Rainfall Runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments

Rainfall Runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments
Author: Thorsten Wagener,Howard S Wheater,Hoshin V Gupta
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2004-09-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781783260669

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This important monograph is based on the results of a study on the identification of conceptual lumped rainfall-runoff models for gauged and ungauged catchments. The task of model identification remains difficult despite decades of research. A detailed problem analysis and an extensive review form the basis for the development of a Matlab® modelling toolkit consisting of two components: a Rainfall-Runoff Modelling Toolbox (RRMT) and a Monte Carlo Analysis Toolbox (MCAT). These are subsequently applied to study the tasks of model identification and evaluation. A novel dynamic identifiability approach has been developed for the gauged catchment case. The theory underlying the application of rainfall-runoff models for predictions in ungauged catchments is studied, problems are highlighted and promising ways to move forward are investigated. Modelling frameworks for both gauged and ungauged cases are developed. This book presents the first extensive treatment of rainfall-runoff model identification in gauged and ungauged catchments. Contents:Rainfall-Runoff Modelling — A ReviewA Toolkit for Rainfall-Runoff ModellingModelling Gauged Catchments — Local ProceduresModelling Ungauged Catchments — Regional ProceduresDiscussion, Conclusions and Recommendations for Future Research Readership: Graduate students, academics, researchers, practitioners and consultants in hydrology, civil engineering and environmental engineering. Key Features:The only monograph to describe in detail the application of rainfall-runoff models to gauged and ungauged catchmentsThe only text to focus on the most popular approach to rainfall-runoff modellingAll the Matlab® tools developed and used for the presented research can be downloaded free of charge for non-commercial applications (teaching and research)Keywords:Hydrology;Rainfall-Runoff Modelling;Parameter Estimation;Predictions in Ungauged Basins;Regionalisation;Uncertainty Analysis;Information Content;Multi-Criteria Analysis;Monte Carlo

Predictions in Ungauged Basins

Predictions in Ungauged Basins
Author: Murugesu Sivapalan
Publsiher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2006
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1901502481

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Rainfall Runoff Modelling

Rainfall Runoff Modelling
Author: K. J. Beven
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 457
Release: 2012-01-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780470714591

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Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer Second Edition focuses on predicting hydrographs using models based on data and on representations of hydrological process. Dealing with the history of the development of rainfall-runoff models, uncertainty in mode predictions, good and bad practice and ending with a look at how to predict future catchment hydrological responses this book provides an essential underpinning of rainfall-runoff modelling topics."--pub. desc.

Runoff Prediction in Ungauged Basins

Runoff Prediction in Ungauged Basins
Author: Günter Blöschl,Murugesu Sivapalan,Thorsten Wagener,Alberto Viglione,Hubert Savenije
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-04-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781107067554

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Predicting water runoff in ungauged water catchment areas is vital to practical applications such as the design of drainage infrastructure and flooding defences, runoff forecasting, and for catchment management tasks such as water allocation and climate impact analysis. This full colour book offers an impressive synthesis of decades of international research, forming a holistic approach to catchment hydrology and providing a one-stop resource for hydrologists in both developed and developing countries. Topics include data for runoff regionalisation, the prediction of runoff hydrographs, flow duration curves, flow paths and residence times, annual and seasonal runoff, and floods. Illustrated with many case studies and including a final chapter on recommendations for researchers and practitioners, this book is written by expert authors involved in the prestigious IAHS PUB initiative. It is a key resource for academic researchers and professionals in the fields of hydrology, hydrogeology, ecology, geography, soil science, and environmental and civil engineering.

Hydrology Ecology and Fishes of the Klamath River Basin

Hydrology  Ecology  and Fishes of the Klamath River Basin
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Hydrology, Ecology, and Fishes of the Klamath River
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2008-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780309115063

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The Klamath River basin, which spans parts of southern Oregon and northern California, has been the focus of a prominent conflict over competing uses for water. Management actions to protect threatened and endangered fish species in the basin have left less water available for irrigation in dry years and heightened tensions among farmers and other stakeholders including commercial fishermen, Native Americans, conservationists, hunters, anglers, and hydropower producers. This National Research Council book assesses two recent studies that evaluate various aspects of flows in the Klamath basin: (1) the Instream Flow Phase II study (IFS), conducted by Utah State University, and (2) the Natural Flow of the Upper Klamath Basin study (NFS), conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR). The book concludes that both studies offer important new information but do not provide enough information for detailed management of flows in the Klamath River, and it offers many suggestions for improving the studies. The report recommends that a comprehensive analysis of the many individual studies of the Klamath river basin be conducted so that a big picture perspective of the entire basin and research and management needs can emerge.

Environmental Water Requirements in Mountainous Areas

Environmental Water Requirements in Mountainous Areas
Author: Elias Dimitriou,Christina Papadaki
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2021-10-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128193433

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Environmental Water Requirements in Mountainous Areas presents comprehensive and scientifically sound approaches and methodologies for estimating the environmental water requirements and tradeoffs for water allocation by analyzing anthropogenic and natural water needs. The book covers environmental water management issues in mountainous areas, specifically focusing on the Mediterranean region which exhibits significant contrasts in its demographic and hydrologic features. The authors include paradigms and information that will be useful for water resources managers, decision makers, scientists working in the fields of ecology and water resources management, engineers that design hydraulic works, and environmental policymakers. Offers a complete background screening on theoretical and practical guidelines on estimating environmental water requirements in mountainous areas Promotes and guides interdisciplinary work with information on policies and best practices in the field of ecological flows and water resources management Provides examples and case studies on the successful implementation efforts of ecological flows to analyze lessons learned and overcome practical issues and solutions

Hydrology Advances in Theory and Practice

Hydrology  Advances in Theory and Practice
Author: Nevil W. Quinn
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2020-04-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781789061420

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Hydrology: Advances in Theory and Practice, brings together contributions to both the theory and practice of hydrology, including chapters on (amongst other topics) flood estimation methods and hydrological modelling. The book also looks forward with a global hydrology research agenda fit for the 2030s, and explores how to make advances in hydrological modelling – based on almost 50 years of modelling experience. In Focus – a book series that showcases the latest accomplishments in water research. Each book focuses on a specialist area with papers from top experts in the field. It aims to be a vehicle for in-depth understanding and inspire further conversations in the sector.

Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi Arid Areas

Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi Arid Areas
Author: Howard Wheater,Soroosh Sorooshian,K. D. Sharma
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-11-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781139468084

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Arid and semi-arid regions are defined as areas where water is at its most scarce. The hydrological regime in these areas is extreme and highly variable, and they face great pressures to deliver and manage freshwater resources. However, there is no guidance on the decision support tools that are needed to underpin flood and water resource management in arid areas. UNESCO initiated the Global network for Water and Development Information for arid lands (GWADI), and arranged a workshop of the world's leading experts to discuss these issues. This book presents chapters from contributors to the workshop, and includes case studies from the world's major arid regions to demonstrate model applications, and web links to tutorials and state of the art modelling software. This volume is a valuable reference for researchers and engineers working on the water resources of arid and semi-arid regions.

Applied Uncertainty Analysis for Flood Risk Management

Applied Uncertainty Analysis for Flood Risk Management
Author: Keith Beven,Jim Hall
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 684
Release: 2014-01-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781783263127

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This volume provides an introduction for flood risk management practitioners, up-to-date methods for analysis of uncertainty and its use in risk-based decision making. It addresses decision making for both short-term (real-time forecasting) and long-term (flood risk planning under change) situations. It aims primarily at technical practitioners involved in flood risk analysis and flood warning, including hydrologists, engineers, flood modelers, risk analysts and those involved in the design and operation of flood warning systems. Many experienced practitioners are now expected to modify their way of working to fit into the new philosophy of flood risk management. This volume helps them to undertake that task with appropriate attention to the surrounding uncertainties. The book will also interest and benefit researchers and graduate students hoping to improve their knowledge of modern uncertainty analysis. Contents:Introduction:Flood Risk Management: Decision Making Under Uncertainty (Jim W Hall)Use of Models in Flood Risk Management (Keith Beven)Theoretical Perspectives:A Framework for Uncertainty Analysis (Keith Beven)Classical Approaches for Statistical Inference in Model Calibration with Uncertainty (R E Chandler)Formal Bayes Methods for Model Calibration with Uncertainty (Jonathan Rougier)The GLUE Methodology for Model Calibration with Uncertainty (Keith Beven)Uncertainties in Flood Modelling and Risk Analysis:Uncertainty in Rainfall Inputs (R E Chandler, V S Isham, P J Northrop, H S Wheater, C J Onof and N A Leith)Uncertainty in Flood Frequency Analysis (Thomas R Kjeldsen, Rob Lamb and Sarka D Blazkova)Minimising Uncertainty in Statistical Analysis of Extreme Values (C Keef)Uncertainty in Flood Inundation Modelling (Paul D Bates, Florian Pappenberger and Renata J Romanowicz)Flood Defence Reliability Analysis (Pieter van Gelder and Han Vrijling)Uncertainties in Flood Modelling in Urban Areas (Slobodan Djordjević, Zoran Vojinović, Richard Dawson and Dragan A Savić)The Many Uncertainties in Flood Loss Assessments (John Chatterton, Edmund Penning-Rowsell and Sally Priest)Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis of Current and Future Flood Risk in the Thames Estuary (Jim W Hall, Hamish Harvey and Owen Tarrant)Uncertainties in Real-Time Flood Forecasting:Operational Hydrologic Ensemble Forecasting (Albrecht H Weerts, Dong-Jun Seo, Micha Werner and John Schaake)A Data-Based Mechanistic Modelling Approach to Real-Time Flood Forecasting (Peter C Young, Renata J Romanowicz and Keith Beven)Uncertainty Estimation in Fluvial Flood Forecasting Applications (Kevin Sene, Albrecht H Weerts, Keith Beven, Robert J Moore, Chris Whitlow, Stefan Laeger and Richard Cross)Case Study: Decision Making for Flood Forecasting in the US National Weather Service (Robert Hartman and John Schaake)Quantifying and Reducing Uncertainties in Operational Forecasting: Examples from the Delft FEWS Forecasting System (Micha Werner, Paolo Reggiani and Albrecht H Weerts)Real-Time Coastal Flood Forecasting (Kevin Horsburgh and Jonathan Flowerdew)Uncertainties in Long-Term Change in Flood Risk:Detecting Long-Term Change in Flood Risk (Cíntia B Uvo and Robin T Clarke)Detecting Changes in Winter Precipitation Extremes and Fluvial Flood Risk (Robert L Wilby, Hayley J Fowler and Bill Donovan)Flood Risk in Eastern Australia — Climate Variability and Change (Stewart W Franks)Communicating Uncertainties:Translating Uncertainty in Flood Risk Science (Hazel Faulkner, Meghan Alexander and David Leedal) Readership: Hydrologists, civil engineers, meteorologists, flood risk managers, environmental scientists, hydraulic engineers and consultants. Key Features:Dedicated to the important problem of uncertainty in flood risk analysisTakes an applied perspective with a range of case studiesProvides a comprehensive coverage of uncertainties in flood risk analysis, including flood forecasting, simulation modeling and impacts assessmentKeywords:Floods;Flood Risk Management;Uncertainty Estimation;Flood Frequency;Rainfall Models

Hillslope and Watershed Hydrology

Hillslope and Watershed Hydrology
Author: Christopher J. Duffy,Xuan Yu
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2018-09-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783038429517

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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Hillslope and Watershed Hydrology" that was published in Water

Precipitation

Precipitation
Author: Jesus Rodrigo Comino
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2021-08-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128232873

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Precipitation: Earth Surface Responses and Processes provides readers with a general and indispensable overview of processing rainfall processes through radar techniques, numerical models, geostatistical tools, photogrammetric methods, plots, indexes of connectivity or rainfall simulations. The handbook follows a clear and consistent format, and is structured as follows: Introduction (State-of-the-Art); Part 1. Rainfall and climate/atmosphere; Part 2. Models and applications; Part 3. Rainfall as a key actor playing the main role affecting different ecosystems. Part 3: Rainfall affecting the earth surface from different scales and landforms; Part 4: Rainfall and stormwater quality management in urban and rural areas. Precipitation is a key factor needed for understanding landscape evolution and ecosystem services. Knowing the main precipitation composition, mechanisms and processes allows for efficient land management plans and ecosystem restoration activities. However, precipitation shows different responses under specific environments depending on the climate (from the arid to the polar areas), parent material, scale (from the raindrops to catchment scale), intensity, landscape morphologies (soil sealing, rills, gullies or rivers) or human activities (agriculture or urban areas). Precipitation: Earth Surface Responses and Processes bring this information together and provides indispensable material in a holistic manner for students, scientists and lecturers from different environmental disciplines such as climatology, meteorology, geomorphology, hydrology, soil science, geography, engineering, or ecology. Includes observations on a range of earth surface processes, from climate to coastal marine ecosystems Presents key case studies in each chapter, enhancing the applicability of each chapter Introduces precipitation as a key factor to understand earth mechanisms and processes

Enhancing Agricultural Research and Precision Management for Subsistence Farming by Integrating System Models with Experiments

Enhancing Agricultural Research and Precision Management for Subsistence Farming by Integrating System Models with Experiments
Author: Dennis J. Timlin,Saseendran S. Anapalli
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2022-04-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780891183914

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Enhancing Agricultural Research and Precision Management for Subsistence Farming Insightful applications of crop system models to developing countries to explore climate change mitigation and management decision tools Enhancing Agricultural Research and Precision Management for Subsistence Farming by Integrating System Models with Experiments delivers an authoritative collection of applications of crop system models to Asian and African environments and evaluates current agricultural systems in developing nations. The book provides models to assist in the precision management of soil, water, fertilizers and manures, soil organic matter, alternative crops, and cultivars in both rainfed and irrigated systems. Contributions cover recent and ongoing research in knowledge gap areas such as modeling the long-term effect of management soil health, the effect of extreme temperatures and drought on evapotranspiration and crop growth, root growth and the uptake of water and nutrients. The book also includes An introduction to system models integrated with experiments as tools to develop improved management practices for subsistence farming Explorations of models of soil erosion impacts and trade-offs for sustainable land management practices in Kenya Discussions of the crop simulation model as a tool to quantify the effects of crop management practices in northern Ethiopia In-depth examinations of models of water dynamics for assessing and managing ecosystem services in India Perfect for field research scientists and graduate students studying cropping and range systems, and essential reading for agricultural consultants, progressive farmers, plant breeders, and policymakers. Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling Transdisciplinary Research, Synthesis, and Applications Lajpat R. Ahuja, Series Editor Agricultural system modeling has made substantial progress, but there are still many critical gaps in our knowledge. The American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America are taking a leadership role with the initiation of this new series. Future breakthroughs in science and technology lie at the boundaries of disciplines. The new series will Advance critical transdisciplinary research, and its synthesis and quantification Encourage collaboration among top researchers in building and improving models Promote the application of system models to solve practical problems Achieve better instruction in these models and their applications

Flood Handbook

Flood Handbook
Author: Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2022-04-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000539134

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Floods are difficult to prevent but can be managed in order to reduce their environmental, social, cultural, and economic impacts. Flooding poses a serious threat to life and property, and therefore it’s very important that flood risks be taken into account during any planning process. This handbook presents different aspects of flooding in the context of a changing climate and across various geographical locations. Written by experts from around the world, it examines flooding in various climates and landscapes, taking into account environmental, ecological, hydrological, and geomorphic factors, and considers urban, agriculture, rangeland, forest, coastal, and desert areas. Features Presents the main principles and applications of the science of floods, including engineering and technology, natural science, as well as sociological implications. Examines flooding in various climates and diverse landscapes, taking into account environmental, ecological, hydrological, and geomorphic factors. Considers floods in urban, agriculture, rangeland, forest, coastal, and desert areas Covers flood control structures as well as preparedness and response methods. Written in a global context, by contributors from around the world.

Understanding Hydrological Variability for Improved Water Management in the Semi Arid Karkheh Basin Iran

Understanding Hydrological Variability for Improved Water Management in the Semi Arid Karkheh Basin  Iran
Author: Ilyas Masih
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2011-09-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781466553453

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This study provides a hydrology based assessment of (surface) water resources and its continuum of variability and change at different spatio-temporal scales in the semi‐arid Karkheh Basin, Iran, where water is scarce, competition among users is high and massive water resources development is under way. The study reveals that the ongoing allocation planning is not sustainable and essentially requires reformulation, with consideration of spatio‐temporal variability and observed trends in the streamflows regarding flood intensification and decline in low flows. The development of innovative methods for quantification of the hydrological fluxes (i.e., regionalization of model parameters based on similarity of the flow duration curve and the use of areal precipitation input in the hydrological modeling) helped better understanding and modeling the basin hydrology. The investigation of scenarios for upgrading rain-fed areas to irrigated agriculture, using SWAT, recommends the promotion of in-situ soil and water conservation techniques. Conversion of rain-fed areas to irrigation causes significant reduction in the downstream flows, and requires additional considerations such as less development in the upper catchments, practicing supplementary irrigation and developing water storage. The knowledge generated is instructive for hydrological assessment and its use in water resources planning and management in the river basin context.

Water Resources Planning and Management

Water Resources Planning and Management
Author: R. Quentin Grafton,Karen Hussey
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-02-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1139496492

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Water is an increasingly critical issue at the forefront of global policy change, management and planning. There are growing concerns about water as a renewable resource, its availability for a wide range of users, aquatic ecosystem health, and global issues relating to climate change, water security, water trading and water ethics. This handbook provides the most comprehensive reference ever published on water resource issues. It brings together multiple disciplines to understand and help resolve problems of water quality and scarcity from a global perspective. Its case studies and 'foundation' chapters will be greatly valued by students, researchers and professionals involved in water resources, hydrology, governance and public policy, law, economics, geography and environmental studies.