150 Years of Psychiatry at G ttingen University

150 Years of Psychiatry at G  ttingen University
Author: Dirk Wedekind,Carsten Spitzer,Jens Wiltfang
Publsiher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2019-08-12
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783847010340

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This volume focuses on the special historical moments of the third oldest University Psychiatry in Germany, which has been existing in Göttingen since 1866. Ludwig Meyer, appointed to Göttingen in 1866, was the third professor ordinarius for Psychiatry in Germany and the first person to have a finished Hospital. The contributors in this volume show a great insight in the history of the University Psychiatry in Göttingen from its beginnings, to its enlargement and crisis during the Third Reich unto recent developments of the last decades.

Schizophrenia Bulletin

Schizophrenia Bulletin
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006
Genre: Schizophrenia
ISBN: COLUMBIA:HR02349469

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Issues for 1969- include section: Bibliography and abstracts on schizophrenia.

Neurocognition and Social Cognition in Schizophrenia Patients

Neurocognition and Social Cognition in Schizophrenia Patients
Author: V. Roder,A. Medalia
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2010-02-03
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783805593397

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Research shows that neuro- and social cognition have a decisive influence on functional outcome in people with schizophrenia. In this publication, world-renowned experts summarize the latest research on approaches to assessing and treating cognition in schizophrenia. The book is organized to take the reader through the steps from definitions and assessment of cognition to research on the relevance of cognition in everyday life, to chapters which focus on treatments for cognitive disorders. The reader will learn about the NIMH MATRICS initiative which has provided clinicians and researchers with the tools to define and assess neuro- and social cognitive functioning in people with schizophrenia. Then the treatments for neuro and social cognitive deficits are discussed in several chapters which give an overview of cognitive remediation approaches, accompanied by concrete treatment examples. The reader will also learn about the latest results of pharmacological interventions for cognitive deficits. A final chapter focuses on the importance of addressing motivational deficits when treating cognition, and offers treatment approaches to enhance motivation. This publication is essential reading for clinicians and researchers in the fields of psychiatry, psychology as well as students and other professions working with people who have schizophrenia.

INT Integrated Neurocognitive Therapy for Schizophrenia Patients

INT Integrated Neurocognitive Therapy for Schizophrenia Patients
Author: Volker Roder,Daniel R. Müller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 141
Release: 2015-06-02
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9783319132457

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This book contains concrete and step by step information with many practical examples. It is in line with the most actual international empirical findings about schizophrenia and contains the most updated therapy approach being available currently. The techniques and exercises (partly computer-based) are described in detail. Case examples point out specific therapeutic situations and teach the therapist how to cope with complicated group and individual demands. Assessment for patient selection, differential indication and therapy control within a multi-dimensional treatment and rehabilitation system are discussed. INT was evaluated successfully in an international randomised multi-centre study. In the meantime it is implemented in many clinical settings in German speaking countries. Integrated Neurocognitive Therapy (INT) is a cognitive remediation therapy approach. INT is the first treatment manual comprising all MATRICS areas (Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia). The NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health, USA) initiated this MATRICS initiative. MATRICS defines 11 neurocognitive and social cognitive areas of functioning being relevant for patients with schizophrenia. The improvement of these areas in a group therapy is the main goal of INT. INT is based on IPT (Integrated Psychological Therapy, Roder et al 2010). It is a resource and a recovery oriented intervention to enhance also therapy motivation and self-esteem and to reduce negative symptoms. Therapy focuses especially on group processes and the exercises augment transfer and generalisation to daily life. As a meta goal INT intends to amend life quality and the reintegration of the patients in the community. The presented manual offers the clinicians a practically orientated guide for carrying out INT.

Third Generation Neuroimaging Translating Research into Clinical Utility

Third Generation Neuroimaging  Translating Research into Clinical Utility
Author: André Schmidt,Stefan Borgwardt
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016-11-02
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9782889450442

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Psychiatric imaging needs to move away from simple investigations of the neurobiology underling the early phases of psychiatric diseases to translate imaging findings in the clinical field targeting clinical outcomes including transition, remission and response to preventative interventions. This research topic aims to bring psychiatric neuroimaging studies towards translational impacts in clinical practice, suggesting that brain abnormalities may be of potential use for detecting clinical outcomes as treatment response. First-generation psychiatric neuroimaging focused on simple structural brain alterations associated with the neurobiology of the illness. These early studies adopted imaging methods mainly including computerized tomography (CT) to investigate brain size. Second-generation psychiatric neuroimaging studies benefited from more sophisticated techniques which included structural methods (sMRI) coupled with whole-brain automated methods (voxel based morphometry, VBM), white-matter methods (diffusion tensor imaging, DTI and tractography), functional methods (functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI) and advanced neurochemical imaging (PET techniques addressing receptor bindings and pre/post synaptic functions, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, MRS) and sophisticated meta-analytical imaging methods. However, no consistent or reliable anatomical or functional brain alterations have been univocally associated with any psychiatric disorder and no clinical applications have been developed in psychiatric neuroimaging. There is thus urgent need of psychiatric imaging to move towards third-generation paradigms. In this research topic, these novel neuroimaging studies here requested to move away from simple investigations of the neurobiology to translate imaging findings in the clinical field targeting longitudinal outcomes including transition, remission and response to preventative interventions. With respect to methods, the most recent neuroimaging approaches (e.g. structural and functional MRI, EEG, DTI, spectroscopy, PET) are welcome. Third generation psychiatric imaging studies including multimodal approaches, multi-center analyses, mega-analyses, effective connectivity, dynamic causal modelling, support vector machines, structural equation modelling, or graph theory analysis are highly appreciated. Furthermore, these third-generation imaging studies may benefit from the incorporation of new sources of neurobiological information such as whole genome sequencing, proteomic, lipidomic and expression profiles and cellular models derived from recent induced pluripotent stem cells research. We collect Original Research, Reviews, Mini-Reviews, Book Review, Clinical Case Study, Clinical Trial, Editorial, General Commentary, Hypothesis & Theory, Methods, Mini Opinion, Perspective, and Technology Report from international researcher and clinicians in this field. The purpose of this research topic is intended to provide the field with current third-generation neuroimaging approaches in translational psychiatry that is hoped to improve and create therapeutic options for psychiatric diseases.

German books in print

German books in print
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
Genre: German literature
ISBN: UOM:39015046438936

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Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine
Author: Martin Brüne
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2015-10-29
Genre: Evolutionary psychology
ISBN: 9780198717942

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The Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine updates and expands on the original Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry (OUP, 2008) to provide answers to these questions by emphasising an evolutionary perspective on psychiatric and psychosomatic conditions. It explains how the human brain/mind has been shaped by natural and sexual selection; why adaptations to environmental conditions in our evolutionary past may nowadays work in suboptimalways; and how human cognition, emotions, and behaviour can be scientifically framed to improve our understanding of how people try to attain important biosocial goals pertaining to one's status in society,mating, eliciting and providing care, and maintaining rewarding relationships.

Deutsche Nationalbibliografie

Deutsche Nationalbibliografie
Author: Die deutsche Nationalbibliothek
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 16136438

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S BPM Illustrated

S BPM Illustrated
Author: Albert Fleischmann,Stefan Raß,Robert Singer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 143
Release: 2013-07-24
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783642369049

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S-BPM stands for “subject-oriented business process management” and focuses on subjects that represent the entities (people, programs etc.) that are actively engaged in processes. S-BPM has become one of the most widely discussed approaches for process professionals. Its potential particularly lies in the integration of advanced information technology with organizational and managerial methods to foster and leverage business innovation, operational excellence and intra- and inter-organizational collaboration. Thus S-BPM can also be understood as a stakeholder-oriented and social business process management methodology. In this book, the authors show how S-BPM and its tools can be used in order to solve communication and synchronization problems involving humans and/or machines in an organization. All the activities needed in order to implement a business process are shown step by step; it starts by analyzing the problem, continues with modeling and validating the corresponding process, and finishes off by embedding the process into the organization. The final result is a workflow that executes the process without the need for any programming. To this end, in the first step a very simple process is implemented, which is subsequently extended and improved in “adaption projects,” because additional problems have to be solved. This approach reflects the organizational reality, in which processes must always be changed and adapted to new requirements. This is a hands-on book, written by professionals for professionals, with a clear and concise style, a wealth of illustrations (as the title suggests), and focusing on an ongoing example with a real industrial background. Readers who want to execute all the steps by themselves can simply download the S-BPM tool suite from the www.i2pm.net website.

Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia

Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia
Author: Borwin Bandelow,Katharina Domschke,David Baldwin
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 80
Release: 2013-09
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780199562299

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Part of the Oxford Psychiatry Library series, this pocketbook provides a user-friendly introduction to the diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of patients with panic disorder.

SFPE Guide to Human Behavior in Fire

SFPE Guide to Human Behavior in Fire
Author: Society of Fire Protection Engineers
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 159
Release: 2018-11-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319946979

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This single resource for the fire safety community distills the most relevant and useful science and research into a consensus-based guide whose key factors and considerations impact the response and behavior of occupants of a building during a fire event. The Second Edition of SFPE's Engineering Guide: Human Behavior in Fire provides a common introduction to this field for the broad fire safety community: fire protection engineers/fire safety engineers, human behavior scientists/researchers, design professionals, and code authorities. The public benefits from consistent understanding of the factors that influence the responses and behaviors of people when threatened by fire and the application of reliable methodologies to evaluate and estimate human response in buildings and structures. This Guide also aims to lessen the uncertainties in the "people components" of fire safety and allow for more refined analysis with less reliance on arbitrary safety factors. As with fire science in general, our knowledge of human behavior in fire is growing, but is still characterized by uncertainties that are traceable to both limitation in the science and unfamiliarity by the user communities. The concepts for development of evacuation scenarios for performance-based designs and the technical methods to estimate evacuation response are reviewed with consideration to the limitation and uncertainty of the methods. This Guide identifies both quantitative and qualitative information that constitutes important consideration prior to developing safety factors, exercising engineering judgment, and using evacuation models in the practical design of buildings and evacuation procedures. Besides updating material in the First Edition, this revision includes new information on: Incapacitating Effects of Fire Effluent & Toxicity Analysis Methods Occupant Behavior Scnearios Movement Models and Behavioral Models Egress Model Selection, Verification, and Validation Estimation of Uncertainty and Use of Safety Factors Enhancing Human Response to Emergencies & Notification of Messaging The prediction of human behavior during a fire emergency is one of the most challenging areas of fire protection engineering. Yet, understanding and considering human factors is essential to designing effective evacuation systems, ensuring safety during a fire and related emergency events, and accurately reconstructing a fire.

The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine

The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine
Author: Martin Brüne,Wulf Schiefenhövel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 992
Release: 2019-01-31
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780192506788

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Medicine is grounded in the natural sciences, among which biology stands out with regard to the understanding of human physiology and conditions that cause dysfunction. Ironically though, evolutionary biology is a relatively disregarded field. One reason for this omission is that evolution is deemed a slow process. Indeed, macroanatomical features of our species have changed very little in the last 300,000 years. A more detailed look, however, reveals that novel ecological contingencies, partly in relation to cultural evolution, have brought about subtle changes pertaining to metabolism and immunology, including adaptations to dietary innovations, as well as adaptations to the exposure to novel pathogens. Rapid pathogen evolution and evolution of cancer cells cause major problems for the immune system to find adequate responses. In addition, many adaptations to past ecologies have turned into risk factors for somatic disease and psychological disorder in our modern worlds (i.e. mismatch), among which epidemics of autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and obesity, as well as several forms of cancer stand out. In addition, depression, anxiety and other psychiatric conditions add to the list. The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine is a compilation of cutting edge insights into the evolutionary history of ourselves as a species, and how and why our evolved design may convey vulnerability to disease. Written in a classic textbook style emphasising physiology and pathophysiology of all major organ systems, the Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Medicine will be valuable for students as well as scholars in the fields of medicine, biology, anthropology and psychology.

SEMPER Secure Electronic Marketplace for Europe

SEMPER   Secure Electronic Marketplace for Europe
Author: Gerard Lacoste,Birgit Pfitzmann,Michael Steiner,Michael Waidner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2004-05-24
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783540449270

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This monograph constitutes a major contribution to the development of secure electronic commerce. The book is based on the European R&D project SEMPER - Secure Electronic Marketplace for Europe which aims at securing electronic commerce as a whole by developing a technical security framework realized as a middleware. The first part of this monograph presents an introduction to electronic commerce in general and provides an overview of the proposed solutions; this part is accessible to everybody seriously interested in the topic and does not require a technical background except some basic familiarity with the Internet. The second part presents fundamentally new scientific and engineering results and sets the scene for future R&D activities in securing electronic commerce.

Intellectual Disabilities

Intellectual Disabilities
Author: Sandra Baum,Henrik Lynggaard
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-05-08
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780429915031

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The application of systemic ideas and principles in working with people with intellectual disabilities, their families and their service systems, has grown over the last decade in the UK. This book, for the first time, brings together the writings of a group of practitioners who have been using this approach in their clinical practice. It is hoped it will inspire others to try out different ways of working with people with intellectual disabilities and their wider systems, so that they can have the choice of a wide range of therapeutic approaches. It is also hoped that systemic practitioners who are unfamiliar with this client group might give consideration to extend their practice to also work with people with intellectual disabilities.

Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia

Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia
Author: Paul Lysaker,Giancarlo Dimaggio,Martin Brüne
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2014-07-04
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780124051744

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Deficits in social cognition and metacognition in schizophrenics makes it difficult for them to understand the speech, facial expressions and hence emotion and intention of others, as well as allowing little insight into their own mental state. These deficits are associated with poor social skills, fewer social relationships, and are predictive of poorer performance in a work setting. Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia reviews recent research advances focusing on the precise nature of these deficits, when and how they manifest themselves, what their effect is on the course of schizophrenia, and how each can be treated. These deficits may themselves be why schizophrenia is so difficult to resolve; by focusing on the deficits, recovery may be quicker and long lasting. This book discusses such deficits in early onset, first episode, and prolonged schizophrenia; how the deficits relate to each other and to other forms of psychopathology; how the deficits affect social, psychological, and vocational functioning; and how best to treat the deficits in either individual or group settings. Summarizes the types of social cognitive and metacognitive deficits present in schizophrenia Discusses how deficits are related to each other and to other forms of psychopathology Describes how deficits impact function and affect the recovery process Provides treatment approaches for these deficits