Orthodontic Applications of Biomaterials

Orthodontic Applications of Biomaterials
Author: Theodore Eliades,William A. Brantley
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2016-11-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780081003992

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Orthodontic Applications of Biomaterials: A Clinical Guide reviews the applications of biomaterials and their effects on enamel preparation, bonding, bracket and archwire ligation, mechanotherapy, debonding, and long-term enamel structural, color, and surface effects. The book provides a step-by-step analysis of the phenomena occurring, their clinical importance, and their underlying cause without the use of complex mathematical or physical-chemical analyses, with the goal of providing ‘digestible’ evidence for the clinician. Serves as a reference source of the spectrum of biomaterials used in orthodontics Presents the most current evidence of state-of-the-art methods of materials research Provides substantiation for the effects occurring during the materials’ uses

Advanced Dental Biomaterials

Advanced Dental Biomaterials
Author: Zohaib Khurshid,Shariq Najeeb,Muhammad Sohail Zafar,Farshid Sefat
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 758
Release: 2019-05-24
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780081024775

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Advanced Dental Biomaterials is an invaluable reference for researchers and clinicians within the biomedical industry and academia. The book can be used by both an experienced researcher/clinician learning about other biomaterials or applications that may be applicable to their current research or as a guide for a new entrant into the field who needs to gain an understanding of the primary challenges, opportunities, most relevant biomaterials, and key applications in dentistry. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in dental biomaterials Reviews the fundamentals of dental biomaterials and examines advanced materials’ applications for tissues regeneration and clinical dentistry Written by an international collaborative team of materials scientists, biomedical engineers, oral biologists and dental clinicians in order to provide a balanced perspective on the field

Preadjusted Edgewise Fixed Orthodontic Appliances

Preadjusted Edgewise Fixed Orthodontic Appliances
Author: Farhad B. Naini,Daljit S. Gill
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2021-10-04
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781118817599

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Explore the possibilities of preadjusted edgewise appliances in orthodontics with this essential resource Preadjusted Edgewise Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: Principles and Practice comprehensively covers the increasingly popular preadjusted edgewise technique in orthodontics. The book integrates clinical practice and research findings, focusing on the biomechanics and clinical management of patients with preadjusted edgewise appliances. A unique learning resource for specialists and trainees in orthodontics, the book is highly illustrated and broad in scope, covering everything from informed patient consent to clinical techniques to information about how to manage patient malocclusions. Core topics include: A thorough introduction to the principles of treatment planning, orthodontic biomechanics, anchorage, informed patient consent, and the dentolegal aspects of orthodontic treatment An exploration of the preadjusted edgewise appliance, including bracket design, bracket placement, orthodontic bonding and debonding, archwires, mini-implants (TADs) and auxiliaries Comprehensive description of the stages of treatment with preadjusted edgewise appliances, including alignment and levelling, controlled space closure, finishing and retention Information on the management of the major malocclusions (Class II, Class III, anterior open bite, deep overbite and transverse problems) with preadjusted edgewise appliances Perfect for postgraduate dentists undergoing specialist training in orthodontics, specialist practitioners, and hospital consultant orthodontists, Preadjusted Edgewise Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: Principles and Practice will also be useful to dentists with a special interest in orthodontics, orthodontic therapists, and orthodontic nurses who seek a comprehensive manual of the most popular fixed orthodontic appliance technique.

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications
Author: Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-09-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081007464

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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice
Author: Fatima Zivic,Saverio Affatato,Miroslav Trajanovic,Matthias Schnabelrauch,Nenad Grujovic,Kwang Leong Choy
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 830
Release: 2017-10-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319680255

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This book covers the properties of biomaterials that have found wide clinical applications, while also reviewing the state-of-the-art in the development towards future medical applications, starting with a brief introduction to the history of biomaterials used in hip arthroplasty. The book then reviews general types of biomaterials – polymers, ceramics, and metals, as well as different material structures such as porous materials and coatings and their applications – before exploring various current research trends, such as biodegradable and porous metals, shape memory alloys, bioactive biomaterials and coatings, and nanometals used in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer. In turn, the book discusses a range of methods and approaches used in connection with biomaterial properties and characterization – chemical properties, biocompatibility, in vivo behaviour characterisation, as well as genotoxicity and mutagenicity – and reviews various diagnostic techniques: histopathological analysis, imagining techniques, and methods for physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization. Properties of stent deployment procedures in cardiovascular surgeries, from aspects of prediction, development and deployment of stent geometries are presented on the basis of novel modelling approaches. The last part of the book presents the clinical applications of biomaterials, together with case studies in dentistry, knee and hip prosthesis. Reflecting the efforts of a multidisciplinary team of authors, gathering chemical engineers, medical doctors, physicists and engineers, it presents a rich blend of perspectives on the application of biomaterials in clinical practice. The book will provide clinicians with an essential review of currently available solutions in specific medical areas, also incorporating non-medical solutions and standpoints, thus offering them a broader selection of materials and implantable solutions. This work is the result of joint efforts of various academic and research institutions participating in WIMB Tempus project, 543898-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPHES, "Development of Sustainable Interrelations between Education, Research and Innovation at WBC Universities in Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials where Innovation Means Business", co-funded by the Tempus Programme of the European Union.

Phillips Science of Dental Materials E Book

Phillips  Science of Dental Materials E Book
Author: Chiayi Shen,H. Ralph Rawls,Josephine F. Esquivel-Upshaw
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2021-05-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780323697569

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Keep current with the evolving technology of dental materials! Phillips’ Science of Dental Materials, 13th Edition provides comprehensive, up-to-date information on the materials used in cosmetic and restorative procedures in dentistry. It introduces the physical and chemical properties that are related to selection and use of dental biomaterials, including their composition, mechanical properties, manipulative variables, and the performance of dental restorations and prostheses. This edition adds three new chapters and hundreds of new full-color photographs. Written by dental scientists Chiayi Shen and H. Ralph Rawls along with prosthodontist Josephine Esquivel-Upshaw, this leading text/reference helps dentists select the right materials for oral procedures and helps dental labs ensure high-quality restorations. 500 full-color photos and illustrations show concepts, dental instruments, and restorations. Key terms are defined at the beginning of each chapter, covering terminology related to dental biomaterials and science. Critical thinking questions stimulate thinking and emphasize important concepts and principles. Logical, five-part organization of chapters makes the content easier to read and understand, with units on General Classes and Properties of Dental Materials, Direct Restorative Materials, Indirect Restorative Materials, Fabrication of Prostheses, and Assessing Dental Restorations. Balance between materials science and manipulation bridges the gap of knowledge between dentists and lab technicians. Major emphasis on biocompatibility serves as a useful guide to the principles and clinical implications of restorative materials safety. Diverse and respected pool of contributors lends credibility and experience to each dental science topic. NEW! Three new chapters are added: Digital Technology in Dentistry, In Vitro Research of Dental Materials, and Clinical Research of Restorations.

Material Tissue Interfacial Phenomena

Material Tissue Interfacial Phenomena
Author: Paulette Spencer,Anil Misra
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2016-09-30
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780081003411

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Material-Tissue Interfacial Phenomena: Contributions from Dental and Craniofacial Reconstructions explores the material/tissue interfacial phenomena using dental and craniofacial reconstructions as a model system. As the mouth is a particularly caustic environment, the synthetic and/or bio-enabled materials used to repair damaged tissues and restore form, function, and esthetics to oral structures must resist a variety of physical, chemical, and mechanical challenges. These challenges are magnified at the interface between dissimilar structures such as the tooth/material interface. Interfacial reactions at the atomic, molecular, and nano-scales initiate the failure of materials used to repair, restore, and reconstruct dental and craniofacial tissues. Understanding the phenomena that lead to failure at the interface between dissimilar structures, such as synthetic materials and biologic tissues, is confounded by a variety of factors that are thoroughly discussed in this comprehensive book. Provides a specific focus on the oral environment Combines clinical views and basic science into a useful reference book Presents comprehensive coverage of material-interfacial phenomena within the oral environment

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials
Author: Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 3672
Release: 2015-08-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780080552941

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Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Orthodontic Materials

Orthodontic Materials
Author: Wiliam A. Brantley,Theodore Eliades
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2011-01-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781604060652

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In this important new textbook all scientific and clinical aspects of orthodontic materials are described.Recent developments in science and technology have led to the introduction of a plethora of new orthodontic products. This work serves as an excellent source of information for a field that requires knowledge of basic elements of materials science, engineering, chemistry, and physics, as well as clinical orthodontics. The subject has been part of graduate orthodontic education for almost three decades. Besides servicing the orthodontic training programs, the book also - investigates the interactions of orthodontic materials with other dental materials as well as hard tissues in the oral cavity,- gives a background to allow for proper material selection for efficient orthodontic mechanics,- treats the issues of biocompatibility, cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of materials.

Dental Biomaterials

Dental Biomaterials
Author: R V Curtis,T F Watson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2014-01-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845694241

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Dental Biomaterials: Imaging, Testing and Modelling reviews the materials used in this important area, their performance and how such performance can be measured and optimised. Chapters review optical and electron microscopy imaging techniques for dental biomaterial interfaces. Specific materials such as dental cements, fibre-reinforced composites, metals and alloys are discussed. There is an analysis of stresses, fracture, wear and ageing in dental biomaterials as well as an evaluation of the performance of dental adhesives and resin-dentin bonds. Chapters also review ways of assessing the performance of dental handpieces, crowns, implants and prosthesies. The book also reviews the use of computer models in such areas as bond strength and shape optimisation of dental restorations. With its distinguished editors and team of experienced contributors DDental Biomaterials: Imaging, Testing and Modelling researchers, materials scientists, engineers and dental practitioners with an essential guide to the use and performance of dental biomaterials. An essential guide to the use and performance of dental biomaterials Reviews optical and electron microscopy imaging techniques for dental biomaterial interfaces Analyses stresses, fracture, wear and ageing in dental biomaterials and evaluates the performance of dental adhesives and resin-dentin bonds

Triumph s Complete Review of Dentistry

Triumph   s Complete Review of Dentistry
Author: K Rajkumar,R. Ramya
Publsiher: Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd
Total Pages: 1900
Release: 2018-10-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789388313216

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This preparatory manual is a single source reference for postgraduate exam preparation. Intense efforts have gone in preparation of the book to make it complete in all aspects. In-depth coverage of every subject in the form of synopsis is the highlight of the book. To enhance rapid reading, quick learning facts have been framed as an effective learning tool. Multiple-choice questions have been designed to suit both national and international competitive postgraduate entrance examinations.

Bone Repair Biomaterials

Bone Repair Biomaterials
Author: Kendell Pawelec,J. A. Planell
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2018-11-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081024522

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Bone Repair Biomaterials: Regeneration and Clinical Applications, Second Edition, provides comprehensive reviews on materials science, engineering principles and recent advances. Sections review the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration, discuss the science and properties of biomaterials used for bone repair, including metals, ceramics, polymers and composites, and discuss clinical applications and considerations, with chapters on such topics as orthopedic surgery, tissue engineering, implant retrieval, and ethics of bone repair biomaterials. This second edition includes more chapters on relevant biomaterials and a greatly expanded section on clinical applications, including bone repair applications in dental surgery, spinal surgery, and maxilo-facial and skull surgery. In addition, the book features coverage of long-term performance and failure of orthopedic devices. It will be an invaluable resource for researchers, scientists and clinicians concerned with the repair and restoration of bone. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area Presents new chapters on Surface coating of titanium, using bone repair materials in dental, spinal and maxilo-facial and skull surgery, and advanced manufacturing/3D printing Reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration, addressing social, economic and clinical challenges Examines the properties of biomaterials used for bone repair, with specific chapters assessing metals, ceramics, polymers and composites

Prevention and treatment of dental caries with mercury free products and minimal intervention

Prevention and treatment of dental caries with mercury free products and minimal intervention
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-03-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789240046184

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This WHO oral health briefing note series focuses on prevention and treatment of dental caries (tooth decay) with mercury-free products and minimally invasive interventions. Dental caries is a major public health problem globally as the disease affects all age groups. The first section of the briefing note series explains why mercury-free materials and products and minimally invasive interventions are important. The following sections of the document describe six essential strategies using mercury-free products and minimally invasive intervention approaches to prevent and treat dental caries: fluoride toothpaste, fluoride varnish, glass ionomer cement sealants, glass ionomer cement restorations, silver diamine fluoride and composite resin restorations. The document was developed in the context of the COP4 of the Minamata Convention on Mercury; a global treaty that aims to protect human health and the environment from emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds. The Minamata Convention recommends the use of cost-effective and clinically effective mercury-free products for dental restoration. The briefing note series is not primarily intended for oral health care providers but for non-specialist readers and the public at large.

Comprehensive Biomaterials II

Comprehensive Biomaterials II
Author: Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 4858
Release: 2017-05-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081006924

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Comprehensive Biomaterials II, Second Edition brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one expertly-written series of edited volumes. Articles address the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, research and development, regulatory management, commercial aspects, and applications, including medical applications. Detailed coverage is given to both new and emerging areas and the latest research in more traditional areas of the field. Particular attention is given to those areas in which major recent developments have taken place. This new edition, with 75% new or updated articles, will provide biomedical scientists in industry, government, academia, and research organizations with an accurate perspective on the field in a manner that is both accessible and thorough. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance, and future prospects Covers all significant emerging technologies in areas such as 3D printing of tissues, organs and scaffolds, cell encapsulation; multimodal delivery, cancer/vaccine - biomaterial applications, neural interface understanding, materials used for in situ imaging, and infection prevention and treatment Effectively describes the many modern aspects of biomaterials from basic science, to clinical applications

Handbook of Biomaterial Properties

Handbook of Biomaterial Properties
Author: William Murphy,Jonathan Black,Garth Hastings
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 676
Release: 2016-06-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781493933051

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This book provides tabular and text data relating to normal and diseased tissue materials and materials used in medical devices. Comprehensive and practical for students, researchers, engineers, and practicing physicians who use implants, this book considers the materials aspects of both implantable materials and natural tissues and fluids. Examples of materials and topics covered include titanium, elastomers, degradable biomaterials, composites, scaffold materials for tissue engineering, dental implants, sterilization effects on material properties, metallic alloys, and much more. Each chapter author considers the intrinsic and interactive properties of biomaterials, as well as their appropriate applications and historical contexts. Now in an updated second edition, this book also contains two new chapters on the cornea and on vocal folds, as well as updated insights, data, and citations for several chapters.