Patient Derived Tumor Xenograft Models

Patient Derived Tumor Xenograft Models
Author: Rajesh Uthamanthil,Peggy Tinkey,Elisa de Stanchina
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2016-10-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128040614

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Patient Derived Tumor Xenograft Models: Promise, Potential and Practice offers guidance on how to conduct PDX modeling and trials, including how to know when these models are appropriate for use, and how the data should be interpreted through the selection of immunodeficient strains. In addition, proper methodologies suitable for growing different type of tumors, acquisition of pathology, genomic and other data about the tumor, potential pitfalls, and confounding background pathologies that occur in these models are also included, as is a discussion of the facilities and infrastructure required to operate a PDX laboratory. Offers guidance on data interpretation and regulatory aspects Provides useful techniques and strategies for working with PDX models Includes practical tools and potential pitfalls for best practices Compiles all knowledge of PDX models research in one resource Presents the results of first ever global survey on standards of PDX development and usage in academia and industry

Patient Derived Mouse Models of Cancer

Patient Derived Mouse Models of Cancer
Author: Robert M. Hoffman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2017-08-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319574240

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This text highlights seminal discoveries and also provides comprehensive and state-of the-art approach to mouse models of human patient tumors. These areas include training, basic techniques, as well as general troubleshooting. Subsequent chapters focus on the different mouse models of patient tumors including the various strains of immunodeficient mice currently available and the transplantation techniques that can be used as well as state-of-the-art imaging techniques. Practical applications of the models from drug discovery, genome analysis to personalized treatment are also covered. Written by experts in that field, each of these sections address these critical issues. A brief review of the existing literature addressing the particular topic follows in each section. Presently, there is no single source to provide information on technique and uses of mouse models of human patient tumors. Patient-Derived Mouse Models of Cancer will satisfy this need for cancer researchers, oncologists, pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry scientists as well as molecular biologists studying in vivo systems

Tumor Models in Cancer Research

Tumor Models in Cancer Research
Author: Beverly A. Teicher
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 693
Release: 2010-12-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781607619680

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The past 6 years since the first edition of this book have seen great progress in the development of genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models of cancer. These models are finding an important role in furthering our understanding of the biology of malignant disease. A comfortable position for GEM models in the routine conduct of screening for potential new therapeutics is coming more slowly but is coming. Increasing numbers of genetically engineered mice are available, some with conditional activation of oncogenes, some with multiple genetic changes providing mouse models that are moving closer to the human disease.

Patient Derived Xenograft Models of Human Cancer

Patient Derived Xenograft Models of Human Cancer
Author: Yuzhuo Wang,Dong Lin,Peter W. Gout
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2017-06-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319558257

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This book provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of PDX cancer models. In separately produced chapters, the history and evolution of PDX models is reviewed, methods of PDX model development are compared in detail, characteristics of available established models are presented, current applications are summarized and new perspectives about use of PDX models are proposed. Each chapter is written by a world-renowned expert who is conducting cutting-edge research in the field. Each of the subsections provide a comprehensive review of existing literature addressing the particular topic followed by a conclusive paragraph detailing future directions. Extensive illustrations make this an interactive text. Patient-Derived Xenograft Models of Human Cancer will serve as a highly useful resource for researchers and clinicians dealing with, or interested in, this important topic. It will provide a concise yet comprehensive summary of the current status of the field that will help guide preclinical and clinical applications as well as stimulate investigative efforts. This book will propagate innovative concepts and prompt the development of ground-breaking technological solutions in this field.

Translational Research in Breast Cancer

Translational Research in Breast Cancer
Author: Dong-Young Noh,Wonshik Han,Masakazu Toi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2021-05-13
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789813296206

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This book describes recent advances in translational research in breast cancer and presents emerging applications of this research that promise to have meaningful impacts on diagnosis and treatment. It introduces ideas and materials derived from the clinic that have been brought to "the bench" for basic research, as well as findings that have been applied back to "the bedside". Detailed attention is devoted to breast cancer biology and cell signaling pathways and to cancer stem cell and tumor heterogeneity in breast cancer. Various patient-derived research models are discussed, and a further focus is the role of biomarkers in precision medicine for breast cancer patients. Next-generation clinical research receives detailed attention, addressing the increasingly important role of big data in breast cancer research and a wide range of other emerging developments. An entire section is also devoted to the management of women with high-risk breast cancer. Translational Research in Breast Cancer will help clinicians and scientists to optimize their collaboration in order to achieve the common goal of conquering breast cancer.

Tumor Organoids

Tumor Organoids
Author: Shay Soker,Aleksander Skardal
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 213
Release: 2017-10-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319605111

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Cancer cell biology research in general, and anti-cancer drug development specifically, still relies on standard cell culture techniques that place the cells in an unnatural environment. As a consequence, growing tumor cells in plastic dishes places a selective pressure that substantially alters their original molecular and phenotypic properties.The emerging field of regenerative medicine has developed bioengineered tissue platforms that can better mimic the structure and cellular heterogeneity of in vivo tissue, and are suitable for tumor bioengineering research. Microengineering technologies have resulted in advanced methods for creating and culturing 3-D human tissue. By encapsulating the respective cell type or combining several cell types to form tissues, these model organs can be viable for longer periods of time and are cultured to develop functional properties similar to native tissues. This approach recapitulates the dynamic role of cell–cell, cell–ECM, and mechanical interactions inside the tumor. Further incorporation of cells representative of the tumor stroma, such as endothelial cells (EC) and tumor fibroblasts, can mimic the in vivo tumor microenvironment. Collectively, bioengineered tumors create an important resource for the in vitro study of tumor growth in 3D including tumor biomechanics and the effects of anti-cancer drugs on 3D tumor tissue. These technologies have the potential to overcome current limitations to genetic and histological tumor classification and development of personalized therapies.

Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Author: Alfred K. Lam
Publsiher: Humana
Total Pages: 387
Release: 2020-03-30
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1071603760

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This volume provides current management and research protocols on oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Chapters guide readers through methods on clinical and pathological diagnostics, translational research for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, in vitro assays, liquid biopsy for cancer DNA and circulating tumour cells, genomic analysis, mi-RNAs, and proteins. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Methods and Protocols to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.

Human Tumor Cells in Vitro

Human Tumor Cells in Vitro
Author: Jorgen Fogh
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 557
Release: 2013-06-29
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781475716474

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The study of cultured human tumor cells is a most obvious approach in experimental human cancer research. For many techniques in virology, immunology, biochemistry, and biophysics, for example, large amounts of cells may be required and such quantities are usually provided only when the cultures develop into established cell lines; when this happens, thorough characterization also becomes possible. The development of cell lines, therefore, is of prime importance. Recent major advances in research with animal cell systems see m to be a prologue for present and future efforts directed toward work with human tumor cells in culture. Conceivably, the most significant results in cancer research may develop from work with such cells, and so the time seemed right to define the present state of our knowledge. This is the first book dedicated exclusively to the subject: human tumor cells in vitro. Although so me of the fundamental aspects in the cultivation of human tumor ceIls, and the extent to which they represent human cancer in vivo are still unclear, I asked a number of the leading investigators in this area of research to collect and evaluate previous and present contributions, and to offer their thoughts on the questions to which answers are not yet available. Many of the chapters are concerned with techniques of cultivation. Cultures from some types of tumors have grown weIl; in many cases they have given rise to established cell lines.