Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data
Author: Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2021-12-04
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780128163429

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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations introduces the notion of chronotopologic data analysis that offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data and provides information about the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes (physical, biological, health, social). It includes models and techniques for handling data that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of the physical laws of change underlying the available numerical datasets, while taking into consideration the in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). It considers the synthesis of scientific theory-based methods (stochastic modeling, modern geostatistics) and data-driven techniques (machine learning, artificial neural networks) so that their individual strengths are combined by acting symbiotically and complementing each other. The notions and methods presented in Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Including real-world practical applications as well as practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of theory-based and data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis and modeling in earth and environmental sciences (including environmental health and human exposure applications). Explores the analysis and processing of chronotopologic (i.e., space-time and spacetime) data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Studies the synthesis of scientific theory and empirical evidence (in its various forms) that offers a mathematically rigorous and physically meaningful assessment of real-world phenomena Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists
Author: John H. Schuenemeyer,Lawrence J. Drew
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2011-04-12
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781118102213

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A comprehensive treatment of statistical applications for solvingreal-world environmental problems A host of complex problems face today's earth science community,such as evaluating the supply of remaining non-renewable energyresources, assessing the impact of people on the environment,understanding climate change, and managing the use of water. Propercollection and analysis of data using statistical techniquescontributes significantly toward the solution of these problems.Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists presentsimportant statistical concepts through data analytic tools andshows readers how to apply them to real-world problems. The authors present several different statistical approaches tothe environmental sciences, including Bayesian and nonparametricmethodologies. The book begins with an introduction to types ofdata, evaluation of data, modeling and estimation, randomvariation, and sampling—all of which are explored throughcase studies that use real data from earth science applications.Subsequent chapters focus on principles of modeling and the keymethods and techniques for analyzing scientific data,including: Interval estimation and Methods for analyzinghypothesis testingof means time series data Spatial statistics Multivariate analysis Discrete distributions Experimental design Most statistical models are introduced by concept andapplication, given as equations, and then accompanied by heuristicjustification rather than a formal proof. Data analysis, modelbuilding, and statistical inference are stressed throughout, andreaders are encouraged to collect their own data to incorporateinto the exercises at the end of each chapter. Most data sets,graphs, and analyses are computed using R, but can be worked withusing any statistical computing software. A related websitefeatures additional data sets, answers to selected exercises, and Rcode for the book's examples. Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists is anexcellent book for courses on quantitative methods in geology,geography, natural resources, and environmental sciences at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuablereference for earth scientists, geologists, hydrologists, andenvironmental statisticians who collect and analyze data in theireveryday work.

Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research

Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research
Author: Michela Cameletti,Francesco Finazzi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2018-12-30
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783030015848

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This books presents some of the most recent and advanced statistical methods used to analyse environmental and climate data, and addresses the spatial and spatio-temporal dimensions of the phenomena studied, the multivariate complexity of the data, and the necessity of considering uncertainty sources and propagation. The topics covered include: detecting disease clusters, analysing harvest data, change point detection in ground-level ozone concentration, modelling atmospheric aerosol profiles, predicting wind speed, precipitation prediction and analysing spatial cylindrical data. The volume presents revised versions of selected contributions submitted at the joint TIES-GRASPA 2017 Conference on Climate and Environment, which was held at the University of Bergamo, Italy. As it is chiefly intended for researchers working at the forefront of statistical research in environmental applications, readers should be familiar with the basic methods for analysing spatial and spatio-temporal data.

Quantitative Methods of Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences and Engineering

Quantitative Methods of Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences and Engineering
Author: Douglas G. Martinson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2018-09-30
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781107029767

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Provides thorough and comprehensive coverage of new and important quantitative methods in data science, for graduate students and practitioners.

Quantitative Modeling of Earth Surface Processes

Quantitative Modeling of Earth Surface Processes
Author: Jon D. Pelletier
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2008-08-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0521855977

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This textbook describes some of the most effective and straightforward quantitative techniques for modeling Earth surface processes. By emphasizing a core set of equations and solution techniques, the book presents state-of-the-art models currently employed in Earth surface process research, as well as a set of simple but practical research tools. Detailed case studies demonstrate application of the methods to a wide variety of processes including hillslope, fluvial, aeolian, glacial, tectonic, and climatic systems. Exercises at the end of each chapter begin with simple calculations and then progress to more sophisticated problems that require computer programming. All the necessary computer codes are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521855976. Assuming some knowledge of calculus and basic programming experience, this quantitative textbook is designed for advanced geomorphology courses and as a reference book for professional researchers in Earth and planetary science looking for a quantitative approach to Earth surface processes.

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences
Author: Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2019-01-18
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780128156957

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Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Hydroinformatics

Hydroinformatics
Author: Praveen Kumar,Mike Folk,Momcilo Markus,Jay C. Alameda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2005-11-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000611588

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Modern hydrology is more interdisciplinary than ever. Staggering amounts and varieties of information pour in from GIS and remote sensing systems every day, and this information must be collected, interpreted, and shared efficiently. Hydroinformatics: Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling introduces the tools, approache

Environmental Data Analysis with MatLab

Environmental Data Analysis with MatLab
Author: William Menke,Joshua Ephraim Menke
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2012
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780123918864

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Environmental Data Analysis with MatLab is for students and researchers working to analyze real data sets in the environmental sciences. One only has to consider the global warming debate to realize how critically important it is to be able to derive clear conclusions from often-noisy data drawn from a broad range of sources. This book teaches the basics of the underlying theory of data analysis, and then reinforces that knowledge with carefully chosen, realistic scenarios. MatLab, a commercial data processing environment, is used in these scenarios; significant content is devoted to teaching how it can be effectively used in an environmental data analysis setting. The book, though written in a self-contained way, is supplemented with data sets and MatLab scripts that can be used as a data analysis tutorial. Author's website: http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/users/menke/edawm/index.htm Well written and outlines a clear learning path for researchers and students Uses real world environmental examples and case studies MatLab software for application in a readily-available software environment Homework problems help user follow up upon case studies with homework that expands them