Self Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures

Self Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures
Author: Baoguo Han,Xun Yu,Jinping Ou
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2014-07-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128006580

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Concrete is the second most used building material in the world after water. The problem is that over time the material becomes weaker. As a response, researchers and designers are developing self-sensing concrete which not only increases longevity but also the strength of the material. Self-Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures provides researchers and designers with a guide to the composition, sensing mechanism, measurement, and sensing properties of self-healing concrete along with their structural applications Provides a systematic discussion of the structure of intrinsic self-sensing concrete Compositions of intrinsic self-sensing concrete and processing of intrinsic self-sensing concrete Explains the sensing mechanism, measurement, and sensing properties of intrinsic self-sensing concrete

Smart and Multifunctional Concrete Toward Sustainable Infrastructures

Smart and Multifunctional Concrete Toward Sustainable Infrastructures
Author: Baoguo Han,Liqing Zhang,Jinping Ou
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2017-06-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811043499

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This book presents the latest research advances and findings in the field of smart/multifunctional concretes, focusing on the principles, design and fabrication, test and characterization, performance and mechanism, and their applications in infrastructures. It also discusses future challenges in the development and application of smart/multifunctional concretes, providing useful theory, ideas and principles, as well as insights and practical guidance for developing sustainable infrastructures. It is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in the field of civil-engineering materials and infrastructures.

Smart Cement

Smart Cement
Author: Cumaraswamy Vipulanandan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2021-07-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000412741

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Over three billion metric tons of cement are produced annually worldwide, making concrete the most extensively used construction material. Self-sensing, or smart, cement allows real-time monitoring of performance through the entire service life of a concrete structure, for the detection of changing stresses, contamination, excessive temperature, gas leaks and pre-seismic activity. This is achieved by adding a very small proportion of conductive or semi-conductive fibers, such as carbon fibers to the bulk cement, making it piezoresistive, and enabling changes in the concrete’s electrical resistivity in response to shear stress and strain to be monitored. This state-of-the-art reference work presents experimental results with a realistic theoretical framework, for cement manufactures, concrete technologists and contractors as well as researchers.

Civil Structural Health Monitoring

Civil Structural Health Monitoring
Author: Carlo Rainieri,Giovanni Fabbrocino,Nicola Caterino,Francesca Ceroni,Matilde A. Notarangelo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1038
Release: 2021-08-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030742584

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This volume gathers the latest advances and innovations in the field of structural health monitoring, as presented at the 8th Civil Structural Health Monitoring Workshop (CSHM-8), held on March 31–April 2, 2021. It discusses emerging challenges in civil SHM and more broadly in the fields of smart materials and intelligent systems for civil engineering applications. The contributions cover a diverse range of topics, including applications of SHM to civil structures and infrastructures, innovative sensing solutions for SHM, data-driven damage detection techniques, nonlinear systems and analysis techniques, influence of environmental and operational conditions, aging structures and infrastructures in hazardous environments, and SHM in earthquake prone regions. Selected by means of a rigorous peer-review process, they will spur novel research directions and foster future multidisciplinary collaborations.

Eco efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures

Eco efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures
Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Robert Melchers,Nele de Belie,Xianming Shi,Kim Van Tittelboom,Andres Saez Perez
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2017-11-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081021828

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Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures provides an updated state-of-the-art review on eco-efficient repair and rehabilitation of concrete infrastructure. The first section focuses on deterioration assessment methods, and includes chapters on stress wave assessment, ground-penetrating radar, monitoring of corrosion, SHM using acoustic emission and optical fiber sensors. Other sections discuss the development and application of several new innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, including geopolymer concrete, sulfoaluminate cement-based concrete, engineered cementitious composites (ECC) based concrete, bacteria-based concrete, concrete with encapsulated polyurethane, and concrete with super absorbent polymer (SAPs), amongst other topics. Final sections focus on crucial design aspects, such as quality control, including lifecycle and cost analysis with several related case studies on repair and rehabilitation. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists, civil and structural engineers, architects, structural designers and contractors working in the construction industry. Delivers the latest research findings with contributions from leading international experts Provides fully updated information on the European standard on materials for concrete repair (EN 1504) Includes an entire sections on the state-of-the-art in NDT, innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, as well as LCC and LCA information

Geotechnics for Transportation Infrastructure

Geotechnics for Transportation Infrastructure
Author: Ravi Sundaram,Jagdish Telangrao Shahu,Vasant Havanagi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 703
Release: 2019-06-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811367137

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This book presents selected papers from the International Symposium on Geotechnics for Transportation Infrastructure (ISGTI 2018). The research papers cover geotechnical interventions for the diverse fields of policy formulation, design, implementation, operation and management of the different modes of travel, namely road, air, rail and waterways. This book will be of interest to academic and industry researchers working in transportation geotechnics, as also to practicing engineers, policy makers, and civil agencies.

Smart Civil Structures

Smart Civil Structures
Author: You-Lin Xu,Jia He
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2017-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781498743990

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A smart civil structure integrates smart materials, sensors, actuators, signal processors, communication networks, power sources, diagonal strategies, control strategies, repair strategies, and life-cycle management strategies. It should function optimally and safely in its environment and maintain structural integrity during strong winds, severe earthquakes, and other extreme events. This book extends from the fundamentals to the state-of-the-art. It covers the elements of smart civil structures, their integration, and their functions. The elements consist of smart materials, sensors, control devices, signal processors, and communication networks. Integration refers to multi-scale modelling and model updating, multi-type sensor placement, control theory, and collective placement of control devices and sensors. And the functions include structural health monitoring, structural vibration control, structural self-repairing, and structural energy harvesting, with emphasis on their synthesis to form truly smart civil structures. It suits civil engineering students, professionals, and researchers with its blend of principles and practice.

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing

Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing
Author: Sabu Thomas,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Mazaher Ahmadi,Ali Farmani,Ghulam Yasin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2021-06-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128236529

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Nanosensors for Smart Manufacturing provides information on the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanosensors in smart manufacturing processes. In smart production, if the products and machines are integrated, embedded, or equipped with sensors, the system can immediately collect the current operating parameters, predict the product quality, and then feed back the optimal parameters to machines in the production line. In this regard, smart sensors and their wireless networks are important components of smart manufacturing. Nanomaterials-based sensors (nanosensors) offer several advantages over their microscale counterparts, including lower power consumption, fast response time, high sensitivity, lower concentration of analytes, and smaller interaction distance between sensors and products. With the support of artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, neural networks, and ambient intelligence, sensor systems have become smarter. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how nanoscale sensors can enhance smart manufacturing techniques and processes. Outlines the smart nanosensor classes used in manufacturing applications Shows how nanosensors are being used to make more efficient manufacturing systems Assesses the major obstacles to designing nanosensor-based manufacturing systems at an industrial scale

Structural Health Monitoring SHM of Civil Structures

Structural Health Monitoring  SHM  of Civil Structures
Author: Gangbing Song,Chuji Wang,Bo Wang
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2018-04-20
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783038427834

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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of Civil Structures" that was published in Applied Sciences

Smart Sensors for Structural Health Monitoring

Smart Sensors for Structural Health Monitoring
Author: Simon Laflamme,Filippo Ubertini,Jian Li
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2019-11-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783039217588

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Smart sensors are technologies designed to facilitate the monitoring operations. For instance, power consumption can be minimized through on-board processing and smart interrogation algorithms, and state detection enhanced through collaboration between sensor nodes. Applied to structural health monitoring, smart sensors are key enablers of sparse and dense sensor networks capable of monitoring full-scale structures and components. They are also critical in empowering operators with decision making capabilities. The objective of this Special Issue is to generate discussions on the latest advances in research on smart sensing technologies for structural health monitoring applications, with a focus on decision-enabling systems. This Special Issue covers a wide range of related topics such as innovative sensors and sensing technologies for crack, displacement, and sudden event monitoring, sensor optimization, and novel sensor data processing algorithms for damage and defect detection, operational modal analysis, and system identification of a wide variety of structures (bridges, transmission line towers, high-speed trains, masonry light houses, etc.).

The Rise of Smart Cities

The Rise of Smart Cities
Author: Amir Alavi,Maria Feng,Pengcheng Jiao,Zahra Sharif-Khodaei
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2022-04-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128177853

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The Rise of Smart Cities: Advanced Structural Sensing and Monitoring Systems provide engineers and researchers with a guide to the latest breakthroughs in the deployment of smart monitoring technologies over the past three decades. The book introduces research engineers and engineering designers to the latest innovations in the area of advanced structural sensing systems and how they can be integrated into the planning and design of smart cities. Topics include complementary technological paradigms such as machine learning, big data analytics, cloud computing and Internet of Things (IoT) With this book in hand, researchers and design engineers will find a valuable reference in terms of civil infrastructure health monitoring, advanced computation, data mining, data fusion, and state-of-the-art nondestructive testing and evaluation (NDT&E) techniques. Reviews the latest development in smart structural health monitoring (SHM) systems Introduces all major algorithms, with a focus on practical implementation Includes real-world applications and case studies Opens up a new horizon for robust structural sensing methods and their applications in smart cities

Smart Cities

Smart Cities
Author: Stan McClellan,Jesus A. Jimenez,George Koutitas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 239
Release: 2017-08-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319593814

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This book reviews the applications, technologies, standards, and other issues related to Smart Cities. The book is divided into broad topical sections including Vision & Reality, Technologies & Standards, Transportation Considerations, and Infrastructure & Environment. In these sections, authors who are experts in their fields present essential aspects of applications, technologies, requirements, and best-practices. In all cases, the authors have direct, substantive experience with the subject and present an important viewpoint driven by industry or governmental interests; the authors have each participated in the development and/or deployment of constituent technologies, standards, and applications, and share unique perspectives on key areas of the Smart City.

Structural Sensing Health Monitoring and Performance Evaluation

Structural Sensing  Health Monitoring  and Performance Evaluation
Author: D. Huston
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2010-09-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1420012355

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Structural health monitoring (SHM) uses one or more in situ sensing systems placed in or around a structure, providing real-time evaluation of its performance and ultimately preventing structural failure. Although most commonly used in civil engineering, such as in roads, bridges, and dams, SHM is now finding applications in other engineering environments, such as naval and aerospace engineering. Written by a highly respected expert in the field, Structural Sensing, Health Monitoring, and Performance Evaluation provides the first comprehensive coverage of SHM. The text begins with a review of the various types of sensors currently used in SHM, including point sensors and noncontact systems. Subsequent chapters explain the processing and interpretation of data from a number of sensors working in parallel. After considering issues related to the structures themselves, the author surveys the design of a tailor-made SHM system. He also presents a collection of case studies, many of which are drawn from his own experiences. Exploring the power of sensors, this book shows how SHM technologies can be applied to a variety of structures and systems, including multistory buildings, offshore wind energy plants, and ecological systems.

Nano Engineered Cementitious Composites

Nano Engineered Cementitious Composites
Author: Baoguo Han,Siqi Ding,Jialiang Wang,Jinping Ou
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 731
Release: 2019-04-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811370786

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This book focuses on civil engineering materials and nanotechnology. Highlighting recent advances in the field of nano-engineered cementitious composites, it discusses their key principles, design and fabrication, testing and characterization, performance and mechanisms, as well as applications. Future developments and remaining challenges are also outlined. Nano-engineered cementitious composites are exceptionally strong, durable and offer multifunctional/smart performance that differs considerably from that of normal cementitious composites. Providing valuable insights into these composites’ future development, the book offers an essential source of information, inspiration, theory and practical guidance for developing sustainable cementitious composites. As such, it will benefit researchers, scientists and engineers in the fields of civil engineering materials and nanotechnology alike.

Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure

Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure
Author: Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan,Bjorn Birgisson,Peter Taylor,Nii O. Attoh-Okine
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2011-03-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642166570

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Nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructure is a state-of-the art reference source describing the latest developments in nano-engineering and nano-modification of construction materials to improve the bulk properties, development of sustainable, intelligent, and smart concrete materials through the integration of nanotechnology based self-sensing and self-powered materials and cyber infrastructure technologies, review of nanotechnology applications in pavement engineering, development of novel, cost-effective, high-performance and long-lasting concrete products and processes through nanotechnology-based innovative processing of cement and cement paste, and advanced nanoscience modeling, visualization, and measurement systems for characterizing and testing civil infrastructure materials at the nano-scale. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in nanotechnology related research will find this book very useful.