Nuclear Waste Management Strategies

Nuclear Waste Management Strategies
Author: Mark H. Sanders,Charlotta E. Sanders
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2019-10-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128137390

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Nuclear Waste Management Strategies: An International Perspective presents worldwide insights into nuclear waste management strategies from a technical engineering perspective, with consideration for important legal aspects. It provides a one-stop, comprehensive analysis of both historical and up-to-date nuclear waste management strategies, while consulting important legal aspects of decision-making and implementation processes. With case studies from around the world, this book provides a unique understanding of nuclear waste management technologies and methods available, ensuring that researchers and engineering professionals are equipped with the right knowledge to design, build, implement and improve their own waste management strategies. This book will benefit those researching and learning in the nuclear energy sector, especially those specializing in nuclear waste management strategies, as well as technical and legal communities within nuclear and environmental areas. It is also a valuable resource for lawmakers and regulatory bodies concerned with nuclear policy and waste management. Provides a one-stop location for reference material on nuclear waste management strategies from around the world Focuses on the associated technical engineering elements of planning for, and implementing, waste management strategies Includes real-life examples from Europe, North America, South America, Asia, the Middle East and Africa

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up
Author: William E Lee,Michael I Ojovan,Carol M Jantzen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 912
Release: 2013-10-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097446

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Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

The Comparison of Alternative Waste Management Strategies for Long lived Radioactive Wastes

The Comparison of Alternative Waste Management Strategies for Long lived Radioactive Wastes
Author: European Communities
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:1111108141

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A comparison of the strategies for the management of radioactive waste is the subjet of the project Compas (Comparison of alternative waste management strategies for long-lived radioactive wastes). The project addressed the policies and strategies for the management of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and long-lived radioactive wastes, namely high-level waste from processing (HLW) and long-lived low and intermediate level waste (LL-LILW) , that have been developed in many of the EU Member States, Switzerland and many of the applicant countries. The comparison reflects the status of the national strategies on 1 September 2003. The report of the project addresses four aspects: - the wastes to be managed and ways of changing their properties; - the issues that have played a major role in influencing the strategies that have been adopted; - generic strategies that have been adopted or are being considered; - the issues that have been important in determining the acceptability of waste management options to stakeholders outside the nuclear industry and the main elements of the processes associated with options that are being successfully implemented or are being proposed for the future. Nearly all the countries that have participated in the propject have adopted deep geological disposal as the preferred long-term management option for spent nuclear fuel (that is not consigned for reprocessing), high-Ievel waste and long-lived radioactive waste. This option has been selected on the basis that the safety of a store for an indefinite period cannot be established and all the options that involve placing the waste away from land masses are either prohibited by international conventions or the uncertainties are considered to be too great. However, there are different perceptions of the urgency for implementing deep geological disposal that depend on national policies and social, logistical and economic issues. The incorporation of the requirement for disposal in national legislation has been an important factor in its early implementation in some countries.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation
Author: Michael I Ojovan,William E Lee,William E. Lee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2010-07-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080455719

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Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste. The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass. The last chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of each matrix, and on new developments of ceramics and glass composite materials, thermochemical methods and in-situ metal matrix immobilisation. The book thoroughly covers all issues surrounding nuclear waste: from where to locate nuclear waste in the environment, through nuclear waste generation and sources, treatment schemes and technologies, immobilisation technologies and waste forms, disposal and long term behaviour. Particular attention is paid to internationally approved and worldwide-applied approaches and technologies. * Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilisation: Cement, bitumen, glass and new materials. * Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste – such as treatment schemes and technologies, and disposal - at the forefront.

Inventory of Radioactive Waste in Canada

Inventory of Radioactive Waste in Canada
Author: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. Low Level Radioactive Waste Management Office,Duke Engineering & Services
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 42
Release: 1999
Genre: Radioactive waste disposal
ISBN: OCLC:47303710

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Policies and Strategies for Radioactive Waste Management

Policies and Strategies for Radioactive Waste Management
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 68
Release: 2009
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9201039093

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To assure the safe, technically optimal and cost effective management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, appropriate policies and strategies are required. This publication clarifies the differences between a policy and a strategy, and provides principal advice to member states on the typical composition, mutual links and the process of compilation of such documents. It also offers options for and indicates approaches to the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, thus enabling an effective spent fuel and radioactive waste management infrastructure to be developed.--Publisher's description.

Nuclear Decommissioning Waste Management and Environmental Site Remediation

Nuclear Decommissioning  Waste Management  and Environmental Site Remediation
Author: Colin Bayliss,Kevin Langley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2003-10-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080537782

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Decommissioning nuclear facilities is a relatively new field, which has developed rapidly in the last ten years. It involves materials that may be highly radioactive and therefore require sophisticated methods of containment and remote handling. The wastes arising from decommissioning are hazardous and have to be stored or disposed of safely in order to protect the environment and future generations. Nuclear decommissioning work must be carried out to the highest possible standards to protect workers, the general public and the environment. This book describes the techniques used for dismantling redundant nuclear facilities, the safe storage of radioactive wastes and the restoration of nuclear licensed sites. * Describes the techniques used for dismantling nuclear facilities, safe storage of radioactive wastes, and the restoration of nuclear licensed facilities. * Provides the reader with decommissioning experience accumulated over 15 years by UKAEA. * Contains valuable information to personnel new to decommissioning and waste management.

Handling and Processing of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Applications

Handling and Processing of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Applications
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 143
Release: 2001
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: UOM:39015047516276

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Provides detailed information on the handling, processing and storage techniques most widely used and recommended for waste from non-fuel-cycle activities. The report was designed to meet the needs of developing countries by focusing on the most simple, affordable and reliable techniques and discussing their advantages and limitations.

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment
Author: Kenneth L Nash,Gregg J Lumetta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2011-03-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857092274

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Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard. Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment processes. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment is a standard reference for all nuclear waste management and nuclear safety professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers in this field. A comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment Details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, as well as highly selective compounds for solvent extraction Discusses the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies

Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies
Author: Michael I Ojovan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2011-01-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857090959

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Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies. The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms. With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle. Provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes Explores radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies including the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning Assesses the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction

United States Nuclear Waste

United States Nuclear Waste
Author: Gregory Hall,Steven L. Greene
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 269
Release: 2012-08-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1620813122

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The Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future was chartered to recommend a new strategy for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle. The Nation's failure to come to grips with the nuclear waste issue has already proved damaging and costly and it will be more damaging and more costly the longer it continues: damaging to prospects for maintaining a potentially important energy supply option for the future, damaging to state-federal relations and public confidence in the federal government's competence, and damaging to America's standing in the world -- not only as a source of nuclear technology and policy expertise but as a leader on global issues of nuclear safety, non-proliferation, and security. This book examines the use of nuclear energy as a low-carbon energy resource with a focus on the management of the nuclear fuel cycle, based on emerging technologies and developments.

National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste

National Inventories and Management Strategies for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste
Author: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 63
Release: 2016
Genre: Nuclear energy
ISBN: 9264265430

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Abstract: Radioactive waste inventory data are an important element in the development of a national radioactive waste management programme since these data affect the design and selection of the ultimate disposal methods. Inventory data are generally presented as an amount of radioactive waste under various waste classes, according to the waste classification scheme developed and adopted by the country or national programme in question. Various waste classification schemes have thus evolved in most countries, and these schemes classify radioactive waste according to its origin, to criteria related to the protection of workers or to the physical, chemical and radiological properties of the waste and the planned disposal method(s). The diversity in classification schemes across countries has restricted the possibility of comparing waste inventories and led to difficulties in interpreting waste management practices, both nationally and internationally. To help improve this situation, the Nuclear Energy Agency proposed to develop a methodology that would ensure consistency of national radioactive waste inventory data when presenting them in a common scheme. This report provides such a methodology and presenting scheme for spent nuclear fuel and for waste arising from reprocessing. The extension of the methodology and presenting scheme to other types of radioactive waste and corresponding management strategies is envisaged in a second phase

Nuclear Waste Management Program

Nuclear Waste Management Program
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1979
Genre: Radioactive waste disposal
ISBN: MINN:31951D00816714W

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Nuclear Waste Management Program Summary Document

Nuclear Waste Management Program Summary Document
Author: United States. Department of Energy. Office of Nuclear Waste Management
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1979
Genre: Nuclear facilities
ISBN: UOM:39015095243278

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Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability
Author: David S. Ginley,David Cahen
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-11-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781139502689

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How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: • Renewable/non-renewable energy sources • Future transportation systems • Energy efficiency • Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this textbook will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will enable today's scientists and educate future generations.