Physiological Ecology of Forest Production

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production
Author: J. J. Landsberg,Peter Sands
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2010-11-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080922546

Download Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Process-based models open the way to useful predictions of the future growth rate of forests and provide a means of assessing the probable effects of variations in climate and management on forest productivity. As such they have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional forest growth and yield models, which are based on mensuration data and assume that climate and atmospheric CO2 concentrations will be the same in the future as they are now. This book discusses the basic physiological processes that determine the growth of plants, the way they are affected by environmental factors and how we can improve processes that are well-understood such as growth from leaf to stand level and productivity. A theme that runs through the book is integration to show a clear relationship between photosynthesis, respiration, plant nutrient requirements, transpiration, water relations and other factors affecting plant growth that are often looked at separately. This integrated approach will provide the most comprehensive source for process-based modelling, which is valuable to ecologists, plant physiologists, forest planners and environmental scientists. Includes explanations of inherently mathematical models, aided by the use of graphs and diagrams illustrating causal interactions and by examples implemented as Excel spreadsheets Uses a process-based model as a framework for explaining the mechanisms underlying plant growth Integrated approach provides a clear and relatively simple treatment

Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management

Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management
Author: J. J. Landsberg,S. T. Gower
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 354
Release: 1997-01-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080527388

Download Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Forest management is a complex process that now incorporates information obtained from many sources. It is increasingly obvious that the physiological status of the trees in a forest has a dramatic impact on the likely success of any particular management strategy. Indeed, models described in this book that deal with forest productivity and sustainability require physiological information. This information can only be obtained from an understanding of the basic biological mechanisms and processes that contribute to individual tree growth. This valuable book illustrates that physiological ecology is a fundamental element of proficient forest management. Provides essential information relevant to the continuing debate over sustainable forest management Outlines how modern tools for physiological ecology can be used in planning and managing forest ecosystems Reviews the most commonly used forest models and assesses their value and future

Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests

Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests
Author: William K. Smith
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080925936

Download Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Conifers--pine, fir, and spruce trees--are dominant species in forests around the world. This book focuses on the physiology of conifers and how these physiological systems operate. Special consideration is devoted to the means by which ecophysiological processes influence organismal function and distribution. Chapters focus on the genetics of conifers, their geographic distribution and the factors that influence this distribution, the impact of insect herbivory on ecophysiological parameters, the effects of air pollution, and the potential impact that global climatic changes will have upon conifers. Because of the growing realization that forests have a crucial role to play in global environmental health, this book will appeal to a developing union of ecologists, physiologists and more theoretically minded foresters.

Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline

Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline
Author: Walter Tranquillini
Publsiher: Springer Verlag
Total Pages: 137
Release: 1979
Genre: Science
ISBN: MINN:31951T00249348O

Download Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

References:p.119-132.

Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production

Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production
Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publsiher: Academic Internet Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2011-04
Genre: Education
ISBN: 1614613222

Download Outlines and Highlights for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9780123744609 .

Resource Physiology of Conifers

Resource Physiology of Conifers
Author: William K. Smith,Thomas M. Hinckley,Jacques Roy
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 396
Release: 1995
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 0126528705

Download Resource Physiology of Conifers Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Coniferous forests are among the most important of ecosystems. These forests are widespread and influence both the financial and biological health of our globe. This book focuses attention on conifers and how these trees acquire, allocate, and utilize the resources that sustain this crucial productivity. An international team of experts has surveyed and synthesized information from an expanding area of inquiry. The first half of the book describes how resources are acquired both by means of photosynthesis and through root systems. The latter half of the volume focuses upon how resources are stored and used. As conifers continue as a resource and ever increasingly important contributor to the regional and global environmental sustainability, this book will help establish how much sustainability can be expected and maintained.

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants
Author: Theodore T. Kozlowski,Paul J. Kramer,Stephen G. Pallardy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 657
Release: 2012-12-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323138000

Download The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The efficient management of trees and other woody plants can be improved given an understanding of the physiological processes that control growth, the complex environmental factors that influence those processes, and our ability to regulate and maintain environmental conditions that facilitate growth. Emphasizes genetic and environmental interactions that influence woody plant growth Outlines responses of individual trees and tree communities to environmental stress Explores cultural practices useful for efficient management of shade, forest, and fruit trees, woody vines, and shrubs

Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems

Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems
Author: George W. Koch,Jacques Roy
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 443
Release: 1995-12-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080500706

Download Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The importance of carbon dioxide extends from cellular to global levels of organization and potential ecological deterioration may be the result of increased CO2 in our atmosphere. Recently, the research emphasis shifted from studies of photosynthesis pathways and plant growth to ground-breaking studies of carbon dioxide balances in ecosystems, regions, and even the entire globe. Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems addresses these new areas of research. Economically important woody ecosystems are emphasized because they have substantial influence on global carbon dioxide balances. Herbaceous ecosystems (e.g., grasslands, prairies, wetlands) and crop ecosystems are also covered. The interactions among organisms, communities, and ecosystems are modeled, and the book closes with an important synthesis of this growing nexus of research. Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems is a compilation of detailed scientific studies that reveal how ecosystems generally, and particular plants specifically, respond to changed levels of carbon dioxide. Contributions from an international team of experts Empirical examination of the actual effects of carbon dioxide Variety of terrestrial habitats investigated Specific plants and whole ecosystems offered as studies

Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology
Author: Hans Lambers,F. Stuart Chapin III,Thijs L. Pons
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2013-04-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781475728552

Download Plant Physiological Ecology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This textbook is remarkable for emphasising that the mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology can be found at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology and whole-plant physiology. The authors begin with the primary processes of carbon metabolism and transport, plant-water relations, and energy balance. After considering individual leaves and whole plants, these physiological processes are then scaled up to the level of the canopy. Subsequent chapters discuss mineral nutrition and the ways in which plants cope with nutrient-deficient or toxic soils. The book then looks at patterns of growth and allocation, life-history traits, and interactions between plants and other organisms. Later chapters deal with traits that affect decomposition of plant material and with plant physiological ecology at the level of ecosystems and global environmental processes.

Studyguide for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production

Studyguide for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production
Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publsiher: Cram101
Total Pages: 74
Release: 2013-05
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1490236872

Download Studyguide for Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again Includes all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9780872893795. This item is printed on demand.

Terrestrial Global Productivity

Terrestrial Global Productivity
Author: Jacques Roy,Bernard Saugier,Harold A. Mooney
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 573
Release: 2001
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0125052901

Download Terrestrial Global Productivity Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

As the global climate changes, there are concomitant changes in global biological productivity. This book is devoted to the assessment of terrestrial Net Primary Productivity ("the total amount of energy acquired by green plants during photosynthesis, minus the energy lost through respiration"--APDS&T, pp. 1457). The book is comprised of three major sections. The first section is a review of the processes that operate globally to influence productivity--these are the initial conditions of any model of primary productivity. The second section is comprised of chapters that assess the contribution of particular ecosystems to global productivity. The final major section contains chapters of a synthetic nature that describe attempts to model global productivity. This book should appeal to both ecologists and environmental scientists.

Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology
Author: Hans Lambers,F Stuart Chapin III,Thijs L. Pons
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 605
Release: 2008-10-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0387783415

Download Plant Physiological Ecology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The C–S–R triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C—S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaer’s, trait occur at the ‘‘quick-return’’ end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.

Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology
Author: R. Pearcey,H.A. Mooney,P.W. Rundel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789400922211

Download Plant Physiological Ecology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Physiological plant ecology is primarily concerned with the function and performance of plants in their environment. Within this broad focus, attempts are made on one hand to understand the underlying physiological, biochemical and molecular attributes of plants with respect to performance under the constraints imposed by the environment. On the other hand physiological ecology is also concerned with a more synthetic view which attempts to under stand the distribution and success of plants measured in terms of the factors that promote long-term survival and reproduction in the environment. These concerns are not mutually exclusive but rather represent a continuum of research approaches. Osmond et al. (1980) have elegantly pointed this out in a space-time scale showing that the concerns of physiological ecology range from biochemical and organelle-scale events with time constants of a second or minutes to succession and evolutionary-scale events involving communities and ecosystems and thousands, if not millions, of years. The focus of physiological ecology is typically at the single leaf or root system level extending up to the whole plant. The time scale is on the order of minutes to a year. The activities of individual physiological ecologists extend in one direction or the other, but few if any are directly concerned with the whole space-time scale. In their work, however, they must be cognizant both of the underlying mechanisms as well as the consequences to ecological and evolutionary processes.

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems
Author: Springer-verlag
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2000
Genre: Science
ISBN: 3540670254

Download Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The storage of carbon in forest ecosystems has received special attention in the Kyoto protocol of the Climate Convention, which attempts to equilibrate fossil fuel emissions with biological sinks. This volume quantifies carbon storage in managed forest ecosystems not only in biomass, but also in all soil compartments. It investigates the interaction between the carbon and nitrogen cycles by working along a north-south transect through Europe which starts in northern Sweden, passes through a N-deposition maximum in central Europe and ends in Italy. Surprisingly, C storage in soils increases with N deposition; in addition, not young reforestations, but old growth forests have the highest rate of carbon sequestration. For the first time biogeochemical processes are linked to biodiversity on a large geographic scale and with special focus on soil organisms. The enclosed CD-ROM provides a complete database of all flux, storage and species observations for modellers.

Tropical Forests Management and Ecology

Tropical Forests  Management and Ecology
Author: Ariel E. Lugo,Carol Lowe
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781461224983

Download Tropical Forests Management and Ecology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Forestry professors used to remind students that, whereas physicians bury their mistakes, foresters die before theirs are noticed. But good institutions live longer than the scientists who contribute to building them, and the half-century of work of the USDA Forest Service's Institute of Tropical Forestry (ITF) is in plain view: an unprecedented corpus of accomplishments that would instill pride in any organization. There is scarcely anyone interested in current issues of tropical forestry who would not benefit from a refresher course in ITF's findings: its early collaboration with farmers to establish plantations, its successes in what we now call social forestry, its continuous improvement of nursery practices, its screening trials of native species, its development of wood-processing technologies appropriate for developing countries, its thorough analysis of tropical forest function, and its holistic approach toward conservation of endangered species. Fortunately, ITF has a long history of information exchange through teaching; like many others, I got my own start in tropical forest ecology fromjust such a course in Puerto Rico. And long before politicians recognized the global importance of tropical forestry, the ITF staff served actively as ambassadors of the discipline, visiting tropical coun tries everywhere to learn and, when invited to do so, to help solve local problems. It is a general principle of biogeography that species' turnover rates on islands are higher than those on continents. Inevitably, the same is true of scientists assigned to work on islands.