Plant and Algal Hydrogels for Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine

Plant and Algal Hydrogels for Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine
Author: Tapan Kumar Giri,Bijaya Ghosh
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2021-06-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128216507

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Plant and Algal Hydrogels for Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine offers a materials-focused and systematic overview of biopolymeric hydrogels utilized for biomedical applications. The book details the synthesis and characterization of plant and algal-based hydrogels, with each chapter addressing a separate polysaccharide hydrogel type. Specific applications in drug delivery and regenerative medicine are also discussed, highlighting the efficacy, biocompatibility, benefits and challenges for each polysaccharide hydrogel subtype. There is increasing demand for biomaterials which reduce/prevent the host response, inflammation and rejection, hence this book provides a timely resource. Biopolymeric hydrogels have skyrocketed because of their necessity in in vivo applications. They create an environment similar to living tissue, which is both biocompatible and biodegradable. Plant and algal polysaccharides in particular are well-equipped with functional groups that are easily modified for beneficial results. Systematically covers each plant and algal polysaccharide hydrogel subtype, from starch-based hydrogels to pectin and alginate-based hydrogels Provides an end-to-end description of the synthesis, characterization and application of biopolymeric hydrogels for drug delivery and regenerative medicine Appeals to a diverse readership, including those in biomedicine, pharmacy, polymer chemistry, biochemistry, materials science, biomedical engineering, and other biotechnology related disciplines

Gums Resins and Latexes of Plant Origin

Gums  Resins and Latexes of Plant Origin
Author: Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 909
Release: 2022-07-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030913786

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This reference book provides a comprehensive overview of natural gums, resins, and latexes of plants with a focus on their chemistry, biological activities, and practical uses. The content is divided into five main sections each of which contains chapters contributed from valuable experts in their field. Naturally occuring plant products have quite diverse applications in many different industries. The book aims to highlight the important aspects of plant-based gums, resins and latexes as well as provide a strategic framework for further research and development activities on these bioproducts. It will appeal to a broad audience such as biologists, pharmacologists, pharmacists, food technologists and medical practitioners. It is also a useful resource for research investigators of the healthcare industry, academia and students of biomedical sciences.

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites
Author: Sajjad Haider,Adnan Haider
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2022-03-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323852968

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Renewable Polymers and Polymer-Metal Oxide Composites: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications serves as a reference on the key concepts of the advances of polymer-oxide composites. The book reviews knowledge on polymer-composite theory, properties, structure, synthesis, and their characterization and applications. There is an emphasis on coupling metal oxides with polymers from renewable sources. Also, the latest advances in the relationship between the microstructure of the composites and the resulting improvement of the material’s properties and performance are covered. The applications addressed include desalination, tissue engineering, energy storage, hybrid energy systems, food, and agriculture. This book is suitable for early-career researchers in academia and R&D in industry who are working in the disciplines of materials science, engineering, chemistry and physics. Provides basic principles, theory and synthetic methods of composite materials, polymer composites and metal oxides Reviews the latest advances in polymer-oxide-based applications in medicine, water treatment, energy and sensing Discusses materials from renewable resources, including lifecycle assessment, economic aspects and potential application in tissue engineering, photovoltaics and food packaging

Nanotechnology Interventions in Food Packaging and Shelf Life

Nanotechnology Interventions in Food Packaging and Shelf Life
Author: Aamir Hussain Dar,Gulzar Ahmad Nayik
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2022-09-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000641806

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Nanotechnology has revolutionized agriculture and food technology, improving the shelf life of foods through interventions of nanomaterials in the packaging. Smart materials, biosensors, nanobiosenors, packaging materials, nanocarbon dots, and nanodevices address aspects of the food industry, such as food safety, food security, and packaging and shelf life. Nanotechnology Interventions in Food Packaging and Shelf Life shows how nanotechnology has the potential to transform food packaging materials in the future. Nanotechnology applied to food packaging can increase the shelf life of foods, minimize spoilage, ensure food safety, and repair damaged packaging. Key Features Sheds light on benefits of nanotechnology in the food packaging industry Contains information on utilization of nanocellulose and nanofibrils in food packaging Provides an overview of nanosensor applications for shelf-life extension of different food materials This book presents a comprehensive review of new innovations in nanotechnology, packaging, preservation, and processing of food and food products. It serves as a useful tool for food engineers and technologists in the food packaging industry.

Marine Biomaterials

Marine Biomaterials
Author: Sougata Jana
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Biomedical materials
ISBN: 9789811647871

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This book is focused on marine based biomedical carriers for delivery of therapeutics. Marine biomaterials and bio-based carriers show wide applications in pharmaceutical as well as biomedical fields for delivery of small and large molecules. Biomaterial-based composites, scaffolds or matrix systems are promising systems for controlled and prolonged release of drug in target site and control the premature release of drugs or bioactive compounds. This book discusses the targeted delivery of drugs and therapeutic applications. It also describes the use of marine biopolymers in cancer therapy. Different chapters describe the tissue engineering techniques to develop these carriers. The marine biomaterial-based systems are widely used for tissue engineering, and biomedical imaging. This book is meant for industry experts, students and researchers in the area of pharmaceutical sciences, biomedical engineering and material science and pharmacology.

Seaweed Polysaccharides

Seaweed Polysaccharides
Author: Jayachandran Venkatesan,Sukumaran Anil,Se-Kwon Kim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2017-05-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128098172

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Seaweed Polysaccharides: Isolation, Biological, and Biomedical Applications examines the isolation and characterization of algal biopolymers, including a range of new biological and biomedical applications. In recent years, significant developments have been made in algae-based polymers (commonly called polysaccharides), and in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, wound dressings, and tissue engineering. Demand for algae-based polymers is increasing and represent a potential—very inexpensive—resource for these applications. The structure and chemical modification of algal polymers are covered, as well as the biological properties of these materials – including antithrombic, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, and antiviral aspects. Toxicity of algal biopolymers is also covered. Finally, the book introduces and explains real world applications of algal-based biopolymers in biomedical applications, including tissue engineering, drug delivery, and biosensors. This is the first book to cover the extraction techniques, biomedical applications, and the economic perspective of seaweed polysaccharides. It is an essential text for researchers and industry professionals looking to work with this renewable resource. Provides comprehensive coverage of the research currently taking place in biomedical applications of algae biopolymers Includes practical guidance on the isolation, extraction, and characterization of polysaccharides from sustainable marine sources Covers the extraction techniques, biomedical applications, and economic outlook of seaweed polysaccharides

Biomaterials

Biomaterials
Author: Rosario Pignatello
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2011-11-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789533074184

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These contribution books collect reviews and original articles from eminent experts working in the interdisciplinary arena of biomaterial development and use. From their direct and recent experience, the readers can achieve a wide vision on the new and ongoing potentialities of different synthetic and engineered biomaterials. Contributions were selected not based on a direct market or clinical interest, but based on results coming from very fundamental studies. This too will allow to gain a more general view of what and how the various biomaterials can do and work for, along with the methodologies necessary to design, develop and characterize them, without the restrictions necessarily imposed by industrial or profit concerns. The chapters have been arranged to give readers an organized view of this research area. In particular, this book contains 25 chapters related to recent researches on new and known materials, with a particular attention to their physical, mechanical and chemical characterization, along with biocompatibility and hystopathological studies. Readers will be guided inside the range of disciplines and design methodologies used to develope biomaterials possessing the physical and biological properties needed for specific medical and clinical applications.

Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides

Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides
Author: Emad Shalaby
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2017-01-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789535128595

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Marine organisms have been under research for the last decades as a source for different active compounds with various biological activities and application in agriculture, pharmacy, medicine, environment, and industries. Marine polysaccharides from these active compounds are used as antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, bioremediations, etc. During the last three decades, several important factors that control the production of phytoplankton polysaccharides have been identified such as chemical concentrations, temperature, light, etc. The current book includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around the world; the chapters are categorized into three sections: Marine Polysaccharides and Agriculture, Marine Polysaccharides and Biological Activities, and Marine Polysaccharides and Industries.

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Author: Thakur Raghu Raj Singh,Garry Laverty,Ryan Donnelly
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-02-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781498748629

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Hydrogels are crosslinked, macromolecular polymeric materials arranged in a three-dimensional network, which can absorb and retain large amounts of water. Hydrogels are commonly used in clinical practice and experimental medicine for a wide range of applications, including drug delivery, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, diagnostics, cellular immobilization, separation of biomolecules or cells, and barrier materials to regulate biological adhesions. This book elucidates the underlying concepts and emerging applications of hydrogels and will provide key case studies and critical analysis of the existing research.

Extracellular Sugar Based Biopolymers Matrices

Extracellular Sugar Based Biopolymers Matrices
Author: Ephraim Cohen,Hans Merzendorfer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 820
Release: 2019-07-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030129194

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The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an acellular three-dimensional network composed of proteins, glycoproteins, proteoglycans and exopolysaccharides. It primarily serves as a structural component in the tissues and organs of plants and animals, or forms biofilms in which bacterial cells are embedded. ECMs are highly dynamic structures that undergo continuous remodeling, and disruptions are frequently the result of pathological processes associated with severe diseases such as arteriosclerosis, neurodegenerative illness or cancer. In turn, bacterial biofilms are a source of concern for human health, as they are associated with resistance to antibiotics. Although exopolysaccharides are crucial for ECM formation and function, they have received considerably little attention to date. The respective chapters of this book comprehensively address such issues, and provide reviews on the structural, biochemical, molecular and biophysical properties of exopolysaccharides. These components are abundantly produced by virtually all taxa including bacteria, algae, plants, fungi, invertebrates and vertebrates. They include long unbranched homopolymers (cellulose, chitin/chitosan), linear copolymers (alginate, agarose), peptoglycans such as murein, heteropolymers like a variety of glycosaminoglycans (hyaluronan, dermatan, keratin, heparin, Pel), and branched heteropolymers such as pectin and hemicellulose. A separate chapter is dedicated to modern industrial and biomedical applications of exopolysaccharides and polysaccharide-based biocomposites. Their unique chemical, physical and mechanical properties have attracted considerable interest, inspired basic and applied research, and have already been harnessed to form structural biocomposite hybrids for tailor-made applications in regenerative medicine, bioengineering and biosensor design. Given its scope, this book provides a substantial source of basic and applied information for a wide range of scientists, as well as valuable textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

Alginates in Drug Delivery

Alginates in Drug Delivery
Author: Amit Kumar Nayak,Md Saquib Hasnain
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2020-07-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780128176412

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Alginates in Drug Delivery explores the vital precepts, basic and fundamental aspects of alginates in pharmaceutical sciences, biopharmacology, and in the biotechnology industry. The use of natural polymers in healthcare applications over synthetic polymers is becoming more prevalent due to natural polymers’ biocompatibility, biodegradability, economic extraction and ready availability. To fully utilize and harness the potential of alginates, this book presents a thorough understanding of the synthesis, purification, and characterization of alginates and their derivative. This book collects, in a single volume, all relevant information on alginates in health care, including recent advances in the field. This is a highly useful resource for pharmaceutical scientists, health care professionals and regulatory scientists actively involved in the pharmaceutical product and process development of natural polymer containing drug delivery, as well as postgraduate students and postdoctoral research fellows in pharmaceutical sciences. Provides a single source on the complete alginate chemistry, collection, chemical modifications, characterization and applications in healthcare fields Includes high quality illustrations, along with practical examples and research case studies Contains contributions by global leaders and experts from academia, industry and regulatory agencies who are pioneers in the application of natural polysaccharides in diverse pharmaceutical fields

Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation

Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation
Author: Giuseppe Orlando
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1050
Release: 2013-10-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780123985200

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Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation illustrates exactly how these two fields are coming together and can benefit one another. It discusses technologies being developed, methods being implemented, and which of these are the most promising. The text encompasses tissue engineering, biomaterial sciences, stem cell biology, and developmental biology, all from a transplant perspective. Organ systems considered include liver, renal, intestinal, pancreatic, and more. Leaders from both fields have contributed chapters, clearly illustrating that regenerative medicine and solid organ transplantation speak the same language and that both aim for similar medical outcomes. The overall theme of the book is to provide insight into the synergy between organ transplantation and regenerative medicine. Recent groundbreaking achievements in regenerative medicine have received unprecedented coverage by the media, fueling interest and enthusiasm in transplant clinicians and researchers. Regenerative medicine is changing the premise of solid organ transplantation, requiring transplantation investigators to become familiar with regenerative medicine investigations that can be extremely relevant to their work. Similarly, regenerative medicine investigators need to be aware of the needs of the transplant field to bring these two fields together for greater results. Bridges the gap between regenerative medicine and solid organ transplantation and highlights reasons for collaboration Explains the importance and future potential of regenerative medicine to the transplant community Illustrates to regenerative medicine investigators the needs of the transplant discipline to drive and guide investigations in the most promising directions

Polymer Based Additive Manufacturing

Polymer Based Additive Manufacturing
Author: Declan M. Devine
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 277
Release: 2019-09-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030245320

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This book aims to give readers a basic understanding of commonly used additive manufacturing techniques as well as the tools to fully utilise the strengths of additive manufacturing through the modelling and design phase all the way through to post processing. Guidelines for 3D-printed biomedical implants are also provided. Current biomedical applications of 3D printing are discussed, including indirect applications in the rapid manufacture of prototype tooling and direct applications in the orthopaedics, cardiovascular, drug delivery, ear-nose-throat, and tissue engineering fields. Polymer-Based Additive Manufacturing: Biomedical Applications is an ideal resource for students, researchers, and those working in industry seeking to better understand the medical applications of additive manufacturing.

Alginates and Their Biomedical Applications

Alginates and Their Biomedical Applications
Author: Bernd H.A. Rehm,M. Fata Moradali
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2017-11-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811069109

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This book presents a comprehensive review of the latest advances in developing alginate-based biomaterials and derivatives as well as their biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. It covers the physiochemical properties of alginates, production and formulation methods, derivatizations and characterization methods, the fundamental work on optimizing alginate polymers for defined biomedical purposes as well as the scope and effectiveness of their applications in medicine and therapeutic approaches. The book brings together new concepts and advances in harnessing alginate-based biomaterials in combination with applied technological advances to tailor their applications to medical needs. The contributions by leading academics, clinicians and researchers not only cover the fundamentals, but also open new avenues for meeting future challenges in research and clinical applications.

Green Polymers and Environmental Pollution Control

Green Polymers and Environmental Pollution Control
Author: Moayad N. Khalaf
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2016-01-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781498732499

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Green Polymers and Environment Pollution Control examines the latest developments in the important and growing field of producing conventional polymers from sustainable sources. Presenting cutting-edge research from a group of leading international researchers from academia, government, and industrial institutions, the book explains what green polymers are, why green polymers are needed, which green polymers to use, and how manufacturing companies can integrate them into their manufacturing operations. It goes on to provide guidelines for implementing sustainable practices for traditional petroleum-based plastics, biobased plastics, and recycled plastics. With recent advancements in synthesis technologies and the discovery of new functional monomers, research shows that green polymers with better properties can be produced from renewable resources. The book describes these advances in synthesis, processing, and technology. It provides not only state-of-the-art information but also acts to stimulate research in this direction. Green Polymers and Environment Pollution Control offers an excellent resource for researchers, upper-level graduate students, brand owners, environment and sustainability managers, business development and innovation professionals, chemical engineers, plastics manufacturers, agriculture specialists, biochemists, and suppliers to the industry to debate sustainable, economic solutions for polymer synthesis.