PAKs RAC CDC42 p21 activated Kinases

PAKs  RAC CDC42  p21  activated Kinases
Author: Hiroshi Maruta
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2013-01-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780124072107

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This book covers a variety of cutting-edge basic and clinical PAK research ranging from laboratory benches to hospital beds. The goal of this book is to inspire not only biomedical research scientists and university students, but also a variety of patients who suffer from PAK-dependent diseases and clinical doctors who try to cure or delay these PAK-dependent diseases. This book consists of 9 chapters which deal with different aspects of this kinase. These chapters are written by more than two dozen world-leading PAK experts. Each of these will provide updated biomedical information as well as future insight to a wide range of readers who are interested in this unique kinase and both its pathological and physiological roles as well as its functional evolution from its ancestral origins. This publication will be the very first book ever published solely focused on PAK family kinases. Each chapter deals with the latest progress in PAK research written by a leading PAK expert with his or her own ideas and insight. Each chapter of this book has been written in such a way that clinical doctors who seek the effective cure of these formidable diseases, in addition to research scientists and biomedical students will value this book. This book describes in detail a number of PAK blockers which would be potentially useful for the therapy of these PAK-dependent diseases, and some of them are indeed available on the market inexpensively, without any side effect.

Cytoskeleton and Small G Proteins

Cytoskeleton and Small G Proteins
Author: Philippe Jeanteur
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642585913

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The internal structure of a cell can be affected by signals in the form of small molecules outside the cell. These changes can then alter the shape or adhesiveness of the cell. This volume centers particularly on one family of cellular proteins which transmit these signals, the Rho Ras-like GTPases, and examines their role in normal cellular processes and development. Also discussed are their roles in cancer formation and microbial pathogenesis.

Interaction Between a Novel P21 Activated Kinase PAK6 and Androgen Receptor in Prostate Cancer

Interaction Between a Novel P21 Activated Kinase  PAK6  and Androgen Receptor in Prostate Cancer
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2003
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:74248357

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The androgen-signaling pathway is important for the growth and progression of prostate cancer. The cell cycle signaling regulated by the mitogen activated protein/extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) have been linked to tumorigenesis and tumor progression. The p2l-activated kinases (PAKs) are members of a growing class of Rac/Cdc42-associated Ste20-like ser/thr protein kinases. Recent studies have shown that MAPK/ERK signaling can be mediated via Cdc42/Rac-stimulation of PAK activity. Recently, we demonstrated a specific interaction between a novel PAK protein, PAK6, and AR. This finding provided the first link between I PAK-mediated signaling to the steroid hormone receptor pathway. In this study, we propose to assess the biological roles of PAK6 in prostate cancer cells, and to examine the expression of PAK6 in prostate tissues. We anticipate that by completing the objectives proposed in this grant, we will obtain fresh insight into the regulatory processes of AR and PAK6 that may contribute to the development of new targets for the treatment of prostate cancer.

The Biochemistry of Cell Signalling

The Biochemistry of Cell Signalling
Author: Ernst J. M. Helmreich,Department of Physiological Chemistry School of Medicine Ernst J M Helmreich
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2001
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0198508204

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The Biochemistry of Cell Signalling is a comprehensive yet concise study of the principles of cell signalling, concentrating on the structural and mechanistic aspects.

Advances in Cancer Research

Advances in Cancer Research
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 242
Release: 1998-02-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 008056254X

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The presentation of Foundations in Cancer Research articles has become a focal point of the Advances in Cancer Research series. This volume begins with two such timely reviews, the first of which is by series co-editor George Klein. Dr. Klein evaluates and reviews Leslie Foulds' suggestion that tumors develop in a series of steps and the effect that this 40-year-old hypothesis has had on cancer research. The second Foundations article by L.A. Loeb presents the historical significance of increased mutagenesis and clonal selection on tumor progression. The first regular article, by R. Khosravi-Far and colleagues, analyzes the functional role of Ras in signal transduction and the involvement that Rho family proteins have on Ras. Mark Saville and Roger Watson review supporting evidence that B-Myb may be a critical regulator of the cell cycle. S. Baylin and co-authors compare DNA methylation in normal cells with that in cancerous cells and discuss the specific consequences associated with tumor progression. Last, Steven Grant discusses the use of ara-C as a treatment for various types of cancer and summarizes its cellular metabolism, mode of action and resistance, and the molecular events involved in apoptosis.

Pseudomonas

Pseudomonas
Author: Juan-Luis Ramos,Alain Filloux
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 463
Release: 2007-07-17
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781402060960

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This volume collects new information on the genomics of saprophytic soil Pseudomonas, as well as functions related to genomic islands. It explores life styles in different settings and sheds further insights on the wide metabolic potential of this microbe for the removal of pollutants and production of added-value products. This volume also explores how Pseudomonas responds and reacts to environmental signals, including detection of cell density.

Estrogens and Memory

Estrogens and Memory
Author: Karyn M. Frick
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2020
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780190645908

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"A book about the influence of estrogens on memory would have been unthinkable as recently as 30 years ago. Although a few small studies in the late 1970's reported a beneficial effect of estrogens on memory in human women (Hackman and Galbraith, 1976; Fedor-Freybergh, 1977), examination of the role of estrogens in memory did not truly capture more widespread attention until the pioneering work of Barbara Sherwin and colleagues in 1988 and beyond. In her initial paper, Sherwin showed that bilateral removal of the ovaries (aka surgical menopause) led to impaired short-term and long-term memory, whereas treatment of surgically menopausal women with estradiol alone, testosterone alone, or estradiol plus testosterone prevented this decline (Sherwin, 1988). As a search for the terms "estrogen" and "memory" in PubMed illustrates, well over 2000 papers have been published on the subject of estrogens and memory in the ensuing decades. The vast majority of these studies have focused on the hippocampus, a bilateral medial temporal lobe structure essential for the formation of episodic memories, particularly those with spatial, contextual, relational, temporal, and recognition components (Olton et al., 1979; Morris et al., 1982; Kim and Fanselow, 1992; Squire, 1992; Cohen and Stackman, 2015; Tonegawa et al., 2015; Eichenbaum, 2017). Although various forms of learning and memory are mediated by numerous brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex, medial temporal lobe cortices, amygdala, striatum, and cerebellum, the hippocampus has received the lion's share of attention due to its central importance for episodic memory formation. Hippocampal damage produces profound retrograde amnesia for facts and events, as well as anterograde amnesia for new information and impairments in spatial navigation (Winocur, 1990; Anagnostaras et al., 2001; Clark et al., 2002; Gilboa et al., 2006). Hippocampal dysfunction in middle-aged and aged subjects is a primary contributor to age-related memory decline (Golumb et al., 1996; Grady et al., 2003; Apostolova et al., 2010; Burke and Barnes, 2010; Small et al., 2011; Yassa et al., 2011), and has also been implicated in the cognitive impairments observed in diseases such as schizophrenia and depression (Small et al., 2011; Nakahara et al., 2018; Santos et al., 2018; Ott et al., 2019). Moreover, the hippocampi of patients with Alzheimer's disease are substantially atrophied and burdened with copious amounts of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, the hallmark pathologies of this insidious disease (Hyman et al., 1984; Walsh and Selkoe, 2004; Selkoe and Hardy, 2016). As such, understanding how estrogens influence hippocampal functioning may provide important insights not only about the fundamental neurobiology of memory processes, but also into the etiology of neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases"--

Regulation of Gene Expression in the Tumor Environment

Regulation of Gene Expression in the Tumor Environment
Author: Menashe Bar-Eli
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2008-08-25
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781402083419

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It is now becoming very clear that the development and progression of tumor towards the malignant (metastatic) phenotype depends tightly on the interaction between the tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment. Tumor cells respond to stimuli generated within the tumor microenvironment for their growth advantage while the tumor cell themselves reshape and remodel the architecture and function of their extracellular matrices. The term tumor microenvironment is a wide umbrella consisting of stromal cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells and infiltration immune cells including T and B cells, macrophages, and other inflammatory cells (PMNs). These different components of the tumor microenvironment could have stimulatory and inhibitory effects on tumor progression by regulating the gene expression repertoire within the tumor cells on one hand and the stroma cells on the other. In this volume we have seven contributors who will discuss several different aspects on the cross talk within the tumor microenvironment components leading to the acquisition of the metastatic phenotype. It is our hope that these state-of-the-art studies will shed further light on our understanding of these complicated processes.

Molecular Targeting and Signal Transduction

Molecular Targeting and Signal Transduction
Author: Rakesh Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2006-04-18
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781402078477

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Our limited understanding of cellular regulatory signal-transduction-networks has been a barrier to progress in improving the overall cure-rate of human cancers. Delineation of the physiologic roles of the specific regulatory signaling components, with known association with metastatic phenotypes, is a highly promising area which will likely provide the next generation of targeted strategies in the future of molecular cancer medicine. These signaling components are likely to be used in diagnosis, prognosis, and as novel targets for therapeutic development. This book brings together up-to-date summaries by leading cancer researchers on the major principles of cancer cell biology: survival, apoptosis, adhesion, and cell cycle deregulation. It is directed at clinicians and scientists working in the areas of experimental and molecular therapeutics, molecular medicine, translational cancer research, and bio-medical sciences in general.

Neurodegenerative Diseases

Neurodegenerative Diseases
Author: Rommy von Bernhardi
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2008
Genre: HEALTH & FITNESS
ISBN: 160456167X

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This book discusses in detail the different hypothesis and experimental evidence regarding the neurobiological mechanisms involved in neurodegenerative pathology, with an emphasis in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Since there are many hypotheses for neurodegenerative diseases, there is a real need for a comprehensive view, allowing for integration of the different views for the pathogenic mechanisms of the disease.

Conquering RAS

Conquering RAS
Author: Asfar Azmi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2016-08-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128035412

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Conquering RAS: From Biology to Cancer Therapy provides introductory knowledge on how modern RAS biology is taking shape in light of newer technological development. Each chapter is written in a manner that emphasizes simplicity and readability for both new investigators and established researchers. While RAS biology has been intensively studied for more than three decades, we are yet to see any effective therapeutics that could interfere in the signaling cascade regulated by this master oncogene. The book covers topics ranging from basic RAS biology, to translational biology and drug discovery applications. These topics will be appealing to basic researchers working in labs who seek deeper understanding of the modern concepts in RAS research. On the other side, the oncologist at the patient’s bedside will find the book useful as they routinely face the daunting task of treating patients that predominantly have a disease driven by oncogenic KRAS. Brings together wide ranging topics in RAS basic and translational biology for the scientific and clinical communities Showcases recent advancements in RAS research under one comprehensive volume Includes video clips, color illustrations, and important website links to facilitate a clear understanding of RAS in cancer research

Regulators and Effectors of Small GTPases Part D Rho Family

Regulators and Effectors of Small GTPases  Part D  Rho Family
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 547
Release: 2000-10-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080496801

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This volume and its companions (Volumes 255, 256, 257, and the forthcoming 329) cover all biochemical and biological assays currently in use for analyzing the role of small GTPases in these aspects of cell biology at the molecular level. The critically acclaimed laboratory standard for more than forty years, Methods in Enzymology is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now with more than 300 volumes (all of them still in print), the series contains much material still relevant today--truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences.

Journal of the National Cancer Institute

Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006
Genre: Cancer
ISBN: OSU:32435079332656

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Tight Junctions

Tight Junctions
Author: Lorenza González-Mariscal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2022-05-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030972042

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This volume explores the dynamic topic of tight junctions. The book focuses on tight junctions' role in sealing adjacent epithelial cells in a narrow band just beneath their apical surface. The book explains how tight junctions consist of a network of claudins and other proteins, and delves into how they hold cells together and form functional and protective barriers, regulating the passage of molecules and ions through the space between cells. The book opens with a discussion of the evolution of research on tight junctions, discussing a range of primary areas of growth, including the current knowledge on the particular physiological function of different claudins due to the development of an array of knock out mice. The chapters also explore in-depth studies of tight junctions in specific tissues (gut, lung and endothelia). This book offers a comprehensive understanding on post-translational modifications of occludin and its impact on tight junction function, as well as the molecular composition and function of tricellular tight junctions. This volume is particularly relevant to students and scientists in neuroscience, cell biology, physiology, cell differentiation, and cancer research.

Eicosanoids and Other Bioactive Lipids in Cancer Inflammation and Radiation Injury 4

Eicosanoids and Other Bioactive Lipids in Cancer  Inflammation  and Radiation Injury  4
Author: Kenneth V. Honn,Lawrence J. Marnett,Santosh Nigam,Edward A. Dennis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 699
Release: 2013-12-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781461547938

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This book contains conference presentations regarding the regulation of eicosanoid enzymes and, in particular, cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases, and phospholipases. The new field of isoprostanes is also represented.