Polygeneration with Polystorage

Polygeneration with Polystorage
Author: Kaveh Rajab Khalilpour
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 583
Release: 2018-11-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128133071

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Polygeneration with Polystorage: For Energy and Chemicals addresses the problem of both traditional and dispersed generation with a broad, multidisciplinary perspective. As the first book to thoroughly focus on the topic of polygeneration, users will find the problem presented from different scientific and technical domains down to both macro and micro levels. Detailed analyses and state-of-the-art developments in specific fields are included, focusing on storage in conventional energy supply chains and demand-side renewable polygeneration systems, management advice and the necessary market mechanisms needed to support them. This reference is useful for academics and professionals in conventional and unconventional energy systems. Includes an outlined framework towards polygeneration and polystorage down to both micro and macro levels Contains fluid and continuous chapters that provide detailed analysis and a review of the state-of-the-art developments in specific fields Addresses the wider global view of research advancement and potential in the role of polygeneration and polystorage in the move toward sustainability

Polygeneration Systems

Polygeneration Systems
Author: Francesco Calise,Laura Vanoli,Massimo Dentice D’Accadia,Maria Vicidomini
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2021-09-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128206263

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The support for polygeneration lies in the possibility of integrating different technologies into a single energy system, to maximize the utilization of both fossil and renewable fuels. A system that delivers multiple forms of energy to users, maximizing the overall efficiency makes polygeneration an emerging and viable option for energy consuming industries. Polygeneration Systems: Design, Processes and Technologies provides simple and advanced calculation techniques to evaluate energy, environmental and economic performance of polygeneration systems under analysis. With specific design guidelines for each type of polygeneration system and experimental performance data, referred both to single components and overall systems, this title covers all aspects of polygeneration from design to operation, optimization and practical implementation. Giving different aspects of both fossil and non-fossil fuel based polygeneration and the wider area of polygeneration processes, this book helps readers learn general principles to specific system design and development through analysis of case studies, examples, simulation characteristics and thermodynamic and economic data. Detailed economic data for technology to assist developing feasibility studies regarding the possible application of polygeneration technologies Offers a comprehensive list of all current numerical and experimental results of polygeneration available Includes simulation models, cost figures, demonstration projects and test standards for designers and researchers to validate their own models and/or to test the reliability of their results

Thermal Mechanical and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems

Thermal  Mechanical  and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems
Author: Klaus Brun,Timothy C. Allison,Richard Dennis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 634
Release: 2020-09-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128198940

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Thermal, Mechanical, and Hybrid Chemical Energy Storage Systems provides unique and comprehensive guidelines on all non-battery energy storage technologies, including their technical and design details, applications, and how to make decisions and purchase them for commercial use. The book covers all short and long-term electric grid storage technologies that utilize heat or mechanical potential energy to store electricity, including their cycles, application, advantages and disadvantages, such as round-trip-efficiency, duration, cost and siting. Also discussed are hybrid technologies that utilize hydrogen as a storage medium aside from battery technology. Readers will gain substantial knowledge on all major mechanical, thermal and hybrid energy storage technologies, their market, operational challenges, benefits, design and application criteria. Provide a state-of-the-art, ongoing R&D review Covers comprehensive energy storage hybridization tactics Features standalone chapters containing technology advances, design and applications

Solar Photovoltaic Power Intermittency and Implications on Power Systems

Solar Photovoltaic Power Intermittency and Implications on Power Systems
Author: Mohammed Albadi,Abdullah Al-Badi
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2021-07-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781527572423

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Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have experienced a tremendous increase in installed capacity in the past decade. Although solar PV power is environmentally friendly and can be used to extend the life of fossil fuel reserves, it is of an intermittent nature. Through nine chapters, this book provides an understanding of solar PV systems’ power output intermittency and its impacts on power systems. The first part of the book highlights the source of the variability of both solar irradiation and PV systems’ output, while the second highlights the impact of factors such as temperature and dust on PV systems’ output variability through case studies. The third part highlights the impacts of PV systems’ output variability of the design and operation of power systems. This book will appeal to students, researchers, operators, engineers, designers, and policymakers working on solar PV or electric power systems design, planning, or operation.

Clean Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes

Clean Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes
Author: Pasquale Cavaliere
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2019-07-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030212094

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​This book describes the available technologies that can be employed to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse emissions in the steel- and ironmaking industries. Ironmaking and steelmaking are some of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide (over 2Gt per year) and have some of the highest energy demand (25 EJ per year) among all industries; to help mitigate this problem, the book examines how changes can be made in energy efficiency, including energy consumption optimization, online monitoring, and energy audits. Due to negligible regulations and unparalleled growth in these industries during the past 15-20 years, knowledge of best practices and innovative technologies for greenhouse gas remediation is paramount, and something this book addresses. Presents the most recent technological solutions in productivity analyses and dangerous emissions control and reduction in steelmaking plants; Examines the energy saving and emissions abatement efficiency for potential solutions to emission control and reduction in steelmaking plants; Discusses the application of the results of research conducted over the last ten years at universities, research centers, and industrial institutions.

Mechanical Energy Storage Technologies

Mechanical Energy Storage Technologies
Author: Ahmad Arabkoohsar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2020-09-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128226612

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Mechanical Energy Storage Technologies presents a comprehensive reference that systemically describes various mechanical energy storage technologies. State-of-the-art energy storage systems are outlined with basic formulation, utility, and detailed dynamic modeling examples, making each chapter a standalone module on storage technology. Each chapter includes a detailed mathematical model of the given energy storage system along with solved and unsolved examples, case studies, and prospects among emerging technologies and solutions for future energy systems. Giving a detailed understanding of why mechanical energy storage systems are useful, this book is a beneficial reference for anyone researching and working in mechanical energy storage systems. Covers advances in mechanical energy storage systems, both electricity and heat, in one reference Includes solved and unsolved examples for each storage technology Offers end-of-chapter summaries for each application Includes detailed mathematical models of each energy storage system examined

Electrospinning for Advanced Energy Storage Applications

Electrospinning for Advanced Energy Storage Applications
Author: Neethu T. M. Balakrishnan,Raghavan Prasanth,Springer Nature
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 581
Release: 2021
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN: 9789811588440

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This book provides a consolidated description of the process of electro-spinning and detailed properties and applications of electro-spun electrodes and electrolytes in energy storage devices. It discusses the preparation, structure and electrochemical properties of nanofiber electrode and electrolyte materials. It focuses exclusively on Lithium Ion batteries, with the contents discussing different aspects of electrospinning in storage systems. This book aims to provide a comprehensive resource to help researchers choose the best electrodes and electrolyte materials based on the properties required for their desired commercial applications. It will be a useful guide to graduate students and researchers working in solid-state chemistry, physics, materials chemistry, and chemical engineering on aspects of energy storage.

Zero Waste Biorefinery

Zero Waste Biorefinery
Author: Yogalakshmi Kadapakkam Nandabalan,Vinod Kumar Garg,Nitin K. Labhsetwar,Anita Singh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 591
Release: 2022-01-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811686825

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This book is a compilation of process, technologies and value added products such as high value biochemicals and biofuels produced from different waste biorefineries. The book is sectioned into four categories providing a comprehensive outlook about zero waste biorefinery and technologies associated with it. The emerging technologies that potentially put back the lignocellulosic waste, municipal solid waste and food waste into intrinsic recycling for production of high value biochemicals and bioenergy, along with associated challenges and opportunities are also included. The content also focuses on algal biorefineries leading to sustainable circular economy through production of broad spectrum of bioactive compounds, bioethanol, biobutanol, biohydrogen, biodiesel through integrated biorefinery approach. The volume also includes chapters on conversion technologies and mathematical models applied for process optimization. A sound foundation about the underlying principles of biorefineries and a up-to-date state-of-the-art based overview on the latest advances in terms of scientific knowledge, techno-economic developments and life cycle assessment methodologies of integrated waste biorefinery is provided. This volume will be of great interest to professionals, post-graduate students and policy makers involved in waste management, biorefineries, circular economy and sustainable development.

Water Safety Security and Sustainability

Water Safety  Security and Sustainability
Author: Ashok Vaseashta,Carmen Maftei
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2021-07-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030760083

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This book focuses on threats, especially contaminants, to drinking water and the supply system, especially in municipalities but also in industrial and even residential settings. The safety, security, and suitability landscape can be described as dynamic and complex stemming from necessity and hence culpability due to the emerging threats and risks, vis-a-vis globalization resulting in new forms of contaminants being used due to new technologies. The book provides knowledge and guidance for engineers, scientists, designers, researchers, and students who are involved in water, sustainability, and study of security issues. This book starts out with basics of water usage, current statistics, and an overview ofwater resources. The book then introduces different scenarios of safety and security and areas that researchers need to focus. Following that, the book presents different types of contaminants – inadvertent, intentional, or incidental. The next section presents different methodologies of contamination sensing/detection and remediation strategies as per guidance and standards set globally. The book then concludes with selected chapters on water management, including critical infrastructure that is critical to maintaining safe water supplies to cities and municipalities. Each chapter includes descriptive information for professionals in their respective fields. The breadth of chapters offers insights into how science (physical, natural, and social) and technology can support new developments to manage the complexity resident within the evolving threat and risk landscape.

Nano Technology for Battery Recycling Remanufacturing and Reusing

Nano Technology for Battery Recycling  Remanufacturing  and Reusing
Author: Siamak Farhad,Ram K. Gupta,Ghulam Yasin,Tuan Anh Nguyen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2022-05-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323984935

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Nanotechnology for Battery Recycling, Remanufacturing, and Reusing explores how nanotechnology is currently being used in battery recycling, remanufacturing and reusing technologies to make them economically and environmentally feasible. The book shows how nanotechnology can be used to enhance and improve battery recycling, remanufacturing and reusing technologies, covering the fundamentals of battery recycling, remanufacturing and reusing technologies, the role of nanotechnology, the separation, regeneration and reuse of nanomaterials from battery waste, nano-enabled approaches for battery recycling, and nano-enabled approaches for battery remanufacturing and reusing. This book will help researchers and engineers to better understand the role of nanotechnology in the field of battery recycling, remanufacturing and reusing. It will be an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who would like to learn more about how nanotechnology is being used to create new battery recycling processes. Outlines practical and cost-efficient processes for recycling and reusing batteries Highlights the different types of nanomaterials used in battery recycling processes Assesses major challenges with integrating nanotechnology into battery manufacturing processes on an industrial scale

Whole Energy Systems

Whole Energy Systems
Author: Vahid Vahidinasab,Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic books
ISBN: 9783030876531

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This book provides a thorough overview of the concept of whole energy systems and the role of vector-coupling technologies (VCTs) in meeting long-term decarbonization strategies. It is the first comprehensive reference that provides basic definitions and fundamental, applicable approaches to whole energy systems analysis and vector-coupling technologies in a multidisciplinary way. Whole Energy Systems presents practical methods with evidence from applications to real-world and simulated coupled energy systems. Sample analytical examples are provided to aid in the understanding of the presented methods. The book will provide researchers and industry stakeholders focused on whole energy systems, as well researchers and developers from different branches of engineering, energy, economics, and operation research, with state-of-the-art coverage and the latest developments in the field. Looks at electricity interactions across systems, including gas, heating and cooling, hydrogen, transport, and water networks; Examines challenges, opportunities, strengths, and threats of the whole system approach to energy; Thoroughly covers whole energy systems planning and operation.

Waste To Energy

Waste To Energy
Author: Abd El-Fatah Abomohra
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 651
Release: 2022
Genre: Biomass energy
ISBN: 9783030915704

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This book addresses the needs of students, researchers, as well as engineers and other professionals or readers interested in recent advances of biofuel and efficient waste management. In the context of energy consumption, over 85% of the total consumed energy comes from non-renewable fossil resources. Developing new renewable energy resources, especially biofuel production from wastes, has received increasing attention. The book is organized into three sections, namely Section I: Conventional waste management; Section II: From waste to green energy; and Section III: Case studies and future perspectives. Each section presents topic-specific chapters, which contain comprehensive and advanced knowledge of the subjects. Overall, the book covers the recent advances, breakthroughs, challenges, and future perspectives of waste-to-energy approach using different kinds of wastes as a feedstock for alternative biofuels and other integrated approaches such as wastewater treatment, plastic degradation, and CO2 sequestration in a cost-effective and eco-friendly way. In addition, different routes of waste recycling for enhanced biofuel production and case studies are presented with environmental and economic analysis. The presented case studies and future perspectives under Section III complement the chapters as they are authored by experts from bioenergy businesses who actually encounter real-world problems.

Sustainable Downstream Processing of Microalgae for Industrial Application

Sustainable Downstream Processing of Microalgae for Industrial Application
Author: Kalyan Gayen,Tridib Kumar Bhowmick,Sunil Kumar Maity
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2019-10-03
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780429639883

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Microalgae can be future resource for industrial biotechnology In current energy crisis era, microalgae are under tremendous research focus for the production of biodiesel due to their high photosynthetic efficiency, growth rate and high lipid content compared to territorial plants. However, the large-scale production of algal biomass and downstream processing of harvested algae towards bio-fuels are facing several challenges from economic viability perspective. Apart from bio-fuels, the microalgae synthesize number of bio-molecules such as pigments (e.g., chlorophyll, carotenoid), protein (e.g., lectin, phycobiliprotein), and carbohydrates (e.g., agar, carrageenan, alginate, fucodian) which are available in the various forms of microalgal products. Therefore, developing a strategy for large-scale production and use of algal biomass for the co-production of these value-added macromolecules is thus imperative for the improvement of the economics of algal biorefinery. In the above context, this book covers three major areas (i) commercial-scale production of bio-molecules from microalgae, (ii) sustainable approach for industrial-scale operation, and (iii) optimization of downstream processes. Each of these sections is composed of several chapters written by the renowned academicians/industry experts. Furthermore, in this book, a significant weightage is given to the industry experts (around 50%) to enrich the industrial perspectives. We hope that amalgamate of fundamental knowledge from academicians and applied research information from industry experts will be useful for forthcoming implementation of a sustainable integrated microalgal biorefinery. This book highlights following. Explores biomolecules from microalgae and their applications Discusses microalgae cultivations and harvesting Examines downstream processing of biomolecules Explores sustainable integrated approaches for industrial scale operations Examines purification techniques specific for microalgal proteins, Omega 3 fatty Acids, carbohydrates, and pigments

Graphene Based Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Graphene Based Biopolymer Nanocomposites
Author: Bhasha Sharma,Purnima Jain
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2020-12-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811591808

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The book comprehensively covers the different topics of graphene based biopolymer and nanocomposites, mainly synthesis methods for the composite materials, various characterization techniques to study the superior properties and insights on potential advanced applications.The book will address and rectify the complications of using plastics that are non-degradable and has abhorrent impact on environment. The limitations of properties of biopolymer can be vanquished by employing graphene as a nanomaterial. Outstanding properties of graphene in accordance with biopolymer can be utilized to develop applications like water treatment, tissue engineering, photo-catalysts, super-absorbents. This is a useful reference source for both engineers and researchers working in composite materials science as well as the students attending materials science, physics, chemistry, and engineering courses.

Solar Driven Water Treatment

Solar Driven Water Treatment
Author: Omid Mahian,Jinjia Wei,Robert A. Taylor,Somchai Wongwises
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2021-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323900034

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Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle looks at the use of solar energy and in particular photovoltaic technologies, as a viable, accessible and sustainable option in the treatment of water. Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle provides insight into the different solar powered technologies, in-depth information about the viability of sunlight in the water treatment process, the potential environmental implications as well as the performance, economics, operation and maintenance of the discussed technologies. Elaborating on the potential issues and health risks associated with the water purification systems this reference also covers the need for appropriate technologies in the present scenario to improve worldwide access to clean drinking water. Readers will learn the most appropriate technology for their specific need making this book useful for renewable energy and environmental engineers in investigating energy efficiency, water treatment technologies, and the economics of technological change in the treatment of water by solar technologies. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve the issue of drinking water scarcity by solar energy Describes various solar water treatment techniques with their environmental impacts Cover issues associated with solar water purification and the need for technology assessment