Science And Human Behavior

Science And Human Behavior
Author: B.F Skinner
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-12-18
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781476716152

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The psychology classic—a detailed study of scientific theories of human nature and the possible ways in which human behavior can be predicted and controlled—from one of the most influential behaviorists of the twentieth century and the author of Walden Two. “This is an important book, exceptionally well written, and logically consistent with the basic premise of the unitary nature of science. Many students of society and culture would take violent issue with most of the things that Skinner has to say, but even those who disagree most will find this a stimulating book.” —Samuel M. Strong, The American Journal of Sociology “This is a remarkable book—remarkable in that it presents a strong, consistent, and all but exhaustive case for a natural science of human behavior…It ought to be…valuable for those whose preferences lie with, as well as those whose preferences stand against, a behavioristic approach to human activity.” —Harry Prosch, Ethics

Walden Two

Walden Two
Author: B. F. Skinner
Publsiher: Hackett Publishing
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2005-07-15
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781603840361

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A reprint of the 1976 Macmillan edition. This fictional outline of a modern utopia has been a center of controversy ever since its publication in 1948. Set in the United States, it pictures a society in which human problems are solved by a scientific technology of human conduct.

Studying Human Behavior

Studying Human Behavior
Author: Helen E. Longino
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2013-01-18
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780226492889

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In this volume, Longino enters into the complexities of human behavioural research, a domain still dominated by the age-old debate of 'nature versus nurture'. Longino focuses on how scientists study it, specifically sexual behaviour and aggression, and asks what can be known about human behaviour through empirical investigation.

Dark Ages

Dark Ages
Author: Lee McIntyre
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2009-02-13
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9780262263870

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Why the prejudice against adopting a scientific attitude in the social sciences is creating a new 'Dark Ages' and preventing us from solving the perennial problems of crime, war, and poverty. During the Dark Ages, the progress of Western civilization virtually stopped. The knowledge gained by the scholars of the classical age was lost; for nearly 600 years, life was governed by superstitions and fears fueled by ignorance. In this outspoken and forthright book, Lee McIntyre argues that today we are in a new Dark Age—that we are as ignorant of the causes of human behavior as people centuries ago were of the causes of such natural phenomena as disease, famine, and eclipses. We are no further along in our understanding of what causes war, crime, and poverty—and how to end them—than our ancestors. We need, McIntyre says, another scientific revolution; we need the courage to apply a more rigorous methodology to human behavior, to go where the empirical evidence leads us—even if it threatens our cherished religious or political beliefs about human autonomy, race, class, and gender. Resistance to knowledge has always arisen against scientific advance. Today's academics—economists, psychologists, philosophers, and others in the social sciences—stand in the way of a science of human behavior just as clerics attempted to block the Copernican revolution in the 1600s. A scientific approach to social science would test hypotheses against the evidence rather than find and use evidence only to affirm a particular theory, as is often the practice in today's social sciences. Drawing lessons from Galileo's conflict with the Catholic church and current debates over the teaching of "creation science," McIntyre argues that what we need most to establish a science of human behavior is the scientific attitude—the willingness to hear what the evidence tells us even if it clashes with religious or political pieties—and the resolve to apply our findings to the creation of a better society.

The Science of Consequences

The Science of Consequences
Author: Susan M. Schneider
Publsiher: Prometheus Books
Total Pages: 383
Release: 2012-12-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781616146634

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Actions have consequences--and the ability to learn from them revolutionized life on earth. While it's easy enough to see that consequences are important (where would we be without positive reinforcement?), few have heard there's a science of consequences, with principles that affect us every day. Despite their variety, consequences appear to follow a common set of scientific principles and share some similar effects in the brain--such as the "pleasure centers." Nature and nurture always work together, and scientists have demonstrated that learning from consequences predictably activates genes and restructures the brain. Applications are everywhere--at home, at work, and at school, and that's just for starters. Individually and societally, for example, self-control pits short-term against long-term consequences. Ten years in the making, this award-winning book tells a tale ranging from genetics to neurotransmitters, from emotion to language, from parenting to politics, taking an inclusive interdisciplinary approach to show how something so deceptively simple can help make sense of so much.

The Nurture Effect

The Nurture Effect
Author: Anthony Biglan
Publsiher: New Harbinger Publications
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2015-03-01
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781608829576

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A fascinating look at the evolution of behavioral science, the revolutionary way it’s changing the way we live, and how nurturing environments can increase people’s well-being in virtually every aspect of our society, from early childhood education to corporate practices. If you want to know how you can help create a better world, read this book. What if there were a way to prevent criminal behavior, mental illness, drug abuse, poverty, and violence? Written by behavioral scientist Tony Biglan, and based on his ongoing research at the Oregon Research Institute, The Nurture Effect offers evidence-based interventions that can prevent many of the psychological and behavioral problems that plague our society. For decades, behavioral scientists have investigated the role our environment plays in shaping who we are, and their research shows that we now have the power within our own hands to reduce violence, improve cognitive development in our children, increase levels of education and income, and even prevent future criminal behaviors. By cultivating a positive environment in all aspects of society—from the home, to the classroom, and beyond—we can ensure that young people arrive at adulthood with the skills, interests, assets, and habits needed to live healthy, happy, and productive lives. The Nurture Effect details over forty years of research in the behavioral sciences, as well as the author’s own research. Biglan illustrates how his findings lay the framework for a model of societal change that has the potential to reverberate through all environments within society.

Understanding Human Behavior

Understanding Human Behavior
Author: Robert G. Bednarik
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016
Genre: Anthropology
ISBN: 1634851749

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The Neurophysics of Human Behavior

The Neurophysics of Human Behavior
Author: Mark E. Furman,Fred P. Gallo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2000-06-22
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781420040432

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How do brain, mind, matter, and energy interact? Can we create a comprehensive model of the mind and brain, their interactions, and their influences? Synthesizing research from neuroscience, physics, biology, systems science, information science, psychology, and the cognitive sciences, The Neurophysics of Human Behavior advances a unified theory of brain, mind, behavior and information. This groundbreaking work helps you more deeply understand, more accurately predict, and more effectively change human behavior - a significant contribution to the fields of psychology, education, medicine, communications, and human relations. Cognitive neurophysics, as detailed in this work, presents an integrated perspective of brain, mind, behavior, thoughts, and nature. The distinguished authors emphasize the need to view psychological science - and our image of the "self" - in the context of the physical world: matter, energy, and natural laws. NeuroPrint is the powerful application model of this perspective. This comprehensive, detailed algorithm defines the network of interactions that develop brain, mind, behavior, thoughts, and emotions and redefines the meaning of psychotherapeutic intervention. The Neurophysics of Human Behavior gives the background, tools, and methods for intervention and modeling. It outlines the systematic, behavioral approach of NeuroPrint, promising to promote a deep understanding of the process of human change. Using The Neurophysics of Human Behavior, practitioners and researchers can plot and gauge the paths of change in neurocognitive dynamics and the improvements in mental health.

Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary Psychology
Author: Matthew Rossano
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2003
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: UVA:X004632563

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Written in a lively and engaging manner, this new work places evolutionary psychology within the broad sweep of our primate heritage and the full scope of our evolutionary story. Beginning with the basics of evolution, the book first unpacks the far-ranging saga of human evolution, then moves on to examine motor behavior and emotions, sexual behavior and mate selection, and higher cognition.

The Behavior of Organisms

The Behavior of Organisms
Author: B. F. Skinner
Publsiher: B. F. Skinner Foundation
Total Pages: 457
Release: 1990
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780996453905

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Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations

Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations
Author: Jan M T Daalmans
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2012-10-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780124072220

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Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations introduces a new generation within safety management, fully developed with neuropsychological insights, developed in collaboration with, and put to test by, the chemical and process industries. Until now, there has been little theoretical framework on how, and especially why, people behave the way they do in hazardous situations. Human Behavior in Hazardous Situations presents new theories, based on a human behavioral approach, to offer a fresh perspective on safety management. By way of case studies, practical tips and exercises, Dr Jan Daalmans demonstrates how this neuropsychological approach can be applied for those safety managers working in the Chemical, Process and Pharmaceutical industries. Presents new brain-based approaches to safety, with a historical perspective on the evolution of the safety management. Practical tips and guidance for those working in the chemical and process industries. Including exercises and case studies to demonstrate the practical application of techniques.

Computer Analysis of Human Behavior

Computer Analysis of Human Behavior
Author: Albert Ali Salah,Theo Gevers
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2011-10-07
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0857299948

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This book provides a broad survey of advanced pattern recognition techniques for human behavior analysis. Clearly structured, the book begins with concise coverage of the major concepts, before introducing the most frequently used techniques and algorithms in detail, and then discussing examples of real applications. Features: contains contributions from an international selection of experts in the field; presents a thorough introduction to the fundamental topics of human behavior analysis; investigates methods for activity recognition, including gait and posture analysis, hand gesture analysis, and semantics of human behavior in image sequences; provides an accessible psychological treatise on social signals for the analysis of social behaviors; discusses voice and speech analysis, combined audiovisual cues, and social interactions and group dynamics; examines applications in different research fields; each chapter concludes with review questions, a summary of the topics covered, and a glossary.

Human Behavior

Human Behavior
Author: Michael G. Vaughn,Matt DeLisi,Holly C. Matto
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2013-08-12
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781118416259

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A unique approach to human behavior that integrates and interprets the latest research from cell tosociety Incorporating principles and findings from molecular biology,neuroscience, and psychological and sociocultural sciences, HumanBehavior employs a decidedly integrative biosocial,multiple-levels-of-influence approach. This approach allowsstudents to appreciate the transactional forces shaping life courseopportunities and challenges among diverse populations in theUnited States and around the world. Human Behavior includes case studies, Spotlight topics, andExpert's Corner features that augment the theme of each chapter.This book is rooted in the principles of empirical science and theevidence-based paradigm, with coverage of: Genes and behavior Stress and adaptation Executive functions Temperament Personality and the social work profession Social exchange and cooperation Social networks and psychosocial relations Technology The physical environment Institutions Belief systems and ideology Unique in its orientation, Human Behavior proposes a newintegrative perspective representing a leap forward in theadvancement of human behavior for the helping professions. "This book is like no other HBSE textbook that I have used in myteaching career. Traditional HBSE content is included within thechapters, and the authors do an excellent job of explaining complexperspectives on human development from the genome to the brain totemperament and risks in the environment. The book challengesfaculty and students to look at 21st-century HBSE." —Carmen Ortiz Hendricks, DSW, ACSW, Dorothy and David I.Schachne Dean, Wurzweiler School of Social Work, YeshivaUniversity "This book represents a changing of the guard and a new era ofthinking. Vaughn, DeLisi, and Matto have essentially replaced theso-called classic texts with their comprehensive and integrativereview of the most current and relevant theory and research that isessential in understanding the complexities of human behavior.Educators will be hard pressed to find another text that willengage, challenge, and excite students in the way this bookdoes." —Brian Perron, PhD, Associate Professor, School of SocialWork, University of Michigan

The Causes of Human Behavior

The Causes of Human Behavior
Author: Lawrence B. Mohr
Publsiher: University of Michigan Press
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2009-04-30
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780472022052

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Acknowledging that though the disciplines are supposed to be cumulative, there is little in the way of accumulated, general theory, this work opens a dialogue about the appropriate means and ends of social research based in analysis of fundamental issues. This book examines two root issues in the methodology of explanatory social research--the meaning of the idea of causation in social science and the question of the physiological mechanism that generates intentional behavior. Conclusions on these as well as on several derived problems emerge through the analysis. Among the latter, the analysis shows that neither universal nor probabilistic laws governing human behavior are possible, even within the positivist or empiricist traditions in which laws are a central feature. Instead, the analysis reveals a more modest view of what an explanatory social theory can be and do. In this view, the kind of theory that can be produced is basically the same in form and content across quantitative and qualitative research approaches, and similarly across different disciplines. The two streams of analysis are combined with resulting implications for large-sample, small-sample, and case study research design as well as for laws and theory. Written for the practicing empirical researcher in political science and organization theory, whether quantitative or qualitative, the major issuesand findings are meant to hold identically, however, for history, sociology, and other social science disciplines. Lawrence B. Mohr is Professor of Political Science and Public Policy, University of Michigan.

Encyclopedia of Human Behavior

Encyclopedia of Human Behavior
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 2518
Release: 2012-01-31
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780080961804

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The Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Second Edition is an award-winning three-volume reference on human action and reaction, and the thoughts, feelings, and physiological functions behind those actions. Presented alphabetically by title, 300 articles probe both enduring and exciting new topics in physiological psychology, perception, personality, abnormal and clinical psychology, cognition and learning, social psychology, developmental psychology, language, and applied contexts. Written by leading scientists in these disciplines, every article has been peer-reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. The most comprehensive reference source to provide both depth and breadth to the study of human behavior, the encyclopedia will again be a much-used reference source. This set appeals to public, corporate, university and college libraries, libraries in two-year colleges, and some secondary schools. Carefully crafted, well written, and thoroughly indexed, the encyclopedia helps users—whether they are students just beginning formal study of the broad field or specialists in a branch of psychology—understand the field and how and why humans behave as we do. Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication Concise entries (ten pages on average) provide foundational knowledge of the field Each article features suggested further readings, a list of related websites, a 5-10 word glossary and a definition paragraph, and cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedi Newly expanded editorial board and a host of international contributors from the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom