Plastics Failure Guide

Plastics Failure Guide
Author: Myer Ezrin
Publsiher: Hanser Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 833
Release: 2013
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1569904499

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Plastics failure, to a certain extent, is the result of a phenomenal increase in the number and variety of applications in relatively few years. The focus of this book is on actual field and product failures. The treatment is comprehensive, emphasizing cause and prevention. The concept of the interdependence of material, design, and processing is applied to all examples and cases. The "how to" of prevention is brought out as a logical extension of the cause of failure.

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention
Author: John Moalli
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2001-12-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780815518655

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This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis are critical to for material improvement and they are broadly discussed in this book. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep-rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, fracture toughness, activation energy of degradation. Many references are given in this book to real products and real cases of their failure. The products discussed include office equipment, automotive compressed fuel gas system, pipes, polymer blends, blow molded parts, layered, cross-ply and continuous fiber composites, printed circuits, electronic packages, hip implants, blown and multilayered films, construction materials, component housings, brake cups, composite pressure vessels, swamp coolers, electrical cables, plumbing fittings, medical devices, medical packaging, strapping tapes, balloons, marine coatings, thermal switches, pressure relief membranes, pharmaceutical products, window profiles, and bone cements.

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics
Author: ASM International,Steve Lampman
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2003
Genre: Plastics
ISBN: 9781615030736

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The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis
Author: Vishu Shah
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2007-03-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780470100417

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Written in easy-to-read and -use format, this book updates and revises its bestselling predecessor to become the most complete, comprehensive resource on plastics testing. This book has an emphasis on significance of test methods and interpretation of results. The book covers all aspects of plastics testing, failure analysis, and quality assurance - including chapters on identification analysis, failure analysis, and case studies. The book concludes with a substantial appendix with useful data, charts and tables for ready reference. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Plastics Failure

Plastics Failure
Author: Myer Ezrin
Publsiher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Total Pages: 868
Release: 2013-08-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783446428829

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Plastics failure, to a certain extent, is the result of a phenomenal increase in the number and variety of applications in relatively few years. The focus of this book is on actual field and product failures. The treatment is comprehensive, emphasizing cause and prevention. The concept of the interdependence of material, design, and processing is applied to all examples and cases. The "how to" of prevention is brought out as a logical extension of the cause of failure. Contents: Nature, Causes, and Consequences of Plastics Failure. Fundamental Materials Variables Affecting Processing and Product Performance or Failure. Failures Related to Design and Material Selection. Examples. Processing-Related Factors to Failure. Failure Related to Service Conditions. Failure Analysis and Test Procedures. Quality Control. Legal Aspects of Plastic Product Liability and Failure. Examples of Failures in Various Applications

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers
Author: Michael Hayes,Dale Edwards,Andy Shah
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2015-05-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323297998

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Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. Case studies are included for a wide range of polymer types, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. Presents a comprehensive guide to applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practices on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions

Handbook of Plastics Failure Analysis

Handbook of Plastics Failure Analysis
Author: Friedrich Kurr
Publsiher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2015-01-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781569905456

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With 588 images and associated analyses for avoidance of damage to plastics, this manual is aimed at both professionals and students. Many technical terms and colloquial descriptions, explanations, and interconnections with related areas, together with the images, facilitate the reader in determining and describing the exact type of damage of a given sample. The images, from microscopic quality and damage analysis of molding materials, semi-finished products, and molded parts, are divided into 74 subject areas of plastics processing and application, and are classified based on over 2620 industry-standard technical terms. The analyses were performed with various light microscopes and a scanning electron microscope.

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers
Author: John Scheirs
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2000-10-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0471625728

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Intended as a practical guide for polymer technologists, engineers and analysts in the plastics, composites and rubber fields, this title describes a range of techniques and strategies for compositional and failure analysis of polymeric materials and products. Numerous examples illustrate the application of analytical methods for solving commonly encountered problems in the polymer industry. The reader is guided towards the most appropriate method of analysis and measurement and the most likely reasons for the failure. Areas covered include: * Migration and interaction of additives * Mechanical stress and stress cracking * Crazing and fracture * Residual stress and weld lines * Contamination and discoloration Numerous pedagogical methods, illustrative flow diagrams, figures and tables are used throughout the text to make it an invaluable guide to all analysts and polymer engineers in industrial or academic laboratories.