On the Development of China s Information Technology Industry

On the Development of China s Information Technology Industry
Author: Jiang Zemin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2009-11-13
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0123813700

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In the early 1980’s, Jiang Zemin, then Minister of Electronics Ministry of China, assessed the IT industry as ‘the strategic high ground in international competition.’ He "perceived the discrepancy between China’s level and the world's advanced level was so great that we had to do our utmost to catch up." Since then through numerous articles and frequent speeches he has drawn up a detailed technological and policy roadmap for doing exactly that. This volume collects over 25 pieces written over more than 20 years. It demonstrates the former president of China’s authority and insight into the development of China’s IT industry since the introduction of reforms, and the cutting-edge issues experienced throughout the global IT industry. Jiang’s ambitious goal is the transformation of China into a leader in the global IT industry by 2020. This volume offers IT industry analysts, China watchers, policy makers and advisors, IT researchers, and investors a singular and authoritative view on how China should get there. Establishes key measurements for the development of China’s IT industry Sets forth the priorities for government and industry Identifies opportunities for interrelating military and civilian R&D and applications Reveals key obstacles to progress and directives for overcoming them Sets out an R&D agenda for industry Names the core industry sectors for government and industry investment Identifies opportunities and the necessity for international collaboration Establishes the need to develop China’s own IPR and to respect and protect others’ IPR

China s Rise in the World ICT Industry

China s Rise in the World ICT Industry
Author: Lutao Ning
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2009-06-04
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781134016556

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One of the most striking phenomena of China’s remarkable economic growth is that its huge volume of exports are becoming high-tech. China is now the world's largest Information and Communication Technology (ICT) exporter, having overtaken Japan and the European Union in 2003 and the United States in 2004. China's ICT industry is also the largest manufacturing sector within the Chinese economy. This book examines how China has attained this leading position and presents one of the first accounts of China’s ICT development model with specific reference to the experiences of East Asian 'tigers'. It shows how the development of the industry was military-driven before 1978, and how subsequently Chinese policymakers, struggling with domestic market reform and challenged by trade liberalisation and globalisation, managed to push through ICT development strategies. Overall, it discusses the debates between policymakers as to the most appropriate economic development strategy for 'catching-up' and demonstrates how China moved away from the across-the-board protectionist and interventionist industrial policies pursued by many developing countries, but has not wholeheartedly followed the neo-liberal free trade and market polices favoured by the World Bank, WTO and IMF. By doing so, it sheds light on the limitations of China’s strategies moving forward, and identifies policy lessons for other developing countries.

INNOVATION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN INDIA AND

INNOVATION  ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN INDIA AND
Author: Kung-Chung Liu,Uday S. Racherla
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2019-01-01
Genre: Development economics
ISBN: 9789811381027

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This open access book analyses intellectual property and innovation governance in the development of six key industries in India and China. These industries are reflective of the innovation and economic development of the two economies, or of vital importance to them: the IT Industry, the film industry, the pharmaceutical industry, plant varieties and food security, the automobile industry, and the sharing economy. The analysis extends beyond the domain of IP law, and includes economics and policy analysis. The overarching concerns of the book are how the examined industries have developed in the two countries, what role state innovation policy and/or IP policy has played in such development, what the nature of the state innovation policy/IP policy is, whether such policy has been causal, facilitating, crippling, co-relational, or simply irrelevant, and whether there is a possibility of synergy between the two economies. The book also inquires as to why and how one specific industry has developed in one country and not in the other, and what India and China can learn from each other. The book provides a real-life understanding of how IP laws interact with innovation and economic development in the six selected economic sectors in China and India. The reader can also draw lessons from the success or failure of these sectors. --

China and Global Value Chains

China and Global Value Chains
Author: Yutao Sun,Seamus Grimes
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2017-12-15
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781351972987

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President Trump has raised the intriguing question of bringing the manufacturing of companies like Apple back from China to the U.S. This book, however, argues that in this age of the knowledge-based economy and increased globalization, that value creation and distribution based on knowledge and innovation activities are at the core of economic development. The double-edged sword of globalization has transformed China’s economic development in the past few decades. Although China has benefitted from globalization and is now the second largest economy in the world, having become a global manufacturing power and the biggest exporter of high-tech products, it continues to be highly dependent on foreign sources of capital and technology. This book will explore the core of the Chinese economy from the perspective of the Global Value Chain (GVC), combining analysis of inward investment, international trade, Science and Technology and Innovation (S&TI) and economic development. Specifically, it investigates China’s evolving role in GVCs with some innovative Chinese companies emerging in the global market and China’s ongoing efforts to become an innovation-driven economy. China’s impressive economic record and experience provides an impressive role model for other developing countries.

The Development of China s Information Resource Industry

The Development of China s Information Resource Industry
Author: Huiling Feng,Guojun Zhao,Minghui Qian
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2021-09-30
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781000518917

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The industrialization of information resources has been a growing trend across the world in recent years, especially in China, where the information resource industry (IRI) has expanded exponentially for over more than a decade. While analysing the development conditions of China's IRI, this book clearly defines the implications and strategic value of the industry, summarizes basic IRI theories, and clarifies the history of its development and special regional characteristics within the Chinese context. Drawing on the statistics and measurement of various economic indicators of IRI, the authors propose four stages of development: a germination period; an initial development period; a subsequent rapid development period; and lastly, a steady development period. At the same time, the book draws upon various theoretical models such as the “Dynamic Resource Triangle” model, the “Information Resource Industrial Symbiosis” model, the value chain model and the explanation model of information consumption in order to shed light on IRI's elements and the optimization of its management. In addition, the authors present the Information Resource Industry Development Index (IRIDI) to evaluate IRI’s development in different provinces and cities across Mainland China and monitor its dynamics from the point of view of industrial value and the external environment. While the book lays a solid theoretical foundation for the growth of China’s IRI, it will also give international readers a clear picture of China's emerging industries in the current era. As an emerging strategic industry in China, the information resource industry (IRI) has had and will continue to have a growing impact on economic and social development. Focusing on the special characteristics of IRI policies in China, this book provides an in-depth discussion of the major directions, methods, and paths of development for IRI policies via a comprehensive analysis of the structural, organizational, promotional policies and policy instruments of China’s IRI. Concentrating on policy instruments, the book, for the first time, provides a systematic, all-rounded review of China’s IRI policies that have been released to date, and proposes a “China Information Resource Industry Policy Library” comprising six types of IRI policy documents: organizational, information, regulatory, incentives, market, and social. The whole contributes to a comprehensive understanding of the application of various IRI policies in China, and also supports the decision making behind and building of industrial policies.

China s Information Revolution

China s Information Revolution
Author: Christine Zhen-Wei Qiang
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2007-05-04
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780821367216

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Since 1997, China has devoted considerable resources to information and communications technology (ICT) development. China has the world's largest telecommunications market, and its information technology industry has been an engine of economic growth growing two to three times faster than GDP over the past 10 years. E-government initiatives have achieved significant results, and the private sector has increasingly used ICT for production and service processes, internal management, and online transactions. The approaching 10-year mark provides an excellent opportunity to update the policy to reflect the evolving needs of China's economy. These needs include the challenges posed by industrialization, urbanization, upgraded consumption, and social mobility. Developing a more effective ICT strategy will help China to achieve its economic and social goals. Addressing all the critical factors is complex and requires long-term commitment. This book highlights several key issues that need to be addressed decisively in the second half of this decade, through policies entailing institutional reform, to trigger broader changes. This books is the result of 10 months of strategic research by a World Bank team at the request of China's State Council Informatization Office and the Advisory Committee for State Informatization. Drawing on background papers by Chinese researchers, the study provides a variety of domestic perspectives and local case studies and combines these perspectives with international experiences on how similar issues may have been addressed in other countries.

Global China

Global China
Author: Tarun Chhabra,Rush Doshi,Ryan Hass,Emilie Kimball
Publsiher: Brookings Institution Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2021-06-22
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780815739173

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The global implications of China’s rise as a global actor In 2005, a senior official in the George W. Bush administration expressed the hope that China would emerge as a “responsible stakeholder” on the world stage. A dozen years later, the Trump administration dramatically shifted course, instead calling China a “strategic competitor” whose actions routinely threaten U.S. interests. Both assessments reflected an underlying truth: China is no longer just a “rising” power. It has emerged as a truly global actor, both economically and militarily. Every day its actions affect nearly every region and every major issue, from climate change to trade, from conflict in troubled lands to competition over rules that will govern the uses of emerging technologies. To better address the implications of China’s new status, both for American policy and for the broader international order, Brookings scholars conducted research over the past two years, culminating in a project: Global China: Assessing China’s Growing Role in the World. The project is intended to furnish policy makers and the public with hard facts and deep insights for understanding China’s regional and global ambitions. The initiative draws not only on Brookings’s deep bench of China and East Asia experts, but also on the tremendous breadth of the institution’s security, strategy, regional studies, technological, and economic development experts. Areas of focus include the evolution of China’s domestic institutions; great power relations; the emergence of critical technologies; Asian security; China’s influence in key regions beyond Asia; and China’s impact on global governance and norms. Global China: Assessing China’s Growing Role in the World provides the most current, broad-scope, and fact-based assessment of the implications of China’s rise for the United States and the rest of the world.

The Inside Story of China s High Tech Industry

The Inside Story of China s High Tech Industry
Author: Yu Zhou
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2007-12-24
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781461644514

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In the 1980s, China faced the monumental task of creating, from scratch, internationally competitive companies. This challenge was especially daunting in the information and communications technology sector. The Inside Story of China's High-Tech Industry describes the emergence and growth of this industry through an analysis of China's leading science park, Beijing's Zhongguancun. Zhou argues that, in the case of China, it is the conjunction of export and domestic markets that has provided the main impetus to technological learning and the development of industry competitiveness. This is the best treatment to date of China's most important innovation region.

Paper Tigers Hidden Dragons

Paper Tigers  Hidden Dragons
Author: Douglas B. Fuller
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2016-05-26
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9780198777205

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China presents us with a conundrum. How has a developing country with a spectacularly inefficient financial system, coupled with asset-destroying state-owned firms, managed to create a number of vibrant high-tech firms? China's domestic financial system fails most private firms by neglecting to give them sufficient support to pursue technological upgrading, even while smothering state-favoured firms by providing them with too much support. Due to their foreign financing, multinational corporation's suffer from neither insufficient funds nor soft budget constraints, but they are insufficiently committed to China's development. Hybrid firms that combine ethnic Chinese management and foreign financing are the hidden dragons driving China's technological development. They avoid the maladies of China's domestic financial system while remaining committed to enhancing China's domestic technological capabilities. In sad contrast, China's domestic firms are technological paper tigers. State efforts to build local innovation clusters and create national champions have not managed to transform these firms into drivers of technological development. These findings upend fundamental debates about China's political economy. Rather than a choice between state capitalism and building domestic market institutions, China has fostered state capitalism even while tolerating the importing of foreign market institutions. While the book's findings suggest that China's state and domestic market institutions are ineffective, the hybrids promise an alternative way to avoid the middle-income trap. By documenting how variation in China's institutional terrain impacts technological development, the book also provides much needed nuance to widespread yet mutually irreconcilable claims that China is either an emerging innovation power or a technological backwater. Looking beyond China, hybrid-led development has implications for new alternative economic development models and new ways to conceptualize contemporary capitalism that go beyond current domestic institution-centric approaches.

Building an Information Technology Industry in China National Strategy Global Markets

Building an Information Technology Industry in China  National Strategy  Global Markets
Author: James Andrew Lewis
Publsiher: CSIS
Total Pages: 37
Release: 2007
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 0892064897

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A Research Report on the Development of China s Manufacturing Sector 2016

A Research Report on the Development of China   s Manufacturing Sector  2016
Author: Lianshui Li,Zhanyuan Du
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2017-04-09
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9789811044458

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This book investigates key developments in China’s manufacturing industry from the perspectives of general evaluation, regional analysis, industrial analysis and enterprise analysis. Based on data for 1978 to 2013, it details the characteristics of the different stages, typical development patterns, and the international status of China’s manufacturing sector. It also provides an in-depth portrait of China’s new-type manufacturing sector based on four main aspects, namely, economic creativity, technological innovation capability, energy conservation capability, and environmental protection capability, and subsequently assesses the status quo of this sector, analyzes the regional development characteristics, and ranks China’s top 10 provinces and top 10 cities in terms of manufacturing. The book outlines the industrial characteristics of China’s manufacturing sector and analyzes the factors influencing its development and lastly, it examines China’s listed manufacturing enterprises, ranking and providing brief snapshots of the top 50 most respected enterprises. This book is intended for all those interested in the development of China’s manufacturing sector, especially university instructors and students, governmental officials and managerial personnel in the manufacturing sector and related enterprises.

China s Technological Catch up Strategy

China s Technological Catch up Strategy
Author: Michael T. Rock,Michael A. Toman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2015
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780199385324

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Since 1978 China has been remarkably successful in reducing the CO2 intensity of GDP and industry. The book shows how China's industrial and technology policies affecting four energy-intensive industries - aluminium, cement, iron and steel, and paper - have transformed industrial structure within these industries and technological capabilities within enterprises in these industries, and how both types of changes have put each of these industries on substantially lower CO2 emissions trajectories.

The Implementation of China s Science and Technology Policy

The Implementation of China s Science and Technology Policy
Author: Q. Y. Yu
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 233
Release: 1999
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 1567203329

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Provides a full view of China's science and technology policy, plus an historical perspective on the development of her science, technology, and industry.

Managing Information Technology Resources in Organizations in the Next Millennium

Managing Information Technology Resources in Organizations in the Next Millennium
Author: Information Resources Management Association. International Conference
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1140
Release: 1999-01-01
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 1878289519

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Managing Information Technology Resources in Organizations in the Next Millennium contains more than 200 unique perspectives on numerous timely issues of managing information technology in organizations around the world. This book, featuring the latest research and applied IT practices, is a valuable source in support of teaching and research agendas.

OECD Information Technology Outlook 2006

OECD Information Technology Outlook 2006
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2006-10-03
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789264026445

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Describes recent market dynamics and trends in industries supplying IT goods and services and offers an overview of the globalisation of the information and communication technology (ICT) sector and the rise of ICT-enabled international sourcing.