Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation s Electricity System

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation s Electricity System
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2017-10-25
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309463072

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Americans' safety, productivity, comfort, and convenience depend on the reliable supply of electric power. The electric power system is a complex "cyber-physical" system composed of a network of millions of components spread out across the continent. These components are owned, operated, and regulated by thousands of different entities. Power system operators work hard to assure safe and reliable service, but large outages occasionally happen. Given the nature of the system, there is simply no way that outages can be completely avoided, no matter how much time and money is devoted to such an effort. The system's reliability and resilience can be improved but never made perfect. Thus, system owners, operators, and regulators must prioritize their investments based on potential benefits. Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System focuses on identifying, developing, and implementing strategies to increase the power system's resilience in the face of events that can cause large-area, long-duration outages: blackouts that extend over multiple service areas and last several days or longer. Resilience is not just about lessening the likelihood that these outages will occur. It is also about limiting the scope and impact of outages when they do occur, restoring power rapidly afterwards, and learning from these experiences to better deal with events in the future.

Resilient Control Architectures and Power Systems

Resilient Control Architectures and Power Systems
Author: Craig Rieger,Ronald Boring,Brian Johnson,Timothy McJunkin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2022-01-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119660415

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Master the fundamentals of resilient power grid control applications with this up-to-date resource from four industry leaders Resilient Control Architectures and Power Systems delivers a unique perspective on the singular challenges presented by increasing automation in society. In particular, the book focuses on the difficulties presented by the increased automation of the power grid. The authors provide a simulation of this real-life system, offering an accurate and comprehensive picture of a how a power control system works and, even more importantly, how it can fail. The editors invite various experts in the field to describe how and why power systems fail due to cyber security threats, human error, and complex interdependencies. They also discuss promising new concepts researchers are exploring that promise to make these control systems much more resilient to threats of all kinds. Finally, resilience fundamentals and applications are also investigated to allow the reader to apply measures that ensure adequate operation in complex control systems. Among a variety of other foundational and advanced topics, you'll learn about: The fundamentals of power grid infrastructure, including grid architecture, control system architecture, and communication architecture The disciplinary fundamentals of control theory, human-system interfaces, and cyber security The fundamentals of resilience, including the basis of resilience, its definition, and benchmarks, as well as cross-architecture metrics and considerations The application of resilience concepts, including cyber security challenges, control challenges, and human challenges A discussion of research challenges facing professionals in this field today Perfect for research students and practitioners in fields concerned with increasing power grid automation, Resilient Control Architectures and Power Systems also has a place on the bookshelves of members of the Control Systems Society, the Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society, the Computer Society, the Power and Energy Society, and similar organizations.

Power Engineering

Power Engineering
Author: Viorel Badescu,George Cristian Lazaroiu,Linda Barelli
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2018-12-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429843532

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Traditionally, power engineering has been a subfield of energy engineering and electrical engineering which deals with the generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electric power and the electrical devices connected to such systems including generators, motors and transformers. Implicitly this perception is associated with the generation of power in large hydraulic, thermal and nuclear plants and distributed consumption. Faced with the climate change phenomena, humanity has had to now contend with changes in attitudes in respect of environment protection and depletion of classical energy resources. These have had consequences in the power production sector, already faced with negative public opinions on nuclear energy and favorable perception of renewable energy resources and about distributed power generation. The objective of this edited book is to review all these changes and to present solutions for future power generation. Future energy systems must factor in the changes and developments in technology like improvements of natural gas combined cycles and clean coal technologies, carbon dioxide capture and storage, advancements in nuclear reactors and hydropower, renewable energy engineering, power-to-gas conversion and fuel cells, energy crops, new energy vectors biomass-hydrogen, thermal energy storage, new storage systems diffusion, modern substations, high voltage engineering equipment and compatibility, HVDC transmission with FACTS, advanced optimization in a liberalized market environment, active grids and smart grids, power system resilience, power quality and cost of supply, plug-in electric vehicles, smart metering, control and communication technologies, new key actors as prosumers, smart cities. The emerging research will enhance the security of energy systems, safety in operation, protection of environment, improve energy efficiency, reliability and sustainability. The book reviews current literature in the advances, innovative options and solutions in power engineering. It has been written for researchers, engineers, technicians and graduate and doctorate students interested in power engineering.

The Power of Resilience

The Power of Resilience
Author: Yosef Sheffi
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2015-09-18
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780262029797

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A catastrophic earthquake is followed by a tsunami that inundates the coastline, and around the globe manufacturing comes to a standstill. State-of-the-art passenger jets are grounded because of a malfunctioning part. A strike halts shipments through a major port. A new digital device decimates the sales of other brands and sends established firms to the brink of bankruptcy. The interconnectedness of the global economy today means that unexpected events in one corner of the globe can ripple through the world's supply chain and affect customers everywhere. In this book, Yossi Sheffi shows why modern vulnerabilities call for innovative processes and tools for creating and embedding corporate resilience and risk management. Sheffi offers fascinating case studies that illustrate how companies have prepared for, coped with, and come out stronger following disruption -- from the actions of Intel after the 2011 Japanese tsunami to the disruption in the "money supply chain" caused by the 2008 financial crisis. Sheffi, author of the widely read The Resilient Enterprise, focuses here on deep tier risks as well as corporate responsibility, cybersecurity, long-term disruptions, business continuity planning, emergency operations centers, detection, and systemic disruptions. Supply chain risk management, Sheffi shows, is a balancing act between taking on the risks involved in new products, new markets, and new processes -- all crucial for growth -- and the resilience created by advanced risk management.

Power Systems Resilience

Power Systems Resilience
Author: Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Sajad Najafi Ravadanegh,Nicu Bizon
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 353
Release: 2018-08-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319944425

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This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles and applications of power system resiliency, as well as a number of straightforward and practical methods for the impact analysis of risk events on power system operations. It also describes the challenges of modelling, distribution networks, optimal scheduling, multi-stage planning, deliberate attacks, cyber-physical systems and SCADA-based smart grids, and how to overcome these challenges. Further, it highlights the resiliency issues using various methods, including strengthening the system against high impact events with low frequency and the fast recovery of the system properties. A large number of specialists have collaborated to provide innovative solutions and research in power systems resiliency. They discuss the fundamentals and contemporary materials of power systems resiliency, theoretical and practical issues, as well as current issues and methods for controlling the risk attacks and other threats to AC power systems. The book includes theoretical research, significant results, case studies, and practical implementation processes to offer insights into electric power and engineering and energy systems. Showing how systems should respond in case of malicious attacks, and helping readers to decide on the best approaches, this book is essential reading for electrical engineers, researchers and specialists. The book is also useful as a reference for undergraduate and graduate students studying the resiliency and reliability of power systems.

Electric Power Systems Resiliency

Electric Power Systems Resiliency
Author: Ramesh Bansal,Manohar Mishra,Yog Raj Sood
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2022-07-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323900690

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Electric Power Systems Resiliency: Modelling, Opportunity and Challenges considers current strengths and weaknesses of various applications and provides engineers with different dimensions of flexible applications to illustrate their use in the solution of power system improvement. Detailing advanced methodologies to improve resiliency and describing resilient-oriented power system protection and control techniques, this reference offers a deep study on the electrical power system through the lens of resiliency that ultimately provides a flexible framework for cost-benefit analysis to improve power system durability. Aimed at researchers exploring the significance of smart monitoring, protecting and controlling of power systems, this book is useful for those working in the domain of power system control and protection (PSOP). Features advanced methodologies for improving electrical power system resiliency for different architectures, e.g., smart grid, microgrid and macro grid Discusses resiliency in power generation, transmission and distribution comprehensively throughout Includes case studies that illustrate the applications of resilience in power systems

Urban Resilience

Urban Resilience
Author: Yoshiki Yamagata,Hiroshi Maruyama
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 319
Release: 2016-08-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319398129

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This book is on urban resilience – how to design and operate cities that can withstand major threats such as natural disasters and economic downturns and how to recover from them. It is a collection of latest research results from two separate but collaborating research groups, namely, researchers in urban design and those on general resilience theory. The book systematically deals with the core aspects of urban resilience: systems, management issues and populations. The taxonomy can be broken down into threats, systems, resilience cycles and recovery types in the context of urban resilience. It starts with a discussion of systems resilience models, focusing on the central idea that resilience is a moving average of costs (a set of trajectories in a two-player game paradigm). The second section explores management issues, including planning, operating and emergency response in cities with specific examples such as land-use planning and carbon-neutral scenarios for urban planning. The next section focuses on urban dwellers and specific people-related issues in the context of resilience. Agent-based simulation of behaviour and perception-based resilience, as well as brand crisis management are representative examples of the topics discussed. A further section examines systems like public utilities – including managing power supplies, cyber-security issues and models for pandemics. It concludes with a discussion of the future challenges and risks facing complex systems, for example in resilient power grids, making it essential reading for a wide range of researchers and policymakers.

Flood Impact Mitigation and Resilience Enhancement

Flood Impact Mitigation and Resilience Enhancement
Author: Guangwei Huang
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2020-12-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781839626258

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The concept of resilience has been gaining momentum in various fields in recent years and has been used in various ways from a catch phrase to a cornerstone in theoretic development or practical operation. No matter how it is used, it does contribute one way or another to the refinement and application of the concept. This book focuses on the application of the resilience concept to flood disaster management. This book is a collection of research works conducted across the world and across sectors. Therefore, it is a good example of how different perspectives can catalyze our insight into complex flood-related issues. It can be considered valuable reading material for students, researchers, policymakers and practitioners, because it provides both the fundamentals and new development of resilience-based approaches and delivers a message that the goal of resilience-based flood management goes beyond disaster reduction.