Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research

Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research
Author: Michela Cameletti,Francesco Finazzi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2018-12-30
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783030015848

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This books presents some of the most recent and advanced statistical methods used to analyse environmental and climate data, and addresses the spatial and spatio-temporal dimensions of the phenomena studied, the multivariate complexity of the data, and the necessity of considering uncertainty sources and propagation. The topics covered include: detecting disease clusters, analysing harvest data, change point detection in ground-level ozone concentration, modelling atmospheric aerosol profiles, predicting wind speed, precipitation prediction and analysing spatial cylindrical data. The volume presents revised versions of selected contributions submitted at the joint TIES-GRASPA 2017 Conference on Climate and Environment, which was held at the University of Bergamo, Italy. As it is chiefly intended for researchers working at the forefront of statistical research in environmental applications, readers should be familiar with the basic methods for analysing spatial and spatio-temporal data.

Gender Dimensions of Health Impact of Climate Change in Nepal

Gender Dimensions of Health Impact of Climate Change in Nepal
Author: Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal
Publsiher: Nomos Verlag
Total Pages: 271
Release: 2018-11-19
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9783845293431

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Die Veränderung der Umwelt sowie der Klimawandel haben direkte und indirekte Auswirkungen auf die Lebensgrundlagen und die Gesundheit von Menschen. Das Ziel der Studie ist es, die gesundheitlichen Folgen in Nepal durch die Veränderung der Umwelt und den Klimawandel aus einer Gender-Perspektive zu erforschen. Dabei kommt eine Kombination aus gender-, feministischen-, sozialökologischen sowie sozial-epidemiologischen Theorien zum Einsatz. Die Studie bedient sich eines Mixed-methods-Designs. Die Daten wurden mit Hilfe von Literaturbesprechungen, Diskussionsgruppen, Fragebögen, Interviews mit zentralen Akteuren wie Experten und Politikern, sowie Diskussionen mit Gemeindemitgliedern erhoben. Die Studie zeigt auf, dass das Verständnis über den Klimawandel je nach Region und Lebensmittelpunkt unterschiedlich ist. Zudem wird das Verständnis durch soziokulturelle Faktoren wie Geschlecht, Ethnizität und Alter beeinflusst. Die Analyse von qualitativen und quantitativen Daten zeigt Differenzen im Zugang und in der Kontrolle von gesundheitsschützenden Ressourcen, der Teilhabe an politischen Prozessen sowie eine höhere Arbeitsbelastung von Frauen, wodurch diese einem größeren Risiko bezüglich Umweltveränderungen und des Klimawandels ausgesetzt sind.

Research Methods for Environmental Studies

Research Methods for Environmental Studies
Author: Mark Kanazawa
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2017-10-18
Genre: Reference
ISBN: 9781317191339

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The methodological needs of environmental studies are unique in the breadth of research questions that can be posed, calling for a textbook that covers a broad swath of approaches to conducting research with potentially many different kinds of evidence. Written specifically for social science-based research into the environment, this book covers the best-practice research methods most commonly used to study the environment and its connections to societal and economic activities and objectives. Over five key parts, Kanazawa introduces quantitative and qualitative approaches, mixed methods, and the special requirements of interdisciplinary research, emphasizing that methodological practice should be tailored to the specific needs of the project. Within these parts, detailed coverage is provided on key topics including the identification of a research project; spatial analysis; ethnography approaches; interview technique; and ethical issues in environmental research. Drawing on a variety of extended examples to encourage problem-based learning and fully addressing the challenges associated with interdisciplinary investigation, this book will be an essential resource for students embarking on courses exploring research methods in environmental studies.

Sustainability Appraisal Quantitative Methods and Mathematical Techniques for Environmental Performance Evaluation

Sustainability Appraisal  Quantitative Methods and Mathematical Techniques for Environmental Performance Evaluation
Author: Marina G Erechtchoukova,Peter A Khaiter,Paulina Golinska
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2013-03-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642320811

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One of the most important issues in developing sustainable management strategies and incorporating ecodesigns in production, manufacturing and operations management is the assessment of the sustainability of business operations and organizations’ overall environmental performance. The book presents the results of recent studies on sustainability assessment. It provides a solid reference for researchers in academia and industrial practitioners on the state-of-the-art in sustainability appraisal including the development and application of sustainability indices, quantitative methods, models and frameworks for the evaluation of current and future welfare outcomes, recommendations on data collection and processing for the evaluation of organizations’ environmental performance, and eco-efficiency approaches leading to business process re-engineering.

Climate Change and Society

Climate Change and Society
Author: Riley E. Dunlap,Robert J. Brulle
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2015-08-24
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780199356126

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Climate change is one of the most critical issues of the twenty-first century, presenting a major intellectual challenge to both the natural and social sciences. While there has been significant progress in natural science understanding of climate change, social science analyses have not been as fully developed. Climate Change and Society breaks new theoretical and empirical ground by presenting climate change as a thoroughly social phenomenon, embedded in behaviors, institutions, and cultural practices. This collection of essays summarizes existing approaches to understanding the social, economic, political, and cultural dimensions of climate change. From the factors that drive carbon emissions to those which influence societal responses to climate change, the volume provides a comprehensive overview of the social dimensions of climate change. An improved understanding of the complex relationship between climate change and society is essential for modifying ecologically harmful human behaviors and institutional practices, creating just and effective environmental policies, and developing a more sustainable future. Climate Change and Society provides a useful tool in efforts to integrate social science research, natural science research, and policymaking regarding climate change and sustainability. Produced by the American Sociological Association's Task Force on Sociology and Global Climate Change, this book presents a challenging shift from the standard climate change discourse, and offers a valuable resource for students, scholars, and professionals involved in climate change research and policy.

Phenological Research

Phenological Research
Author: Irene L. Hudson,Marie R. Keatley
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 521
Release: 2009-11-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789048133352

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As climate change continues to dominate the international environmental agenda, phenology – the study of the timing of recurring biological events – has received increasing research attention, leading to an emerging consensus that phenology can be viewed as an ‘early warning system’ for climate change impact. A multidisciplinary science involving many branches of ecology, geography and remote sensing, phenology to date has lacked a coherent methodological text. This new synthesis, including contributions from many of the world’s leading phenologists, therefore fills a critical gap in the current biological literature. Providing critiques of current methods, as well as detailing novel and emerging methodologies, the book, with its extensive suite of references, provides readers with an understanding of both the theoretical basis and the potential applications required to adopt and adapt new analytical and design methods. An invaluable source book for researchers and students in ecology and climate change science, the book also provides a useful reference for practitioners in a range of sectors, including human health, fisheries, forestry, agriculture and natural resource management.

Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R

Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R
Author: Abbas F. M. Al-Karkhi,Wasin A. A. Alqaraghuli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2019-09-13
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780128186237

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Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R presents the theory and application of statistical techniques in environmental science and aids researchers in choosing the appropriate statistical technique for analyzing their data. Focusing on the use of univariate and multivariate statistical methods, this book acts as a step-by-step resource to facilitate understanding in the use of R statistical software for interpreting data in the field of environmental science. Researchers utilizing statistical analysis in environmental science and engineering will find this book to be essential in solving their day-to-day research problems. Includes step-by-step tutorials to aid in understanding the process and implementation of unique data Presents statistical theory in a simple way without complex mathematical proofs Shows how to analyze data using R software and provides R scripts for all examples and figures

Quantitative Methods for Food Safety and Quality in the Vegetable Industry

Quantitative Methods for Food Safety and Quality in the Vegetable Industry
Author: Fernando Pérez-Rodríguez,Panagiotis Skandamis,Vasilis Valdramidis
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 303
Release: 2018-02-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319681771

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This book focuses on the food safety challenges in the vegetable industry from primary production to consumption. It describes existing and innovative quantitative methods that could be applied to the vegetable industry for food safety and quality, and suggests ways in which such methods can be applied for risk assessment. Examples of application of food safety objectives and other risk metrics for microbial risk management in the vegetable industry are presented. The work also introduces readers to new preservation and packaging methods, advanced oxidative processes (AOPs) for disinfection, product shelf-life determination methods, and rapid analytic methods for quality assessment based on chemometrics applications, thus providing a quantitative basis for the most important aspects concerning safety and quality in the vegetable sector.