Canadian Public Finance

Canadian Public Finance
Author: Geneviève Tellier
Publsiher: University of Toronto Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-03-08
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781487594411

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In this timely contribution, Genevi?ve Tellier imparts a sense of transparency to the public purse, providing a comprehensive account of the budget process of the federal and provincial and territorial governments.

Public Finance

Public Finance
Author: Richard W. Tresch
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 950
Release: 2002-05-22
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780126990515

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Featuring a general equilibrium framework that is both cohesive and versatile, the Second Edition of Public Finance: A Normative Theory brings new and updated information to this classic text. Through its concentration on the microeconomic theory of the public sector in the context of capitalist market economics it addresses the subjects traditionally at the heart of public sector economics, including public good theory, theory of taxation, welfare analysis, externalities, tax incidence, cost benefit analysis, and fiscal federalism. Its goal of providing a foundation, rather than attempting to present the most recent scholarship in detail, makes this Second Edition both a valuable text and a resource for professionals. * Second edition provides new and updated information * Focuses on the heart of public sector economics, including public expenditure theory and policy, tax theory and policy, cost benefit-analysis, and fiscal federalism * Features a cohesive and versatile general equilibrium framework

Public Finance

Public Finance
Author: Carl Shoup
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 676
Release: 2017-07-05
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781351495721

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Broad in scope and carefully balanced in emphasis, this book is a major treatise on the theory and practice of public finance. It is unique in its presentation of a worldwide perspective and in its treatment of both the instruments of public finance and the goals, effects, and criteria of public finance measures. The book is divided into three parts. Book One defines the field, specifies the possible meaning of the "effects" of a public finance measure, and describes the criteria by which these measures are commonly appraised.Book Two is concerned with micro public finance and opens with a discussion of the theory of public goods in general. Each of the major free government services and types of transfer payments as well as the taxes that government employs are then examined. This section concludes with a chapter on the relevant aspects of government borrowing and inflationary finance. Book Three considers the major goals of public finance policy and describes how the various instruments described in Book Two can be used in achieving these goals. Among the topics treated are the use of appropriate instruments to resolve conflict in goals, conceptual problems of measuring the public finance sector and its maximum and minimum economic limits, consensus goals of equity full employment and Pareto-optimism use of resources, and goals that evoke conflicts of interest within any community.

Behavioural Public Finance

Behavioural Public Finance
Author: M. Mustafa Erdoğdu,Larissa Batrancea,Savaş Çevik
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2020-11-19
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781351107365

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This book tackles political, social, and behavioural aspects of public finance and fiscal exchange. The book combines conventional approaches toward public finance with new developments in economics such as political governance, social and individual aspects of economic behaviour. It colligates public finance and behavioural economics and gathers original contributions within the emerging field of behavioural public finance. The book addresses public finance topics by incorporating political, social, and behavioural aspects of economic decision-making, assuming the tax relationship is shaped by three dimensions of decision-making. Thus, it aims not only to reflect the interdisciplinary nature of public finance by bringing together scholars from various disciplines but also to examine public finance through the lens of political, social, and behavioural aspects. The book scrutinizes the relationship between political institutions, governance types, and public finance; it investigates the impact of social context, social capital, and societal cooperation on public finance; it explores behavioural biases of individual fiscal preferences. This book is of interest to scholars, policymakers, tax professionals, business professionals, financers, university students, and researchers in the fields of public policy and economics.

The New Dynamic Public Finance

The New Dynamic Public Finance
Author: Narayana R. Kocherlakota
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2010-07-01
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781400835270

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Optimal tax design attempts to resolve a well-known trade-off: namely, that high taxes are bad insofar as they discourage people from working, but good to the degree that, by redistributing wealth, they help insure people against productivity shocks. Until recently, however, economic research on this question either ignored people's uncertainty about their future productivities or imposed strong and unrealistic functional form restrictions on taxes. In response to these problems, the new dynamic public finance was developed to study the design of optimal taxes given only minimal restrictions on the set of possible tax instruments, and on the nature of shocks affecting people in the economy. In this book, Narayana Kocherlakota surveys and discusses this exciting new approach to public finance. An important book for advanced PhD courses in public finance and macroeconomics, The New Dynamic Public Finance provides a formal connection between the problem of dynamic optimal taxation and dynamic principal-agent contracting theory. This connection means that the properties of solutions to principal-agent problems can be used to determine the properties of optimal tax systems. The book shows that such optimal tax systems necessarily involve asset income taxes, which may depend in sophisticated ways on current and past labor incomes. It also addresses the implications of this new approach for qualitative properties of optimal monetary policy, optimal government debt policy, and optimal bequest taxes. In addition, the book describes computational methods for approximate calculation of optimal taxes, and discusses possible paths for future research.

Public Financial Management in the European Union

Public Financial Management in the European Union
Author: Marta Postuła
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2022-04-19
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781000578300

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This book reveals how to create efficient institutions and coordinate policy on a transnational scale to ensure European Union integration can best meet social needs. It offers a combined technocratic and humanist perspective on the discussion of public financial management. The state, as part of its public policy, should seek to preserve our social and environmental values yet there are mounting imbalances in society which point to the growing role of the state in minimising them. Under such circumstances, it is worth reflecting on how new challenges could require updated, more complex formulas, to deal with crises in current times and for social and economic policymaking by states and the European Union generally, which would ensure their compatibility with the world financial markets. The work offers an in-depth and unique performance analysis of European Union institutions compared to the national entities of EU member states. It contributes to the ongoing debate on global public goods and the processes involved in managing their provision. Further, it discusses public finance management instruments, indicating their historical evolution in practice and their effectiveness measured with the Human Development Index. The author presents a proposal of how to manage global, European and national public goods across three areas: environmental protection, transnational infrastructure projects and social policy. The book analyses public financial management instruments used during the recent pandemic, making a distinction between "regular" and "emergency" instruments and assessing their effectiveness in specific economic situations. This will be of interest to researchers and students of economics and finance, as well as decision makers and practitioners from governments, international organizations and specific non-governmental organizations concerned with issues of public finance management.

Public Finance and Public Policy

Public Finance and Public Policy
Author: Arye L. Hillman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 859
Release: 2009-04-06
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781139475372

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The second edition of Public Finance and Public Policy retains the first edition's themes of investigation of responsibilities and limitations of government. The present edition has been rewritten and restructured. Public choice and political economy concepts and political and bureaucratic principal-agent problems are introduced at the beginning for application to later topics. Fairness, envy, hyperbolic discounting, and other concepts of behavioral economics are integrated throughout. The consequences of asymmetric information and the tradeoff between efficiency and ex-post equality are recurring themes. Key themes investigated are markets and governments, institutions and governance, public goods, public finance for public goods, market corrections (externalities and paternalist public policies), voting, social justice, entitlements and equality of opportunity, choice of taxation, and the need for government. The purpose of the book is to provide an accessible introduction to the use of public finance and public policy to improve on market outcomes.

Public Finance and Parliamentary Constitutionalism

Public Finance and Parliamentary Constitutionalism
Author: Will Bateman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-09-24
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781108478113

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Explores financial aspects of constitutional government, focusing on central banking, sovereign borrowing, taxation and public expenditure.

Loose leaf Version for Public Finance and Public Policy

Loose leaf Version for Public Finance and Public Policy
Author: Jonathan Gruber
Publsiher: Macmillan Higher Education
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2015-12-16
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781319075132

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Jonathan Gruber’s market-leading Public Finance and Public Policy was the first textbook to truly reflect the way public policy is created, implemented, and researched. Like no other text available, it integrated real-world empirical work and coverage of transfer programs and social insurance into the traditional topics of public finance. By augmenting the traditional approach of public finance texts with a true integration of theory, application, and evidence, Public Finance and Public Policy engages students like no other public finance text. Thoroughly updated, this timely new edition gives students the basic tools they need to understand the driving issues of public policy today, including healthcare, education, global climate change, entitlements, and more.

Urban Public Finance

Urban Public Finance
Author: D. Wildasin
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2013-09-05
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781136473036

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Considers such issues as the effect of local government policies on migration, the optimal size of cities, tax and expenditure capitalization, the economics of intergovernmental transfers, tax exporting and tax competition.

The Economics of Public Finance

The Economics of Public Finance
Author: Alan S. Blinder
Publsiher: Atlantic Publishers & Distri
Total Pages: 435
Release: 1974
Genre: Finance, Public
ISBN: 9182736450XXX

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Behavioral Public Finance

Behavioral Public Finance
Author: Edward J. McCaffery,Joel Slemrod
Publsiher: Russell Sage Foundation
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2006-01-23
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781610443852

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Behavioral economics questions the basic underpinnings of economic theory, showing that people often do not act consistently in their own self-interest when making economic decisions. While these findings have important theoretical implications, they also provide a new lens for examining public policies, such as taxation, public spending, and the provision of adequate pensions. How can people be encouraged to save adequately for retirement when evidence shows that they tend to spend their money as soon as they can? Would closer monitoring of income tax returns lead to more honest taxpayers or a more distrustful, uncooperative citizenry? Behavioral Public Finance, edited by Edward McCaffery and Joel Slemrod, applies the principles of behavioral economics to government's role in constructing economic and social policies of these kinds and suggests that programs crafted with rational participants in mind may require redesign. Behavioral Public Finance looks at several facets of economic life and asks how behavioral research can increase public welfare. Deborah A. Small, George Loewenstein, and Jeff Strnad note that public support for a tax often depends not only on who bears its burdens, but also on how the tax is framed. For example, people tend to prefer corporate taxes over sales taxes, even though the cost of both is eventually extracted from the consumer. James J. Choi, David Laibson, Brigitte C. Madrian, and Andrew Metrick assess the impact of several different features of 401(k) plans on employee savings behavior. They find that when employees are automatically enrolled in a retirement savings plan, they overwhelmingly accept the status quo and continue participating, while employees without automatic enrollment typically take over a year to join the saving plan. Behavioral Public Finance also looks at taxpayer compliance. While the classic economic model suggests that the low rate of IRS audits means far fewer people should voluntarily pay their taxes than actually do, John Cullis, Philip Jones, and Alan Lewis present new research showing that many people do not underreport their incomes even when the probability of getting caught is a mere one percent. Human beings are not always rational, utility-maximizing economic agents. Behavioral economics has shown how human behavior departs from the assumptions made by generations of economists. Now, Behavioral Public Finance brings the insights of behavioral economics to analysis of policies that affect us all.

Principles of Public Finance

Principles of Public Finance
Author: Hugh Dalton
Publsiher: Allied Publishers
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1922-07-26
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9788170231332

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In this edition of famous textbook, much new material has been added to a general survey, in the light of recent fiscal developments, of the general theory of taxation, other forms of public revenue, public expenditure and public debts. There is chapter on modern theories of budgetary policy, as developed by Keynes and others, and a final chapter dealing with the author’s tenure of the British Treasury from 1945-47 which discusses the problems he encountered at that time, the policy pursued in his four successive budgets and, in particular, his controversial cheap money policy.

Public Financial Management

Public Financial Management
Author: Howard A. Frank
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2006-01-13
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781420004168

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Public Financial Management covers the five major pillars of this sub-discipline of public administration: context, public finance, retirement systems, performance measurement and budgeting, and international perspectives. This text offers practitioners information valuable in their day-to-day operations, while also providing students in public administration and public management programs with a solid foundation for their own development as future professionals and researchers. Overall this volume promotes linkages between resource allocation and "value-adds" for citizens and stakeholders, driving innovations in operations and increased transparency in reporting.

Public Finance

Public Finance
Author: S.N. Chand
Publsiher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2008
Genre: Finance, Public
ISBN: 8126908009

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Public Finance Is A Study Of Collection Of Revenue From The Public By The Government And Spending It For The Welfare Of Society. Although An Important Part Of Economics, Public Finance, As A Science Is Older Than Economics Itself. Actually, It Was The Forerunner Of Science To Which It Is Now Subordinate. The Writings Of Cameralists Dealt More Fully With This Part Of The Field Of Political Economy Than With Any Other.During The Last Two Decades Or So, Every Branch Of Economics Has Undergone Considerable Change Under The Impact Of Keynesian New Economics. Realising This, Many Foreign Writers Have Attempted To Recast Public Finance Theory By Incorporating Keynesian Analysis. Indian Writers, However, Have, By And Large, Modeled Their Treatment Of The Subject On The Once Famous But Now Largely Out Of Date Dalton S Public Finance.This Book, In 2 Volumes, Brings To Light The Changes That Have Come About And Comprehensively Covers Various Aspects Of Public Finance Theory, Revenue, Debt And Expenditure. Construction Of Chapters And Enlisting Of Questions Have Been Done After Making A Wide Analysis Of The Syllabi Prescribed For The Subject In Various Indian Universities, Following The Pattern Of Questions Asked In Different Examinations. The Text Has Been Supplemented With Tables And Figures Which Have Been Updated From Authentic Sources. Opinions Of Established Economists And Erudite Scholars Have Been Cited In Each Major Topic Relating To Public Finance To Substantiate The Text. Every Effort Has Been Made To Keep The Style Lucid And The Approach Analytical.The Book Caters To The Academic Needs Of The Postgraduate, Graduate And Undergraduate Students Of Economics. It Is Equally Useful For Those Pursuing Mba And M.Com. Courses. In Addition, The Aspiring Candidates For Various Competitive Examinations Will Find This Book Highly Useful. It Will Prove An Ideal Reference Book For Teachers And Researchers.