. Gender and Jim Crow argues that the ideology of white supremacy embodied in the Jim Crow laws of the turn of the century profoundly reordered society and that within this environment, black women crafted an enduring tradition of political activism. According to Gilmore, a generation of educated African American women emerged in the 1890s to become, in effect, diplomats to the white community after the disfranchisement of their husbands, brothers, and fathers. Using the lives of African American women to tell the larger story, Gilmore chronicles black women's political strategies, their feminism, and their efforts to forge political ties with white women. Her analysis highlights the active role played by women of both races in the political process and in the emergence of southern progressivism. In addition, Gilmore illuminates the manipulation of concepts of gender by white supremacists and shows how this rhetoric changed once women, black and white, gained the vote.

Black Slaveowners

Black Slaveowners
Author: Larry Koger
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 300
Release: 1985-12-01
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780786469314

Download Black Slaveowners Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Most Americans, both black and white, believe that slavery was a system maintained by whites to exploit blacks, but this authoritative study reveals the extent to which African Americans played a significant role as slave masters. Examining South Carolina's diverse population of African-American slaveowners, the book demonstrates that free African Americans widely embraced slavery as a viable economic system and that they--like their white counterparts--exploited the labor of slaves on their farms and in their businesses. Drawing on the federal census, wills, mortgage bills of sale, tax returns, and newspaper advertisements, the author reveals the nature of African-American slaveholding, its complexity, and its rationales. He describes how some African-American slave masters had earned their freedom but how many others--primarily mulattoes born of free parents--were unfamiliar with slavery's dehumanization.