Polyesters and Polyamides

Polyesters and Polyamides
Author: B L Deopura,R Alagirusamy,M Joshi,B Gupta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2008-06-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845694609

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Polyesters and polyamides remain the most used group of synthetic fibres. This authoritative book reviews methods of their production, ways of improving their functionality and their wide range of applications. The first part of the book describes raw materials and manufacturing processes, including environmental issues. Part two considers ways of improving the functionality of polyester and polyamide fibres, including blending, weaving, coloration and other finishing techniques as well as new techniques such as nanotechnology. The final part of the book reviews the range of uses of these important fibres, from apparel and sportswear to automotive, medical and civil engineering applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Polyesters and polyamides is a standard reference for all those using this important group of fibres. Reviews the chemical and physical properties of each fibre and their manufacture Analyses how the functionality of polyester and polyamides can be improved Provides examples of how the fibres are used in applications

Solid State Behavior of Linear Polyesters and Polyamides

Solid State Behavior of Linear Polyesters and Polyamides
Author: Jerold M. Schultz,Stoyko Fakirov
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 325
Release: 1990
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: UOM:39015017698856

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The Complete Technology Book on Expanded Plastics Polyurethane Polyamide and Polyester Fibres

The Complete Technology Book on Expanded Plastics  Polyurethane  Polyamide and Polyester Fibres
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2006-10-01
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9788178330013

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Expanded plastics are also known as foamed plastics or cellular plastics. Expanded plastics can be flexible, semi flexible, semi rigid or rigid. They can also be thermoplastic or thermosetting and can exist as open celled or closed celled materials. Expanded plastics may be prepared from most synthetic and many natural polymers. Most of the industrially important ones are made from polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, polyurethanes and polyethylene, as well as from resins that derive from phenol, epoxy, etc. Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is polymer composed of a chain of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. Polyurethane polymers are formed by combining two bi or higher functional monomers. One contains two or more isocyanate functional groups and the other contains two or more hydroxyl groups. More complicated monomers are also used.The Polyurethanes are among the most recent additions to the many commercially important classes of polymers. Urethanes can be considered esters of the unstable carbamics acid or amide esters of carbonic acid. A polyamide is a polymer containing monomers of amides joined by peptide bonds. They can occur both naturally and artificially, examples being proteins, such as wool and silk, and can be made artificially through step growth polymerization or solid phase synthesis. Polyamides are commonly used in textiles, automotives, carpet and sportswear due to their extreme durability and strength. Polyester is a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Natural polyesters and a few synthetic ones are biodegradable, but most synthetic polyesters are not. Polyester fibres are produced by the melt spinning process. Raw materials are heated to a spinning mass, which is then pressed through spinnerets. Manufacturing techniques are now developed to the point where they can produce fibres adapted to suit the widest possible applications: they can have round, oval or angular profiles, making them firm to the touch. Applications of these polymers are in various fields like rubber industry, textile industry, chemical industries etc. Some of the fundamentals of the book are epoxy curing system, background, process conditions, polyether polyols with epoxy resins, highlights of the technological achievement, laminates comprising a hard foam layer and a fiber reinforced synthetic resin layer, highlights of the technological achievement, process conditions, plastic deformation, modification of amino polyols with epoxy resins, producing expanded and cured polyester resin, foamed unsaturated polyester resins with gel coat, cross linked polyester, unsaturated polyester compositions with high impact strength, foam crystallization of condensation polymers, acrylate rubber modification of aromatic polyesters etc. The present book covers processes of expanded plastics, polyurethane, polyamides with other related information required by an entrepreneur. This book is very useful for technocrats, researchers, entrepreneurs and professionals.

Solid State Polymerization

Solid State Polymerization
Author: Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Stamatina N. Vouyiouka
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2009-04-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780470451823

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The most current guide to solid state polymerization Solid State Polymerization (SSP)is an indispensable tool in the design, manufacture, and study of polymers, plastics, and fibers. SSP presents significant advantages over other polymerization techniques due to low operating temperatures, inexpensive equipment, and simple and environmentally sound procedures. Combining fundamentals of polymer science, chemistry, physical chemistry, and engineering, SSP also offers many research applications for a wide range of students and investigators. Gathering and filtering the latest literature on SSP, Solid Solid State Polymerization offers a unique, one-stop resource on this important process. With chapters contributed by leaders in the field, this text summarizes SSP, and provides essential coverage that includes: An introduction to SSP, with chemical and physical steps, apparatus, advantages, and parameters SSP physical chemistry and mechanisms Kinetic aspects of polyesters and polyamides SSP Catalysis in SSP processes Application of SSP under high pressure conditions in the laboratory Engineering aspects regarding process modeling and industrial application Recent developments and future possibilities Solid State Polymerization provides the most up-to-date coverage of this constantly developing field to academic and industry professionals, as well as graduate and postgraduate-level students in chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, polymer chemistry, polymer processing and polymer engineering.

The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers
Author: Laurence W. McKeen
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2012-10-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781455725984

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Updated and extended ed. of The effects of sterilization methods on plastics and elastomers by Liesl K. Massey.

Reactive Extrusion

Reactive Extrusion
Author: Günter Beyer,Christian Hopmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2018-01-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527340989

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This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.

Single Polymer Composites

Single Polymer Composites
Author: Samrat Mukhopadhyay,Bapan Adak
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2018-09-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781351272223

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This book discusses the concept of single polymer composites (SPCs), their preparation, and properties and the main factors which affect the manufacturing of this class of composites. It deals with the leading classes of polymers, chapter wise, which have been majorly explored for manufacturing SPCs – polyolefins, polyesters, polyamides, and LCPs – includes a case study on manufacturing of SPCs, and devotes three chapters to detailed analyses of research on all-cellulose composites. Addressing the concerns of the researchers, it also answers intriguing questions in the field of SPCs with pointers to the right references. Key Features Presents a summary of single polymer composites based on various polymers Includes mechanical and thermal properties of single polymer composites Reviews detailed view of eco-friendly approaches to composites Offers a special focus on all-cellulose composites Supports concepts with figures, schemes, and tables

Plastics Technology Handbook Fourth Edition

Plastics Technology Handbook  Fourth Edition
Author: Manas Chanda,Salil K. Roy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2006-12-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781420006360

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Because the field of plastics is one of the fastest changing areas today, the need arises to offer relevant, comprehensive material on polymers. An established source of information on modern plastics, the Plastics Technology Handbook continues to provide up-to-date coverage on the properties, processing methods, and applications of polymers. Retaining the easy-to-follow structure of the previous editions, this fourth edition includes new topics of interest that reflect recent developments and lead to better insights into the molecular behavior of polymers. New to the Fourth Edition Advances in supramolecular polymerization, flame retardancy, polymer-based nanomedicines, and drug delivery The new concept of oxo-biodegradable polymers Broadened discussion on plastic foams and foam extrusion processes More information on the processing and applications of industrial polymers, including the emerging field of nanoblends Developments in polymer synthesis and applications, such as polymeric sensors, hydrogels and smart polymers, hyperbranched polymers, shape memory polymers, polymeric optical fibers, scavenger resins, polymer nanocomposites, polymerization-filled composites, and wood-polymer composites A state-of-the-art account of the various available methods for plastics recycling Advances in the use of polymers in packaging, construction, the automotive and aerospace industries, agriculture, electronics and electrical technology, biomedical applications, corrosion prevention, and sports and marine applications Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition thoroughly covers traditional industrial polymers and their processing methods as well as contemporary polymeric materials, recent trends, and the latest applications.

Handbook of Adhesives

Handbook of Adhesives
Author: Irving Skeist
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781461306719

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Adhesives are indispensable. They are required pling agents, and other key ingredients. Special in myriad products-aircraft and abrasives, cars attention is given to such flourishing categories and cartons, shoes and safety glass, tape and as acrylics, anaerobics, cyanoacrylates, poly urethanes, epoxy resins, polyvinyl acetate, high tires. This Third Edition of Handbook of Ad hesives, like the 1962 and 1977 editions, seeks temperature adhesives, hot melts, silicones, and to provide the knowledge needed for optimum silanes. selection, preparation, and utilization of adhe The last 14 chapters, on adherends and bond sives and sealants. The information is detailed ing technology, involve the auto industry, air and explicit, with several hundred illustrative craft, electronics, the bonding of wood, formulations. textiles, rubber and plastics, construction, ab Expert information has been supplied in 47 rasives, pressure-sensitives, nonwovens, and chapters written by 70 industry specialists, pro sealants. Mechanical handling of two-compo fessors, and consultants. Five chapters on fun nent systems is examined. The concluding damentals provide the theoretical and economic chapter highlights the exciting progress that is underpinnings-why adhesives work, how they being made in the use of robotics to apply ad are selected, how the surface is prepared, how hesives, techniques already far advanced in au they are applied, how they are set, how the tomotive assembly. cured joint is tested.

Synthetic Methods in Step Growth Polymers

Synthetic Methods in Step Growth Polymers
Author: Martin E. Rogers,Timothy E. Long
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 605
Release: 2003-08-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780471461371

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Synthetic Methods in Step-Growth Polymers provides a concise source of information on synthetic techniques, purification, and characterization methods for step-growth polymers and also addresses future synthetic trends.

Polyester

Polyester
Author: Nurhan Onar Camlibel
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2018-03-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789535138815

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Polyester is one of the most important polymers for fibers and composites. Significant developments in nanoparticle-doped polyester composites, polyester recycling, flame-retardant unsaturated polyester resins, and application of polyester for construction and automotive industry are currently carried out. Thus, this book provides leading edge research on improvements of functional properties of polyester, modifications of unsaturated polyester resins, and polyester (especially recycled polyester) usage in construction and in automotive application areas in the form of fiber, resin, and composite. The book also covers the characterization of unique features of polyester found by mechanical, chemical, physical, microstructural, and thermal analyses. This book intends to provide an understanding of the developments of functional polyester production, synthesis, and characterization and support to many academic researchers and graduate students in textile, polymer, composite, chemical science, and research and development managers in recycling and composite applications of polyester in the construction and automotive industry.

Polyesters and polyamides

Polyesters and polyamides
Author: BL Deopura,R. Alagirusamy,M. Joshi,B. Gupta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2008-07-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1420079727

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Polyester and polyamides remain the most used group of synthetic fibres. This authoritative book reviews their methods of production, ways of improving their functionality and their wide range of applications. The first part of the book describes raw materials and manufacturing processes, including environmental issues. Part two considers ways of improving the functionality of polyester and polyamide fibres, including blending, weaving, coloration and other finishing techniques as well as new techniques such as nanotechnology. The final part of the book reviews the range of uses of these important fibres, from apparel and sportswear to automotive, medical and civil engineering applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Polyester and polyamides will be a standard reference for all those using this important group of fibres.

Handbook of Condensation Thermoplastic Elastomers

Handbook of Condensation Thermoplastic Elastomers
Author: Stoyko Fakirov
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 643
Release: 2006-05-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527606894

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Reporting on the work of an international team of scientists actively involved in the study of thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) based on polyesters, polyamides, and polyurethanes, this book is the first to provide a detailed description of condensation TPE with close attention paid to polyamide-based systems. Reflecting the increasing importance of TPE as engineering plastics, the authors discuss the widened application opportunities by preparing systems with various chemical compositions and molecular structures as (semi-) interpenetrating networks. The contents also cover the chemical aspects, physical structure and properties, life cycle assessment, and recycling possibilities as well as such unique "smart" properties like the shape memory effect of the three classes of thermoplastic elastomers.

Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook

Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook
Author: Karen D. Sam,Thomas P. Wampler
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2021-03-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429577031

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Analytical pyrolysis allows scientists to use routine laboratory instrumentation for analyzing complex, opaque, or insoluble samples more effectively than other analytical techniques alone. Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook, Third Edition is a practical guide to the application of pyrolysis techniques to various samples and sample types for a diversity of fields including microbiology, forensic science, industrial research, and environmental analysis. The much-anticipated third edition incorporates recent technological advances that increase the technique’s sensitivity to trace elements, improve its reproducibility, and expand its applicability. The book reviews the types of instrumentation available to perform pyrolysis and offers guidance for interfacing instruments and integrating other analytical techniques, including gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Fully updated with new sample pyrograms, figures, references, and real-world examples, this edition also highlights new areas of application including cultural materials, forensic analysis, and environmental studies. This book illustrates how the latest advances make pyrolysis a practical, cost-effective, reliable, and flexible alternative for increasingly complex sample analyses. Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook, Third Edition is an essential, one-stop guide for determining if pyrolysis meets application-specific needs as well as performing pyrolysis and handling the data obtained.

Vegetable Oil Based Polymers

Vegetable Oil Based Polymers
Author: Niranjan Karak
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2012-07-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097149

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The growing need to find a sustainable, environmentally-friendly replacement for petroleum-based materials is fuelling the development of bio-based polymers from renewable resources. Amongst the most promising of these are vegetable oil-based polymeric materials. Vegetable oil-based polymers provides a comprehensive review of the research in this important field. After an introduction to classification and polymerization, Vegetable oil-based polymers goes on to review the factors involved in polymer biodegradation. The extraction, purification and application of vegetable oils are then explored, along with vegetable oil-based polyesters and poly(ester amide)s, polyurethanes and epoxies. The book then reviews polyamides, polyolefins and vegetable oil-based hyperbranched polymers. It concludes with an analysis of vegetable oil-based polymer composites and polymer nanocomposites. Vegetable oil-based polymers is an indispensable guide for all those involved in the research and development of biopolymers as well as the wide range of industries looking for more sustainable polymer materials. Provides a comprehensive review of recent research in the area of vegetable oil-based polymeric materials Discusses vegetable oils and their derivatives, biodegradable polymers and the fundamentals of polymers Explores the extraction, purification and application of vegetable oils, along with vegetable oil-based polyesters and poly(ester amide)s, polyurethanes and epoxies