Optimal Reliability Based Design of Structures Against Several Natural Hazards

Optimal Reliability Based Design of Structures Against Several Natural Hazards
Author: Alfredo H-S Ang,David de Leon Escobedo,Wenliang Fan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2021-08-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000461794

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Interest in the topic of structural reliability and optimal design has been rapidly growing in recent years. Besides, the field of numerical methods and artificial intelligence is experiencing a surge of new methods and the refinement of existing ones to expand opportunities to apply robust formulations to complex engineering problems. Today, more than ever, the field is receiving fresh ideas on how to face the challenges of finding a balance between cost and benefits that may lead towards the optimal design of systems. Recently, the probability density evolution method (PDEM) was proposed by Prof. Jie Li as an alternative way to obtain the stochastic and dynamic solution of the safety level of engineering systems under any kind of hazard. This work deals with the application of this powerful method to derive optimal design recommendations for large engineering systems under natural hazards. The three case studies illustrate to engineers and academic specialists how to strike a cost-effective balance in designing such systems.

Seismic Design and Practice into the Next Century

Seismic Design and Practice into the Next Century
Author: Edmund Booth
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 550
Release: 2022-05-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781351417235

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The papers, from 18 countries in Europe and elsewhere, contain discussions of quite radical innovations in material technology, design philosophy, experimental techniques and analytical approaches that will affect seismic design practice into the next century. Papers are organised into 9 sections: Ground motion and seismic hazard studies; Seismic design of foundations; Seismic design of steel, concrete and masonry buildings; Seismic design of offshore, nuclear and petrochemical installations; Seismic design of bridges, dock and power station structures; Repair and strengthening of bridges and buildings; Active and passive methods of seismic control; Dynamic testing methods; Seismic codes of practice. The proceedings will provide essential material for all those from both industrial and research organisations needing to keep in touch with the state-of-the-art in earthquake engineering and related earch sciences.

Case Studies in Optimal Design and Maintenance Planning of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Case Studies in Optimal Design and Maintenance Planning of Civil Infrastructure Systems
Author: Dan M. Frangopol
Publsiher: ASCE Publications
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1999-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0784474702

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Sponsored by the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. This collection contains 19 papers on the optimal design and maintenance planning of civil infrastructure systems such asbridges, buildings, transmission line structures, and nuclear power plants. The authors?coming from Austria, Canada, Denmark, England, Germany, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Switzerland, and the United States?offer case studies that are detailed and research findings that describe applications of life-cycle, reliability and optimization theories to civil infrastructure systems. Topics include: prioritization of bridge maintenance needs; life-cycle optimization of structures; cost-effectiveness optimization for aseismic design criteria of buildings; condition assessment and maintenance of aging structures in critical facilities; condition assessment of bridges; optimization of quality assurance of welded structures; optimal reliability-based bridge maintenance planning; effective reanalysis for damaged structures; optimal design of transmission line structures; optimization and reliability-lifetime oriented design; and optimum policy for civil infrastructure improvement decision making. This book serves as a valuable reference to engineers and managers concerned with design and maintenance planning of civil infrastructure systems.

Recent Developments in Reliability Based Civil Engineering

Recent Developments in Reliability Based Civil Engineering
Author: Achintya Haldar
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2006-02-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789814479745

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Authored by the most active scholars in their respective areas, this volume covers the most recent developments, both theoretical and applicative, in multi-disciplinary reliability evaluation areas, many of which are cutting-edge and not discussed elsewhere in book form. The broad coverage includes the latest thoughts on design for low probability and high consequence events like the failure of the World Trade Center as well as risk acceptability based on the Life Quality Index. Other chapters discuss the development of the performance-based design concept, and the generally overlooked area of the reliability evaluation of bridges and offshore structures. Since the finite element method is routinely used for structural analyses, emphasis is put on discussing reliability evaluation using finite elements including consideration of the mesh-free finite element method. Corrosion and fatigue reliability evaluation techniques are other urgent issues that are dealt with in depth. Risk-based optimization using lifecycle cost analysis is presented. Among the many additional included topics, a chapter is devoted to health assessment of existing structures, currently one of the most active research areas. Contents:Risk and Risk Perception for Low Probability, High Consequence Events in the Built Environment (R B Corotis)Socio-Economic Risk Acceptability Criteria (R Rackwitz)Reliability in Structural Performance Evaluation and Design (Y K Wen)Performance-Based Reliability Evaluation of Structure-Foundation Systems (M Chowdhury & A Haldar)Application of Probabilistic Methods in Bridge Engineering (M Ghosn)Stochastic Response of Fixed Offshore Structures (S-T Quek et al.)Application of Reliability Methods to Fatigue Analysis and Design (P H Wirsching)Probabilistic Models for Corrosion in Structural Reliability Assessment (R E Melchers)Seismic Risk Assessment of Realistic Frame Structures Using a Hybrid Reliability Method (J Huh & A Haldar)Meshfree Methods in Computational Stochastic Mechanics (S Rahman)Reliability Analysis Using Information from Experts (J Mohammadi & E Desantiago)Risk-Based Optimization of Life-Cycle Cost for Deteriorating Civil Engineering Infrastructures (R Rackwitz)Structural Health Assessment under Uncertainty (H Katkhuda & A Haldar) Readership: Undergraduates, graduates, researchers and practitioners in the field of reliability in civil, mechanical, offshore, materials, chemical and other related engineering areas. Keywords:Performance-Based Design;Low Probability High Consequence Events;Life Quality Index;Socio-economic Risk Acceptability Criteria;Reliability of Bridges;Fixed Offshore Structures;Stochastic Finite Element Analysis;Mesh-Free Finite Element Methods;Fatigue Analysis and Design;Corrosion;Structural Health Assessment;Reliability Analysis Using Information from Experts;Renewal Model in Reliability-Based Optimization;Lifecycle Cost AnalysisKey Features:Discussions on the most recent developments in multi-disciplinary risk and reliability engineering areasChapters authored by the most active scholars in the areaTopics covered are not available in other booksIncludes subjects reflecting the most recent research interests in the field

Risk and Reliability Analysis Theory and Applications

Risk and Reliability Analysis  Theory and Applications
Author: Paolo Gardoni
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 559
Release: 2017-02-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319524252

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This book presents a unique collection of contributions from some of the foremost scholars in the field of risk and reliability analysis. Combining the most advanced analysis techniques with practical applications, it is one of the most comprehensive and up-to-date books available on risk-based engineering. All the fundamental concepts needed to conduct risk and reliability assessments are covered in detail, providing readers with a sound understanding of the field and making the book a powerful tool for students and researchers alike. This book was prepared in honor of Professor Armen Der Kiureghian, one of the fathers of modern risk and reliability analysis.

Extreme Man Made and Natural Hazards in Dynamics of Structures

Extreme Man Made and Natural Hazards in Dynamics of Structures
Author: Adnan Ibrahimbegovic,Ivica Kozar
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2007-05-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781402056567

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This book provides a critical assessment of current knowledge and indicates new challenges which are brought about at present times by fighting man-made and natural hazards in transient analysis of structures. The latter concerns both permanently fixed structures, such as those built to protect people and/or sensitive storage material; or special structures, like bridges and tunnels; and moving structures such as trains, planes, ships or cars.

Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems

Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems
Author: Marc Maes,Luc Huyse
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2020-11-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000108163

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This volume is an outcome of the 11th IFIP WG7.5 working conference on Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems in Canada. The conference focuses on structural reliability methods and applications and engineering risk analysis and decision-making.

Safety Reliability Risk and Life Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures

Safety  Reliability  Risk and Life Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures
Author: George Deodatis,Bruce R. Ellingwood,Dan M. Frangopol
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1112
Release: 2014-02-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781315884882

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Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures contains the plenary lectures and papers presented at the 11th International Conference on STRUCTURAL SAFETY AND RELIABILITY (ICOSSAR2013, New York, NY, USA, 16-20 June 2013), and covers major aspects of safety, reliability, risk and life-cycle performance of str

Structural Engineering International

Structural Engineering International
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2003
Genre: Bridges
ISBN: UOM:39015058907562

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Reliability Based Analysis and Design of Structures and Infrastructure

Reliability Based Analysis and Design of Structures and Infrastructure
Author: Ehsan Noroozinejad Farsangi,Mohammad Noori,Paolo Gardoni,Izuru Takewaki,Humberto Varum,Aleksandra Bogdanovic
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 521
Release: 2021-10-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000418095

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Increasing demand on improving the resiliency of modern structures and infrastructure requires ever more critical and complex designs. Therefore, the need for accurate and efficient approaches to assess uncertainties in loads, geometry, material properties, manufacturing processes, and operational environments has increased significantly. Reliability-based techniques help develop more accurate initial guidance for robust design and help to identify the sources of significant uncertainty in structural systems. Reliability-Based Analysis and Design of Structures and Infrastructure presents an overview of the methods of classical reliability analysis and design most associated with structural reliability. It also introduces more modern methods and advancements, and emphasizes the most useful methods and techniques used in reliability and risk studies, while elaborating their practical applications and limitations rather than detailed derivations. Features: Provides a practical and comprehensive overview of reliability and risk analysis and design techniques. Introduces resilient and smart structures/infrastructure that will lead to more reliable and sustainable societies. Considers loss elimination, risk management and life-cycle asset management as related to infrastructure projects. Introduces probability theory, statistical methods, and reliability analysis methods. Reliability-Based Analysis and Design of Structures and Infrastructure is suitable for researchers and practicing engineers, as well as upper-level students taking related courses in structural reliability analysis and design.

Probabilistic Structural Mechanics Handbook

Probabilistic Structural Mechanics Handbook
Author: C.R. Sundararajan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 745
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781461517719

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The need for a comprehensive book on probabilistic structural mechanics that brings together the many analytical and computational methods developed over the years and their applications in a wide spectrum of industries-from residential buildings to nuclear power plants, from bridges to pressure vessels, from steel structures to ceramic structures-became evident from the many discussions the editor had with practising engineers, researchers and professors. Because no single individual has the expertise to write a book with such a di.verse scope, a group of 39 authors from universities, research laboratories, and industries from six countries in three continents was invited to write 30 chapters covering the various aspects of probabilistic structural mechanics. The editor and the authors believe that this handbook will serve as a reference text to practicing engineers, teachers, students and researchers. It may also be used as a textbook for graduate-level courses in probabilistic structural mechanics. The editor wishes to thank the chapter authors for their contributions. This handbook would not have been a reality without their collaboration.

Advances in Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems

Advances in Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems
Author: Dan M. Frangopol,John Dalsgaard Sorensen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2005-12-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0415399017

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This volume contains thirty-one papers presented at the Twelfth Scientific Meeting of the IFIP Working Group on Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems which took place in Aalborg, Denmark, from May 22-25, 2005. The Working Group Conference was organized by the IFIP (International Federation for Information Processing) Working Group 7.5 of the Technical Committee on Modelling and Optimization. The purpose of the Working Group is to promote modern structural system reliability and optimization theory and its applications, to stimulate research, development and application of structural system reliability and optimization theory, to assist and advance research and development in these fields, to further the dissemination and exchange of information on reliability and optimization of structural systems, and to encourage education in structural system reliability and optimization theory.

High Rise Buildings under Multi Hazard Environment

High Rise Buildings under Multi Hazard Environment
Author: Mingfeng Huang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2016-08-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811017445

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This book discusses performance-based seismic and wind-resistant design for high-rise building structures, with a particular focus on establishing an integrated approach for performance-based wind engineering, which is currently less advanced than seismic engineering. This book also provides a state-of-the-art review of numerous methodologies, including computational fluid dynamics (CFD), extreme value analysis, structural optimization, vibration control, pushover analysis, response spectrum analysis, modal parameter identification for the assessment of the wind-resistant and seismic performance of tall buildings in the design stage and actual tall buildings in use. Several new structural optimization methods, including the augmented optimality criteria method, have been developed and employed in the context of performance-based design. This book is a valuable resource for students, researchers and engineers in the field of civil and structural engineering.

Computational Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

Computational Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Author: Manolis Papadrakakis,Dimos C. Charmpis,Yannis Tsompanakis,Nikos D. Lagaros
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 670
Release: 2008-12-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780203881637

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The increasing necessity to solve complex problems in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering requires the development of new ideas, innovative methods and numerical tools for providing accurate numerical solutions in affordable computing times. This book presents the latest scientific developments in Computational Dynamics, Stochastic Dynam

Recent Advances in Optimal Structural Design

Recent Advances in Optimal Structural Design
Author: Scott A. Burns
Publsiher: ASCE Publications
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2002-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0784475245

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Sponsored by the Technical Committee on Structural Design of the Technical Administrative Committee on Analysis and Computation of the Technical Activities Division of the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. This report documents the dramatic new developments in the field of structural optimization over the last two decades. Changes in both computational techniques and applications can be seen by developments in computational methods and solution algorithms, the role of optimization during the various stages of structural design, and the stochastic nature of design in relation to structural optimization. Topics include: Ømethods for discrete variable structural optimization; Ødecomposition methods in structural optimization; Østate of the art on the use of genetic algorithms in design of steel structures; Øconceptual design optimization of engineering structures; Øtopology and geometry optimization of trusses and frames; Øevolutionary structural optimization; Ødesign and optimization of semi-rigid framed structures; Øoptimized performance-based design for buildings; Ømulti-objective optimum design of seismic-resistant structures; and Øreliability- and cost-oriented optimal bridge maintenance planning. The book concludes with an extensive bibliography of journal papers on structural optimization published between 1987 and 1999.