Renewable Motor Fuels

Renewable Motor Fuels
Author: Arthur M. Brownstein
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2014-10-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128010136

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Considering the ever-rising costs of traditional fuel paired with the increasing scarcity of its resources, it’s easy to see why exploring renewable fuels has become an increasingly critical goal for engineers, researchers, and end-users alike. However, due to the great diversity of technologies, policies, and attitudes, it can be difficult to gain a good well-rounded understanding of these types of fuels. Renewable Motor Fuels: The Past, the Present and the Uncertain Future presents an opportunity to gain an insightful understanding of all the key aspects of alternative automotive fuels in one book. Author Arthur Brownstein describes various sources of renewable motor fuels (including ethanol, algae, isobutanol, natural gas, and battery power) and their production processes, specific properties, and economic advantages/disadvantages. This comprehensive coverage of such an important topic is crucial for anyone with an interest in renewable fuels, from researchers to engineers to end-users. Presents a clear overview on a variety of renewable motor fuel technologies, balancing history, technology, and policy Provides the status of current and developing renewable motor fuel technologies and their uses worldwide Discusses the competitive economics of renewable fuel processes and their respective market interactions

Impacts on U S Energy Expenditures and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Increasing Renewable Energy Use

Impacts on U S  Energy Expenditures and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Increasing Renewable Energy Use
Author: Michael Toman,James Griffin,Robert J. Lempert
Publsiher: Rand Corporation
Total Pages: 116
Release: 2008-06-24
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780833046697

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How could producing 25 percent of U.S. electricity and motor-vehicle transportation fuels from renewables by the year 2025 affect U.S. consumer energy expenditures and CO2 emissions? This report finds that reaching 25 percent renewables with limited impact on expenditures requires significant progress in renewable-energy technologies and biomass production. Without substantial innovation in these areas, expenditures could increase considerably.

Biomass for Renewable Energy Fuels and Chemicals

Biomass for Renewable Energy  Fuels  and Chemicals
Author: Donald L. Klass
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 651
Release: 1998-07-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0080528058

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Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals serves as a comprehensive introduction to the subject for the student and educator, and is useful for researchers who are interested in the technical details of biomass energy production. The coverage and discussion are multidisciplinary, reflecting the many scientific and engineering disciplines involved. The book will appeal to a broad range of energy professionals and specialists, farmers and foresters who are searching for methods of selecting, growing, and converting energy crops, entrepreneurs who are commercializing biomass energy projects, and those involved in designing solid and liquid waste disposal-energy recovery systems. Presents a graduated treatment from basic principles to the details of specific technologies Includes a critical analysis of many biomass energy research and commercialization activities Proposes several new technical approaches to improve efficiencies, net energy production, and economics Reviews failed projects, as well as successes, and methods for overcoming barriers to commercialization Written by a leader in the field with 40 years of educational, research, and commercialization experience

Motor Fuel Excise Taxes

Motor Fuel Excise Taxes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 2
Release: 2015
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:930077361

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A new report from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) explores the role of alternative fuels and energy efficient vehicles in motor fuel taxes. Throughout the United States, it is common practice for federal, state, and local governments to tax motor fuels on a per gallon basis to fund construction and maintenance of our transportation infrastructure. In recent years, however, expenses have outpaced revenues creating substantial funding shortfalls that have required supplemental funding sources. While rising infrastructure costs and the decreasing purchasing power of the gas tax are significant factors contributing to the shortfall, the increased use of alternative fuels and more stringent fuel economy standards are also exacerbating revenue shortfalls. The current dynamic places vehicle efficiency and petroleum use reduction polices at direct odds with policies promoting robust transportation infrastructure. Understanding the energy, transportation, and environmental tradeoffs of motor fuel tax policies can be complicated, but recent experiences at the state level are helping policymakers align their energy and environmental priorities with highway funding requirements.

Renewable Fuels Infrastructure August 3 2007 110 1 House Report 110 306 Part 1

Renewable Fuels Infrastructure  August 3  2007  110 1 House Report 110 306  Part 1
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: STANFORD:36105050458681

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Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass Via Fast Pyrolysis Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass Via Fast Pyrolysis  Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:727358550

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The purpose of this study is to evaluate a processing pathway for converting biomass into infrastructure-compatible hydrocarbon biofuels. This design case investigates production of fast pyrolysis oil from biomass and the upgrading of that bio-oil as a means for generating infrastructure-ready renewable gasoline and diesel fuels. This study has been conducted using similar methodology and underlying basis assumptions as the previous design cases for ethanol. The overall concept and specific processing steps were selected because significant data on this approach exists in the public literature. The analysis evaluates technology that has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale or is in early stages of commercialization. The fast pyrolysis of biomass is already at an early stage of commercialization, while upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels has only been demonstrated in the laboratory and at small engineering development scale. Advanced methods of pyrolysis, which are under development, are not evaluated in this study. These may be the subject of subsequent analysis by OBP. The plant is designed to use 2000 dry metric tons/day of hybrid poplar wood chips to produce 76 million gallons/year of gasoline and diesel. The processing steps include: 1. Feed drying and size reduction 2. Fast pyrolysis to a highly oxygenated liquid product 3. Hydrotreating of the fast pyrolysis oil to a stable hydrocarbon oil with less than 2% oxygen 4. Hydrocracking of the heavy portion of the stable hydrocarbon oil 5. Distillation of the hydrotreated and hydrocracked oil into gasoline and diesel fuel blendstocks 6. Hydrogen production to support the hydrotreater reactors. The "as received" feedstock to the pyrolysis plant will be "reactor ready". This development will likely further decrease the cost of producing the fuel. An important sensitivity is the possibility of co-locating the plant with an existing refinery. In this case, the plant consists only of the first three steps: feed prep, fast pyrolysis, and upgrading. Stabilized, upgraded pyrolysis oil is transferred to the refinery for separation and finishing into motor fuels. The off-gas from the hydrotreaters is also transferred to the refinery, and in return the refinery provides lower-cost hydrogen for the hydrotreaters. This reduces the capital investment. Production costs near $2/gal (in 2007 dollars) and petroleum industry infrastructure-ready products make the production and upgrading of pyrolysis oil to hydrocarbon fuels an economically attractive source of renewable fuels. The study also identifies technical areas where additional research can potentially lead to further cost improvements.

Gasoline Diesel and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants

Gasoline  Diesel  and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants
Author: Ram B. Gupta,Ayhan Demirbas
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010-04-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781139489065

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The world is currently faced with two significant problems: fossil fuel depletion and environmental degradation, which are continuously being exacerbated due to increasing global energy consumption. As a substitute for petroleum, renewable fuels have been receiving increasing attention due a variety of environmental, economic, and societal benefits. The first-generation biofuels - ethanol from sugar or corn and biodiesel from vegetable oils - are already on the market. The goal of thisbook is to introduce readers to second-generation biofuels obtained from non-food biomass, such as forest residue, agricultural residue, switch grass, corn stover, waste wood, municipal solid wastes, and so on. Various technologies are discussed, including cellulosic ethanol, biomass gasification, synthesis of diesel and gasoline, bio-crude by hydrothermal liquefaction, bio-oil by fast pyrolysis, and the upgradation of biofuel. This book strives to serve as a comprehensive document presenting various technological pathways and environmental and economic issues related to biofuels.

Motor Fuels

Motor Fuels
Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 64
Release: 1996-10
Genre: Motor fuels
ISBN: 9780788134531

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Summarizes: results of fed. and other studies on the cost-effectiveness of using Reformulated Gasoline (RG) compared to other measures to control auto emissions and compares the price estimates used in the studies; results of studies estimating the potential for oxygenates to reduce the use of petroleum; ongoing fed. research into biofuels, including any past or projected cost-reduction goals and any increased demand estimates based on such research goals; results of studies that estimate the potential for RG to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional gasoline.

Renewable Fuel Standard

Renewable Fuel Standard
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Economic and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Production
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2012-01-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780309187510

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In the United States, we have come to depend on plentiful and inexpensive energy to support our economy and lifestyles. In recent years, many questions have been raised regarding the sustainability of our current pattern of high consumption of nonrenewable energy and its environmental consequences. Further, because the United States imports about 55 percent of the nation's consumption of crude oil, there are additional concerns about the security of supply. Hence, efforts are being made to find alternatives to our current pathway, including greater energy efficiency and use of energy sources that could lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as nuclear and renewable sources, including solar, wind, geothermal, and biofuels. The United States has a long history with biofuels and the nation is on a course charted to achieve a substantial increase in biofuels. Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2). The report describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate. Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this report.

Handbook of Fuels

Handbook of Fuels
Author: Barbara Elvers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2021-11-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527333851

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A guide to industrially relevant products and processes for transportation fuels The Handbook of Fuels offers a comprehensive review of the wide variety of fuels used to power vehicles, aircraft and ships and examines the processes to produce these fuels. The updated second edition reflects the growing importance of fuels and fuel additives from renewable sources. New chapters include information on current production technology and use of bioethanol, biomethanol and biomass-to-liquid fuels. The book also reviews novel additives and performanace enhancers for conventional engines and fuels for novel bybrid engines. This comprehensive resource contains critical information on the legal, safety, and environmental issues associated with the production and use of fuels as well as reviewing important secondary aspects of the use and production of fuels. This authoritative guide includes contributions from authors who are long-standing contributors to the Ullmann's Encyclopedia, the world's most trusted reference for industrial chemistry. This important guide: Contains an updated edition of the authoritative resource to the production and use of fuels used for transportation Includes information that has been selected to reflect only commercially relevant products and processes Presents contributions from a team of noted experts in the field Offers the most recent developments in fuels and additives from renewable sources Written for professionals in the fields of fossil and renewable fuels, engine design, and transportation, Handbook of Fuels is the comprehensive resource that has been revised to reflect the recent developments in fuels used for transportation.

Primer on Motor Fuel Excise Taxes and the Role of Alternative Fuels and Energy Efficient Vehicles

Primer on Motor Fuel Excise Taxes and the Role of Alternative Fuels and Energy Efficient Vehicles
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 46
Release: 2015
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:925451386

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Motor fuel taxes were established to finance our nation's transportation infrastructure, yet evolving economic, political, and technological influences are constraining this ability. At the federal level, the Highway Trust Fund (HTF), which is primarily funded by motor fuel taxes, has become increasingly dependent on general fund contributions and short-term reauthorizations to prevent insolvency. As a result, there are discussions at both the federal and state levels in which stakeholders are examining the future of motor fuel excise taxes as well as the role of electric and alternative fuel vehicles in that future. On July 1, 2015, six states increased their motor fuel tax rates.

Conflicts and Unintended Consequences of Motor Fuel Standards

Conflicts and Unintended Consequences of Motor Fuel Standards
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology (2011). Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2011
Genre: Air
ISBN: MINN:31951D03619328C

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Renewable Fuels for Energy Security

Renewable Fuels for Energy Security
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 47
Release: 2001
Genre: Alcohol as fuel
ISBN: UCAL:B5131744

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Agriculturally Derived Renewable Fuels

Agriculturally Derived Renewable Fuels
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. Subcommittee on Agricultural Research and General Legislation
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 209
Release: 1992
Genre: Agriculture and energy
ISBN: MINN:31951D00357393W

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Alcohol Fuel

Alcohol Fuel
Author: Richard Freudenberger
Publsiher: New Society Publishers
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2009-10-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1550924389

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The essential how-to book on making and using ethanol as an alternative renewable fuel.