Reactive Species Detection in Biology

Reactive Species Detection in Biology
Author: Frederick A. Villamena
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2016-10-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780124200807

Download Reactive Species Detection in Biology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Reactive Species Detection in Biology: From Fluorescence to Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy discusses the reactive oxygen species that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases, presenting theories, chemistries, methodologies, and various applications for the detection of reactive species in biological systems, both in-vitro and in-vivo. Techniques covered include fluorescence, high performance chromatography, mass spectrometry, immunochemistry, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Probe design and development are also reviewed in order to advance new approaches in radical detection through synthesis, computations, or experimental applications. Reviews all current advances in radical detection Emphasizes chemical structures and reaction schemes fundamental to radical detection and identification Describes the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of various probe designs Examines new approaches to radical probe development

Reactive Oxygen Species ROS in Living Cells

Reactive Oxygen Species  ROS  in Living Cells
Author: Filip Cristiana,Albu Elena
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2018-05-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781789231342

Download Reactive Oxygen Species ROS in Living Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Oxygen represents only 20% of the Earth's atmosphere, yet it is vital for the survival of aerobic organisms. There is a dark part of the use of oxygen that consists in generating reactive species that are potentially harmful to living organisms. Moreover, reactive oxygen species can combine with nitrogen derivatives and generate many other reactive species. Thus, living organisms are continuously assaulted by reactive species from external or internal sources. However, the real danger comes in the case of high concentrations and prolonged exposure to these species. This book presents an image of the mechanisms of action of reactive species and emphasizes their involvement in diseases. Inflammation and cancer are examined to determine when and how reactive species turn the evolution of a benign process to a malignant one. Some answers may come from recent studies indicating that reactive species are responsible for epigenetic changes.

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine
Author: Barry Halliwell,John M. C. Gutteridge
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2015-07-16
Genre: Antioxidants
ISBN: 9780198717478

Download Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine has become a classic text in the field of free radical and antioxidant research. Now in its fifth edition, the book has been comprehensively rewritten and updated whilst maintaining the clarity of its predecessors. Two new chapters discuss 'in vivo' and 'dietary' antioxidants, the first emphasising the role of peroxiredoxins and integrated defence mechanisms which allow useful roles for ROS, and the second containing new information on the role of fruits, vegetables, and vitamins in health and disease. This new edition also contains expanded coverage of the mechanisms of oxidative damage to lipids, DNA, and proteins (and the repair of such damage), and the roles played by reactive species in signal transduction, cell survival, death, human reproduction, defence mechanisms of animals and plants against pathogens, and other important biological events. The methodologies available to measure reactive species and oxidative damage (and their potential pitfalls) have been fully updated, as have the topics of phagocyte ROS production, NADPH oxidase enzymes, and toxicology. There is a detailed and critical evaluation of the role of free radicals and other reactive species in human diseases, especially cancer, cardiovascular, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. New aspects of ageing are discussed in the context of the free radical theory of ageing. This book is recommended as a comprehensive introduction to the field for students, educators, clinicians, and researchers. It will also be an invaluable companion to all those interested in the role of free radicals in the life and biomedical sciences.

Reactive Oxygen Species in Chemistry Biology and Medicine

Reactive Oxygen Species in Chemistry  Biology  and Medicine
Author: A. Quintanilha
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2013-06-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781475704174

Download Reactive Oxygen Species in Chemistry Biology and Medicine Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

A NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Oxygen Radicals in Biological Systems: Recent Progress and New Methods of Study" was held in Braga, Portugal between Sep tember 1 and September 14, 1985, in order to consider the basic chemistry and biochem istry of activated oxygen (both radical and non-radical species) and their effect in biolog ical systems. This book summarizes the main lectures given at this meeting. While there is no attempt to cover all the major topics in the expanding subject of oxidative mechanisms in biology, an effort has been made to provide overviews on some key aspects of this field. The authors have attempted to convey a clear picture of both what is known and what remains unclear in their respective subjects. Not only are some of the techniques used for detecting activated oxygen species described, but also their strengths and limi tations. The chemistry of many of these species is discussed and the biological and/or pathological implications are carefully reviewed. The medical and therapeutic aspects of some of the well established pathways of damage and protection are analyzed. It is our hope that the material included in this book might be useful for both researchers and teachers at the graduate level. The success of this meeting was to a large extent due to the tireless committment of Professor Alberto Amaral and Dr. Concei~a:o Rangel; without their outstanding efforts in dealing with all the aspects of the organization, this summer school would not have been possible.

Peroxynitrite Detection in Biological Media

Peroxynitrite Detection in Biological Media
Author: Serban Peteu,Sabine Szunerits,Mekki Bayachou
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2015-10-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781782622352

Download Peroxynitrite Detection in Biological Media Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Peroxynitrite is a powerful oxidiser which can damage a wide array of molecules within cells, including DNA and proteins, leading to apoptosis, inflammation or cancer. Peroxynitrite detection and quantification provides critical information in understanding its biological implications. Attempts to investigate the behavior of peroxynitrite in vivo and in vitro have been hampered by the difficulty in detecting this highly reactive oxygen species. This book presents the current state of the art in this research field with contributions from scientific leaders in the field. The chapters make clear the associated challenges and development for selective and sensitive detection of peroxynitrite. This book is a timely addition to the literature, as the first in the field, dedicated to detecting this molecule in vivo. It will be welcomed by the community particularly medicinal and analytical chemists, developers of sensors and probes and analytical equipment manufacturers.

Protein Sensors of Reactive Oxygen Species Part A Selenoproteins and Thioredoxin

Protein Sensors of Reactive Oxygen Species  Part A  Selenoproteins and Thioredoxin
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 511
Release: 2002-03-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080496955

Download Protein Sensors of Reactive Oxygen Species Part A Selenoproteins and Thioredoxin Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This volume of Methods in Enzymology is concerned with the rapidly developing field of selenoprotein synthesis and its related molecular genetics. Progressive information on the topics of proteins as redox sensors, selenoproteins, and the thioredoxin system is studied using methods such as bioinformatics, DNA chip technology, cell biology, molecular genetics, and enzymology. The information on novel selenoproteins identified from genomic sequence data, as well as current knowledge on glutathione peroxidases, selenoprotein P, iodothyronine deiodinases, and thioredoxin reductases, is presented in a method-based approach.

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biological Systems An Interdisciplinary Approach

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biological Systems  An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author: Carol Colton,Daniel Gilbert
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 708
Release: 2007-05-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780306468063

Download Reactive Oxygen Species in Biological Systems An Interdisciplinary Approach Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) which include free radicals, peroxides, singlet oxygen, ozone, and nitrogen monoxide and dioxide free radicals, is an area of intense research. This volume covers (1) the destruction of cellular function by ROS resulting in pathological states; (2) the protection by ROS of an organism against invading organisms that cause infections; and (3) the role of ROS in normal physiological processes. Designed for beginning graduate students, this book gives a concise overview of the field.

Singlet Oxygen

Singlet Oxygen
Author: Santi Nonell,Cristina Flors
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2016-01-27
Genre: Active oxygen
ISBN: 9781782620389

Download Singlet Oxygen Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Meeting the desire for a comprehensive book that collects and curates the vast amount of knowledge gained in the field of singlet oxygen, this title covers the physical, chemical and biological properties of this reactive oxygen species and also its increasingly important applications across chemical, environmental and biomedical areas.The editors have a long and distinguished background in the field of singlet oxygen chemistry and biomedical applications, giving them a unique insight and ensuring the contributions attain the highest scientific level.The book provides an up to date reference resource for both the beginner and experienced researcher and crucially for those working across disciplines such as photochemistry, photobiology and photomedicine.

Frontiers of Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Medicine

Frontiers of Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Medicine
Author: Kozi Asada,Toshikazu Yoshikawa
Publsiher: Elsevier Science & Technology
Total Pages: 578
Release: 1994
Genre: Health & Fitness
ISBN: UOM:39015017427181

Download Frontiers of Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Medicine Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Reflecting upon the progress since the discovery of superoxide dismutase, these papers cover such topics as: reactive species of oxygen and its detection in vivo and in vitro; antioxidative enzymes and compounds; and the molecular mechanisms for adaption to oxidative stress.

Reactive Oxygen Species ROS Nanoparticles and Endoplasmic Reticulum ER Stress Induced Cell Death Mechanisms

Reactive Oxygen Species  ROS   Nanoparticles  and Endoplasmic Reticulum  ER  Stress Induced Cell Death Mechanisms
Author: Loutfy H. Madkour
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 780
Release: 2020-06-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128224960

Download Reactive Oxygen Species ROS Nanoparticles and Endoplasmic Reticulum ER Stress Induced Cell Death Mechanisms Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), Nanoparticles, and Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress-Induced Cell Death Mechanisms presents the role of ROS?mediated pathways cellular signaling stress, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, oxidative stress, oxidative damage, nanomaterials, and the mechanisms by which metalloids and nanoparticles induce their toxic effects. The book covers the ecotoxicology of environmental heavy metal ions and free radicals on macromolecules cells organisms, heavy metals?induced cell responses, oxidative stress, the source of oxidants, and the roles of ROS, oxidative stress and oxidative damage mechanisms. It also examines the nanotoxicity, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity mechanisms of nanomaterials and the effects of nanoparticle interactions. Antioxidant defense therapy and strategies for treatment round out the book, making it an ideal resource for researchers and professional scientists in toxicology, environmental chemistry, environmental science, nanomaterials and the pharmaceutical sciences. Covers the ecotoxicology of environmental heavy metal ions and the interactions between specific heavy metals?induced cell responses and oxidative stress Provides a better understanding of the mechanism of nanomaterial-induced toxicity as a first defense for hazard prevention Covers recent advances in new nanomedication technologies for the effects of NPs on oxidative stress, ROS and ER stress Discusses the effects of interactions between antioxidant defense therapy, ROS and strategies for treatment

Oxidative Stress and Biomaterials

Oxidative Stress and Biomaterials
Author: Thomas Dziubla,D Allan Butterfield
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2016-05-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128032701

Download Oxidative Stress and Biomaterials Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Oxidative Stress and Biomaterials provides readers with the latest information on biomaterials and the oxidative stress that can pose an especially troubling challenge to their biocompatibility, especially given the fact that, at the cellular level, the tissue environment is a harsh landscape of precipitating proteins, infiltrating leukocytes, released oxidants, and fluctuations of pH which, even with the slightest shift in stasis, can induce a perpetual state of chronic inflammation. No material is 100% non-inflammatory, non-toxic, non-teratogenic, non-carcinogenic, non-thrombogenic, and non-immunogenic in all biological settings and situations. In this embattled terrain, the most we can hope for from the biomaterials we design is a type of “meso-compatibility, a material which can remain functional and benign for as long as required without succumbing to this cellular onslaught and inducing a local inflammatory reaction. Explores the challenges of designing and using biomaterials in order to minimize oxidative stress, reducing patterns of chronic inflammation and cell death Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and the biology of oxidative stress Provides approaches for the design of biomaterials with improved biocompatibility

Reactive Oxygen Species

Reactive Oxygen Species
Author: Jesús Espada
Publsiher: Humana
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2021-09-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1071608983

Download Reactive Oxygen Species Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This volume provides a varied selection of current methods and molecular probes used to generate, image and quantify ROS production and lipid peroxidation. Chapters guide readers through methods and protocols on in silico modelling of ROS dynamics in biological systems and a breaking proposal. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Reactive Oxygen Species: Methods and Protocols aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health

Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health
Author: Shamim I. Ahmad
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 543
Release: 2017-12-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781498735469

Download Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Unlike other narrowly focused books, Reactive Oxygen Species in Biology and Human Health provides a comprehensive overview of ROS. It covers the current status of research and provides pointers to future research goals. Additionally, it authoritatively reviews the impact of reactive oxygen species with respect to various human diseases and discusses antioxidants and other compounds that counteract oxidative stress. Comprised of seven sections, the first section describes the introduction, detection, and production of ROS, emphasizing phenolic compounds and vitamin E for their abilities to act as antioxidants. This section also highlights the role of lipoprotein-associated oxidative stress. Section two addresses the importance of iron accumulation in the brain resulting in the development of a group of neurodegenerative disorders (NDs) and identifies several causative genes for neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) associated with Parkinsonism-related disorders. The third section discusses a number of NDs, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis (MS). Section four addresses autoimmune diseases caused by ROS, including asthma, autoimmune liver diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, and systemic lupus. Section five analyzes a number of different cancers, including lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma, along with possible treatment regimens. Section six discusses cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) induced by ROS, presents the ROS-associated complex biochemical processes inducing inflammation as an important cause of CVDs, and explains the roles carotenoids play in preventing CVDs. The final section addresses other human diseases induced by oxidative stress, including sickle cell disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, retinopathy, fibromyalgia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, pulmonary hypertension, infertility, and aging of human skin.

Electrochemistry for Bioanalysis

Electrochemistry for Bioanalysis
Author: Bhavik A. Patel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2021-01-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128215357

Download Electrochemistry for Bioanalysis Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Electrochemistry for Bioanalysis provides a comprehensive understanding of the benefits and challenges of the application of electrochemical and electroanalytical techniques for measurement in biological samples. The book presents detailed information on measurement in a host of various biological samples from single cells, tissues and in vivo. Sections cover real insights surrounding key experimental design and measurement within multiple complex biological environments. Finally, users will find discussions on emerging topics such as electrogenerated chemiluminescence and the use of additive manufacturing for biosensor fabrication. Continuous learning reinforcement throughout the book, including problems for self-assessment, make this an ideal resource. Balances the fundamentals of electrochemical and neurochemical methods with current advances in the field of bioanalysis Includes self-assessment scenarios on experimental design and validation to teach readers key factors and considerations in measurement Highlights applications (such as sensors and biosensors) and key points within each chapter

Oxidants and Antioxidants in Cutaneous Biology

Oxidants and Antioxidants in Cutaneous Biology
Author: Jens Thiele,Peter Elsner
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2001-01-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783805571326

Download Oxidants and Antioxidants in Cutaneous Biology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Are free radicals and reactive oxygen species relevant to dermatopathology? Do antioxidants protect against free-radical-mediated cutaneous diseases and aging? To these and further current questions in the rapidly progressing field of basic and applied skin research, this up-to-date volume provides a scientific basis. It presents state-of-the-art reviews on the progress in detection of free radicals and antioxidants and their responses to environmental oxidative stressors. Furthermore, several expert contributions focus on the exciting developments in oxidative DNA damage and UVB- and UVA-induced signal transduction in skin. Finally, information is given on new antioxidant protection strategies against skin carcinogenesis and skin aging which may be fundamental for the pharmaceutical or skin-care products of tomorrow. Due to its unique and up-to-date collection of state-of-the-art contributions by many of the world's leading scientists in the field, this book will be essential reading for dermatologists, cosmetologists, pharmacologists and environmental toxicologists.