Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications

Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications
Author: J.L. Coffer
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2021-06-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0128213515

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Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications reviews the fabrication, properties and biomedical applications of this key material. Sections review basics, growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting. Chapters go on to focus on silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery. Finally, the book highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing. These chapters explore the fabrication and use of semiconducting silicon nanowire arrays for high-throughput screening in the biosciences, neural cell pinning on surfaces, and probe-free platforms for biosensing. This book provides a comprehensive resource for biomaterials scientists who are focused on biosensors, drug delivery and tissue engineering, but it is also ideal for researchers and developers in industry and academia who are concerned with nanoscale biomaterials, in particular electronically-responsive biomaterials. Reviews the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting silicon nanowires Describes silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery Highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing

Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications

Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications
Author: Jeffery L. Coffer
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2021-09-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323851312

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Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications reviews the fabrication, properties and biomedical applications of this key material. Sections review basics, growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting. Chapters go on to focus on silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery. Finally, the book highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing. These chapters explore the fabrication and use of semiconducting silicon nanowire arrays for high-throughput screening in the biosciences, neural cell pinning on surfaces, and probe-free platforms for biosensing. This book provides a comprehensive resource for biomaterials scientists who are focused on biosensors, drug delivery and tissue engineering, but it is also ideal for researchers and developers in industry and academia who are concerned with nanoscale biomaterials, in particular electronically-responsive biomaterials. Reviews the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting silicon nanowires Describes silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery Highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing

Silicon Carbide Biotechnology

Silicon Carbide Biotechnology
Author: Stephen E. Saddow
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 479
Release: 2012
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780123859068

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Silicon Carbide (SiC) is a wide-band-gap semiconductor biocompatible material that has the potential to advance advanced biomedical applications. SiC devices offer higher power densities and lower energy losses, enabling lighter, more compact and higher efficiency products for biocompatible and long-term in vivo applications ranging from heart stent coatings and bone implant scaffolds to neurological implants and sensors. The main problem facing the medical community today is the lack of biocompatible materials that are also capable of electronic operation. Such devices are currently implemented using silicon technology, which either has to be hermetically sealed so it cannot interact with the body or the material is only stable in vivo for short periods of time. For long term use (permanent implanted devices such as glucose sensors, brain-machine-interface devices, smart bone and organ implants) a more robust material that the body does not recognize and reject as a foreign (i.e., not organic) material is needed. Silicon Carbide has been proven to be just such a material and will open up a whole new host of fields by allowing the development of advanced biomedical devices never before possible for long-term use in vivo. This book not only provides the materials and biomedical engineering communities with a seminal reference book on SiC that they can use to further develop the technology, it also provides a technology resource for medical doctors and practitioners who are hungry to identify and implement advanced engineering solutions to their everyday medical problems that currently lack long term, cost effective solutions. Discusses Silicon Carbide biomedical materials and technology in terms of their properties, processing, characterization, and application, in one book, from leading professionals and scientists Critical assesses existing literature, patents and FDA approvals for clinical trials, enabling the rapid assimilation of important data from the current disparate sources and promoting the transition from technology research and development to clinical trials Explores long-term use and applications in vivo in devices and applications with advanced sensing and semiconducting properties, pointing to new product devekipment particularly within brain trauma, bone implants, sub-cutaneous sensors and advanced kidney dialysis devices

Hydroxyapatite HAp for Biomedical Applications

Hydroxyapatite  HAp  for Biomedical Applications
Author: Michael Mucalo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2015-03-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782420415

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Hydroxyapatite in the form of hydroxycarbonate apatite is the principal mineral component of bone tissue in mammals. In Bioceramics, it is classed as a bioactive material, which means bone tissue grows directly on it when placed in apposition without intervening fibrous tissue. Hydroxyapatite is hence commonly used as bone grafts, fillers and as coatings for metal implants. This important book provides an overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application. Reviews the important properties of hydroxyapatite as a biomaterial Considers a range of specific forms of the material and their advantages Reviews a range of specific medical applications for this important material

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications
Author: Giuseppe Perale,Jöns Hilborn
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2016-08-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081002667

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Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications
Author: Niklaus Baltzer,Thierry Copponnex
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2014-05-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857099051

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Precious metals and semi-precious metals are used for an increasing number of medical applications due to the properties of these metals and their alloys. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications reviews the properties of precious metals and their resulting applications in medicine. Part one outlines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, discussing their useful properties, such as biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. Part two goes on to provide an overview of the applications of precious metals in biomedicine, including dental, therapeutic, tissue engineering, and bioimaging applications. It discusses the advantages of the structure and properties of precious metals for these applications. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications is a key reference for material scientists and academics concerned with the properties and uses of these metals. Provides a useful review of this group of materials’ unique properties and applications Examines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, before looking at a wide range of applications of precious metals in medicine

Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications

Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications
Author: Hans J Griesser
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2016-02-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782424765

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Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications discusses the latest information on coatings, including their historic use by scientists who are looking to improve the properties and biological responses of the material-host interface. Thin films, in particular, are becoming more widely researched and used as an alternative to traditional sprayed coatings because they have a more uniform structure and therefore greater stability. This book provides readers with a comprehensive guide to thin film coatings and their application in the biomaterials field. Part One of the book details the fundamentals of thin films for biomedical application, while Part Two looks at the special properties of thin films, with a final section reviewing functional thin films and their usage in biomedical applications. Provides a comprehensive review on the fundamentals, properties, and functions of thin film coatings for biomaterials Covers a broad range of applications for implantable biomaterials Written by an international team of contributors who carefully tailor the presented information in a way that addresses industry needs

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications
Author: T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2015-01-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782420828

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Surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications: Biological interactions, mechanical properties and testing, the first of two volumes, is an essential guide on the use of magnesium as a degradable implant material. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium based degradable implants provide a viable option for the permanent metallic implants. This volume focuses on the fundamental concepts of surface modification of magnesium, its biological interactions, mechanical properties and, in vitro and in vivo testing. The contents of volume 1 is organized and presented in three parts. Part 1 reviews the fundamental aspects of surface modification of magnesium, including surface design, opportunities, challenges and its role in revolutionizing biodegradable biomaterials. Part 2 addresses the biological and mechanical properties covering an in vivo approach to the bioabsorbable behavior of magnesium alloys, mechanical integrity and, the effects of amino acids and proteins on the performance of surface modified magnesium. Part 3 delves in to testing and characterization, exploring the biocompatibility and effects on fatigue life alongside the primary characteristics of surface modified magnesium. All chapters are written by experts, this two volume series provides systematic and thorough coverage of all major modification technologies and coating types of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications. Expert analysis of the fundamentals in surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications Includes biological interactions and mechanical properties Focuses on testing and characterisation, as well as biocompatibility

Biophotonics for Medical Applications

Biophotonics for Medical Applications
Author: Igor Meglinski
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2015-06-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857096746

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Biophotonics for Medical Applications presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine. The book discusses the development and application of photonic techniques that aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states. Chapters cover the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine Discusses the development and application of photonic techniques which aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states Presents the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications
Author: Laura Poole-Warren,Penny Martens,Rylie Green
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2015-11-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781782421139

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Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications
Author: Johnathan Zhang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2014-12-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097170

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Surface modification of biomaterials can ultimately determine whether a material is accepted or rejected from the human body, and a responsive surface can further make the material "smart" and "intelligent". Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications outlines synthetic and biological materials that are responsive under different stimuli, their surface design and modification techniques, and applicability in regenerative medicine/tissue engineering, drug delivery, medical devices, and biomedical diagnostics. Part one provides a detailed overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces, exploring thermo-responsive polymers, environmentally responsive polyelectrolytes and zwitterionic polymers, as well as peptide-based and photonic sensitive switchable materials. Further chapters include a detailed overview of the preparation and analysis of switchable polymer brushes and copolymers for biomedical application. Part two explores the biological interactions and biomedical applications of switchable surfaces, where expert analysis is provided on the interaction of switchable surfaces with proteins and cells. The interaction of stimuli-sensitive polymers for tissue engineering and drug delivery with biosurfaces is critiqued, whilst the editor provides a skillful study into the application of responsive polymers in implantable medical devices and biosensors. A comprehensive overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces Includes in depth analysis of thermo-responsive polymers, photonic sensitive materials and peptide-based surfaces Detailed exploration of biological interactions of responsive and switchable surfaces, covering stimuli-sensitive polymers for drug delivery, surfaces with proteins/cells and application of polymers in medical devices

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications
Author: Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-09-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081007464

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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Biomaterials and Medical Device Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device   Associated Infections
Author: L Barnes,Ian Cooper
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2014-11-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857097224

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Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling
Author: Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2014-12-13
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781782423133

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Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers
Author: Xiang Cheng Zhang
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2016-09-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780081003930

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Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry