Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience

Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience
Author: Max R. Bennett,P. M. S. Hacker
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 565
Release: 2021-11-08
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781119530978

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The second edition of the seminal work in the field—revised, updated, and extended In Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience, M.R. Bennett and P.M.S. Hacker outline and address the conceptual confusions encountered in various neuroscientific and psychological theories. The result of a collaboration between an esteemed philosopher and a distinguished neuroscientist, this remarkable volume presents an interdisciplinary critique of many of the neuroscientific and psychological foundations of modern cognitive neuroscience. The authors point out conceptual entanglements in a broad range of major neuroscientific and psychological theories—including those of such neuroscientists as Blakemore, Crick, Damasio, Dehaene, Edelman, Gazzaniga, Kandel, Kosslyn, LeDoux, Libet, Penrose, Posner, Raichle and Tononi, as well as psychologists such as Baar, Frith, Glynn, Gregory, William James, Weiskrantz, and biologists such as Dawkins, Humphreys, and Young. Confusions arising from the work of philosophers such as Dennett, Chalmers, Churchland, Nagel and Searle are subjected to detailed criticism. These criticisms are complemented by constructive analyses of the major cognitive, cogitative, emotional and volitional attributes that lie at the heart of cognitive neuroscientific research. Now in its second edition, this groundbreaking work has been exhaustively revised and updated to address current issues and critiques. New discussions offer insight into functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the notions of information and representation, conflict monitoring and the executive, minimal states of consciousness, integrated information theory and global workspace theory. The authors also reply to criticisms of the fundamental arguments posed in the first edition, defending their conclusions regarding mereological fallacy, the necessity of distinguishing between empirical and conceptual questions, the mind-body problem, and more. Essential as both a comprehensive reference work and as an up-to-date critical review of cognitive neuroscience, this landmark volume: Provides a scientifically and philosophically informed survey of the conceptual problems in a wide variety of neuroscientific theories Offers a clear and accessible presentation of the subject, minimizing the use of complex philosophical and scientific jargon Discusses how the ways the brain relates to the mind affect the intelligibility of neuroscientific research Includes fresh insights on mind-body and mind-brain relations, and on the relation between the notion of person and human being Features more than 100 new pages and a wealth of additional diagrams, charts, and tables Continuing to challenge and educate readers like no other book on the subject, the second edition of Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience is required reading not only for neuroscientists, psychologists, and philosophers, but also for academics, researchers, and students involved in the study of the mind and consciousness.

Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience

Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience
Author: M. R. Bennett,P. M. S. Hacker
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 461
Release: 2003-04-28
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 140510855X

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Writing from a scientifically and philosophically informed perspective, the authors provide a critical overview of the conceptual difficulties encountered in many current neuroscientific and psychological theories.

Neuroscience and Philosophy

Neuroscience and Philosophy
Author: M. R. Bennett,Daniel Dennett,Daniel Clement Dennett,Peter Hacker,John Searle
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2007
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0231140444

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Three prominent philosophers and a leading neuroscientist engage in a lively, often contentious debate about cognitive neuroscience and philosophy and the relationships among brain, mind, and person.

Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience
Author: Dennis Michael Patterson,Michael S. Pardo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2016
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9780198743095

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Bringing together the latest work from leading scholars in this emerging and vibrant subfield of law, this book examines the philosophical issues that inform the intersection between law and neuroscience.

Foundations of Neuroscience

Foundations of Neuroscience
Author: Marcus Jacobson
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2013-11-11
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781489917812

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The author makes a unique contribution to the field by discussing the history and philosophy of the neurosciences, and then developing critical approaches which integrate techniques, theory, and ethics. Taken as a whole, Jacobson's work will provide a coherent and humane framework for future research programs. The paperback edition of this highly successful text, first published in 1993, is now available! The author brings the ethics of neuroscience into a closer relationship with empirical research. Covering the field's history, philosophy, theories, and techniques, this volume provides the necessary moral and ethical framework to evaluate neuroscience research.

History of Cognitive Neuroscience

History of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: M. R. Bennett,P. M. S. Hacker
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2012-08-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781118394298

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History of Cognitive Neuroscience documents the major neuroscientific experiments and theories over the last century and a half in the domain of cognitive neuroscience, and evaluates the cogency of the conclusions that have been drawn from them. Provides a companion work to the highly acclaimed Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience - combining scientific detail with philosophical insights Views the evolution of brain science through the lens of its principal figures and experiments Addresses philosophical criticism of Bennett and Hacker's previous book Accompanied by more than 100 illustrations

Philosophical Foundations of Neurolaw

Philosophical Foundations of Neurolaw
Author: Martin Roth
Publsiher: Lexington Books
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2017-11-30
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781498539678

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The central philosophical issue confronting neurolaw is whether we can reconcile the conception of ourselves as free, responsible agents with the conception of ourselves as complex physical machines. This book develops and defends an account of free and responsible agency that shows how such reconciliation is possible.

Minds Brains and Law

Minds  Brains  and Law
Author: Michael S. Pardo,Dennis Patterson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2013-09
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9780199812134

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This book addresses the philosophical questions that arise when neuroscientific research and technology are applied in the legal system. The empirical, practical, ethical, and conceptual issues that Pardo and Patterson seek to redress will deeply influence how we negotiate and implement the fruits of neuroscience in law and policy in the future.

Moral Brains

Moral Brains
Author: S. Matthew Liao
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2016-08-15
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780190614508

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In the last fifteen years, there has been significant interest in studying the brain structures involved in moral judgments using novel techniques from neuroscience such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Many people, including a number of philosophers, believe that results from neuroscience have the potential to settle seemingly intractable debates concerning the nature, practice, and reliability of moral judgments. This has led to a flurry of scientific and philosophical activities, resulting in the rapid growth of the new field of moral neuroscience. There is now a vast array of ongoing scientific research devoted towards understanding the neural correlates of moral judgments, accompanied by a large philosophical literature aimed at interpreting and examining the methodology and the results of this research. This is the first volume to take stock of fifteen years of research of this fast-growing field of moral neuroscience and to recommend future directions for research. It features the most up-to-date research in this area, and it presents a wide variety of perspectives on this topic.

Neurophilosophy of Free Will

Neurophilosophy of Free Will
Author: Henrik Walter
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2009-01-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0262265036

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Walter applies the methodology of neurophilosophy to one of philosophy's central challenges, the notion of free will. Neurophilosophical conclusions are based on, and consistent with, scientific knowledge about the brain and its functioning. Neuroscientists routinely investigate such classical philosophical topics as consciousness, thought, language, meaning, aesthetics, and death. According to Henrik Walter, philosophers should in turn embrace the wealth of research findings and ideas provided by neuroscience. In this book Walter applies the methodology of neurophilosophy to one of philosophy's central challenges, the notion of free will. Neurophilosophical conclusions are based on, and consistent with, scientific knowledge about the brain and its functioning. Walter's answer to whether there is free will is, It depends. The basic questions concerning free will are (1) whether we are able to choose other than we actually do, (2) whether our choices are made intelligibly, and (3) whether we are really the originators of our choices. According to Walter, freedom of will is an illusion if we mean by it that under identical conditions we would be able to do or decide otherwise, while simultaneously acting only for reasons and being the true originators of our actions. In place of this scientifically untenable strong version of free will, Walter offers what he calls natural autonomy—self-determination unaided by supernatural powers that could exist even in an entirely determined universe. Although natural autonomy can support neither our traditional concept of guilt nor certain cherished illusions about ourselves, it does not imply the abandonment of all concepts of responsibility. For we are not mere marionettes, with no influence over our thoughts or actions.

Social Neuroeconomics

Social Neuroeconomics
Author: Jens Harbecke,Carsten Herrmann-Pillath
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2020-09-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781000097504

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Neuroeconomics has emerged as a paradigmatic field where neuroscience and the social sciences are integrated in one analytical and empirical approach. However, the different disciplines involved often only relate to each other via the shared object of research, and less through the constructing of precise models of integrative mechanisms. Social Neuroeconomics explores the potential of philosophical and methodological reflections in the neurosciences and the social sciences to inform those efforts at cross-disciplinary integration, with a special focus on recent contributions to mechanistic explanations. The collected essays are drawn from the fields of neuroscience, psychology, economics, sociology and philosophy, and examine the ways and methods of constructing unified conceptual frameworks that can guide empirical work and hypothesis building. This is demonstrated in a range of applications, particularly regarding finance and consumer behavior. The concept of the ‘social brain’ is also explored; a multilevel framework in which complex analytical categories such as emotions or socially mediated cognitive processes connect neuronal and social phenomena in specific mechanisms that generate behavior. This book addresses a wide audience across the various disciplines, reaching from the neurosciences to the social sciences and philosophy.

The Intellectual Powers

The Intellectual Powers
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-07-01
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781118609064

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The Intellectual Powers is a philosophical investigationinto the cognitive and cogitative powers of mankind. It develops aconnective analysis of our powers of consciousness, intentionality,mastery of language, knowledge, belief, certainty, sensation,perception, memory, thought, and imagination, by one ofBritain’s leading philosophers. It is an essential guide andhandbook for philosophers, psychologists, and cognitiveneuroscientists. The culmination of 45 years of reflection on the philosophy ofmind, epistemology, and the nature of the human person No other book in epistemology or philosophy of psychologyprovides such extensive overviews of consciousness,self-consciousness, intentionality, mastery of a language,knowledge, belief, memory, sensation and perception, thought andimagination Illustrated with tables, tree-diagrams, and charts to provideoverviews of the conceptual relationships disclosed byanalysis Written by one of Britain’s best philosophical minds A sequel to Hacker’s Human Nature: The CategorialFramework An essential guide and handbook for all who are working inphilosophy of mind, epistemology, psychology, cognitive science,and cognitive neuroscience

Foundations in Social Neuroscience

Foundations in Social Neuroscience
Author: John T. Cacioppo,Gary G. Berntson,Ralph Adolphs,C. Sue Carter,Martha K. McClintock,Michael J. Meaney,Daniel L. Schacter,Esther M. Sternberg,Steve Suomi,Shelley E. Taylor
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 1345
Release: 2002
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 026253195X

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A comprehensive survey of the growing field of social neuroscience.

Foundations of Cognitive Psychology

Foundations of Cognitive Psychology
Author: Daniel J. Levitin
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 862
Release: 2002
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0262621592

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An anthology of core readings on cognitive psychology.

Schelling Freud and the Philosophical Foundations of Psychoanalysis

Schelling  Freud  and the Philosophical Foundations of Psychoanalysis
Author: Teresa Fenichel
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2018-09-14
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781351180139

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Schelling, Freud, and the Philosophical Foundations of Psychoanalysis provides a long-overdue dialogue between two seminal thinkers, Schelling and Freud. Through a sustained reading of the sublime, mythology, the uncanny, and freedom, this book provokes the reader to retrieve and revive the shared roots of philosophy and psychoanalysis. Teresa Fenichel examines the philosophical basis for the concepts of the unconscious and for the nature of human freedom on which psychoanalysis rests. Drawing on the work of German philosopher F. W. J. Schelling, the author explores how his philosophical understanding of human actions, based as it was on the ideas of drives, informed and helped shape Freud’s work. Fenichel also stresses the philosophical weight of Freudian psychoanalysis, specifically in regards to the problem of freedom and argues that psychoanalysis complicates and reinforces Schelling’s basic idea: to know reality we must engage with the world empathetically and intimately. This book also serves as an introduction to Schelling’s thought, arguing that his metaphysics—particularly concerning the primacy of the unconscious and of fantasy—can be read as a therapeutic endeavor. Finally, the book offers a deep rethinking of the action and nature of sublimation through both Freud’s and Schelling’s texts. Fenichel suggests psychoanalytic therapy is self-interpretation—a recognition of our narratives as narratives, without for that reason taking them any less seriously. Schelling, Freud, and the Philosophical Foundations of Psychoanalysis will be of great interest to psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic psychotherapists as well as scholars of philosophy.